Are you an Indian looking to migrate to Canada and settle down permanently? If yes, then this guide on Canada PR (Permanent Resident) is the perfect solution for you. Canada’s permanent residents enjoy free healthcare, top-tier education, and a high standard of living. Canada has always been a top choice for people looking to migrate to a new country. From its picturesque landscapes to its welcoming people, Canada has a lot to offer. And if you’re looking to become a permanent resident of Canada, you’re in luck. Canada has welcoming immigration policies and seeks skilled workers to boost its economy.
But the process of getting PR in Canada can be overwhelming, especially for those who are not familiar with the Canadian immigration system. That’s why we’ve put together this informative guide to help you understand the basics of the Canada PR process.
Canada PR from India is granted to individuals who meet certain eligibility criteria. Canada offers various immigration programs for PR, such as Federal Skilled Worker, Canadian Experience Class, and Provincial Nominee Program. Each program has specific eligibility criteria, so research is crucial before applying.
Without further ado, let’s get started…
Types of Canada PR Visa
Canada Permanent Residency (PR) Visa is a document that allows an individual to live, work, and study in Canada indefinitely. The PR visa holder has almost all the same rights and privileges as a Canadian citizen, including access to healthcare, education, and social services.
To apply for a Canada PR visa, you must first determine your eligibility for one of Canada’s immigration programs. The most common programs are:
- Express Entry: This program is for skilled workers who want to immigrate to Canada permanently. Candidates are evaluated based on their education, work experience, language proficiency, age, and other factors.
- Provincial Nominee Program (PNP): Allows provinces/territories to nominate PR candidates based on labor market needs.
- Family Sponsorship: Allows citizens/PRs to sponsor family members to live in Canada.
Once you determine which program you are eligible for, you will need to submit an application and all required documents. Canadian authorities will review your application and determine your eligibility for PR. They will make the final decision on your application.
If your application is approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) and a Permanent Resident Visa (PRV). Arrive in Canada before PRV expiry and show COPR to the immigration officer at the port of entry. Once you enter Canada, you will officially become a permanent resident of Canada.
How to get PR in Canada?
Getting a PR for Canada is a multi-step process that requires meeting specific eligibility criteria, submitting documentation, and passing background checks. For detailed information regarding the Canada PR process, check the steps below.
Process for Canada PR Process:
- Determine your eligibility: To obtain Canada PR, research the eligibility requirements of the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Canadian Experience Class, and Provincial Nominee Program before applying, as each program has different requirements.
- Take language tests: You will need to demonstrate proficiency in English or French by taking an approved language test such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) or the Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP).
- Obtain an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA): If you have completed your education outside Canada, you will need to obtain an ECA to have your educational qualifications evaluated and compared to Canadian standards.
- Create an Express Entry profile: To enter the pool of candidates for permanent residency, eligible applicants for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Canadian Experience Class, or the Federal Skilled Trades Program must create an Express Entry profile.
- Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA): If you meet the minimum requirements for a specific immigration program and have a high enough Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score, you may receive an ITA to apply for PR.
- Submit your application: Once you receive an ITA, you will have 90 days to submit your application for permanent residency. Your Canada PR application requires detailed documentation to support your eligibility. This includes proof of work experience, education, and language proficiency.
- Complete medical and background checks: You will need to complete medical and security background checks to ensure that you are admitted to Canada.
- Receive your confirmation of permanent residence (COPR): If your application is approved, you will receive a COPR, which allows you to enter Canada as a permanent resident.
Explore in-depth details about studying in Canada
Canada PR Process for Indian Candidates
The process for Indian candidates to obtain permanent residency in Canada can be complex, but generally follows these steps:
- Determine eligibility: The first step is to determine if you meet the eligibility criteria for one of Canada’s immigration programs. There are several options available, including the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Federal Skilled Trades Program, and the Canadian Experience Class. You need to review the eligibility requirements of each program carefully to determine which one fits best for your situation.
- Create an Express Entry profile: If you are eligible for one of Canada’s immigration programs, the next step is to create an Express Entry profile. Submit your profile online and get considered for various immigration programs.
- Get an Invitation to Apply: Once your profile is submitted, you will be entered into a pool of candidates. If you meet the eligibility requirements and have a high enough Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score, you may receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residency.
- Apply: If you receive an ITA, you will have 60 days to submit a complete application for permanent residency. This includes submitting all required documents, such as police certificates and medical exams, and paying the necessary fees.
- Wait for a decision: After you submit your application, you will need to wait for a decision from the Canadian government. The processing time can vary depending on the program you applied under and other factors, so it’s important to be patient.
Canada PR Eligibility Criteria
There are certain Canada PR requirements for Indian citizens that you just need to take care of. To be eligible for permanent residency in Canada, you must meet the following general eligibility criteria:
- Language proficiency: You must demonstrate proficiency in English or French, which are the two official languages of Canada. You will need to take an approved language test and score at least Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level 7.
- Education: You must have a minimum level of education to be eligible for permanent residency in Canada. This varies depending on the program you apply under, but generally requires completion of a high school diploma or equivalent.
- Work experience: You must have at least one year of full-time work experience in a skilled occupation, as defined by the National Occupational Classification (NOC). The work experience must be within the past 10 years and must be in a skilled occupation at skill level 0, A, or B.
- Age: There is no specific age requirement to be eligible for permanent residency, but you may receive additional points for being younger.
- Adaptability: You may receive additional points for factors such as having a job offer in Canada, having family members in Canada, or having previous education or work experience in Canada.
In addition to this general eligibility for PR in Canada, you must also meet the specific requirements of the immigration program you are applying under. For example, the Federal Skilled Worker Program requires a minimum CRS score, while the Canadian Experience Class requires previous work experience in Canada. It’s important to review the specific requirements of each program carefully to determine your eligibility.
Documents Required for Obtaining PR in Canada
Following are the documents that are required to obtain a Canada PR from India:
- IELTS (International English Language Testing System) – to provide language test results
- ECA (Educational Evaluation) – if you are applying through the Federal Skilled Worker Program.
- Sufficient funds to support your application. (Proof of Funds)
- Degrees or certificates of education, diplomas, certificates of sponsorship.
- Originals and official translations of documents confirming the application.
- Proof of age – such as a birth certificate
- Employment documents – a job offer, letter of recommendation, payslips
- Medical and police clearance
- Travel document – passport
Cost of Obtaining Canada PR
The Canadian government sets predetermined costs for the immigration process, but currency fluctuations can cause variations in values. Here’s a summary of the expenses while getting a PR for Canada:
- The cost of a PR visa application is 825 CAD
- The application fee for a secondary applicant (spouse/father) is CAD 825
- Application fee for each dependent child (under age 22) – CAD 225
- A permanent residency fee of 500 CAD
- The fee for the Language Proficiency Test (IELTS) is approximately INR 15,500.
- The medical examination fee is around INR 5500
- The police check fee is around INR 1000
Therefore, the candidate has to spend a total expenditure of around INR 1 lakh if he/she migrates to Canada alone and INR 2 lakh if he/she plans to bring his spouse along.
Canada is known for having one of the most immigrant-friendly policies in the world. The country offers various pathways to obtain PR status, including the Federal Skilled Worker Program, the Canadian Experience Class, the Provincial Nominee Program, and the Family Sponsorship Program. No wonder, becoming a permanent resident of Canada offers many benefits, including access to the country’s public health care system, social services, education, and the ability to work and live in Canada indefinitely.
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Obtaining a Permanent Residency (PR) in Canada can be a complex and lengthy process, but it is possible if you meet the eligibility criteria and provide all required documentation. The ease of obtaining PR in Canada can depend on several factors, including your education, work experience, language proficiency, and the program you apply under.
The processing time for PR applications in Canada can vary depending on the program you apply under, the complexity of your application, and other factors such as the number of applications in the queue. Some programs, such as the Express Entry program, have processing times as short as six months, while others, such as the Provincial Nominee Program, can take up to 18 months or longer.
The Canada PR points calculator is used to evaluate your eligibility for the Express Entry program based on several factors, including your age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and other factors. Each factor is assigned a certain number of points, and your total points are calculated to determine your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score.
The amount of money you need to have to apply for Canada PR depends on the program you are applying under and your financial situation.
Yes, it is possible to apply for Canada PR without a job offer. Programs such as the Federal Skilled Worker Program and the Canadian Experience Class do not require a job offer, but you will need to meet other eligibility criteria such as education, work experience, and language proficiency.
Sushant has been writing since his early days of childhood and currently, he’s serving as a Content Writer with iDreamCareer. Sushant has two start-ups of his own and he has been writing content for them since their inception. Apart from that he is passionate about writing which is why he is following his passion for writing with iDreamCareer.