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Be a Piece of Art to Enter the Industry of Glamour: Career in Modelling

Be a Piece of Art to Enter the Industry of Glamour: Career in Modelling : The fashion industry and the opportunities in it are booming for those who are willing to go that extra mile and adopt bouts of self-confidence and charisma that will help them be the face of fashion brands and TV ads. Imagine being under the limelight almost the entire day, when time stands still and all eyes fall on you. Imagine a scenario where you yourself are an art piece, where the clothes that you have worn, as well as the way you posture your body, the way you walk, the way you wear your hair, as well as the inherent way in which you carry yourself as a person, all are part of this intricate art form that you are the crux of. The art of being yourself, as well as harnessing the ability to mold yourself in accordance to what may be asked of in the art from is what makes modeling a challenging yet subtle profession. If you are one of those people who are willing to be a form of art and be versatile and bold, much like the hues of a paint brush on an empty canvas, this is the profession. Beyond all the stereotypes as well as all the exaggerated hype that the profession receives, modeling is not for the faint-hearted. First off, the aspect of modeling itself goes beyond all the glitz and glamour, which inherently just forms a small part of the profession as a whole. The inherent need to have huge bouts of confidence as well as be vulnerable for the sake of art is not something which can be done by many people out there.   Skills and Education Required The profession of modeling does not have any specific educational requirements in the form of degrees or certificates, but the profession does demand a myriad number of skills, such as good communication skills, dedication, large amounts of confidence, patience, and good networking skills. Moreover, as beauty is the central point of this type of art, there is an inherent emphasis given to the physical attributes of a model. An individual who is yearning to become a model is essentially required to have an enviable body, be it a male or female. For instance, in the realm of modeling, the taller you are the easier it is for you to acquire a job in modeling. The essential height requirements for models are 5ft to 6ft for females, while above 5ft for males. Moreover, fitness is also an important aspect in the life of a model, where keeping both your mental as well as physical space clean is essential. The basic educational eligibility for modeling is essentially 12th pass or graduate level, in any particular subject or major.   Top Institutes India Institute Courses City Website Elite School of Modeling Degree in Grooming and Deportment, Diploma in Grooming and Deportment, Workshops in Acting Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai http://www.admissionnews.com/admission_in_Elite-School-of-Modeling-_11542.aspx   http://ww2.elitemodelsindia.com/   Polytechnic for Women Diploma in Fashion Design and Merchandising, Degree in Fashion Technology Delhi http://www.womenpolytechnic.com/  Northeast Institute of Fashion Technology Diploma in modeling, Diploma in fashion photography, Diploma in fashion merchandising Guwahati http://www.neift.com/   International Institute of Acting and Modeling Degree in modeling Mumbai http://www.iiammodels.org/     International Institute Courses Country/City Website Barbizon Modeling School Degree in Modeling: pre-teen modeling, teen modeling, full-figure modeling, advanced professional modeling Across US, Bangkok, Toronto, Santo Domingo, Japan http://www.barbizonmodeling.com/   Julie Nation Modeling School Certificate courses for training in professional modeling (adults, teens and pre-teens), Certificate courses in advanced professional modeling, Self improvement workshops Santa Rosa, United States http://julienation.com/   John Robert Powers School Certificate courses in Personality Development, Corporate workshops, English learning programs, degree courses in acting and modeling Phillipines, Jakarta, Malaysia, Guangzhao, Philadelphia,Denver http://www.johnrobertpowers.com/   Elegance School of modeling Certificate and degree courses in Modeling, Etiquette, Make-up and Fashion Photography Canada, London http://eleganceschools.on.ca/   Prestige Model & Talent Academy Diploma and degree courses in modeling Miami, Florida http://www.prestigemodels.com/     Employment Opportunities The world of fashion and modeling is one which sees cut-throat competition, essentially due to immense number of opportunities as well as advancements that are noticeable in the industry today. The most important aspect that determines a model’s success is the aspect of maintaining a strong portfolio of work, the more sophisticated and advanced your portfolio is, the more chances you have of making it big in the industry. Usually, aspiring models can start off with TV ads as well as print ads, eventually moving on to bigger projects. By moving up the ladder, models can find opportunities in the acting industry and can even carve out a niche for themselves, which will inherently help them gain recognition within that niche space of the profession. As the model moves up into the ranks of the supermodels, through vigorous polishing of their portfolio as well as gaining recognition through their work and their networking skills, they can move into the fashion industry and work as ramp models for large brands, earning instant international exposure.   Other employment opportunities that one can avail within the fashion industry include: Fashion Designer Fashion Photographer Product Promoter Beautician   Fee Structure The basic range of the fee structure for modeling courses in India ranges from Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 50,000. On the other hand, the fees structure in international modeling schools and agencies can be even more expensive owing to the sophisticated and intricate courses that are conducted there. The basic fee structure in international modeling schools varies within a range of $5000 to $20,000 per courses or per year.   Salaries Owing to the sophistication as well as all the glitz and glamour associated with the industry, it is quite a rewarding job to be a model in the fashion industry or the TV industry. In the international fashion industry, fashion models start with a lucrative salary of about $50,000 and then move up to around $100,000 in the next 5 to 10 years of their experience. On the other hand, the salary inherently decreases to $65,000 when the model completes more than 10 years in industry, as youthfulness is always an asset in the fashion industry.In India, the starting salaries for models are usually in the range of Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 15,000 on the basis of each fashion show he/she performs in. On the other hand, when starting to build a portfolio, models may have a earning between Rs. 5000 and Rs. 10,000. On the other hand, models who make it into the elite ranks of the industry in India can earn up to Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 1 Lakh per fashion show. This is inherently a lucrative industry for those who can rise above the cut-throat competition and capitalize on the ever-increasing demand in the industry. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Play the mind game to start a career in Sports Psychology | Sparkle as a Jewellery Designer | Career in Optometry | Multiply your academic growth with Mathematics | Career in Hospitality Management: Make the world your workplace | Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research 

Come out with flying colours with a degree in Sports Science

Come out with flying colours with a degree in Sports Science : Sports Science is a very wide field of academics which is slowly coming into prominence in India and abroad. This curriculum can make a sports enthusiast understand the ambit of the course, its applications and finally choose any of the numerous paths that lead to further specialization. In a country where youth gets passionate about not only cricket but many other games and bringing in priced medals from international games competition, a subject like this has to come forward for good quality of sports and fitness.   What is Sports Science? Sports Science is a wide topic on sports dealing with the theories ad principles to do sports and exercise in the most scientific way. This field of studies is growing every day and it makes way to a career in fitness, leisure related industries, healthcare and pharmaceuticals. Sports Science aims at covering the following topics Physiology: The branch of science that deals with the reaction of human body to exercise and proper training. Biomechanics: Its aims at understanding causes and effects of muscular movement and body’s response to exercise equipments. Psychology: It aims at studying the human mind in terms of sport and exercise settings. This branch can also give rise to many managerial level and coach level career activities.   How to go about studying sports science? The sports science can be studied in some of the selected institutes and universities of India. In your 10+2 level, it is best to have Physics Chemistry and Biology as your subjects as this will keep both the options of pursuing a bachelors in Arts as well as bachelors in Science for the stream of Sports Science.  It is a good option to study your masters abroad as it will increase your exposure to the market and help you contemplate the prospects in a global perspective. However there are institutes in India where you can pursue masters with Bachelor's pursued in any subject.   What are the colleges in India to pursue a career in Sports Science? Some of the colleges where you can study Sports Science in India have been enlisted below. Serial No. Names of Colleges Courses offered 1 Institute of Sports Science and Technology Distance program in Diploma in Sports Sciences     Diploma in Sports Management, Diploma in Sports and Exercise Psychology, Certificate course in Sports and Exercise Nutrition, Masters Program in Sports Management. 2 Delhi University, Department of Sports Science Masters in Physical Education, PhD in Physical Education 3 University of Mysore Bachelors in Physical Education, Masters in Physical Education, 4 Amity University Bachelors in Physical Education, P.G. Diploma in Sports Psychology, Masters in Physical Education, M Phil in Physical Education, PhD. In Physical Education. 5 University of Punjab M. Sc. In Sports Science, M. Phil in Sports Science. 6 School of Allied Health Sciences Manipal University  M. Sc. In exercise and Sports Science.   Certificate courses are usually priced within Rs.10000/- Diploma and bachelor courses are priced within Rs. 25000/- and Masters are Priced within Rs. 35000/-. Most courses are low priced for Indian nationals. Universities that collaborated with foreign Universities can charge as high as  Rs.1800000/- for an integrated course in Sports Science.   How much can I make in India? In India, you cannot afford to move much forward with a bachelor’s degree in Sports Science. The ones with a master's degree can expect a monthly salary of Rs.50000/. Depending upon what other specialization you do, in terms of management, Psychology, life coach and many more,your salary figure can increase further. People working as health experts in established sports fields like Cricket and Badminton in India are expected to draw a good salary figure per month going up to Rs. 200000/-.   What are my career options abroad? If Sports Science is the field you wish to pursue in deep, then probably you need to head towards U.K.   In U.K.  high profile sports events like Silverstone Motor racing or the world famous Wimbledon put a lot of emphasis on developing a good infrastructure for the nurturing of sportsman and incubating new talents. So a degree from U.K. is respected worldwide. Depending upon the kind of specialization you do your salaries may range within £18000-£ 35,000 annually. High profile professionals can touch a figure of £60000-£ 100,000 annually. It is a good idea to become a member of The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences to practice anywhere in U.K. and around the world.   What are some of the good colleges to study Sports Science abroad? Some of the well known colleges abroad, suitable for excelling in Sports Science. have been enlisted below. Serial No. Name of colleges Courses offered 1 Nottingham Trent University Sport and Exercise Science B. Sc. Hons. 2 University of Leeds Sport Science and Physiology M. Sc. 3 Birmingham University-School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences M.Sc.  And PhD. In Sport Science,Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences 4 University of Edinburgh Applied Sport Science B. Sc. Hons, M. Sc. Sport Science 5 University of Durham B.Sc. Sport Science The course fee ranges from £12000-£ 20,000 depending upon the duration of the course and whether it is B.Sc. Program, M Sc. Program or PhD program.   Critical analysis of the career path The idea of Sport Science and the disciplines that are covered under its spread is somehow a bit vague in India. A lot of awareness has to come up to make people encourage and pursue a course in Sports Science. The amount of money spent on specialization can be way too higher than the salary drawn in India due to lack of awareness. But in a sport ardent nation, the sport science career is sure to come up in a big way. Be prepared to receive some eyebrows up reaction to the reply “I study Sports Science”, but It will be a highly rewarding career abroad, and in India in near future.   Call for action So if you are a spirited sportsman, apart from practising your sport, you can consider studying this field to give you an overall idea about sports, which has so much to it. Also shed all your inhibitions while working on field while performing technical as well as non technical jobs to get a good understanding of the field of Sport Science. Many Sports professionals, athletes and practitioners have said that the study in this field has immensely helped them improve their career as zealous sportsman.     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Play the mind game to start a career in Sports Psychology | Sparkle as a Jewellery Designer | Career in Optometry | Multiply your academic growth with Mathematics | Career in Hospitality Management: Make the world your workplace | Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research | Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot | Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering

Play the mind game to start a career in Sports Psychology

Play the mind game to start a career in Sports Psychology : The sports that we see is just not a game involving kinetics, or the muscles involved actively to play the perfect shot. It is a game that has been executed many times in the mind of the player before coming to the actual ground. A person, who has won the game in the mind several times, in different ways, is most likely to be the winner on the D-day. Even after failure, a sportsman springs back to action, and that mainly happens when he has a sound state of mind. This level of Psychology is well understood by a Sports Psychologist and he/she helps the sportsman achieve that perfect state of mind.   What does a Sports Psychologist do? There are two ways in which a sports Psychologist can make use of this specialized field of Psychology. Either they can conduct research on sports related Psychology or become a life coach and help athletes (both amateurs and professionals) through a series of therapies, counselling, mind exercises and medicines. They analyse the mind condition of an athlete and with repeated sessions of confidence building, keeps their levels of anxiety under control. Usually people with experience and not the ones of research background are preferred for working as proper Sports Psychologists. They are also employed in many institutes to keep a check on the mental condition of students who represent the institute for sports related activities. They are usually approached by the tutors or the governing institute bodies for their athletes, in order to keep them mentally balanced most of the time.   How to pursue Sports Psychology? Sports Psychology is a specialized branch and can be pursued only at masters or doctoral level after having completed B.A. or B.Sc. in Psychology. Bachelors can be pursued in India but for further studies, it is a good idea to go abroad for the masters. For becoming a full practitioner it is great idea to become member of Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP). It is an international multidisciplinary body providing certification for professionals who are qualified. This certification is widely accepted and helps in boosting the career of a Sports Psychologist.   Prospects in India India is a sports loving country and sports like cricket, badminton, tennis are played religiously here. However very few people tend to regard the mind game played in the minds of sports people seriously. The country is in growing need of sports psychologists, who are ardent and passionate about sports as well as psychology. The country still hires foreign sport psychologists from U.S.A. and Australia who can do proper training on mental fitness. So this career requires indigenous people to communicate with the sportsperson who can understand their needs better as they are of same ethnicity, bringing down the cost of employment. The pay is also expected to increase if more and more people get aware of this profession.   Salary of sports psychologists in India The starting salary figures in this career can be a bit disappointing. It ranges from Rs.6000-15000. But as one slowly gets to establish themselves as professionals, the salary can go up to Rs. 200000/-per month.         Source: Payscale   Colleges to study in India The degree colleges in India to study psychology have been enlisted below. The course fee is very minimal for bachelor's degree is within Rs. 50000/-) while masters degree will be around Rs. 100000/-             Serial No.                     College Names                     Course offered                     1                     University of Delhi               B.A. Psychology                     2           University of Rajasthan                            B. Sc. Psychology                     3              Jamia Milia University                     B.A. Psychology                     4         University of Calcutta              B.A./B.Sc. Psychology and             M.A./M.Sc. Applied Psychology                                 5                     University of Mumbai                     B.A. Psychology and M.A. Psychology                     6                     Guru Nanak Dev University                     M. Sc. Sports Psychology         7 Guru Nanak Dev University MA.(Sports Psychology)   Career prospects abroad While in India people are still beating around the bush whether they need a Sports Psychologist or not, in most of the western countries, there are courses available on Sports Psychology. After completing bachelors in Psychology, you should apply abroad for studying Sports Psychology rather than hunting courses in India, since it is still suppose to come up. You can opt for online distance program as well and doctoral program to become a pro in Sports Psychology. To practice in U.S.A you must be licensed have internship and two years of professional experience along with passing the examination for Professional Practice in Psychology.   Salary abroad A growth rate of 11% in the employment has been estimated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for clinical and sports psychologist for a period of 2012-2022. A mean annual salary for sports Psychologists fall in the range of $41,850-$71,880. The best in industry even touched $ 153,000 annual salary. Those who wish to teach can expect an annual salary of $55,000.   Some of the colleges abroad             Serial No                     Name of College                     Courses offered                     1                      Brunel University London                        M. Sc. Sports Psychology                     2                     St Mary’s University                     M. Sc. Applied Sports Psychology and PhD. Program                     3                     Kaplan University                     M.S. in Psychology (Applied Behavioural Psychology)                     4                     Grand Canyon University                     PhD. In Performance Psychology                     5                     North Central University                     M.A. and PhD. In Health Psychology                     6                     Walden University                     M.S. in Applied Psychology                     7                     University of Roehampton                     M.Sc. and PhD in Sport and Exercise Psychology                     8                     University of Greenwich                     M. Sc. In Sport and Exercise Psychology           The course fees for courses in U.K. can be quite high ranging from £4000-£17000. However if you practice there, you are soon to recover the amount.   Advantage and disadvantage This field of Psychology is opening up, all across the globe. In India, with millions of hearts throbbing to see a sportsman perform, it is indeed a good idea to pursue the career, as sportsman are under tremendous performance pressure. The salaries are also getting bigger day by day. But then sports psychology has to be studied abroad in order to have a bright future, and the courses are expensive. So initially one has to work abroad in order to make his career profitable before coming back to India, to serve sports.   Conclusion It is indeed sad that India, a sports enthusiast nation does not have a full fledged infrastructure to help its sportsmen in a sports worshipping country. More facilities of training skilled personnel should be brought about to ensure that we are nurturing indigenous talents to take good care of sports people.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Sparkle as a Jewellery Designer | Career in Optometry | Multiply your academic growth with Mathematics | Career in Hospitality Management: Make the world your workplace | Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research | Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot | Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering  

Sparkle as a Jewellery Designer

Sparkle as a Jewellery Designer : Being in India, jewellery is more than just adornments to us. It is a sign of culture, family traditions and lineal prosperity. Any big family wedding or a big festival such as Diwali will bring trips to a jeweller, where one marvels at the fine design and inlays of gems in each unique ring, earring and necklace. If you have an artistic flair yourself, you’ll find yourself even more interested. But have you considered ever designing a piece yourself? Ever wondered what is like to be a jewellery designer and what the job requires? Keep reading to find out!   What is the job about? A jewellery designer is a person who is involved in the process of making original and unique pieces of jewellery. It consists of preparing a design for a new ornament selecting the metals and gems going into it and often even manufacturing it. Jewellery designers work in different capacities with the same basic objective- to design fashionable jewellery consistent with latest trends. These days, the job of a jewellery designer has expanded due to the various ways in which he/she can work. A jewellery designer may only be involved in designing the sketch if he/she is working for a firm that mass-produces set designs. He/she may also be involved in manufacturing it in establishments that produce limited and unique pieces. If working as a freelancer, he/she may also have to be good at marketing his/her work to prospective clients. Thus the job of a modern jewellery designer will involve the following skills- #1- A keen eye for artistic designs and understanding trends in design #2- Ability to work with various gems and precious metals #3- Knowledge of Computer-Aided Designing (CAD): a useful tool for jewellery designers #4- Knowing how to market the final product to the industry #5- Networking to quickly establish a reputation as a skilled designer   Which are the ways in which I can work? If you’re looking to work for a company, you can join one of many renowned jewellery brands such as Tanishq, Swarovski, Nakshatra, Gili, etc. Another option is to join jewellery shops/showrooms or top-notch goldsmiths. If you’re not comfortable with working strictly under someone, you can also freelance or start your own line of jewellery. There are also many ancillary job opportunities such as jewellery repair, laying gems into ornaments, working for museums/auction houses or taking up a teaching post in institutes that offer education in jewellery designing.   So where to get started? After 12th, it is highly recommended that you go straight for a bachelor’s in design. This helps you develop a good background in designing. There are several acclaimed colleges such as NIFT, Mumbai and NID and several others that offer BDes courses. There are also BDes courses in the discipline of Jewellery/Accessory design itself, such as in NIFT, Gandhinagar. If you do your bachelor’s in a stream other than design, you can still go for a postgraduate diploma or degree, given you pass their aptitude tests.     Some of the renowned colleges for Jewellery Designing are: Colleges Location Level National Institute of Fashion Technology Gandhinagar, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai Undergraduate Pearl Academy Jaipur Undergraduate Manipal University Jaipur Undergraduate School of Fashion Technology Pune Undergraduate National Institute of Design Ahmedabad Postgraduate India International Trade Center Mumbai Postgraduate Vogue Institute of Fashion Technology Bangalore Graduate Indian Institute of Jewellery Mumbai Graduate/PG diploma   What are the fees like? The fees for undergraduate programmes are generally between 1.5-2 lakhs per year, with the fees being higher in private colleges than in government colleges. For postgraduate courses, the fees vary from course to course in various institutes.   Job Prospects and Salary Jewellery is one of the fastest growing industries in India. This boom in industry, coupled with a demand for fashionable jewellery consistent with market trends has created a great demand for jewellery designers. Jewellery Designers typically start out with low salaries of around Rs. 10,000 per month, which may increase to Rs. 30,000 with experience. However, if you become a freelance designer and are able to make it big, earnings can even go upward of 1 lakh. Jewellery designers abroad are paid more than in India. Jewellery Designers in US earn upward of $30,000 a year.   Conclusion Jewellery Designing is the apt career for those who want to combine their artistic designing skill with that of their knowledge of precious metals and stones. With the boom in the jewellery industry and entry of foreign jewellery houses and firms, there is a lot of scope for jewellery designers as salaried designers as well as freelancers. However the job requires great skill and knowledge. Further, the education is generally expensive and may not pay off immediately, especially if you plan to work in India.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Career in Optometry | Multiply your academic growth with Mathematics | Career in Hospitality Management: Make the world your workplace | Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research | Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot | Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering  

Career in Optometry

Career in Optometry : Recent statistics show that every third blind person in the world is an Indian. There are millions of other people suffering from various other kinds of defect in their eyes. Optometry is the right career option for those who are interested in alleviating human suffering. In an overly populated country like India, the demand for optometrists is very high and is expected to rise further in the coming years. A recent survey has shown that in India, the population to optometrist ratio is two lakh to one, whereas it is ten thousand to one in developed countries like the US.Industry estimates in India predict a requirement of over two lakh institutionally-qualified optometrists as opposed to the current availability of a meagre 5,000.   Optometry is a science that is associated with the structure, working and function of the human eye. This profession is related toexamination, correct diagnosis and proper treatment of the eyes. It deals with optical symptoms, using lenses and other optical aids, refractive errors and their correction. An optometrist is a doctor of optometry (O.D.), and not a medical doctor. S/he has to work through various vision therapies to treat abnormalities, and can prescribe drugs for the eyes. If surgery is required, the patient is sent to an ophthalmologist (M.D.). In USA, optometry is the sixth most sought-after profession.   Primary responsibilities of an optometrist Perform regular eye examinations Practice orthoptics Offer counselling services and low-vision aids Assess and diagnose systemic diseases, and Refer patients to appropriate specialists   The Payoff In India, the current pay scale for qualified optometrists is around Rs 2.5-6 lakh per annum, depending on experience. They can also start their own venture to earn more.         Source: Payscale Skills One should be willing to serve people. The job of an optometrist involves working with lenses, which requires a high level of accuracy and precision. So, one should be able to perform tasks with clockwork precision. Since the job of an optometrist requires that one has to work in a team with ophthalmologists and other technicians, team spirit is of utmost importance. Ascientific bent of mind is also absolutely necessary.   How do I get there? One should have completed 10+2 (science stream) with at least 50 per cent marks in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics and English taken together in order to do a Bachelor’s degree in clinical optometry. After taking a BSc degree, students can opt for M. Opt, M. Phil., M.S.and follow it up with a Ph.D in India or abroad. In addition to this, in the US, students can also pursue an O.D. (doctor of optometry) programme from any of 18 accredited U.S. universities.The eligibility criteria for pursuing a diploma course in optometry are a pass in Class X or Class XII. Those who have completed a diploma course in clinical optometry are eligible to get direct admission to the third year of the degree course in optometry.   Institutes & URLs Some Indian universities are: S. No. University 1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi 2. Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, U.P. 3. Guwahati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati 4. Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh 5. Patna Medical College, Patna 6. Grewal Eye Institute, Chandigarh 7. BharatiVidyapeeth Medical College, Pune 8. Manipal College of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University   Overseas Rank Universities 1 UC Berkeley (School of Optometry), USA 2 State University of New York (College of Optometry) 3 Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, USA 4 Perelman School of Medicine, USA 5 UW School of Medicine, Seattle 6 David Geffen School of Medicine, UC Los Angeles   Fees For bachelor courses in Indian private universities, it is generally in the range of 2.5 to 4 lakhs per annum. The same for diploma courses is generally between 2 to 2.5 lakhs. In government colleges, it is much lower than this. Overseas, the course fee is in the range of $20,000-$35,000 per annum.   Pros & Cons Secure job and income Recession-proof profession Option to choose one’s own timings, work on part-time basis if one has to study further, or if situations demand Institutionally qualified optometrists are indispensable,whether it is a small, medium or large size eye hospital/institution Cannot prescribe any medication   Conclusion Experts have predicted a severe crunch in manpower in this field in the years to come. Owing to this, and the fact that this is a highly competent specialization which requires continuous upgradation of knowledge, it is an exciting career option for youngsters. It is also the kind of profession that gives you immense satisfaction by curing patients suffering from ailments in one of their most vital body parts-the eyes.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Multiply your academic growth with Mathematics | Career in Hospitality Management: Make the world your workplace | Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research | Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot | Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering | The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy 

Multiply your academic growth with Mathematics

Multiply your academic growth with Mathematics : The myth of mathematics being difficult ceases to exist. Individuals are in large numbers opting for courses specializing in mathematics. The career opportunity in the subject requires precision along with passion which then equates to a shinning career.                            Do you believe in the magic of numbers? Does your mind tend to perceive every situation as a number game? Don’t get agitated; instead be excited for your mind is all set to take the road less travelled. Mathematics is a subject that has been mostly misinterpreted and young children are scared of not getting the correct answers. But those who befriend the subject view it as nothing less than a game. The subject is extremely fascinating and links to a vast ocean of knowledge. It exercises the human mind and widens the logical reasoning. The subject has interdisciplinary links to other areas such as science, astrology, astronomy, engineering, operations, finance, statistics and psychology. Careful analysis and logical- analytical skills can provide enormous opportunities for interested young minds. Aryabhata, Euclid, Pythagoras, Newton, Leonardo Fibonacci, Srinivasa Ramanujan and the names are countless who have contributed to the development of the field of mathematics. The subject has limitless scope and interesting opportunities. It is all a number game that leads to a shining career in the field of mathematics. Many scientists maintain that mathematics is a way to explain the universe & all natural phenomena around us. For example, the Fibonacci sequence is considered to be the nature’s number system. It explains the number of petals in a flower, spirals in leaves & seeds, etc. Explore mathematics beyond symbols to widen the horizons of human knowledge. Eligibility Mathematics is present since the very existence of human beings. It is sometimes also known as the oldest science. In schools, it is treated as a basic subject and has always been vital for the education system. Career in mathematics can be established after qualified education and clear understanding of the subject. Students with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics background in school are eligible to pursue career in B.Sc. in mathematics, Mathematics honors or an engineer with B.E./B.Tech with interest in Mathematics can opt for masters in this field. Post-graduation programs include M.Sc. in Mathematics and Statistics. It could be followed by a doctoral program for individuals who are deeply interested in research oriented studies. Integrated Ph.D. Programs (I.Ph.D.) are also available. Mathematics and Commerce also make a great career option for students not interested in science. Chartered Accountant is an interesting field that has prestige and handsome pays. Mathematics students can also get into graphic designing and website designing. Banking and law sector is open for student with Commerce with mathematics background. Economics and mathematics graduates and post graduates can pursue their career as stock brokers, company secretaries, accounting and finance. The annual tuition fees in colleges in India range from 12,000 to 100,000 INR for graduation and for higher studies they go as high as 95,000 to 200,000 INR. Mathematics courses in overseas universities have a fee structure varying from 120,000- 10,00,000 INR per semester. Scholarships are also available for meritorious students. Courses are available in pure as well as applied mathematics. Other related subjects within this branch include: Functional Mathematics, Industrial Mathematics, Mathematics with Computer Application, Mathematical Economics, Mathematical Statistics, Computational Mathematics (of Mathematics with Computer Applications)   Career Path                                                                                      Top Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website Indian Statistical Institute Graduation Post-graduation Kolkata http://www.isical.ac.in/ The Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc) Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Chennai https://www.imsc.res.in/ Loyola College Graduation, Post-graduation Chennai www.loyolacollege.edu/ Presidency College Graduation, Post-graduation Kolkata http://www.presiuniv.ac.in/web/ Lady Sri Ram College Graduation Delhi University, Delhi http://lsr.edu.in/ Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI), Graduation, Post-graduation Chennai http://www.cmi.ac.in/ Jesus and Mary College (JMC) Graduation Delhi http://www.jmc.ac.in/   Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Goa http://www.bits-pilani.ac.in/goa/ St. Stephens College Graduation Delhi www.ststephens.edu Institute of Chartered Accountants of India Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Delhi www.icai.org.in Institute of Mathematics and Applications      Graduation, Post-graduation   Bhubaneswar  www.iomaorissa.ac.in/   Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Cambridge University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, U.S. https://www.cam.ac.uk/  Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ Oxford University  Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral, Diploma Oxford, UK http://www.ox.ac.uk/   Massachusetts Institute of Technology Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Massachusetts, US   http://web.mit.edu/ Princeton University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Princeton, US http://economics.princeton.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/   California Institute of Technology Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral California, U.S. http://www.caltech.edu/   ETH Zurich Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Zürich, Switzerland https://www.ethz.ch/en.html   Opportunities and Salaries   Mathematics is a gateway to multiple career opportunities. There are several areas where interested individuals can advance ahead. Job opportunities for Mathematics qualified individuals are available in both public and private sector. A researcher in the subject can also contribute to the academic advancements of the field. Researchers in mathematics are concerned with the problems of transformation, numbers, logic, space and their implementation in other fields of science. Operations research analysts are involved in advanced analytical methods such as mathematical optimization, statistical analysis and mathematical modeling. As advisors to managers for problem solving and decision making, mathematical analysts are employed. Good firms and research institutes tend to pay as high as 75,000 INR per month. The subject also opens up opportunities to commerce related fields such as taxation, auditing and accounting. Chartered Accountants, graphic designers, stock broking, and company secretary job profiles are some of the latest job opportunities where aspirants can establish a well praised career with high salaries. Government jobs are available in statistical, analytical and computations related task. Starting pay scale in public sector varies from 20,000 INR to 55,000 INR per month. After graduation and post graduation, jobs as teachers are tremendously enormous because it is one of the basic subjects in the educational curriculum. Mental mathematics has lately evolved and workshops, books and accessories related to the subject course are devised by professionals in mathematics. The salaries for teachers and lecturers differ on the basis of the schools and colleges where they are working. Irrespective of any job profile selected in this field, accuracy and concentration are essentially required. Polish your precision skills in numbers and multiply opportunities in mathematics for it is an extremely stimulating career field. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Career in Hospitality Management: Make the world your workplace | Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research | Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot | Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering | The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy 

Career in Hospitality Management: Make the world your workplace

Career in Hospitality Management: Make the world your workplace : The most wonderful aspect about studying Hospitality Management is the networking opportunities that you get. Do you have goodcommunication skills, and like connecting with people? Can you be flexible with your working hours? Do you like dealing with food, and are you creative? Then the glamorous world of hospitality and tourism needs you! “Let your job be the passport to the world". Sounds like your kind of deal? Ever imagined yourself directing social events on a cruise? Or how about owning and managing your own luxurious chain of hotels and resorts nationally or internationally? Or how about running an ultra-modern club or spa? Ever pictured yourself creating the marketing campaign for national tourism campaign? Sounds exciting! Doesn't it? Guess what does a waiter serving you a delicious sizzler, the concierge at your resort and a tour guide have in common? Basically they all work in the hospitality industry in some way or the other. Well this is what careers in hospitality management look like. And this is just a tiny drop amidst the vast ocean of dynamic opportunities that await you in the global hospitality industry. A career in this field could be personally fulfilling and professionally stimulating.Hospitality over the years continues to be one of the world's fastest growing industries. It employs more than 256 million people worldwide! Tourism, which is a part of hospitality industry, generates 10% of the world's GDP. Let us briefly try to understand the wide range of careers this field has to offer.   What is Hospitality Management? Hospitality Management in simple words is the study of the hospitality industry dealing with a broad category of event planning, theme parks, cruise line, transportation, lodging and other additional fields primarily within the aviation, maritime and tourism industries. As a part of the hospitality industry you would be responsible to make a 'home away from home' for vacationers and business travellers. This industry can encompass extremely varied job profiles from a Director to Chairman to the chamber-maid.   Step By Step  Candidates can pursue degree course in hospitality management soon after acquiring minimum of 50% marks in 10+2. However in some cases if some candidate does not have 50% marks in +2, he/she can opt for diploma or certificate courses offered by various institutes. Some institutes have their own entrance exams to select students. There are numerous job profiles in this sector depending upon a candidate's work experience, education etc. However, in order to work in the top profiles, a candidate must have a recognized degree.   Career Path   Overview on different programs in Hospitality Management   Courses Offered In Hospitality Management The courses offered combine skill development sessions with theory lectures with a heavy emphasis onpractical experience; hence preparing the candidate for everyday challenges. Degree Courses: B.Sc In Hospitality & Tourism Studies (3 Years) B.Sc. In Hospitality Study & Catering Services (3 Years) B.Sc. In Hotel Management & Tourism (3 Years) MBA In Hotel Management & Tourism (2 Years) M.Sc. In Food Science (2 Years) M.Sc. In Hotel Management (2 Years) M.Sc. In Tourism (2 Years) Diploma Courses: Hotel Operations (2 Years) Hotel Management & Catering Technology (1 Year) Food & Beverage Production / Service (6Month & 1 Year) House Keeping (1 Year) Front Office Management (1 Year) Travel Agency Management (1 Year & 6 Month) Certificate Courses: Hotel Management & Catering Technology (1 Year) Cookery, Bakery & Confectionary (1 Year) Hospitality & Air Travel Management (1 Year) Food & Beverage Services (6 Months) Tourism & Travel Management (6 Months)   Roles & Responsibilities The diversity of career options in the hospitality industry makes it utterly impossible to cover each and every job description within the scope of this article. We have thrown light on some of the most common career options available in this sector. Hospitality Manager The most common and obvious career option as a graduatein Hospitality Management would be to take up some kind of management role in this sector. The managerial roles can be in conference facilities, bars, casinos, entertainment venues, travel agencies, national/regional marketing organizations, etc. Hotel Manager As a Hotel Manager, you look after the overall administration of a hotel including front-end as well as back-end. This position demands a wide range of duties including budget allocation, strategic planning, performance tracking, quality auditing ,synchronizing and also overseeing the services like catering and accommodation facilities. One might fit/suit this profession if he/she has a flair for communication, organizational skills and can work with people from different backgrounds. Restaurant Manager  If you are a foodie and have a natural nose for the perfect dining experience, then Restaurant Manager might be an interesting position for you. You could be managing an outlet of some renowned chain or might even be looking after the operations of some smaller independent outlet. Usually the duties involve overseeing of operational, marketing-related as well as administrative tasks while also ensuring the profitability of the restaurant and maintaining its reputation & ethos. Cruise Director If you're keen to see the world through boats and yachts, the role of cruise director might suit you. One would require strong understanding of this sector through some specialized studies. This position will involve overseeing health and safety issues, looking after the entertainment and social events along with onboard hospitality ensuring excellent customer satisfaction. Events Manager Hospitality Management can also open up doors for you as event planner, bridal consultant, meeting planner, party planner, conference manager, etc. In case you end up choosing this as your profession, you would be planning and organizing various events like weddings, open houses, conventions, etc. with paying attention to the minutest detail. You should bear 'born to organize and execute' for being successful in this field.   What Would It Cost Me? The fee for the course depends on the reputation and rank of the college. For a 3-year course, the fee would range from around 200,000 to 500,000. The students who are not willing to spend such hefty amount may go for diploma/certificate courses offered.   Pay Packages: Remuneration in this industry majorly depends on factors like the institute, employer,skills of the individual & work experience.The candidates who have passed out from topinstitutes might receive a starting salary of Rs 20,000 or more.Similarly, for candidates with diploma or certification programs can receivestarting salaries ranging from Rs 8000-Rs 12,000. International hotel chains & airlines offer attractive remuneration. International Focus Hotel chains like Hilton, Ramada,Hyatt,La Quinta, Marriott, Radisson, Days Inn, Best Western, etc. offer really attractive career options for hospitality management graduates.Graduates working in USA get starting salary ranging from US$ 6000-10,000 per annum. Many hotel chains also offer highly paid part time jobs at various positions.   Top 10 Institutes India Rank College City Website URL 1 Oberoi Centre of Learning and Development Delhi www.oberoihotels.com 2 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Mumbai www.ihmctan.edu 3 Welcomgroup Graduate School of Hotel Administration (WGSHA) Manipal www.manipal.edu 4 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Delhi www.ihmpusa.net 5 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Aurangabad www.ihma.ac.in 6 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Bangalore www.ihmbangalore.com 7 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Chennai www.ihmkolkata.com 8 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Kolkata www.ihmchennai.org 9 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Ahmedabad www.ihmahmedabad.com 10 Christ College Bangalore www.christuniversity.in   Overseas Rank College City Website URL 1 Cornell University New York,USA www.cornell.edu 2 Les Roches International School Of Hotel Management Switzerland www.lesroches.edu 3 Hotelschool, The Hague Netherlands www.hotelschool.nl 4  Hotel Vatel France www.vatel.fr/en 5 Oxford Brookes University Oxford,UK www.hospitality.brookes.ac.uk 6 Blue Mountain International Hotel Management School Leura,Australia www.bluemountains.edu.au 7 EcoleHoteliere De Lausanne Switzerland www.ehl.edu 8 Glion Institute of Higher Education Switzerland www.glion.edu 9 Cesar Ritz Colleges Switzerland www.cesarritzcolleges.edu 10 Emirates Academy Of Hospitality Management Dubai www.emiratesacademy.edu   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research | Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot | Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering | The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy

Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research

Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research : Equity Research is a cornerstone in the financial world. It helps people’s money work for them than people working for money. An equity research analyst helps an investor escape from the labyrinth of information. Have you watched movies like ‘Wall Street’, ‘The Wolf of Wall Street’ & ‘Margin Money’? They take a peek into the life of on the more glamorous cousin of an Equity analyst, Investment Banking. Have you seen your dad or uncle talk about the Sensex or NIFTY? Have you heard about the bull and the bear? These are all from the world of equity. Why do we use Google? Because, it finds us answer to anything under the sun; it seems that it has all the information that is required by anyone anytime. In finance, information is the key to investing. Equity research provides information to traders for making an entry position or an exit position, an investor to build a long or a short position, or to make an investment or building an exit strategy. It also provides information to investors for subscribing to the Initial Public Offerings (IPO), helping investment banks build brand and their capital raising business. As an individual, it is cumbersome to gain insight on the economy, industry and a particular company. The equity research report gives a snap-shot view and detailed analysis of the financial performance of the company, its management, its products, its fair value and also gives a picture of its future growth trajectory. It makes the life of an investor, or, a common man much easier.   Required Education Education in financial discipline is not necessary but desirable. However, one needs to have a strong interest in financial markets, accounting and economics with strong analytical and quantitative skills. One should have good communication skills with fluency in English (In some specific markets, like, Japan and China, knowledge in local language is necessary). Knowledge in statistical tools is also desirable. Typically, Chartered Accountants, MBA (Finance), engineers from top colleges, and commerce graduates from top colleges, and Chartered Financial Analysts are preferredfor hiring by organizations in the position of equity researcher. Career Path                                                                Career Path (10th to Job)   Course Details Engineers, MBAs and CAs are favoured by the recruiters to work as equity research analysts. Hence, the list of top colleges in the relevant fields are listed below for a quick reference. Top Institutes (India): Institute Locations Course Eligibility Website/Information Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Mumbai Delhi Kharagpur Kanpur Chennai Guawahati Roorkee Varanasi And, 11 other locations 1.B.Tech 2. M.Tech 3. Integrated M.Sc 1.Class XII (PCM) 2.B.E/B.Tech 3. Class XII (PCM)   And, entrance examinations like, IIT-JEE, GATE. https://www.iitsystem.ac.in/ Birla Institute of Technology   Mesra 1.B.Tech 2.M.Tech 3. Ph.D. 1.10+2 (PCM) 2.B.E./B.Tech 3. M.E./M.Tech https://www.bitmesra.ac.in/cms.aspx?this=1&mid=48 Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad Bangalore Kolkata Lucknow Indore Kozhikode PGDBM At least 10+2+3 in any discipline   CAT/GMAT https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Institutes_of_Management Institute of Chartered Accountants of India   Any Chartered Accountant Class XII (Any discipline) www.icai.org.in/ Chartered Financial Analyst Institute, U.S.A Any Chartered Financial Analyst Undergraduate (or appearing in final year of UG exam) https://www.cfainstitute.org/pages/index.aspx   Top Institutes (Overseas): Following are few top engineering colleges around the globe which are preferred by recruiters for hiring graduates in the position of equity research analysts: Institute Courses Average Score in Entrance Country Website University of Massachusetts, Amherst Graduate Program SAT: 1850 USA https://www.pse.umass.edu/academics/admissions Caltech Graduate Program SAT: 2210 USA www.admissions.caltech.edu Stanford University Graduate Program SAT: 2070 USA https://www.stanford.edu/ University of California, Berkley Graduate Program SAT: 1840 USA www.berkeley.edu/  National University of Singapore (NUS) Graduate Program Not needed Singapore http://nus.edu.sg/admissions         Source: Forbes, QS   Following are the top B-schools around the world: Institute Courses Average Score in GMAT Country Website University of Chicago – Booth School of Business MBA 720 USA https://www.chicagobooth.edu/ Stanford Graduate School of Business MBA 720 USA https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/ Harvard Business School MBA 730 USA http://www.hbs.edu/Pages/default.aspx University of Pennsylvania-Wharton MBA 728 USA https://www.wharton.upenn.edu/ London business school MBA 700 UK https://www.london.edu/ INSEAD MBA 703 France http://www.insead.edu/home/ University of Oxford- Saïd Business School MBA 690 UK http://www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/ HEC Paris MBA MBA 690 France http://www.mba.hec.edu/ NUS Business School MBA 672 Singapore http://bschool.nus.edu/ HKUST Business School MBA 600 Hong Kong http://www.bm.ust.hk/             Source:Financial Times, QS   Other than GMAT/SAT/GRE, it is mandatory for the students to appear for IELTS/TOEFL. Scores above 100 are considered to be good in TOEFL. Again, one should remember that while applying for the MBA schools, the score in entrance is only a fraction of the parameters used for judging a candidate. Everything in the application really does matter, including the application essays and recommendations.   Cost in Fees Almost all the top engineering colleges in India are government affiliated. The annual fees may vary from INR 10,000 to 80,000 per annum depending on the institute/university. For overseas universities, the cost that a student would incur for the degree would vary from INR 15.0 lacs to INR 35.0 lacs. The cost of a MBA from a top college in India would range between INR 8.0 lacs to INR 25.0 lacs including allied costs. An MBA from abroad would range between INR 35.0 lacs to INR 90.0 lacs including allied costs.   Job Profiles Broadly, one has to work in the either of the broad categories: Sell Side : Usually in the brokerage houses, catering to the retail clients Buy Side : Mostly, the investment banks and research firms The job roles usually offered are: Research Analyst Private Equity Analyst Fund Manager/ Private Equity Fund Manager Portfolio Manager The responsibilities of an equity analyst would typically include: Analyzing and summarizing: Financial statements Economy Management Build and maintain financial models and sector database Work with a team and deliver research reports or insights on individual stock or portfolio Provide support to front-desk to generate revenue for the company   Opportunities and Growth The growth and outlook of the equity research market is in sync with the global and Indian economy. The last two years were very good for the industry. In the present year, the market has been subdued. But, there have been several Initial Public Offerings (IPO) in the Indian domestic market, which, suggests that the outlook is not too grim. Globally, the Chinese market has suffered from one of the biggest crashes in the financial history, the European market hasn’t yetrecovered from the crisis and the US economy has just started showing green shoots of growth. In the recent developments, global firms like, Standard Chartered Bank, Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation have been cutting jobs around the globe as a part of their global restructuring exercise closing their less profitable ventures. For SCB, it is their loss making institutional cash equities, equity research and equity capital markets operations that would be shut-down. Thus, aided by the favourable macro factors, India is in a brighter spot in the global equity market. The global scenario might take a while to turn around.   Industries to Explore An equity analyst would be working in the following industries: Banking and Financial Services Industry (BFSI): Brokerage firms, like, Karvy, Sharekhan Investment Banks like, JP Morgan, Goldman Sachs Credit Rating Agencies, like, CRISIL, ICRA Private Equity Firms, like, Warburg Pincus, KKR Venture Capital Funds, like, Matirx Funds, Sequoia Capital. Seed Fund Banks, like, SBI, Deutsche Bank Mutual Funds like, Franklin Templeton, Mirae Asset Knowledge Process Outsourcing offices of global behemoths like Mckinsey, JP Morgan Consulting Firms like, Ernst & Young (E&Y), Mckinsey, Accenture   The CV of an Equity Research Analyst The key skills that the recruiters looks in an equity research analyst at entry level are: Decent writing skills with a flair in financial reporting – Primary role of anequity analyst is disseminating the information about the company, industry and economy. Excellent communication and interpersonal skills – The job profile requires regular interaction with various stake-holders, be it the key management of the company, or, the client. Knowledge of database tools like Bloomberg, Reuters, etc. Strong programming skills in statistical tools like, R, SPlus, Matlab, VB, SQL – Equity research involves building financial models to project the future performance of a company. Knowledge in the tools is required for building a robust model. Ability to work under pressure – An equity analyst has to work under strict deadlines, and most entry-level profiles require stretching long working hours. The individual should be self-motivated, proactive and passionate for investing and for financial markets. The other skills that an aspiring equity analyst should possess to create an edge over the others are: Strong understanding of financial statements, macro-economic trends, valuation modelling. Knowledge about a particular industry, its key players, competitive landscape, macro factors affecting the industry and trends in that industry. As a fresher, it always helps if one has national or international publications in ones CV as it’s a well-documented proof of ones writing skills, research acumen and knowledge in the various statistical and database tools.   It is also important to understand for an aspiring analyst that there are several intangible qualities in a candidate that the recruiters look for. Since, it is very difficult to judge those intangible qualities, the recruiters tend to hire people from some specific background, like, Chartered Accountants (CA), MBA (Finance) and Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA). In India, some of the well-known equity research firms also hire from IITs.   Earnings The compensation for the equity researchers are good. Typically, their packages include a substantial bonus component. In India, the typical salary for an entry level analyst would range from INR 3.5 lacs per annum in small brokerage firms to INR 20.0 lacsper annum in the foreign banks. The US counterparts earn more than $ 50,000 per annum plus bonuses.   What Next? The junior associate would look forward to climb up the ladder and become a senior research analyst and further rise to become head of equities. Some sell side analysts switch to venture capital funds or private equity funds(Mostly abroad as recruitment in VCs and PE Funds are very less in India). Few try and move to investment banking or mutual funds (as fund managers). As their job profile involves rigorous modelling, some get into project financing and corporate finance profiles. For the graduates, it provides a great platform to get into any of the top MBA colleges specializing in Finance. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot | Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering | The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy | Rule the skies: Globe-trotting as a Cabin Crew | Establish a shinning career in Astronomy

Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot

Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot : A globe-trotting career, office at 30,000 feet above ground and an adventurous life are a few perks of being a commercial pilot. Not to mention the awesome feeling of visiting numerous countries and becoming a role-model to many around. Have you ever dreamt of flying to far-away lands, been drawn to a uniform and waking up to adventures?  Being a commercial pilot can fulfill all your dreams and also earn you a good salary while you’re at it. According to the IBEF (India Brand Equity Foundation), India’s civil aviation industry is on a high-growth trajectory. India aspires to be the third-largest in the world aviation market by 2020 and the largest by 2030. These predictions, increased low-cost airlines and international aviation industry have opened doors for extremely lucrative salaries in Indian as well asinternational airlines. A commercial pilot requires much more than passion though. This is a highly specialized profession which requires extensive knowledge of air navigation, meteorological report and operating highly sophisticated technology. All this while being the protector and leader to the flight crew and passengers under all kinds of conditions while flying in a metal box, thousands of feet above the ground! Not for the faint-hearted for sure.   Licenses to become a commercial pilot:  Student Pilot License (SPL) The first step towards many more to become a Commercial Pilot is getting an SPL, a license required to enroll in a flying club recognized by Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), Government of India or abroad. To be eligible to apply, one needs to be at least 16 years old and a 10+2 pass-out with minimum result of 50%; and a science background with Chemistry, Maths and Physics. The application process starts with theory and oral tests on navigation, meteorology, air regulations, etc. Post that you’ll require to submit certificates of DGCA approved medical fitness, security clearance and a bank guarantee of Rs 10,000. When you successfully complete this exam you climb your first step towards becoming a commercial pilot, armed with an SPL certificate. The DGCA website regularly updates new regulations, requirements and approved centres. Private Pilot License (PPL) This is when you start your air-borne training, a total of 60 hours of various flying exercises after rigorous training. A suitable flying school in India or abroad should be chosen after good research and considering factors like place, cost, reputation of the club, etc. To be eligible for PPL, the pilot needs to appear for centre as well as DGCA theory tests about aviation and submit a medical fitness certificate from the AFCME (Air Force Central Medical Establishment) or IAM (Institute of Aviation Medicine). Commercial Pilot License (CPL) The final step to becoming a commercial pilot, CPL is obtained after you have finished at least 250 hours of extensive flying. CPL is granted to pilots after an intensive theory exam at their centre and DGCA exams on aviation and submitting medical fitness testscertificate from the AFCME or IAM. Post the CPL, certifications of instrument rating and type rating are also necessary.   Top Indian Institutes for Aviation While choosing an institute, factors like cost of flying and staying (a significant investment), reputation of the school and its review from its past students provide valuable insights. On an average the investment for the two years of pilot training and exercises are high, especially the flight costs but the returns justify the investment. Many education loans and scholarships are available. The top flying clubs/ institutes in India: Government Aviation Training Institute, Bhubaneswar www.aviationspaceindia.com/content/government-aviation-training-institute-gati Coimbatore Flying Club, Coimbatore www.bvgfc.org Indian Aviation Academy, Mumbai www.indianaviationacademy.com Jamshedpur Co-Operative Flying Club Ltd, Jamshedpur www.indiacatalog.com/profiles/aviation/jamshedpur_co-operative_flying_club.html Indira Gandhi RashtriyaUranAkademi, Uttar Pradesh www.igrua.gov.in Rajiv Gandhi Aviation, Secundrabad www.rgaviation.com   The fees in these institutes vary from Rs. 19 lakhs to Rs. 40 lakhs for the PPL and CPL.   Studying Abroad Contrary to two years in India, doing an aviation course abroad takes 6 to 8 months. The top flying clubs/ institutes abroad: CAE Oxford Aviation Academy (Has centres in India and abroad) www.caeoaa.com CTC Wings (Asia, UK and Australia) www.ctcaviation.com Flight Safety Academy, USA www.flightsafetyacademy.com Pan AM International Flying Academy, USA www.panamacademy.com Singapore Flying College, Singapore               www.sfcpl.com   Each flying club has different fee structure for licenses. Candidates can submit necessary details on their official websitesand receive a reply with comprehensive fee structure, batch dates and further procedures. The investment in these institutes will be significantly higher than in India and could cost between Rs. 50 lakh to 70 lakh on an average.  You may also search for alternative options of aviation courses from Malaysian and Singaporean clubs/institutes which are also popular among Indian and other Asian airlines.   Job Opportunities   Recruitment in the aviation sector is anticipated to be on the rise with the boom in tourism and flight travel. Introduction of new carriers like Air Asia, Vistara; addition of more routes by global carriers, development of new airports and modernization of existing ones have increased employment opportunities in the industry. The starting salaries of a trainee pilot can be around Rs. 1.5 lakh for flying 50 hours a month, with a significant raise within the next six months. Top local recruiters in the industry are carriers like Indigo, Air Asia &SpiceJet. International players like Etihad, Emirates, Qatar Airlines usually swoop on senior officers with attractive salaries. Apart from the salary, international airlines offer benefits like tax-free income,free housing, schooling and medical expenses and a chance to fly to international destinations solo or with family for free.  A word of caution however – Even as the Indian aviation industry grows by leaps and bounds, the airline companies are struggling financially – laying down many pilots, recruiting only experienced pilots or recruiting at very low salaries. The fuel prices, extremely competitive fares and the need to revamp Indian aviation policies and taxes are costing dearly to the airline companies.   Scholarships   Many Indian flying clubs/ institutes offer scholarships in various categories.  Indira Gandhi RashtriyaUranAkademi, Uttar Pradesh Two scholarships of Rs 4 lakh each given on merit-cum-means basis per batch. Rajiv Gandhi Aviation, Secunderabad Two scholarships for female pilots on merit-cum-means up toRs 3 lakh each per batch.  JRD Tata Memorial Scholarships JRD Tata Trust offers up to Rs 10 lakh per year to trainees as decided by its Board of Directors.  Scholarships of SC/ST Candidates  Government scholarships areavailable for eligible SC/ST candidates.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering | The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy | Rule the skies: Globe-trotting as a Cabin Crew | Establish a shinning career in Astronomy

Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology

Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology : The science of Audiology Hearing is an indispensable part of one’s life and it is very discomforting if we or our loved ones suffer from any hearing problem. Audiology is the treatment of hearing impairment and speech related disorders. An audiologist specializes in diagnosing and evaluating hearing problems using advanced technology. One can turn up to audiologist to know about the types of hearing loss, types of hearing aids and many more such complications. Hearing disability has not been recognized for long as a major disease, but people facing it sufferfrom day-to-day distress and many-a-times, exacerbated complications. There is a severe dearth of audiologists and speech pathologist in the country and there are only close to 2000 registered speech therapists and audiologists. Akuphone, the first electronic hearing aid founded by Miller Reese Hutchinson has come to the rescue of many who suffer from hearing loss. Audiologists examine inner and middle ear, cochlea (critical in hearing) and vestibular region (important for balance and spatial orientation). Depending on the problem, they conduct several other examinations including: Cleaning of the ear canal Fitting cochlear implant Prescribing speech therapy Hearing conservation programs, services and counseling Hearing research   Requirements An array of courses is available to become an audiologist ranging from diploma courses to bachelor’s and master’s courses. The aspirant must atleast earn a bachelor’s degree to be called an audiologist but to practice and become a professional audiologist, a master’s degree is important. Further, a doctoral degree (PhD or AUD) is needed to earn national certification. These degrees are well recognized abroad. For admission in Bachelor’s, Mathematics and Science subjects are compulsory in 10+2. The candidate then needs to clear the entrance exam conducted by the University, the centre that conducts All India Medical Entrance Test or the State that conducts the Entrance Examination. The various courses available in Audiology and Speech and Hearing are: Sc. (Speech and Hearing) Sc. (Audiology) Sc. (Speech-Language Pathology) Bachelors of Special Education (Hearing Impairment) Diploma in Hearing Aid and Earmould Technology Ed (Special Education-Distance Mode) D. (Audiology) D. (Speech-Language Pathology) Certificate Course on Communication Disorders   Clock Work  A speech therapist’s average day at a tertiary-care hospital: 9 am: Start dealing with patients referred for speech problems, in the OPD  1.30 pm: Lunch 2 pm: Attend specialized clinics/in ward patient  3 pm: Attend to patients with special needs 4 pm: Complete file work/reports 5 pm: Pack-up for the day   Career prospects and Salary Audiologists can find employment in government and private institutions, teaching and healthcare establishments. They can also work with practicing physicians, hearing aid manufacturers and NGOs. Presently, there is a paucity of audiologists in India. As the cases of hearing impairment are increasing, audiology courses are in great demand. The earning depends on the qualification and practice. The initial salary may range from Rs 20,000 to 30,000 a month. With increase in experience and skills, the salary increases.   Institutes Approximately 50 institutions in the country, including five in Tamil Nadu, offer a four-year Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (BASLP) course. Few universities offer masters as well as doctorate degree in audiology.  Twenty universities in India, including both public and private, some with their own multidisciplinary clinical setups, provide Speech Pathology and Audiology programs, which are accredited by the Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI).   Some of the national institutions are mentioned below: S.No. Institute State 1 All India Institute of Speech & Hearing Mysore 2 Audiology and Speech Language Pathology at BharatiyaVidyapeethMedical College Pune 3 Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped Mumbai, Kolkata, Secunderabad, New Delhi 4 Dr SRC Institute of Speech and Hearing Bangalore  5 Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute Chennai 6 National Institute of Speech & Hearing Kerala 7  BYL Nair Hospital and Medical College Mumbai 8 Dr MV Shetty Institute of Speech and Hearing Mangalore   Some overseas institutes are: S.No. Institute Degree State 1 Nova Southeastern University Doctorate Florida, USA 2 East Tennessee State University Doctorate Johnson City, USA 3 St. John's University Master New York, USA 4 California State University, Long Beach Master California, USA 5 University of Queensland Master Brisbane, Australia 6 Vanderbilt University Graduate Tennessee, USA 7 University of Washington Graduate, Master, Doctorate Washington, USA 8 University of Texas—​Dallas Graduate, Master, Doctorate Texas, USA 9 University of Southampton Master Southampton, United Kingdom     Conclusion Owing to the increased number of cases of hearing problems, there is a dire need for more professionals in the area of audiology. Audiology provides patients ease from day-to-day distress of hearing and speech impairments. With advanced qualification in this field, the monetary compensation received is also competitive.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering | The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy | Rule the skies: Globe-trotting as a Cabin Crew | Establish a shinning career in Astronomy | Career in Biology: The Book of life | Boost the Economy as an Economist