Science and Mathematics are two of the most important fields of study in the world, as they lay the foundation for many other disciplines. These subjects have played a significant role in shaping our modern society and have contributed greatly to the advancement of humanity. However, the traditional courses in these subjects can sometimes be dry and uninspiring, which is why it’s essential to explore unique courses in Science and Mathematics that offer a more engaging and exciting learning experience.
If you’re someone who is passionate about Science and Mathematics and is looking for something different, then you’ve come to the right place. Fortunately, there are many unique courses in science and mathematics available that can provide a fresh perspective and enhance your learning experience. These courses go beyond the typical textbook material and delve into topics that are often overlooked in standard curricula.
Not only are these courses intellectually stimulating, but they can also lead to exciting career opportunities in fields such as research, technology, and engineering. By taking a unique Science or Mathematics course, you can set yourself apart from the crowd and gain a competitive edge in the job market.
In the following sections, we’ll explore some of the most interesting and innovative Science and Mathematics courses that you can take. So, buckle up and get ready to discover a whole new world of learning!
List of unique courses in Science & Mathematics
In this section, we will be listing the top unique courses in Science & Mathematics –
- Environmental Science
- Wild Life Conservation
- Cartographer/GIS Analyst
- Atmospheric Scientist Climatologist
- Computational Scientist
- Cognitive Scientist
- Marine Scientist
- Conservation Scientist
- Molecular Biologist
- Fisheries Scientist
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About courses in Science & Mathematics
In this section, we will discuss the above-mentioned unique courses in Science & Mathematics –
Bacteriologists work to create bacteria by placing them in an environment that can boost their growth. Then they study these Bacteria. Bacteriologists identify bacteria according to their relationship to animals and plants. They work to control bacteria that can negatively affect the life of any plant or animal. Bacteriologists also work on different diseases that are caused by these bacteria. They study the organic products produced by bacteria. Bacteriologists also notice the action of microorganisms on other living cells and dead organic matter.
Bioinformatician or Bioinformatics Scientist is an expert who uses mathematical modeling, various computational methods, and computer software to collect, compile, store, analyze, interpret, and visualize large volumes of biological data. They help in the interpretation of biological data and help biological scientists and others visualize the data analysis and interpretation so that they can make sense of the data, and meaning, and use the information and insights in research and studies in different fields of medical science, pharmaceutical science, and biological science.
Environmental scientist/ engineer studies the environment (air, land, and sea). As an environmental scientist, you will study the effect of climate change on the ecosystem. You will see how plants’ and animals’ life cycles are changing. You will research the change of habitation of animals. As an environmental scientist, you will also study the effect of climate change on human health.
Environmental scientists/engineers find all health risks due to climate change. You will work to find solutions to mitigate the risk to human health. They issue problems related to soil and water contamination. You will create new methods to improve our lifestyle and educate the same to people.
Wildlife Scientists are scientist who studies wild animals and their habitats. A wildlife scientist performs different kinds of scientific tests and experiments on wildlife. For example, they take blood samples from animals to assess their nutrition levels, check animals for diseases and parasites, and tag animals to track them.
Although it may seem that zoologists and wildlife scientists have a similar profile, they still do differ. A Zoologist specifically studies and conducts scientific research and experiments for a particular type of animal, like a bird, amphibian, mammal, etc. However, a wildlife scientist will study a specific will ecosystem or animal population especially species at risk like Lions in Gir or Tigers in Bengal. Wildlife scientist also works beyond studies and experiments such as the conservation of wildlife population, etc.
Cartographer/GIS analysis is one of the unique courses in Science & Mathematics. As a GIS Analyst or Digital Cartographer, you will be collecting, analyzing, and interpreting both spatial (longitude, latitude, distance, elevation) and non-spatial data (demographic characteristics, land-use patterns, annual precipitation levels).
You will be diving into details and evaluating large geographic datasets! You should be able to dig through data problems to find the root cause of the issues. You will calculate position/measure locations, download data and process the downloaded data with GIS software. You may need to create/develop Geo databases, enter data into GIS databases, or explore various websites with GIS content. The information you dig may be used commercially or for your independent academic research.
Atmospheric Scientists study the physical, chemical, and other properties of the earth’s atmosphere and its interactions with and effects on various other systems of earth, such as lithosphere (the outermost cell of the earth – upper mantle and earth crust), cryosphere (part of earth surface where water lies as ice such as the pole), hydrosphere (the entire water bodies that earth has including the oceans, rivers, etc.) and biosphere (the sum all parts of the earth which are occupied by a living organism). They study, analyze, and forecast long-term climate changes, what causes those changes, and how to reverse or stop any harmful changes.
As a Computational Scientist, you will – (i) build computational models and simulation models and (ii) develop and write algorithms using advanced mathematical and computational techniques that can be applied to solve complex scientific, technological, and engineering problems.
Computational Scientists are called in when studying a natural system (physical, chemical, biological, environmental, etc.) or solving a complex scientific problem (such as out of 2,000 probable genes which one is responsible for a certain disease) requiring dealing with a massive amount of data throughput – or putting it simply, a massive amount of data inputs and analysis. This kind of data analysis cannot be done by simple computing we do use data analytic software on our computers but requires high-performance computing (HPC) or high-throughput computing (HTC).
Cognitive Scientists are devoted to the scientific study of the human mind. It is a highly cross-functional and interdisciplinary field that combines ideas/ methods from computer science, psychology, anthropology, philosophy, linguistics, and neuroscience.
The broad goal of Cognitive Scientists is to characterize the nature, forms, and content of human knowledge and how the human mind uses, processes and acquires such knowledge to execute its sensorimotor activities. Sensorimotor refers to the actions that our human body executes using our sensory organs and our limbs.
Marine Scientists study the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of Earth’s hydrosphere specifically the ones relating to the combined water volume above the surface of the planet (oceans/ seas) including inland aquatic ecosystems like lakes, reservoirs, ponds, rivers, springs, streams, and wetlands. The study of inland water systems is specifically called ‘Limnology’ (an ecosystem is a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment).
Marine Science involves studying the wildlife of oceans, rivers, lakes, seas, etc., the microbes found in these environments, the interactions between living / non-living components of these environments, geological aspects of the water systems, the biology of certain water animals, disease pathologies of animals found in these locations, deriving natural products from these resources for creating medicines for the treatment of human diseases, etc.
As a Conservation Scientist, the key purpose of your work will be to get involved in research, studies, management, and policymaking for the protection and conservation of Earth’s natural resources, its flora and fauna, and biodiversity. You will aim to protect species, conserve their habitats, and conserve the natural ecosystem to reduce or reverse the rate of extinction of the various flora and fauna (plants and animals) that our Earth has.
Conservation scientists manage, improve, and protect Earth’s natural resources to maximize their use without damaging the environment. They manage the overall land quality of forests, parks, rangelands, and other natural resources such as soil, water, wildlife, forests, watersheds, energy, marine ecosystems, etc.
Ecologists research and study how the various living organisms (including animals, plants, and microorganisms) interact among themselves and with their biological and physical environment. They study the habitats of living organisms and ecosystems. Interactions could involve a range of biological habits, events, and phenomena such as – an animal or plant may eat or consuming other animals; a particular species of animals may communicate with one another; their social behavior; their sexual behavior and other ways of reproduction; their ways of coping up with changes in ecosystem and adaptation; their evolution; and their interactions with humans and so on.
Entomologists research and study how various insects interact with each other and with the environment they live in. They research, study, and experiment with insects’ habitats and how they evolve, and how they interact with other insects and living organisms (including plants, animals, and humans). They also study and develop ways to control and identify insect-borne diseases; how they affect animals and living organisms; how they can be beneficial to the surroundings and other living beings.
As an Entomologist, you would be involved in studying the physical and biological structure and life processes of insects; how they interact with other insects; how they evolve; how they react to invasive species; how they act as vectors of diseases; how they adapt to climate change; how they benefit or destroy agriculture and farming practices; how they act as conservers or destructors of biodiversity and so on.
Molecular Biologists research and study the structure, components, and functions of the basic unit of life i.e. cells. Molecular Biologists try to understand the cells which are made up of thousands of molecules and how these molecules interact with other molecules; how they evolve; what are the functions of these molecules; as well as how various complex biological processes take place in humans, animals, plants, or microorganisms.
As a Molecular Biologist, you would be involved in studying and analyzing the various types of cell organelles which include the nucleus, Ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, etc. You would study each of these organelles; how they are structured; what are their functions; how co-dependent they are and so on.
Fisheries scientists are involved in the research and study of different species and types of fish such as Katla (Indian Carp), Hilsa, Tilapia, Trout, Pomfret, Rawas (Indian Salmon), Bhetki (Barramundi), Bombay Duck, Bangda (Indian Mackerel), Magur, Pangus & Barali (Indian catfishes), Tiger Prawn, Tuna, Sardines, etc.
As a Fisheries Scientist, you will be involved in studying and analyzing the biology and life cycles of different species of fish which breed in freshwater (that of rivers, lakes, ponds, etc.), saltwater (seawater), brackish water (mix of fresh and saltwater mostly found in estuaries and where a river meets a sea), fisheries (where fishes are farmed), etc. You will study fish habitats and the areas of water or seabed where fishes breed. You will study different technologies and methods used in breeding, harvesting, processing, and storing fish.
As an Ergonomist you will study how people use various electronic, mechanical, electrical, and physical equipment, machines, and systems at their workplaces or their homes. You will study and help in improving the design of various equipment, machines, systems, and spaces to make it easy for humans to use them in a safe, comfortable, and healthy way. You will help in the design of these to make people perform better and more efficiently but with less physical and mental stress. As an Ergonomist, you will research and study how people work in an industrial, office, or home setting and how they use and operate various equipment, machines, and systems.
This one is the last one from the list of unique courses in science & mathematics. Although it’s not the last from the list of courses. Virologists study the structure, growth, development, interactions, pathogenesis, and general characteristics of viruses and virus-like agents (etiological agents) such as viroids or prions. Pathogenesis is the study of the causes & spread of diseases inside a host body such as a human, plant, or animal body. Viruses or these agents mostly need a host body to reproduce i.e., produce more of their kind to result in disease.
Viruses, viroids, prions, etc. are all types of etiological agents. Etiological agents are the causative agents of a disease condition. They are commonly called pathogens and their interactions inside an infected organism result in pathogenesis.
Eligibility criteria for courses in Science & Mathematics
The eligibility criteria for the unique courses in Science & Mathematics listed above can vary depending on the institution offering the program.
However, here are some general eligibility requirements that may apply:
- Education Qualification: Applicants must have completed their high school education (10+2) with science as a compulsory subject.
- Minimum Marks: Candidates should have secured a minimum of 50% or above in their 10+2 level examination.
- Entrance Exams: Many universities and colleges require students to take entrance exams such as JEE, NEET, or other state-level entrance tests to qualify for the courses.
Now, coming to the eligibility of specific unique courses in Science & Mathematics mentioned above –
- Bacteriologist: A Bachelor’s degree in Biology, Microbiology, or a related field is typically required. Some positions may require a Master’s degree or higher.
- Bioinformatics: A Bachelor’s degree in Biology, Computer Science, or a related field is typically required. Some positions may require a Master’s degree or higher.
- Environmental Science: A Bachelor’s degree in Environmental Science, Biology, Chemistry, or a related field is typically required. Some positions may require a Master’s degree or higher.
- Wildlife Conservation: A Bachelor’s degree in Wildlife Biology, Ecology, or a related field is typically required. Some positions may require a Master’s degree or higher.
- Cartographer/GIS Analyst: A Bachelor’s degree in Geography, Cartography, or a related field is typically required. Some positions may require a Master’s degree or higher.
- Atmospheric Scientist/Climatologist: A Bachelor’s degree in Atmospheric Science, Meteorology, or a related field is typically required. Some positions may require a Master’s degree or higher.
- Computational Scientist: A Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Mathematics, or a related field is typically required. Some positions may require a Master’s degree or higher.
- Cognitive Scientist: A Bachelor’s degree in Psychology, Neuroscience, or a related field is typically required. Some positions may require a Master’s degree or higher.
- Marine Scientist: A Bachelor’s degree in Marine Biology, Ecology, or a related field is typically required. Some positions may require a Master’s degree or higher.
- Conservation Scientist: A Bachelor’s degree in Environmental Science, Ecology, or a related field is typically required. Some positions may require a Master’s degree or higher.
- Ecologist: Students who have completed their Bachelor’s degree in any discipline of Science can pursue a Master’s degree in Ecology or related fields. Some institutions may require students to clear entrance exams.
- Entomologist: Students can pursue a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Entomology or Zoology. Candidates should have studied Biology, Chemistry, and Mathematics at the 10+2 level.
- Molecular Biologist: Candidates should have completed their Bachelor’s degree in Biological Sciences, Biotechnology, or a related field to pursue a Master’s degree in Molecular Biology. Some institutions may require students to clear entrance exams.
- Fisheries Scientist: Candidates should have completed their Bachelor’s degree in Fisheries Science, Zoology, or a related field to pursue a Master’s degree in Fisheries Science.
- Ergonomist: Students should have completed their Bachelor’s degree in Engineering, Occupational Therapy, or Psychology to pursue a Master’s degree in Ergonomics.
- Virologist: After Class 11-12, you may pursue: Bachelor’s in Life Sciences/ Microbiology/ Physiology/ Human Anatomy/ Zoology or similar; Bachelor’s in Molecular Biology/ Biochemistry/ Biophysics or similar; Bachelor’s in Physics/ Chemistry/ Statistics; MBBS degree. You can study for a Master’s or Doctoral degree in any of the following fields (Note that most colleges will not offer you a degree in these fields at the graduation level, i.e. at Bachelor’s level.
Salary after unique courses in Science & Mathematics
Following are the average salary one can expect after completing the above-mentioned unique courses in Science & Mathematics-
- Bacteriologist: On average, a beginner bacteriologist can earn around INR 3 to 4.5 lakhs per annum, while experienced professionals can earn up to INR 12 to 15 lakhs per annum.
- Bioinformatics: The field of bioinformatics combines biology, computer science, and statistics. A beginner in this field can earn around INR 3 to 5 lakhs per annum, while experienced professionals can earn up to INR 20 to 25 lakhs per annum.
- Environmental Science: The average salary of an environmental scientist in India is around INR 4 to 5 lakhs per annum. With experience, the salary can go up to INR 10 to 12 lakhs per annum.
- Wildlife Conservation: The average salary for a beginner in this field is around INR 3 to 4 lakhs per annum, while experienced professionals can earn up to INR 10 to 15 lakhs per annum.
- Cartographer/GIS Analyst: A beginner can earn around INR 3 to 5.5 lakhs per annum, while experienced professionals can earn up to INR 8 to 10 lakhs per annum.
- Atmospheric Scientist Climatologist: A beginner in this field can earn around INR 3 to 5 lakhs per annum, while experienced professionals can earn up to INR 20 to 25 lakhs per annum.
- Computational Scientist: The average salary of a computational scientist in India is around INR 6 to 8 lakhs per annum. With experience, the salary can go up to INR 20 to 25 lakhs per annum.
- Cognitive Scientist: A beginner in this field can earn around INR 4 to 5 lakhs per annum, while experienced professionals can earn up to INR 15 to 20 lakhs per annum.
- Marine Scientist: A beginner can earn around INR 3 to 7 lakhs per annum, while experienced professionals can earn up to INR 10 to 12 lakhs per annum.
- Conservation Scientist: A beginner in this field can earn around INR 3 to 4 lakhs per annum, while experienced professionals can earn up to INR 15 to 20 lakhs per annum.
- Ecologist: A beginner in this field can earn around INR 3 to 6.5 lakhs per annum, while experienced professionals can earn up to INR 12 to 15 lakhs per annum.
- Entomologist: The average salary for an entomologist in India is around INR 3-5 lakhs per annum.
- Molecular Biologist: In India, the average salary for a molecular biologist is around INR 5-7 lakhs per annum.
- Fisheries Scientist: Fisheries science is the study of aquatic ecosystems, fish, and their habitats. In India, the average salary for a fisheries scientist is around INR 3-5 lakhs per annum.
- Ergonomist: In India, the average salary for an ergonomist is around INR 4-6 lakhs per annum.
- Virologist: In India, the average salary for a virologist is around INR 5-7 lakhs per annum. The salary may vary depending on the level of education, experience, and the organization they work for.
Unique courses in Science and Mathematics offer a diverse range of educational opportunities for students interested in exploring different aspects of these fields. These courses often provide a deeper understanding of fundamental concepts and principles, as well as cutting-edge research and innovative technologies. By taking unique courses in Science and Mathematics, students can enhance their critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytical skills, while also developing a passion for learning and discovery. With the rapid advances in Science and Mathematics, these courses will continue to provide valuable knowledge and insights that can prepare students for future academic and professional endeavors.
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Science and Mathematics offer a wide range of career opportunities such as research and development, data analysis, teaching, engineering, healthcare, finance, and many more. The demand for skilled professionals in these fields is always high.
The eligibility criteria vary depending on the course and the institute offering it. However, generally, to pursue a Science or Mathematics course, a student must have completed their higher secondary education with a strong foundation in Mathematics and Science.
Science and Mathematics courses can be challenging, but they can also be very rewarding. With proper dedication and hard work, anyone can excel in these fields.
The duration of Science and Mathematics courses varies depending on the level and type of course. Generally, undergraduate courses take three to four years to complete, while postgraduate courses take one to two years.
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Anushree has 5 years of experience in the career counseling industry as a Senior Content Writer. She has also worked as a Social Media Marketing Expert for a startup and Content Quality Analyst for the Publishing and E-learning Industry. She has done her Master’s in Commerce and PGDM in Finance & Trade and Marketing & HR, but she is currently following her passion for writing.