Have you always wanted to be a doctor? Do you also like chatting with new people? Have you ever tried talking to a friend who is upset to relieve her worries? Or maybe singing to your grandmother sometimes? Do you want to help patients suffering from trauma that they cannot share with others? Or maybe prescribe medicines to treat the problems of the elderly who are helpless. You can also help the police to make a convict admit his crime! The possibilities are varied and opportunities are vast in this medical profession which is emerging to be one of the most popular, especially in recent times with a rising number of patients coping with traumatic disorders in India & overseas. If this tickles the doctor in you, read on to explore what Psychiatrists do, how they do it and how to become one.
Psychiatrists evaluate and treat patients with mental, addictive, cognitive, perception-related and emotional disorders of all types like psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia), mood disorders (such as clinical depression, bipolar disorder), anxiety or personality disorders, neuropsychiatric symptoms etc. Psychiatrists provide intensive daily treatment to such patients, which may include electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) when appropriate. Physical examinations and psychological tests may be conducted. On occasion, neuroimaging or other neurophysiological techniques are used. Such treatments can be pharmacological (i.e. with medications or drugs) or through various other modalities such as talk therapy, commitment therapy or behavioral activation, etc.
Why become a Psychiatrist?
As a Psychiatrist, you will be evaluating and treating patients with mental, addictive, cognitive, perception-related and emotional disorders of all types like psychotic disorders (such as schizophrenia), mood disorders (such as clinical depression, bipolar disorder), anxiety or personality disorders, neuropsychiatric symptoms, etc. Psychiatric assessments in the initial stage of therapy typically begin with a case history and mental status examination of the patient. Physical examinations and psychological tests may be conducted. On occasion, neuroimaging or other neurophysiological techniques are used.
Such treatments can be pharmacological (i.e. with medications or drugs) or through various other modalities such as talk therapy (i.e. detailed discussions), cognitive remediation, dialectical behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy, psychodynamic psychotherapy, family & group therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, exposure therapy, commitment therapy or behavioral activation, etc.‘Modalities’ are evidence-based treatment methods that have yielded positive outcomes. Each of these have a definite distinct process of application and affects different sites (biological: receptors) of a human brain.
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In recent times, the increase in the number of individuals affected by mood disorders is alarming especially among adolescents whose depression or bipolar illness is significantly affecting their quality of life, functioning or safety. Psychiatrists provide intensive daily treatment to such patients, which may include electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) when appropriate.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a procedure, done under general anesthesia, in which small electric currents are passed through the brain, intentionally triggering a brief seizure. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to improve symptoms of depression. This involves delivering repetitive magnetic pulses.
Psychiatrists work in integrated teams with internists (specialists of internal medicine), psychologists, social workers, physical & occupational therapists, and other specialists to provide comprehensive coordinated short-term care tailored to the needs of each patient.
Psychiatrists stabilize and treat adolescents/adults/elderly individuals who experience mental health crises, including those who are suicidal, homicidal or psychotic. After being steadied & evaluated after a psychiatric session, patients are often given medical treatments, recreational therapy, group psychotherapy, and education about coping strategies, relapse prevention, and stress management by a multidisciplinary team of professionals.
The combined treatment of psychiatric medication and psychotherapy has become the most common mode of psychiatric treatment in current practice. However, other modalities including assertive community treatment, community reinforcement, and supported employment also form part of contemporary practice.
Assertive community treatment(ACT) serves individuals with the most serious forms of mental illness, predominantly schizophrenia spectrum disorders, along with bipolar, depressive, anxiety, and personality disorders, among others. This involves an ACT “core services team” focusing on several participants (aka members, consumers, clients, or patients). The participant-to-staff ratio is purposely kept low.
Community reinforcement is an approach for treating addiction and was originally developed for individuals with alcohol use disorders. It is aimed at the families & friends of treatment-refusing individuals who have a substance abuse problem.
Supported employment is considered for people with disabilities, including intellectual disabilities, mental health, and traumatic brain injury who are assisted with obtaining and maintaining employment.
Functional Fields of Work
Clinical / Diagnostic / Operative Care:
Work involves diagnoses, prognoses (how a disease progresses & assessing that progress) and treatment/therapy provided to patients suffering from mental illnesses or clinical conditions some of which are Dementia pugilistica, Coprolalia, Cereaflexibilitas, Alexithymia, Paraprosopia, Mitgehenetc. Psychiatry treats mental disorders, which are divided into 3 very general categories: mental illnesses, severe learning disabilities, and personality disorders.
Medical / Clinical Research
You can pursue a career as a physician-scientist. Work will be completely laboratory-based sometimes involving field collections of biological samples (human/animal). Depending on your interest, there are several different disciplines to choose from, including laboratory science, clinical research, and health services research.
Researchers often work at academic medical centers, for the pharmaceutical industry, or with the government. If you’re considering a career in research, it will be important to maximize your research experiences during medical school.
You can do this by participating in a research project, taking a gap year for a research scholars’ program or other structured research experience, or participating in summer research internships.
Education and Training:
Typically, in medical colleges and universities, all educators are involved in training and educating aspiring doctors. This includes operative techniques & experiences as well as theoretical lectures to develop a deep understanding of clinical and basic sciences surrounding Psychiatry and its various sub-specialties including the principles of disease investigation, interpretation of diagnostic test results and employed technologies.
Popular specialization in Psychiatrist career
- Psychiatrist (Addiction / Substance Abuse psychiatry): Psychiatrists specializing in Addition Psychiatry deals with the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of people who are suffering from 1 or more disorders related to addiction. This may include disorders involving legal and illegal drugs, gambling, food, and other impulse control disorders. Currently, there is a high demand for substance abuse experts in both the private and public sectors.
- Psychiatrist (Clinical Neurophysiology): This is a medical subspecialty that involves Psychiatrists who focus on the central & peripheral nervous systems through the recording of bioelectrical activity. They conduct tests that are concerned with measuring the electrical functions of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves in the limbs and muscles to precisely define the affected site, the type & degree of damage, along with revealing the abnormalities that are in question.
- Geriatric Psychiatrist: Geriatric Psychiatrists deal with the study, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in humans with old age. The diagnosis, treatment & management of dementia and depression are 2 of the most common areas of expertise among geriatricians. This field is often referred to as Psychogeriatrics.
- Psychiatrist (Hospice and Palliative Medicine): Psychiatrists dealing with this sub-specialty focus on symptom management, relief of suffering and end-of-life care. They have advanced knowledge and skills to prevent & relieve the suffering of patients with life-limiting, life-threatening and terminal illnesses.
- Psychiatrist (Sleep Medicine): Psychiatrists practicing in this sub-specialty are devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of sleep disturbances & disorders which includes a plethora of very diverse disorders, many of which present with similar symptoms such as excessive daytime sleepiness, sleep apnea, narcolepsy, idiopathic hypersomnia, Kleine-Levin syndrome, menstrual-related hypersomnia, idiopathic recurrent stupor, or circadian rhythm disturbances.
- Forensic Psychiatrist: Many psychiatrists practice at the interface between law and psychiatry. Scientific & clinical expertise is applied in legal contexts involving civil, correctional, regulatory, criminal, or legislative matters. They are competent to provide various services such as assisting criminals with medications & psychotherapy or determining whether convicts have the mental capacity to understand the charges & assist their attorneys etc. They can also be expert witnesses in both criminal and civil proceedings.
- Psychiatrist (Child and Adolescent Psychiatry): Many Psychiatrists practice in this domain where they focus on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders in children, adolescents, and their families. This is an extremely competitive field as the community of the affected is enormous and growing day by day. They assess factors that influence the development & course of these psychiatric disorders and responses to various treatments.
- Psychiatrist (Psychotherapy): Some Psychiatrists specialize in talk therapy or Psychotherapy which is a way to help people with a broad variety of mental illnesses and emotional difficulties through discussions. They conduct short-term as well as long-term sessions. Psychotherapy may be used in combination with medication or other therapies. Several studies and brain imaging techniques have proven positive changes in the brains of patients suffering from mental illnesses (including depression, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder etc.) as a result of psychotherapy.
- Consultation (Liaison Psychiatrist): The role of a Consultation-Liaison Psychiatrist is to see patients suffering from comorbid medical conditions at the request of the medical/surgical consultant or team who is treating the patient. This is an emerging field currently brimming with a lot of opportunities. Liaison Psychiatrists may treat patients with mental disorders who have been admitted for the treatment of medical problems; who have physical symptoms as a result of a mental disorder; who may not have a psychiatric disorder but are experiencing distress related to their medical problems etc. They advise the treating physicians on discharge planning or the need for long-term care.
- Psychiatrist (Psychosomatic Medicine): A psychosomatic disorder is a disease involving both mind and body. They try to understand how a person’s mind can affect actual physical diseases. Some physical diseases are thought to be especially prone to worsen by mental factors such as anxiety and stress and a person’s current mental state may affect how bad a physical disease is at any moment. Also, this sub-specialty includes psychiatric issues that are direct results of a medical illness or its treatment. So, it can be both ways. Conditions include headache, chest pain, increased heart rate, nausea, blindness, seizures, paralysis, eczema, psoriasis, high blood pressure, ulcers, heart disease etc.
- Military Psychiatrist: The aim of Military psychiatrists is to treat serving personnel disabled by psychiatric conditions and to keep as many of them as a possible fit for duty. This involves counseling individuals &their families on a variety of life issues, counseling for mental health issues, substance abuse prevention and substance abuse treatment; and medical treatment for biologically based mental illnesses.
- Neuropsychiatrist: Neuropsychiatrists tackle mental disorders that occur due to diseases of the nervous system.This is a relatively new field as there has always been a certain monism between neurology and psychiatry. However, in recent times traditional neurological disorders, like Parkinson’s disease, are being recognized for their high incidence of psychiatric symptoms, such as psychosis and depression. These symptoms, which are largely ignored in neurology, can be addressed by Neuropsychiatrists which would lead to improved patient care.
- Psychiatrist (Learning disability): Certain Psychiatrists specifically deal with this branch to help patients with difficulties in comprehending or processing information. People with learning disabilities have trouble completing tasks or performing specific types of skills if left to figure things out by themselves or if taught in conventional ways.
- Psychiatrist (Brain Injury Medicine): For acute traumatic brain injury, a multidisciplinary approach is key to optimizing outcomes involving neurologists, psychiatrists, physiotherapists, speech and language therapists, occupational therapists etc. In some cases, neuropsychiatric symptoms such as emotional distress and clinical depression may emerge which need to be evaluated and managed by Psychiatrists so some of them may also specialize in this. Medication is also used to control post-traumatic epilepsy in some cases. Some patients may be predisposed to psychiatric disorders including OCD, substance abuse, dysthymia, clinical depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders etc. which can be controlled with pharmacological treatment by a Psychiatrist.
What does a Psychiatrist do?
As a Psychiatrist, depending on your functional field of work, you will be engaged with one or more of the following roles and responsibilities: –
Clinical / Diagnostic / Operative Care:
- You will be examining a patient (physical examination and primary screening) for diagnosis of and obtaining information on medical/physical conditions, history, and tendencies to ascertain necessary medical attention.
- You will be diagnosing mental disorders and clinical conditions and suggest therapeutic treatments, such as prescribing medicines, in hospital wards, clinics, or operating rooms.
- You will be determining the nature of the treatment, conferring with other medical professionals if required to ensure safe, effective, and timely treatment as well as continuity of patient care and obtaining historical data to construct a patient’s medical portfolio and plan further treatment – advising throughout the prognosis (progression) of a disease.
Care will be coordinated in a multidisciplinary fashion with collaborating services which may include nutrition, social work, pain service, hospice, integrative medicine, and palliative care.
- You will be involved in recording the patient’s condition or progress throughout the tenure of your treatment sessions, writing reports and maintaining proper registers containing patient information(case histories).
- You will plan, organize, coordinate & participate in scientific research projects, in collaborative work on study/experiment design, data analysis, & manuscript preparation for various scientific projects.
- You will bring new agents for a cancer treatment more quickly from the laboratory to clinical trials (testing of laboratory product on human patients diagnosed with multiple tumor types).
- You will identify & implement strategies to enhance collaboration between investigators and clinical or research scientists.
- You will recruit healthy & affected individuals for a period of close monitoring of their personal clinical response to disease stimulants or to obtain biological samples from these participants for extensive analysis.
- You will determine specific goals or objectives to be obtained; evaluate research data and develop & revise techniques or approaches to work problems.
- You will function in a separate & independent manner in the design and initiation of research experiments.
- You will design, develop or adapt equipment used in experiments or research to obtain desired results. You will be responsible for laboratory equipment and implementing safety procedures.
- You will independently compose abstracts, technical reports, slide presentations, posters, spreadsheets, and manuscripts for submission to corporate and federal sponsors, conferences, and scientific journals.
- You will produce medical illustrations, scientific posters, publication graphics, and slide presentations for national & international meetings.
Education and Training:
- You will be involved in instructing/teaching to a class of students pursuing postgraduate or higher levels of study in the fields of Medical / Surgical Cardiac Sciences or related disciplines.
- You will demonstrate techniques or handling of instruments/tools to your students inside an operation theatre and counsel/guide students in the performance of operative experiments.
- You will participate in seminars, medical congresses, and conferences across the world.
How to become a psychiatrist – eligibility criteria
- After Class 11-12, you must go for your Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery course (MBBS). Various forms of this qualification’s name are MB ChB, MB BChir, BM BCh, BMBS and MB BCh around the globe.
- After your graduation, you must go for a Master’s’s / post-graduation PG-level program like MD, DNB and complete junior residencies to specialize in various branches of Psychiatry.
DNB is considered equivalent to MD. The only difference is, for MD you will be trained in medical colleges with hundreds of patients and for DNB you will be trained in private hospitals. For DNB, a hospital must have at least 500 beds.
After post-graduation, you can further proceed with FNB or DM if you want to obtain higher qualifications and then complete senior residencies or obtain a Ph.D. if you want to be a physician-scientist.
- You are also advised to obtain memberships (life/short term) of various associations/societies such as:
- Indian Psychiatric Society
- National Institute of Mental Health
- American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
- European Psychiatric Association
- Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
- Royal College of Psychiatrists
- World Psychiatric Association
- American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology
- American Neuropsychiatric Association
- American Psychiatric Association
- Global Initiative on Psychiatry
- Independent Psychiatric Association of Russia
- In England, Scotland & Wales or Northern Ireland, in order to practice you will have to pass in all components of the MRCPsych Examinations (Paper A1&A2, Paper B and CASC-Clinical Assessment of Skills & Competencies)conducted by the Royal Society of Psychiatrists, London and get a membership license
MRCPsych stands for Member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Passing the MRCPsych examination helps aspiring Psychiatrists to achieve GMC Registration (mandatory in the UK) and gives them the opportunity to work in, train in & experience the working system of the UK.
Postgraduate (MD, DPM, DNB) Psychiatry residents and MBBS graduates with 2 years of experience in Psychiatry or DNB Psychiatry are eligible to appear for the MRCPsych exams. You can refer to application-related details at https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/training/exams/applying-for-your-exam.
Written papers A1, A2 and B can be sat in various centers around the UK and in Malta, Hong Kong, Oman, India and Singapore. The CASC exam can be sat in Sheffield, Hong Kong, and Singapore. You must clear your MRCPsych CASC exam within 1643 days of the written exams.
The written papers can be taken in any order. However, you must have at least 12 months of experience in psychiatry before attempting Paper B.
Paper A (1) will cover the following sections of the syllabus:
1) Behavioural Science and Sociocultural Psychiatry
2) Human Development
3) Classification and Assessment in Psychiatry
Paper A (2) will cover the following sections of the syllabus:
1) Basic Neurosciences
2) Clinical Psychopharmacology
Paper B will cover the following sections of the syllabus:
- Organization and delivery of psychiatric services
- General adult psychiatry
- Old age psychiatry
- Child and adolescent psychiatry
- Substance misuse/addictions
- Forensic psychiatry
- Psychiatry of learning disability
- Critical review (Evidence-based medicine, advanced Stats, and Research Methodology)
After MRCPsych, you can work for even short periods of time (along with your regular job) at locations external to UK through locum agencies like Athona which help with placements. (Locum physician is a physician who works in the place of the regular physician when that physician is absent, or when a hospital or practice is short-staffed)
You will find these books handy when preparing for MRCPsych
- Fish’s Clinical Psychopathology:
- Maudsley Prescribing Guidelines by David Taylor, Carol Paton, Robert, Kerwin.
- Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry.
- In addition to MRCPsych, you can also be a Fellow of RCPsych (FRCPsych) but it is awarded to a Member who has made a significant and distinctive contribution to Psychiatry and is not normally awarded until the nominee has held the Membership for a minimum of 10 years. Nominees should be nominated, proposed and seconded by 2 Members of the College before being awarded, Fellowship.
- If you are targeting US or Canada to practice as a Psychiatrist, remember, you will have to clear USMLE after you complete an MBBS program in India to be able to directly practice in the US. To study in medical schools in USA or Canada for an MD degree before practicing there, you will have to clear MCAT. Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) is a compulsory test for anyone who plans to get admission in medical schools of USA and Canada. MD degrees are followed by 3 to 7 years of residency. Graduates can practice any specialty. Physicians are fully certified after passing board exams. 152 MD-granting schools in the United States and 17 in Canada.
MCAT consists for 4 distinct sections which are individually scored. Each section is allotted either 90 or 95 minutes and tests between 50 and 60 questions. Including breaks, the full examination lasts approximately 7.5 hours.
Many MBBS graduates from India, targeting Psychiatry, directly aim at USMLE instead of going the long way as residencies in the Psychiatry domain are easier to get through with a lower mean USMLE score. After MBBS and USMLE, graduates from India have sequentially completed internships, residencies, fellowships & observerships and are currently practicing in the US with a medical license.
However, after your MBBS here if you further want to study in US, then clear MCAT, join the medical school in US and then finally appear for USMLE. MCAT is administered 25 times in a year. With a pass in MCAT, they will need to complete a medical degree (MD) in the US or Canada which is for 4 years. Then they can appear for USMLE and get a practice license.
Remember: after passing USMLE once, you cannot repeat it for attempting a better score. Programs usually eliminate candidates with multiple attempts. For this reason, it is essential to do extremely well in the first attempt. Further, your answers will not be evaluated on a population curve basis; you will be marked on the level of difficulty of the items you have attempted during the examination.
Indian graduates from any other discipline in India (other than MBBS) are also eligible to practice as a Medical Professional in the US but they have to appear for MCAT with a ‘special permission’ from the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) (before registering for the exam, mail to [email protected] stating the reasons why you wish to take the exam). If you are specially permitted by AAMC, which is rare, you can then attempt & clear MCAT, then pass 4-year MD, then clear USMLE and then practice in US / Canada.
So, precisely for aspiring Psychiatrists
MBBS in India > USMLE >Internship> Residency > Fellowship >Observership>Practice
Alternatively, a longer router (preferable for medical specialties other than Psychiatry) is,
MBBS in India > MCAT > Basic Medical Degree (MD) in US / Canada > USMLE> Internship > Residency > Fellowship >Observership> Practice
For non-medical graduates from India,
Bachelor degree (duration is not a factor) > MCAT with special permission> Basic Medical Degree in US / Canada (MD) > USMLE > Internship > Residency > Fellowship >Observership> Practice
In India, after a DM you can get a job as a Consultant Psychiatrist in any of the following healthcare establishments:
- Multi-Specialist Government and private hospitals such as All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Christian Medical College, Apollo, Fortis, Narayana, Kasturba, Tata, Lilavati, Medanta, Kokilaben, King Edward Memorial, Max, Wockhardt, Sterling, Shalby, Medica, King George, Assam Medical College, Columbia Asia, Jaslok, AMRI, and so on.
- You may also consult patients at various health clinics.
Most jobs for Specialist Consultant Physicians are contractual. Many of the Consultants work in more than one hospital.
- If you want to pursue a career in teaching along with practice (practice means you will be involved in treating patients), you may join a teaching hospital as an Associate Professor, generally referred to as Medical College and Hospital such as the AIIMS, St. John, Kasturba Medical College, Maulana Azad Medical College, King George’s Medical College, Christian Medical College Vellore, Grant Medical College, Calcutta Medical College, Lady Hardinge Medical College, etc.
If you want to pursue a career in Medical / Clinical Research along with practice(practice means you will be involved in treating patients), then you may join any of the medical colleges/organizations which are involved in research such as the National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, Sri Ganga Ram Hospital, Institute of Human Behaviour & Allied Sciences, AIIMS, JIPMER Pondicherry, Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, University College of Medical Science, Delhi University, Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute, Regional Medical Research Centre at Bhubaneswar and Dibrugarh, PGIMER, Chandigarh, IPGMER, Kolkata, etc.
Some of the doctors who have completed their membership examinations (MRCPsych) and some who have completed their higher specialty training (CCT) are considering a return to establish their psychiatric practice in India.
Owing to the high standards in training and assessment for the MRCPsych qualification, it has been recognized by the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists and the Canadian Psychiatric Association. However, the MRCPsych qualification is currently not recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI). Hence these doctors are ineligible to work in a teaching hospital or even in the public health services in India but have much more profitable options open to them worldwide. Although, MD/DNBPsychiatry graduates from India with MRCPsych certification are eligible to work in India.
Salary of psychiatrist
An MD/ DNB joins at about Rs. 75,000 –Rs 80,000 a month at the beginning. At private hospitals in entry-level positions, one can get about the same or slightly higher.
After your DM degrees, you may expect to get about Rs. 80, 000 – 1,00,000 or even more a month. Earnings also depend on the number of therapeutic cases handled in a month.
Private hospitals prefer to take people with prior experience. In such cases with 2-3 years of experience, one may get about Rs. 1,00,000-1,20,000 a month.
After MD/MS, one begins first as a Senior Resident and then gradually to Consultant / Reader / Assistant Professor etc. and after DM, one begins as a Psychiatrist/Senior Consultant/Senior Researcher or Professor depending on which area you are working in. Salary increases with years of practice/teaching experience and number of cases handled, that’s all.
After 7 to 10+ years of experience post-residency, you can expect to earn about Rs. 1,40,000 – 2,00,000 or even more a month.
With 10 to 15+ years of experience post-residency, you can expect to earn about Rs. 2,10,000 – 4,00,000 or even more a month.
Career Progression in Psychiatrist Profession
You may grow through the following roles depending on your functional field of work.
If you are practicing independently and/or are associated with any public/private sector healthcare provider/hospital/nursing home, there is no discrete designation growth that happens. You will simply have to specialize in your area of interest and work as part of that department in the hospital/clinic / super-specialty establishments etc. Generally, all Psychiatrists or Psychiatry Consultants are associated with some public/private hospital or healthcare provider and some also practice individually alongside.
You can work in roles such as that of Attending Consultant, Associate Consultant, Consultant Senior Consultant, Deputy Director, Associate Director, Director/Clinical Director, Senior Director, Chief of Division etc.
- If you are working in the drugs development or formulation department of a research-oriented organization, you can gradually move up the ladder as Senior, Head of Assay Development, Product Development Leader, Chief/Clinical Chief of Service, etc.
- If you are working in the R&D departments for pharmaceutical companies, you can grow from say a Research Associate, to Senior Research Consultant, Principal Investigator etc. Growth usually takes long and is gradual.
Senior Resident, Reader, Assistant Professor, University Lecturer, Professor, Academic Clinical Lead, Senior Lector, Emeritus Professor, Professor & Head, Head of the School, Fellow of the Academy, Head / Chief / Director of Department. Designation growth is gradual and takes long. Meanwhile, it will be helpful if you gain memberships to various national and international bodies of repute and add them to your bio-profile.
What does industry trends say – future prospects
The future of this pathway seems bright as the industry statistics are encouraging.
Over 30000 psychiatrists are required to serve a billion people, while there are only 3300 practicing in the country. Currently, there are a significant number of doctors of Indian origin who are undergoing basic and higher specialty psychiatric training in the UK.
The Healthcare Market in India has the potential to increase 3 fold to 133.44 billion US Dollars by 2022. Indian Government is willing to expand public health spending to 2.5% of GDP by 2025. Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) launched in 2018 provides 7,124.54 US Dollars each to over 100 million families every year.
The entire Healthcare Industry in India is one of the fastest-growing sectors and it is expected to reach $280 billion by 2020. The major focus is on quality of service and hence skilled labor is much required to sustain the growth of this industry. By 2025, medical spending in India is expected to grow by almost 9 to 12% making India one of the world’s top ten in this zone. India’s earnings from medical tourism could exceed US$ 9 billion by 2020.
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