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Unlocking the magical door to your scientific dream: Top Career Options to Consider in Science

career options in science

The discipline of science is broad and diversified, with many distinct subfields, each with its own distinctive potential and difficulties. Also, there are limitless possibilities and opportunities in this sector after the 12th. One can opt for several fields based on their interests and preferences. The ideal career choice will rely on an individual’s interests and strengths. Each branch of science has its own unique set of skills and requirements. In this blog, we shall try to find out some of the best career options in the science stream.

However, a career in science can provide the chance to make a genuine difference in the world through cutting-edge research, technological improvements, and creative answers to some of humanity’s most urgent issues, regardless of the precise path selected. Science occupations are both lucrative and in demand, making them a wise choice for anyone seeking stability and monetary security.

 Additionally, a job in science is intrinsically fascinating and dynamic, with new discoveries and technological advancements occurring on a regular basis, making it a sector that constantly offers something new to learn about and explore. Let’s try to find out some really best career options in science.

List of Top Career Options in Science

A career in science offers both financial rewards and personal satisfaction. It encourages continuous learning and a deeper understanding of the world and its inhabitants. Exploring various scientific career paths can guide you in making an informed choice for your future.

Here are some of the top career options in the science stream:

  1. Engineer (Civil, Mechanical, Electrical & Electronics, Chemical, and more)
  2. Medicine
  3. Biotechnology
  4. Microbiology
  5. Forensic Science
  6. Biochemistry
  7. Astrophysics
  8. Molecular Biology
  9. Blockchain Development
  10. Psychology
  11. Ethical Hacking
  12. Merchant Navy
  13. Fashion Designing
  14. Data Science
  15. Business Analytics
  16. Software Designing
  17. Machine Learning & Artificial Intelligence
  18. Geology
  19. Technical Writer
  20. Astrophysicist
  21. Fishery Science
  22. Agricultural Science
  23. Floriculture/Horticulture
  24. Food Technology
  25. Forestry
  26. Oceanography
  27. Statistical Science
  28. Environmental Sciences
  29. Chemist
  30. Physicist

Please note that the above list is not exhaustive, there are many more career options available after the science stream that can offer good job opportunities to science students. If you want to have more science stream career options listed, connect with industry experts. Sirf ek click se queries solve kr skte ho aap – Yes, so just click on the link here – Career Counselling in Gurgaon

Note: To know the list of PCM career options, refer to our Courses after 12th Science PCM blog post!

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Brief intro of best career options in Science

This section will offer you a brief overview of some of the popular above-mentioned career options in Science.


A career in engineering offers a diverse array of specializations, such as Civil, Mechanical, Electrical & Electronics, and Chemical engineering, among others. Engineers play a crucial role in designing, building, and maintaining infrastructure. Career options after engineering in computer science are also popular, with software development and IT roles being sought after. This field offers science stream graduates a wide range of opportunities to shape the world through innovation and technology.

Eligibility CriteriaClass 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as a subject combination
Entrance ExamsJEE, NATA, BITSAT, SRMJEEE, GATE, MHT CET, and others
Popular CoursesBE or B.Tech in any branch as per your interest
Popular SpecializationElectrical Engineering; Computer Science; Aerospace Engineering; Mechanical Engineering; Mining Engineering; Marine Engineering; Chemical Engineering; Civil Engineering; Robotics Engineering; etc.
Top CollegesIndian Institute of Technology Madras; Indian Institute of Technology Delhi; Indian Institute of Technology Bombay; Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur; Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee; Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, and many more. Also, read: Engineering Colleges in India
Average SalaryRs. 2 lacs to 10 lacs
Popular Job OpportunitiesMechanical Engineer; Manufacturing Engineer; Electrical Engineer; Electronics Engineer; Petroleum Engineer; Chemical (Process Engineer); Biomedical Engineer; Technical Writer; and others


Medicine is a noble profession that requires a strong foundation in science. Science stream students can pursue a career in healthcare by becoming doctors, nurses, pharmacists, or medical researchers. The field of medicine offers the chance to save lives and improve the health of individuals and communities.

Eligibility CriteriaClass 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as a Subject Combination
Entrance ExamsNEET; NEET SS; AIAPGET; BSc. Nurisng; among others
Popular CoursesMBBS; BDS; BHMS; BAMS; B.Pharm; BVSc & AH; and others.
Average SalarySalary varies as per the chosen course. But for your reference average salary of an MBBS doctor is Rs. 7.9 LPA
Top CollegesAIIMS Delhi; Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research;  Christian Medical College; National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences, Bangalore; Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education & Research; Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham; and many more. Also, read: Best Medical Colleges in India
Popular Job OpportunitiesCommunity Health Worker; Doctor; Health Educator; Surgeon; Clinical Researcher; Nurse; Medical Sales Representative; etc.

Forensic Science

Forensic science combines science and law to investigate crimes. Science stream students can choose to become forensic scientists, working with law enforcement agencies to analyze evidence, solve mysteries, and ensure justice is served.

Eligibility CriteriaClass 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as a Subject Combination
Entrance ExamsCUET; JEE; GPAT; and other state or college-specific exams.
Popular CoursesB.Sc.; M.Sc.; MD; and others
Average SalaryRs. 4.2 LPA
Top CollegesSS Institute Of Medical Sciences and Research Centre; Starex University (School of Life Science); Mody University of Technology & Science for Women; Government Holkar Science College; Shree Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary University; Shiksha o’ Anusandhan (SOA); Banaras Hindu University; Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University; among others.
Popular Job OpportunitiesPathologist; Forensic Science Technician; Private Investigator; Criminal Lawyer; Forensic Scientist; Forensic Analyst; Forensic specialist; and others.

Ethical Hacking

Ethical hacking is an exciting career in the realm of cybersecurity. Science stream students can become ethical hackers who protect organizations from cyber threats. It involves identifying vulnerabilities and strengthening security systems.

Eligibility CriteriaClass 12th Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics along with any other subject as per scheme of studies
Entrance ExamsJEE, BITSAT, SRMJEEE, GATE, MHT CET, and others
Popular CoursesBE/B.Tech/B.Sc./BCA in computer science; Information Technology, Computer Systems Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Electronics, and Computer Engineering, Information / Cyber Security, Computer Information Systems, etc. followed by a PG Diploma Certification in Ethical Hacking and cyber Security or ME/M.Tech/M.Sc/ MCA.
Average SalaryRs. 5.2 LPA
Top CollegesAjeenkya DY Patil University School of Information Technology; Ambedkar Institute of Advanced Communication Technologies and Research; Ansal University, Gurgaon, Haryana; Atal Bihari Vajpayee Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Gwalior; BITS Pilani; Central University of Punjab; and many more.
Popular Job OpportunitiesEthical Hacker; Mobile Ethical Hacker; Penetration Tester; Cyber Operations Specialist; Consulting Associate – Security, Privacy & Risk; Ethical Security Hacker; Cyber Security Analyst; Communications Cybersecurity Engineer; Security Consultant (Computing / Networking / IT); Cyber Security Engineer; and few more.

Fashion Designing

Fashion designing allows science stream graduates to express their creativity through clothing and accessories. Careers in fashion design involve designing, crafting, and marketing fashionable apparel, making it a unique and artistic career choice.

Eligibility CriteriaClass 12th in science stream
Entrance ExamsCEED, NID DAT, NIFT examination, IICD, IIAD, AIEED; UCEED
Popular CoursesB.Des.; B.Sc; M.Des; & M.Sc.
Average SalaryRs. 4.2 LPA
Top CollegesNational Institute of Fashion Technology, Delhi; National Institute of Fashion Technology, Mumbai; National Institute of Fashion Technology, Bangalore; National Institute of Fashion Technology, Chennai; National Institute of Fashion Technology, Gandhinagar; and others.
Popular Job OpportunitiesFashion Designer; Textile Designer; Merchandiser; Fashion Influencer; Jewellery Designer; etc.

Data Science

Data science is a burgeoning field that leverages data analysis to extract valuable insights. Science stream students can become data scientists, using their analytical skills to make data-driven decisions across various industries.

Eligibility CriteriaClass 12th with Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics
Entrance ExamsJEE Mains, JEE Advanced, VITEEE, BITSAT, SRMJEEE, etc.
Popular CoursesB. Tech. in Information Technology, B.Sc. in Computer Science, B. Tech in Artificial Intelligence, B.Tech. in Data Science and Engineering, B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, and B.Stat. etc.
Average SalaryRs. 12.7 LPA
Top CollegesIndian Institute Of Technology–Madras (IIT–Madras), Chennai; Chandigarh University, Chandigarh; Jain (Deemed-to-be University), Bengaluru; Indian Institute of Technology Bombay; Mumbai; Amity University Gurugram, Haryana; Vellore Institute of Technology; Vellore; and others.
Popular Job OpportunitiesIT Systems Analyst; Operations Analyst; Quantitative Analyst; Digital Marketing Manager; Healthcare Data Analyst; Transportation Logistics Specialist; Project Manager; Data Analytics Consultant; Data Engineer; etc.

Machine Learning & Artificial Intelligence

Machine learning and AI are at the forefront of technological advancements. Science stream graduates can pursue careers in machine learning and AI, developing intelligent systems, and contributing to automation and innovation.

Eligibility CriteriaClass 12th with Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics
Entrance ExamsJEE Mains, JEE Advanced, VITEEE, BITSAT, SRMJEEE, etc.
Popular CoursesBE, B.Tech., BSc.; BBA; BCA; B.Voc.; Diploma and Certification courses in Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning
Average SalaryRs. 11.1 LPA
Top CollegesIIT Madras; IIT Bombay; IIT Roorkee; IIT Jammu; ISI Kolkata; IIIT Hyderabad; DTU Delhi; Anna University Chennai, etc.
Popular Job OpportunitiesMachine Learning Engineer; Artificial Intelligence Engineer; Computational Scientist; Data Scientist (ML); Software Development Engineer – ML; Software Engineer (AI/ML); Deployment Engineer (ML); Payload Executive (ML); and others.

Agricultural Science

Agricultural science offers opportunities in farming, research, and agribusiness. Science stream students can engage in crop production, animal husbandry, or agricultural research to enhance food production and sustainability.

Eligibility CriteriaClass 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology
Popular CoursesB.Sc & B.Sc. (Hons); B.E/B.Tech.
Average SalaryRs. 4.5 LPA
Top CollegesPunjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana; Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad; GBPUAT, Pantnagar; Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore; Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur; Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Samastipur, etc.
Popular Job OpportunitiesAgriculturist; Agriculture Officer; Plant Breeder; Animal Breeder; Agriculture Engineer; Sericulturist; Food Safety Officer; Food Marketing Executive, etc.

Food Technology

Food technology involves improving food production, processing, and packaging. Science stream graduates can become food technologists, ensuring the quality and safety of food products while exploring innovative culinary creations.

Eligibility CriteriaClass 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology
Popular CoursesB.Sc & B.Sc. (Hons); B.E/B.Tech.
Average SalaryRs. 3.3 LPA
Top CollegesIIT Kharagpur; Jadavpur University; LPU; Anna University; NIT; Amity University; AMU; Chandigarh University, etc.
Popular Job OpportunitiesFood Production Manager; Food Safety Officer; Research Scientist; Lab Technician; Organic Chemist; Food Engineer; Home Economist; Biochemist; etc.


Forestry careers revolve around the sustainable management of forests and natural resources. Science stream students can work as foresters, conservationists, or wildlife managers, contributing to environmental preservation and biodiversity.

Eligibility CriteriaClass 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology
Entrance ExamsCUET; & other university or college-specific exams
Popular CoursesB.Sc. & M.Sc. – General & Hons.
Average SalaryRs. 5 LPA
Top CollegesDBS Dehradun; Forest College and Research Institute, Mettupalayam; Odisha University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar; GBPUAT, Pantnagar; Mewar University, Chittorgarh; Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology And Sciences, Prayagraj; and others.
Popular Job OpportunitiesForest Officers; Forest Professionals; Forest Range Officers; Forester; Forestry Staff; Forestry Technicians; Lecturers; Natural Resource Technician; etc.

Science stream students have a wide array of career options, from engineering and medicine to innovative fields like ethical hacking and artificial intelligence, offering opportunities for diverse interests and skill sets.

Things to Withdraw

Those who are passionate about research, innovation, and having a positive impact on the world have a wide career options in Science. There is a profession in science that will fit your interests and abilities, whether they be in environmental conservation, cutting-edge technology, or medicine and healthcare.

Careers in science are not only lucrative and in demand, but they also provide the opportunity to be at the vanguard of innovations and discoveries that have the potential to greatly progress humankind. A career in science is a wise choice that can result in a satisfying and important job that actually changes the world.

Hope we would have been able to provide you with all the information that you need regarding the best career options in science. Still, got questions? Why don’t you connect with our industry experts? Yes, you read it right! You can get your queries resolved in just 60 seconds from our Career counselors. So, what are you waiting for? Download the app now! iDreamCareer has helped millions of young minds like you from 9th class, 10th class, class 11, and class 12 discover their true mettle and is ready to help you too.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the career options after engineering in computer science?

After completing engineering in computer science, you can pursue careers such as software developer, data analyst, cybersecurity specialist, or IT consultant.

What career options are available after 10th in the science stream?

After the 10th grade in the science stream, you can choose from various career paths, including pursuing higher education in science, engineering, and medicine, opting for diploma courses in fields like electronics, or joining vocational training programs.

Can you provide a list of science stream career options?

The science stream offers diverse career options such as biologist, chemist, physicist, engineer, doctor, pharmacist, environmental scientist, data analyst, and more.

What are the job prospects in the science stream?

The science stream opens up opportunities in fields like biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, data science, environmental science, and healthcare, leading to careers as biotechnologists, physicists, or medical professionals.

What job opportunities can I find in the science stream?

The science stream offers a plethora of job opportunities, including research scientist, pharmacist, computer scientist, environmental consultant, and many more.

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