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Home » Commerce Subjects in Class 11: A Well-Rounded Guide

Commerce Subjects in Class 11: A Well-Rounded Guide


Are you preparing for class 10th board exams? Are you surrounded by questions like which stream you should choose? Are you exploring career options in the field of commerce? Do you know what commerce subjects in class 11 you can opt for?

No wonder, after completing the first phase of your high school in class 10th, you must have all such questions while selecting stream for the next phase. But to answer all these queries you need to self-interrogate and unlock the question box!

But before you explore this post further– Pause. Reflect. Understand.

What is commerce?

Commerce is known as the conduct of trade between economic agents. Traditionally, it is an exchange of goods, services, or something of value, between businesses/organizations/entities. It deals with various aspects of business, accounting, trade, finance, purchasing, and sales information.

Commerce plays a vital role in the development of nations and their citizens by facilitating inter- or intra-ethnic trade.

Why study commerce?


How many subjects are there in commerce class 11?

Commerce involves a complex study of the business world and its aspects. In particular, there are 4 mandatory Commerce subjects in class 11th and is complemented with a fifth optional subject.

List of commerce subjects in class 11


Core Subjects

  1. Accountancy: The Accounting or Accounting field includes measurement, analysis, and communication of the financial data of a particular business, organization, or other economic entity. Accountancy measures the results of the organization’s economic activities for communicating it with the end-users such as investors, lenders, regulators, and managers.

Topics you will be studying in Accountancy are:

  • Financial Accounting
  • Computers in Accounting
  • Financial Statement and Analysis
  • Accounting for Partnerships, NGO’s, Companies and Firms
  • Accounting Process


2. Business Studies: Business Studies is a major subject in the commerce stream that allows for in-depth research into specific specialized disciplines such as Finance, Accountancy, Marketing, and organization. It provides a solid foundation and an understanding of how a business should run while developing communication, efficiency, strategy, and business skills.

Topics you will be studying in Business Studies are:

  • Internal Trade
  • Business Finance and Marketing
  • Principles and Functions of Management
  • Evolutions and Fundamentals of Business
  • E-Commerce
  • Emerging Modes of Business


3. Economics: Economics can be defined in several different ways. It helps people understand how individuals, companies, and governments make decisions about the resources mentioned to satisfy their desires and needs. It also helps to determine how the individual or organization should plan and communicate to determine the expected outcome.

Topics you will be studying in Economics are:

  • Introduction to Macroeconomics
  • Introductory Microeconomics
  • Statistics for Economics
  • Indian Economic Development
  • Difference Between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics


4. English: English is a compulsory subject taught to students of class 11th no matter what stream they choose. It is one of the official languages ​​of India and the most widely spoken language in the world.

Optional Subjects

In addition to the 4 compulsory subjects Accountancy, Economics, Business Studies, and English; you will be required to choose the 5th subject of your choice. Some schools also allow you to choose the 6th subject by allowing you to choose 2 optional subjects of your choice.

  1. Computer Science: It is a comprehensive study of computer applications, programming languages, computing logic, and the most popular network technology among students.
  2. Physical Education: Physical education is considered one of the most chosen optional subjects because it is quite scoring. The subject was introduced to bring about change and development in the human body through regular exercise.
  3. Mathematics: Mathematics is a study of numbers and is often the most hated subject for students, and is sometimes the most popular in terms of spending and applications even in arts, engineering, and sports.
  4. Informatics Practices: Informatics Practices, while compared to Computer Science, focuses on information processing, computer programs, device applications, system development, and integrated machine technology.
  5. Home Science: Home Science is another subject offered under Commerce subjects in class 11th. It includes research on hygiene, biology, nutrition, rural development, social science/life, textiles, home management, arts, and a few more studies.
  6. Language Studies:  If you are interested in learning the complexity of the language along with other commerce subjects in class 11th, you can choose to learn a native language such as Hind or a foreign language such as German, French, etc.

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List of commerce subjects in class 11 as per CBSE

Following is the list of commerce subjects in class 11th as per CBSE:

Name of subject Subject Priority
Accountancy Mandatory 
Business Studies Mandatory 
Economics Mandatory 
English Mandatory 
Mathematics Optional 
Informatics Practices Optional 
Other Language Optional 
Computer Science Optional 
Physical Education Optional 
Fine Arts Optional 

Note: For more details about 11th commerce subjects, you may refer to the CBSE Senior School Curriculum.

It’s a wrap!

Through this post, we have tried to give you an understanding of various commerce subjects in class 11th. Choosing the right subject combination is a very challenging job as there are numerous choices to make. We recommend you to carefully evaluate each option keeping your interests in mind.

However, career planning is a very intense job. So, it’s better to seek expert opinion from unbiased counselors and we at iDreamCareer always believe in helping young minds discover their true mettle. We try to help young confused minds from 9th class10th classclass 11class 12 with an aim to select their most-suited career choices.


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4 thoughts on “Commerce Subjects in Class 11: A Well-Rounded Guide”

  1. Commerce subjects in Class 11 are very important for students. They need to understand the concepts and be able to apply them in real life. I think that iDreamCareer is a great resource for students to learn more about the different aspects

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