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With speeding technology, it is becoming the need of the hour to keep yourself updated with the changes in technology and how it is also creating a platform for new jobs and opportunities. Advancements in technology have come up to increase the interaction with people which has further made communication much easier. A large part of these advancements is now being smoothly integrated into our day to day life. This blog talks about the top ten tech careers and how these new-age careers are changing jobs in technology.

With so much happening around in the tech, careers in computer science have also evolved over a period of time. New opportunities for employing new technology are generating new and alternative career options for individuals specializing in tech-related fields.

Tech careers are in high demand not only because of advancements in this field but also because almost all the companies and organizations are integrating new-age technologies into their business systems. To get in touch with the latest in tech careers, here are the top tech careers everyone should know about:

Cloud Computing

Description

Cloud computing is an IT-based model that allows access to a shared collection of configurable system resources and higher-level services that can be readily supplied over the internet with fewer management efforts.

Application of Cloud Computing

For example, Netflix uses cloud computing services. By using cloud computing services, Netflix, one of the top media service providers, has been able to cater to its on-demand streaming services. Cloud computing services allowed the company to expand its customer base without having to invest in costly servers and maintenance costs. Let us see how Netflix has managed to handle such a large database.

Netflix in the initial years of its launch as a company used to provide DVDs to customers via email. As they grew a larger customer membership over time, demand for more DVD’s amplified. The company then decided to sell its 100millionth DVD and chose to reinvent its entire business.

With a lot of customers and database to store, Netflix partnered with Amazon and instead of investing huge sums of money in servers and storage machines, they used Amazon’s infrastructure. At that time, transmitting massive data over the internet was not easy and the servers needed locations near the areas where customers used the services.

Soon Netflix started working towards becoming a software technology for cloud computing and most of their things ran on Amazon Web Service (AWS), which was principally a server infrastructure. AWS then needed to create a software technology so that their applications worked well in the cloud environment. And that’s how Netflix manages its large customer base with the help of AWS.

Education Qualification

Minimum Educational Qualification required for this career is B.Tech in Computer Science and additional certification courses.

Some certification courses for up-gradation in tech careers are as follows:

Name of certificationModeWebsite
AWS- Amazon Web ServicesOnlineLink- here
MCSE- Microsoft Certified Solutions ExpertOnlineLink- here
RHCA- Red Hat Certified Architect: CloudOnlineLink- here
Oracle Cloud CertificateOnlineLink- here
Google Certified Professional Cloud ArchitectOnlineLink- here
IBM Certified Cloud Solution ArchitectOnlineLink- here

Big Data

Description

Big Data Engineers develop, maintain, organize and evaluate big data. These are so complex and large that traditional methods of handling data cannot be applicable. So the challenges involve huge data storing, analysis, searching and transferring.

Hence, Big Data is among the top tech careers and is currently being preferred by a number of individuals. Most importantly those who are already pursuing jobs in technology are upgrading their qualifications by going for certification or training in this career field.

Application of Big Data

Big Data is enormously used to understand customer performance and preference. For exampleAmazon.com has become the largest online retail store in the eCommerce market. It started off as an online bookstore and later expanded into sales and production of consumer goods, electronics, and household items.

Amazon uses product recommenders to personalize the customer experience in which the products are customized to suit their taste and interest. And since Amazon uses larger data and customer base, Big Data comes into play. Amazon makes use of clustering algorithms and collaborative filtering to group customers based on preferences. Their product recommender system group’s customers into groups based on similar search and item to item collaborative filtering.

So basically when we open amazon’s app and are confused as to how an app was able to predict a product of our interest, that’s where Big Data was able to assist the servers in proving information of the data based on our previous searches and activities in the app.

Education Qualification

Minimum educational Qualification for Big Data engineer is to have sufficient experience in software engineering along with object-oriented designs, coding, and testing. Certifications in various languages may be added as additional qualifications. 

Some certification courses for up-gradation in tech careers are as follows:

Name of certificationModeWebsite
IBM Certified Data Engineer – Big DataOnlineLink- here
Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE): Data Management and AnalyticsOnlineLink- here
Big Data Hadoop CertificationOfflineLink- here
Bits PilaniPost Graduate Programme in Big Data EngineeringOfflineLink- here

Data Science

Description

Data Science is an integrated field that uses scientific methods, algorithms, and systems to extract knowledge and insights from data in various organized and unorganized forms. So basically a Data Scientist is responsible for evaluating and analyzing large amounts of data to identify ways of improvising business systems and operations. Data Science is one of the emerging tech careers and gaining significant preference by those who are looking for the latest careers in technology.

Application of Data Science

Data Science is a subcategory in Big Data engineering and often the job includes cleaning and validating the data to ensure accuracy, completeness, and uniformity, Devising and applying models and algorithms to mine the stores of big data, and also analyzing the data to identify patterns and trends, Interpreting the data to discover solutions and opportunities.

Education Qualification

Minimum Educational qualification for Data Science is having a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a software engineering background. 

Some certification courses for up-gradation in tech careers are as follows:

Name of certificationModeWebsite
Microsoft Professional Program for Data ScienceOnlineLink- here
Data Science SpecializationOnlineLink- here
Data Science EssentialsOnlineLink- here

Machine Learning

Description

Machine Learning is a subdivision of Artificial Intelligence that uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to ‘learn’ without being programmed. A machine learning scientist will be responsible for writing ML algorithms for machines to be able to understand and interpret systems.

Application of Machine learning

Machine learning is the latest example of digital transformation, making the digital world even more convenient and reliable. For instance, Voice recognition systems such as Siri or Cortana explicitly use machine learning technologies to respond to human interaction. As they are gaining accuracy overtime, these voice recognition devices are being assessed daily by hundreds of users.

Recommendations on e-commerce are also gaining popularity. For example, if person A is looking for a particular smartphone on the eCommerce site, then the computer is smart enough to understand that it has to recommend a certain type of product. So without using any software for this feature, the computer is actually learning activities and creating recommendations on the basis of what person A was looking for. Machine learning is the latest addition in tech careers and those who want to pursue a career in this field have a lot of opportunities.

Education Qualification

Formal education qualifications for Machine Learning scientists are a B.Tech degree in computer science followed by a Master’s degree and Ph.D.

Some certification courses for up-gradation in tech careers are as follows:

There are a number of online courses that will teach the basics of Machine Learning. The list of courses is as follows:

Name of course/ certificationModeWebsite
Natural Language Processing (NLP)OnlineLink- here
Principles of Machine LearningOnlineLink- here
Computer Vision and Image AnalysisOnlineLink-here

AR and VR- Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality

Description

AR is an experience of a real-world setting or environment whose fundamentals are augmented by computer-generated information. It alters one’s ongoing perception of a real-world environment, supplementing the real world with virtual objects.

Application of AR and VR- Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality

AR developers are responsible for the implementation of the plan which may include coding, enhancing UI and UX end for the user and AR assets designing, etc.

The most popular game Pokémon Go is a great example to understand Augmented Reality. The game allows users to catch virtual Pokémon’s that are hidden throughout the map of the real-world locations. It uses real locations to encourage players to walk in the real world to discover Pokémon. The game enables the players to search and catch species of Pokémon on the go.

Also, apps like Augment enable its users to see their products in 3D in a real-world environment, making the users choose or select options by virtually imagining them placed at their home.

Virtual Reality- The whole idea of Virtual reality is to create surroundings as real as the virtual world. This environment can be similar to the real world or it can be imaginary, creating an experience that is not possible in ordinary physical reality.

Present VR technology uses VR headsets, sometimes in arrangement with physical environments, to create realistic images, sounds and other ambiances that simulate a user’s physical presence in a virtual world. A person using virtual reality equipment is able to “look around” the artificial world, move around in it, and interact with virtual features or items.

Education Qualification

The Minimum educational qualification required to get into the field is a degree in computer science along with expertise in many different gaming languages like Unity, which uses C# as its primary programming language and Unreal Engine, which uses C++ and a node-based language called Blueprints Visual Scripting. 

Some certification courses for up-gradation in tech careers are as follows:

Name of course/ certificationModeWebsite
Virtual Reality (VR) App DevelopmentOnlineLink-here
Introduction to VR with UnityOnlineLink-here
Augmented Reality Portal- Apple ARKit frameworkOnlineLink-here

Cryptocurrency / Blockchain

Description

Blockchain is a public record of a bunch of transactions called blocks that are linked and secured using cryptocurrency. The distributed records are decentralized and hence are not controlled or monitored by any single individual or firm.

Application of Cryptocurrency/ Blockchain

Since blockchain is still in its developing stages in other sectors like healthcare and security, use of it can reduce a lot of work and cost expenses. For example, the blockchain can be used to create a type of universal record with a timestamp, a library that enables data recovery across miscellaneous databases. This will become extremely valuable as precision medicine and the explosion of sensors, wearables, and mHealth apps proceeds.

Blockchain technology is going to be a big part of our lives in the coming future and thus the need for blockchain experts is on the rise. Cryptocurrency and blockchain are the next big thing in tech careers.

Education Qualification

The Minimum qualification to become a blockchain developer is to have basics in the field of software engineering with additional knowledge in data structures including Stack, Queues, Linked List, and HederaHashMapsand other certification courses.

Some certification courses for up-gradation in tech careers are as follows:

Name of course/ certificationModeWebsite
Blockchain Certification Training CourseOnlineLink-here
IBM Blockchain foundation developerOnlineLink-here
Blockchain essentials- IBMOnlineLink-here
Specialization in Bitcoin and CryptocurrencyOnlineLink-here

Artificial Intelligence

Description

Artificial Intelligence or machine intelligence is the intelligence demonstrated by the machines which are in contrast to the natural intelligence exhibited by humans. In other words, it is the ability of machines to learn, process and predict actions and that maximizes the chances of successful completion of tasks. This is one of the latest addition in tech careers and is currently in high demand.

Application of Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been constantly developing and with such a fast pace we are in fact using half of the electronics and other devices run on artificial intelligence. Google Maps is one of the most popular examples of artificial intelligence. Using anonymized location data from smartphones, Google Maps can analyze the speed of traffic movement at any given time.

And with more innovation in AI, Maps are more easily incorporating user-reported traffic incidents like construction and accidents. Access to vast amounts of data being fed to its proprietary algorithms has led to Maps reducing travel time by suggesting the fastest routes possible.

Machine learning, natural language processing, deep learning, and neutral learning are all the subsets of Artificial Intelligence and therefore an AI engineer would be working on one of the different subsets of AI. It is basically a combination of human-computer interaction along with visual processing and machine learning and many more.

Education Qualification

Tech careers are comparatively in high demand due to advancements in technology careers therefore to build a career in Artificial Intelligence, the prerequisites are similar to Machine Learning, i.e. B.Tech in computer science and a master’s degree followed by Ph.D.

Some certification courses for up-gradation in tech careers are as follows:

Certification courses available in these fields are as follows:

Name of course/ certificationModeWebsite
Microsoft Professional Program in Artificial IntelligenceOnlineLink-here
Intro to Artificial IntelligenceOnlineLink-here
AI- Developer courseOnlineLink-here

Ethical Hacking

Description

The only difference between an ethical hacker and a malicious hacker is that an ethical hacker uses his skills for the security of data and servers from other hackers. An ethical hacker uses his professional skills in a legitimate and lawful manner and is the ultimate security professional. The expansion in tech careers has led to an increase in the demand for those who protect these emerging technologies thus increasing the demand for ethical hackers.

Application of Ethical Hacking

The job of an ethical hacker is to detect flaws like vulnerable hardware, software, and procedural security. Without this, the security may be bypassed and made more vulnerable to hackers who can misuse the information or even extort money by blocking all the user data and information. Ethical hacking is a very useful approach to defending company valuable online systems. By tapping into the abilities and potential of white hat hackers, companies are able to take on and prevent damages caused by the real hackers.

Education Qualification

Since no one can afford to risk their data in an increasingly digitalized market, thus the demand for ethical hackers is growing day by day. A career in Ethical Hacking requires in-depth knowledge and understanding of how software really works. Therefore a degree in software engineering or equivalent is a must. Certifications that are focused around data vulnerability, coding and others are required for additional qualifications.

Some certification courses for up-gradation in tech careers are as follows:

Name of course/ certificationModeWebsite
Real-World Ethical Hacking- certificate courseOnlineLink-here
Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) v9OnlineLink- here
CEH (v10) – Certified Ethical Hacker Training CourseOnlineLink-here

Internet Of Things (IoT)

Description

Internet of things is the interconnection of devices, home appliances, security cameras, etc. where all devices become smart and interconnected to everything around us. Internet of things is expected to create opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems which can result in improvements in efficiency, economic benefits, and reduce human efforts. If you are looking for the latest in tech careers, then you should consider IoT.

Application of Internet of things

We are all set to enter an age where more advanced connectivity options amongst networks, systems, devices are going to change the way we live which will go beyond the human to machine communications. The Internet of things has already begun changing the world by providing an excess of options to operate and live a life full of ease.

One such great development is Home Automation. A home automation system will control lighting, temperature, entertainment systems, and appliances also include home security such as access control and alarm system. When connected with the Internet, home devices are an important constituent of the Internet of Things.

One of the many benefits that IoT provides is the ability to control room temperature just before reaching home. The systems work in such a way that the device can be controlled by connecting your smartphone with the devices. This gives free access to monitor and control the devices. These have been seen as energy conservers as they automatically turn off when no one is in the room.

Education Qualification

The basic aspects of becoming an Internet of Things engineer is a computer science degree followed by in-depth knowledge about hardware’s and software’s as the job includes part hardware and part software qualities. Understanding of microcontrollers (Arduino, Raspberry Pi, etc.) along with Programming languages like C++, C, Python, Node JS, and others are a must.

Some certification courses for up-gradation in tech careers are as follows:

Name of course/ certificationModeWebsite
Bits Pilani Post Graduate Programme in the Internet Of ThingsOfflineLink-here
Internet of Things – Advance levelOnlineLink-here
GSTF Training & Certification ProgramOnlineLink-here

Growth Hacker

Description

Growth Hacking is a process of identifying the most efficient ways to grow business with the help of marketers, developers, engineers, and product managers. A growth hacker focuses on low-cost alternatives in marketing, advertising and promoting content using digital media. They use non-conventional techniques to help start-up and small businesses. If you want to be a part of the latest buzz in tech careers, then go for a certificate course/training in growth hacking.

Application of Growth hacking

Growth hacking can be done on various platforms like social media; Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn; Hubspot, buffer, inbound.org and various other.

Growth hackers are one of the most sought after jobs in the start-up world. A growth hacker must have an understanding of product marketing, social media, analytics, SEO, strong analytical skills and must be highly focussed on data-driven experimentation. For example, a start-up can improve its rank in google search by using SEO and other marketing strategies which all come under Growth Hacking.

Education Qualification

There is no formal education to become a growth hacker. Although a marketing background is preferred for this career. So even a non-computer science engineer can also take up growth hacking as a career choice. Some programming skills can improve business development strategy. There are many certificate courses that can add value to a career in growth hacking:

Some certification courses for up-gradation in tech careers are as follows:

Name of course/ certificationModeWebsite
The Complete Digital Marketing CourseOnlineLink-here
Growth Hacking- Free courseOnlineLink-here
Growth Hacking with Digital MarketingOnlineLink-here

Conclusion

Having mentioned all of the latest tech careers creating a buzz in the industry, pursuing careers in technology has opened doors for individuals. With the advent of advanced technologies, almost all the companies and organizations are shifting to digital transformation. Careers in technology are in high demand and this is the right time to upgrade or take certification/ training if one wants to keep updated in the latest trends in technology.

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