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Career Overview

High octane debate on TV of Arnab or Aap Ki Adalat by Rajat Sharma, they have their own charm. These people have become a household name and gained celebrity status. Known for finding truth, news and presenting to the world, they go deeper into today’s political, economic, etc. world. These are our Journalists. If you have the temper of Rajat Sharma or energy of Arnab or will to investigate truth, then Journalism is a career for you.

What is Journalism?

Journalism is the act of gathering, assessing, creating, and presenting news and information. In ancient times, scribes were responsible for copying manuscripts. They can be considered as an early form of journalists. In Europe, the first ever monthly magazine was published in Venice in 1556. These were a handwritten newspaper. However, the first ever printed newspaper appeared in 1600 in Germany. 

Different specialities under Journalism include print journalism, digital journalism, electronic media journalism, photography, web media (new media) journalism, etc.

What do Journalists do?

A journalist is someone who investigates, collects and presents information as a news story. This can be presented through newspapers, magazines, radio, television and the internet.

They may work in one of the following profiles:

  • News Producer: The news producer takes all the elements of a newscast (packages, video, graphics, etc.) and compiles them into a cohesive show.
  • News Journalist: A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public.
  • Reporter: The reporters keep the public informed by reporting on events, conducting interviews with key people, investigating leads, gathering facts and telling stories.
  • News Analyst: A news analyst analyzes and interprets news and information received from various sources in order to be able to broadcast the information.
  • News Anchor: A news anchor is a journalist who educates others about the issues that continuously change and shape the world, whether locally, nationally or internationally.

Apart from these fields, journalists can work as Photo Journalist, Cartoonist, Columnist, Proof Reader, Leader Writer etc.

Figure 1: Annual salary of different profiles of Journalism (in INR)

Figure 2: Typical growth trajectory of a journalist

Famous personalities in this career

Barkha Dutt: Barkha Dutt is an Indian television journalist. She did her masters in Mass Communications from Jamia Millia Islamia. She was part of NDTV's team for 21 years until she left the channel in January 2017. Dutt emerged as a prominent figure after her frontline war reporting on the Kargil Conflict between India and Pakistan in 1999.

Arnab Goswami: Arnab Goswami is an Indian journalist and television news anchor. He is the managing director of the news channel Republic TV which he co-founded along with Rajeev Chandrasekhar. Goswami was the editor-in-chief and a news anchor of the Indian news channel Times Now and ET Now, from 2006 to 2016.

Why may you want to enter into Journalism?

Key Competencies:

  • Active learning skills
  • Fluency in language
  • Should possess good writing skills
  • Well versed in social media fluency
  • Should possess inventiveness       
  • Ability to work as a part of the team


Journalism graduates go on to work in journalism for a range of organizations such as national, regional and local newspapers (print and online), radio and television stations, magazines, media and broadcast companies and creative digital media companies.

Private Sector opportunities: A graduate in journalism can go for jobs in various news and journalism companies in India. There are various private sector companies in India like ADS, Zee Group of companies, Sun TV Network, ABP Group, Eros International, New Delhi Television Ltd (NDTV), etc. which provide employment to journalists.

Public Sector opportunities: ​​​​​​​Candidates with graduation or Post graduation in journalism can find job placement in the field of media as well in addition to journalism. Some of the Government organizations that recruit journalist are Press Council of India, Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity, Press Information Bureau, Doordarshan, Akashvani, etc.

Academic Opportunities: Every College that offers courses on Journalism has opportunities within academics for the Journalists who are interested in teaching as well as research.

How do you get into Journalism?

If the individual wishes to become a journalist, then they can opt for any stream (Science/ Commerce/ Arts) in their class 11. After completing 12th standard, they either can opt for a bachelors' degree in mass communication/journalism or can opt for diploma degree in the same field. After completion of either of the two degrees, they can either go into the work field or can do further studies by opting for Masters’ degree in Journalism followed by a PhD degree.

A graduate from any stream can also choose journalism as a career. He or she can opt for Post-Graduate Diploma course in journalism.

Today journalism as a career stands not only as a prestigious profession but also as a challenging career option. Journalists play a key role in the growth of any nation.

List of Prestigious Indian Colleges:


Course Name

Private or Govt


Entry Mode


IIMC, Delhi

Post-graduate diploma in Journalism



Graduation in any stream + Age under 25 + entrance exam

AJ Kidwai  Mass Communication Research Centre, Delhi (Jamia Millia)

Masters in Mass Communication



Graduation in any stream + entrance exam

Xavier Institute of Communication, Mumbai

Masters in Mass Communication




Graduation in any stream + entrance exam

ACJ, Chennai

Postgraduate Diploma in Journalism



Graduation in any stream + entrance exam

SIMC, Pune

MA in Mass Communication



Graduation in any stream + entrance exam

MICA, Ahmedabad




Graduation in any stream + entrance exam (CAT/GMAT/XAT)

Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media,

Post Graduate Diploma



Graduation in any stream + entrance exam

DJMC, BHU Varanasi

MA Mass Communications



Graduation in any stream + entrance exam

Department of Communication and Journalism, Pune University, Pune

Master of Journalism and Mass Communication (MJMC).



Graduation in any stream + entrance exam

Bharatiya Vidya Bhawan, Delhi

Post Graduate in communication Programmes



Graduation in any stream + entrance exam

List of Prestigious Overseas Colleges

Name of the College/University

Course Name



Entry Route 


Thompson Rivers University


Journalism, Communication, and New Media


Kamloops, Canada



University of Amsterdam


Bachelor's in Communication Science

Amsterdam, Netherlands



Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation,



Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia



University of Salford, Manchester, UK


BA (Hons) Journalism (News)



12th + IELTS

EU Business School (Switzerland),


Bachelor of Arts in Communication & Public Relation

Geneva, Switzerland




Wilfrid Laurier University,


BA in Digital Media and Journalism


Waterloo, Canada



Cape Breton University,


Bachelor of Arts in Communication


Sydney, Canada



Charles Darwin University ,


Bachelor of Creative Arts and Industries (Communication)


Casuarina, Australia



University of Waikato,


Bachelor of Communication Studies


Hamilton, New Zealand



PSB Academy,


Bachelor of Communication (Major in Public Relations and Journalism)


Singapore, Singapore



How much a degree in Journalism cost?

The course cost of studying bachelors’ degree in Journalism from a private college is around 50,000-80,000 per year that is exclusive of hostel fees. However, the government colleges cost around 10,000 INR per year and seats are reserved for SCs, STs, and OBCs whose course cost is much lower. The course cost of doing Journalism from an international college cost around 20-30 lakh rupees per annum which is inclusive of residence and food cost. However, a majority of the international colleges offer scholarship programs.