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Academic Transcripts: Know Everything You Have Missed


Applying for a university abroad requires extensive documentation to support your application. Another important document is the academic transcript. It is an important document, especially if you are planning to study abroad or apply for higher education in India or applying for a job / internship.

To determine the quality and academic performance of student at their former institution, all Universities requests candidate to provide their academic transcripts. It is a detailed division of your academic performance done throughout your bachelor or masters.

In this post we have answered some of the most common questions among international students related to academic texts. You will also find information on the meaning of the academic text, how academic texts differ from academic qualifications, specific samples of academic texts.

All set?

What are academic transcripts – Meaning?

In your academic journey, you must have heard of marks, report cards, academic certificates, achievement certificates, etc. if not academic transcripts. The academic transcripts are similar to.

Academic transcripts are official educational evidences that includes the subjects studied and the grades / marks obtained by the student. The educational institution or board provides students with academic transcripts while applying for admission to a foreign educational institutions or university.

Types of academic transcripts

  • Official Transcripts: Official Transcripts usually include your exam credits, transfer work, and degrees you have gained over the years. These documents are mailed by the institution and has a university’s seal and signature of the registrar. These are sent only at the request of the student and require the signature of the student.
  • Unofficial Transcripts: This transcript is not as reliable as the official transcript. These transcripts need not to bear a university stamp or a formal signature.


what is an academic transcript

What information is covered in academic transcripts?

Following are some of the useful information that should be their in an academic transcript:

  1. Most importantly, it has an official college or university seal. A transcript is considered official, as it comes from the registry office and is not manipulated by any other party.
  2. A transcript contains all dates and majors information. Entire information about the dates you have attended the college, and complete data about the majors and minors that you have opted for would be listed.
  3. The transcript has calculated grade point average listed on it which is for the most recent semester.
  4. This piece of document also shows all the educational degrees like- bachelor, associate, masters or doctorate.
  5. It also contains personal information like your name, marital status, any name change after marriage, student identification no. or social security no., address and date of birth to authenticate your identity.
  6. It includes your enrollment history, grades that you got, credits earned and attempted and average of grade-point.

Why are academic transcriptions needed?

The reason why academic transcriptions are needed:

  • Pursuing higher studies
  • Applying visa applications
  • The employment purpose
  • Getting the college transferring done smoothly

From where to get academic transcript?

The transcript is produced by an educational board, which can be obtained from the educational institution from where you have completed your education. These can be purchased by visiting the center physically or by contacting the authorities and asking them to post these transcripts to you. Official transcripts are always accepted with a sealed envelope stamped and signed by the issuing authority and the reader can receive as many copies as required of the same.

Academic Transcript vs Academic Degree

There is a certain difference between academic transcripts and academic degrees. Academic transcript is not the same as academic degree. The academic degree announces the successful completion of your program while the academic transcript provides detailed information about the courses you have taken during your academic journey. Many foreign universities expect their students to produce these original documents at the time of admission; so, make sure you have your academic transcripts in place.

Academic transcript sample

You may check this sample of academic transcript before submitting it to the officials.

academic transcript sample

Note: This is a format used at the University of Vaasa, Finland. The format may differ for various universities or colleges.


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