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Home » Doctor Salary in Canada: Details & Comparison

Doctor Salary in Canada: Details & Comparison

doctor salary canada

In Canada, the topic of doctor salaries has long been a subject of interest and debate. As one of the most crucial pillars of the healthcare system, doctors play a vital role in providing essential medical services to the population. However, understanding the complexities of doctor salaries in Canada requires delving into various factors that shape their remuneration. A significant aspect that influences the earning potential of doctors is the province or territory in which they practice. Canada’s healthcare system is decentralized, resulting in differing compensation structures and fee schedules across the country. Furthermore, the specialization and experience of a physician also impact their income.

Highly specialized fields, such as neurosurgery or cardiology, often command higher salaries compared to general practitioners. Additionally, factors like geographical location, population density, and demand for specific medical services contribute to the salary differentials among doctors. Moreover, the fee-for-service model prevalent in many provinces, where doctors are compensated based on the number and type of services rendered, adds another layer of complexity to the salary equation. Understanding the intricacies of doctor salaries in Canada requires examining these multifaceted factors, as well as considering the broader context of healthcare funding and the pursuit of equitable compensation for healthcare professionals across the country.

Steps to Become a Doctor in Canada

Studying in Canada and especially MBBS is one of the most-sought choices among students worldwide. Pursuing an MBBS degree from Canada opens the door to limitless possibilities and placement opportunities. Becoming a doctor anywhere in the world required precision, hard work, dedication, and significant financial backing.

Steps to Become a Doctor in Canada

The steps involved in becoming a doctor in Canada involve:

Pursuing a Bachelor’s Degree

The first step is to complete a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university. While there is no specific pre-medical program in Canada, it is common for aspiring doctors to pursue a degree in a science-related field such as biology, chemistry, or physiology.

Attempt the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)

The MCAT is a standardized exam that assesses critical thinking, problem-solving, and knowledge of scientific concepts. Most Canadian medical schools require applicants to take the MCAT, and a good score is crucial for acceptance.

Note: The National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) with minimum marks is mandatory for Indian students who want to study medicine in Canada.

Applying to a Medical School

After completing the bachelor’s degree and obtaining the MCAT scores, aspiring doctors must apply to medical schools. In Canada, there are 17 medical schools, and each has its own admission requirements and application process.

Complete a Medical Degree

Once accepted into medical school, students embark on a rigorous four-year program. The curriculum consists of a combination of classroom-based learning, laboratory work, and clinical rotations. Students pick up information and experience in a variety of medical areas.

Cracking the Medical Council of Canada Evaluating Examination (MCCEE)

Near the end of medical school, students must pass the MCCEE, a comprehensive exam that assesses the knowledge and skills necessary for entry into supervised practice.

Complete Residency Training

After graduating from medical school, doctors must undertake residency training in a specific specialty or discipline. Residency programs typically last from two to seven years, depending on the chosen specialty. During residency, doctors work under the supervision of experienced physicians and gain hands-on clinical experience.

Attempt the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination

Upon completing residency, doctors must pass the MCCQE Part I and Part II exams. These exams evaluate the clinical skills and knowledge required to practice medicine independently in Canada.

Request License

Once all the necessary exams have been passed, doctors can apply for licensure with the provincial or territorial regulatory authority where they intend to practice. Each province or territory has its own licensing requirements, which may include additional exams or assessments.

It’s important to note that the process of becoming a doctor in Canada may vary slightly depending on the province or territory. It is advisable for aspiring doctors to research the specific requirements of the medical schools and regulatory authorities in the region they wish to practice.

Salary of an MBBS Doctor in Canada

MBBS is considered to be one of the best courses to study in Canada. The salary of an MBBS doctor in Canada can vary depending on several factors such as experience, specialization, location, and type of employment. In Canada, the MBBS degree is equivalent to an MD (Doctor of Medicine) degree.

On average, a newly graduated MBBS doctor in Canada can expect to earn a salary of around $160,000 per year. However, as doctors gain more experience and specialize in a specific field, their salaries increase significantly.

Doctor Salary in Canada Vs Globally

You have seen the average salary of an MBBS doctor in Canada. Now, let’s look at the average salary of MBBS doctors across the world and try to draw a comparative figure among them.

CountryAverage Salary of a Doctor
United States$172,000
United Kingdom$66,000

Interested in more courses? Read our blog Masters in Canada to get an insight into the top courses and career prospects.

Which doctors have the highest salary in Canada?

In Canada, the highest-paying medical specialties typically include surgical specialties and subspecialties. While specific salary figures can vary based on factors such as experience, location, and employment type, the following specialties often have higher earning potential:

  1. Neurosurgeons: Neurosurgeons perform complex surgeries on the brain and nervous system. They are among the highest-paid medical professionals in Canada, with average salaries ranging from CAD 400,000 to CAD 600,000 per year.
  2. Orthopedic Surgeons: Orthopedic surgeons specialize in treating musculoskeletal conditions, including bone fractures and joint replacements. Their salaries often range from CAD 400,000 to CAD 550,000 annually.
  3. Ophthalmologists: Ophthalmologists are eye specialists who diagnose and treat eye conditions. Their salaries can range from CAD 350,000 to CAD 500,000 per year.
  4. Cardiac Surgeons: Cardiac surgeons perform surgeries on the heart and blood vessels. Due to the critical nature of their work, they earn substantial salaries, typically ranging from CAD 350,000 to CAD 500,000 annually.
  5. Plastic Surgeons: Plastic surgeons specialize in reconstructive and cosmetic surgeries. Their salaries can vary widely but generally range from CAD 300,000 to CAD 450,000 per year.

It’s important to note that these figures are approximate and can change over time. Additionally, there may be variations based on factors such as location, years of experience, and additional qualifications.

Thinking of applying for a PR? Read our blog Canada PR to know the process and eligibility.

Summing It Up!

Doctor salaries vary based on several factors, including specialization, experience, location, and employment type. Surgeons, anesthesiologists, radiologists, gastroenterologists, and cardiologists are among the highest earners in the medical field. However, it’s important to note that these figures are approximate and subject to change. For the most accurate salary information, it is advisable to research specific regions, specialties, and healthcare organizations.

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Also, Read

  1. Intakes in Canada
  2. Canada Education System
  3. Education Loan for Canada
  4. PWGP Canada
  5. Doctor Salary in Dubai
  6. Doctor Salary in USA
  7. Per Annum Doctor Salary in the UK


What is the average salary of doctors in Canada?

The average salary of doctors in Canada ranges from CAD 60,000 to CAD 80,000 per year for newly graduated doctors.

Which medical specialties have the highest salaries in Canada?

Medical specialties such as neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, anesthesiology, radiology, gastroenterology, and cardiology tend to have higher salaries.

How much do neurosurgeons earn in Canada?

Neurosurgeons in Canada can earn between CAD 400,000 and CAD 600,000 per year, making it one of the highest-paying medical specialties.

What is the earning potential of orthopedic surgeons in Canada?

Orthopedic surgeons in Canada typically earn salaries ranging from CAD 400,000 to CAD 550,000 annually.

Do doctors’ salaries vary based on their experience?

Yes, doctors’ salaries can increase significantly with experience and specialization in Canada.

Where can I find up-to-date information on doctor salaries in Canada?

For the most accurate and current information on doctor salaries in Canada, it is advisable to consult reliable sources such as medical associations, healthcare organizations, and government reports.

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