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Life Science Subjects: A Detailed Handbook


Thinking about making a career in the life science industry? Do you have an interest in science and love nature? But worried about selecting the right degree subjects to follow your interest? Do you also have questions like what life science subjects will get covered in the chosen degree?


Life Sciences in India and abroad has grown significantly in terms of knowledge, development, job-related opportunities, and in terms of specializations. It offers multiple ranges of subjects such as biology, botany, zoology, medicine, biotechnology, ecology, and this list is dynamically expanding.

If you are passionate about any of these subjects, you can develop a dream career in this industry. Want to know how? Continue reading this post, as it’s for all life science enthusiasts who wish to learn and make a career in life science.

But before moving further let’s first talk a bit about the discipline, shall we?

What is life science?

The origin of life, air, water, and the atmosphere is a miraculous mystery that is unfolded through science. The scientific study of living organisms related to their origin, evolution, and biological traits is Life Sciences.

Individuals who explore the vast ocean of subjects in life science have successful and prestigious careers. It offers multiple ranges of subjects like biology, botany, zoology, medicine, biotechnology, ecology, genetic engineering, and the list is dynamically expanding.

Basic branches of life science

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You can do Graduation, Post-Graduation, and Doctorate Degrees along with Diplomas for specialization in respective fields that are offered in different subjects of Life Sciences by various colleges in the traditional classrooms methods or through ODL (Open & Distance Learning) formats.

  • Eligibility: Class 12th with Science Scheme Subjects for B.Sc. in Life Science followed by M.Sc. in Life Science and then Doctorate degree.
  • Admission Process: Through merit or entrance exam based on the university.
  • Top Indian Colleges: Miranda House, Fergusson College, Christ College, Presidency College, PSGR Krishnammal College, Loyola College, St. Stephen’s College, Banaras Hindu University, Madras Christian College, etc.
  • Top International Colleges: Harvard University, Oxford University, Imperial College London, Johns Hopkins University, etc.
  • Top Recruiting Companies: Johnson & Johnson; Allergan; Piramal Health Care; Nuziveedu Seeds; Quintiles India; Reliance Life Sciences; Panacea Biotec Novo Nordisk; Roche; Valeant Pharmaceuticals; Alexion Pharmaceuticals; Astra Zeneca; Celgene; Pfizer, etc.
  • Average entry-level salary: Rs. 2,00,000 to 8,00,000 per annum

B.Sc. life science subjects

BSc. Life Sciences is a 3-year degree course aimed at ensuring that the student is familiar with all living things on earth. The course is divided into 6 semesters, carefully organized into various subjects related to Life Sciences.

In India, there can be 2 popular options in this area with some common subjects studied during the program. The UGC approved course prospectus are linked as below:

  1. BSc in Life Sciences
  2. BSc (Hons) in Biological Sciences


Some of the common subjects are: –

  • Animal/Plant Tissue Culture
  • Applied Biology
  • Biodiversity- Plants/Animals
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biostatistics
  • Cell Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Development Biology/Physiology
  • Ecology
  • Environment Management
  • Environmental Science
  • Evolution
  • Food, Nutrition, and Health
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Genetics and Genomics
  • Introduction to Medical Diagnostics
  • Mathematics for Life Sciences
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic and Physical Chemistry
  • Taxonomy & Anatomy

M.Sc life science subjects

MSc Life Science is a 2-year graduate course that covers subjects such as Microbiology, Ecology, Plant Developmental Biology, Genetics & Molecular Evolution, Plant Development Biology, etc.

Some of the life science subjects under this course are: –

  • Biochemistry
  • Biology
  • Biophysics and Structural Biology
  • Biostatistics
  • Cell biology
  • Chemistry
  • Genetics
  • Human Genetics
  • Immunology
  • Mathematics
  • Microbial Biotechnology
  • Microbiology
  • Molecular biology
  • Molecular Parasitology
  • Neurophysiology
  • Photobiology
  • Physics
  • Radiation biology
  • Virology

What are life science subjects in DU?

Following are some of the life science subjects in DU:

  • Biology
  • Applied Biology & Biotechnology
  • Mathematics & Statistics
  • Chemistry
  • Food, Nutrition & Health
  • Biodiversity – I Microbes
  • Biodiversity – II Animals/Plants
  • Introduction to Medical Diagnostics
  • Ecology & Environment Management
  • Molecular Biology
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biochemistry & Immunology
  • Development Biology & Physiology – Animals
  • Development Biology & Physiology – Plants
  • Genetics & Genomics


Note: For more details, you may refer to the official booklet offered by Delhi University (DU).


No wonder selecting life science as a career choice is a unique combination of knowledge, innovation, discovery, and science. However, choosing the right subject choice is a very challenging job as there are numerous choices to make. iDreamCareer is on a mission to reach every state and every child in order to ensure that talent is appropriately delivered into the industry.

We try to help young confused minds from 9th class10th classclass 11class 12 with an aim to select their most-suited career choices.

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