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Botany

(Agriculture & Food)

Career Overview

OVERVIEW

Botany is a stream of biology and the science of plant life. Conventionally, the science of botany comprised the in depth study of fungi, algae, viruses and bacteria, but this has now become less common. A person specialising in the study of botany is called a Botanist.

Botany includes an extensive range of scientific disciplines comprising structure, growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, ailments, chemical properties, and evolutionary relations among taxonomic groups. Botany can be dated back with early human efforts to identify edible, medicinal and poisonous plants, making it one of the oldest branches of science. Nowadays, botanists study about 400,000 species of existing organisms.

Botany is the learning of all aspects of plant life. It delivers information concerning the general description of plants, the different methods of cultivation, such as indoor or outdoor planting, soil and temperature requirements, pruning, and other significant details, the means of spread (seeds, cuttings, division, etc.), and the different diversities and hybrids.

This science investigates the internal and external structures of all kinds of plants – from the simplest to the most complex forms ; their diverse functions especially with regard to the manufacture of food and modes of respiration; various kinds of movement exhibited by them; their modes of reproduction; their adaptation to the diverse conditions of their environment; their distribution in space and time; their life histories; their classification into natural groups; and the different methods that can be adopted to improve plants in the direction of better quality and higher yield, and even to produce new types of plant species or varieties for benefit and use by mankind.


ELIGIBILITY

You must have studied Biology at the plus 2 level, usually with physics and chemistry as well. An overall percentage of 60 at the plus 2 level is the preferred grade for most of the campuses offering Botany at graduation level.

The courses offered at most of the colleges / universities are  a combination of academic classroom work, research oriented lab work, and field work. The curriculum includes the study of morphology, histology, physiology, ecology, evolution & genetics, and economic botany etc. The students are taken on several field trips to observe plant life in all its various manifestations. They are required to record their findings during these trips and do a lot of project work in addition.

Students with the right bent of mind for research find it fascinating – particularly when at the end of some research project there can be a path breaking discovery!


Work profile of a Botanist-

 

  • Field identification and taxonomy of chief key families and genera;
  • Gathering and safeguarding of plants, and making of herbarium specimens;
  • Define vegetation, using various qualitative and quantitative formats;
  • Basic geomorphology
  • Improve field observation skills; and
  • Advance critical thinking and self-governing vegetation assessment.

CAREER PROSPECTS

  • Today Botany has immense career potential in areas such as Biotechnology, Genetics, Horticulture, Floriculture, Plant Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Forestry, Agriculture etc. Teaching, Government Service and Research can yield some good openings in this area.
  • Botany can lead to a career in genetics (which is the modern experimental study of the laws of inheritance and genes), or biotechnology (a research oriented field for application in various areas such as medicine, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, and environment). Botany is an inter-disciplinary science covering not only biology but also other subjects like physics, chemistry, mathematics and engineering. It is one of the fastest growing fields as it is used in every aspect of industrial and daily life.
  • Botany can also help in making a career in horticulture or floriculture. Horticulture has grown from a kitchen garden kind of activity into a much organised sector. There is increasing demand for fresh and hygienically grown and packed fruit and vegetables. Indigenously rare items like asparagus and celery are being commercially cultivated and new varieties like baby corn have being developed.
  • On the other hand, Floriculture includes cultivation of flowers, flowering and ornamental plants for the market and also the setting up of nurseries for a variety of plants such as ornamental trees, shrubs, bushes, fruit trees, and other plants. There is great demand both nationally and internationally for rare and exotic flowers because of the current “say it with flowers” trend. This also paves way for a very lucrative business.
  • The study of environmental science can also be taken up after a degree in Botany. This is a broad term incorporating various different areas. As a discipline, it is a composite of both the natural and social sciences, its roots being in natural history and the science of ecology. Opportunities in this field are immense for environmental scientists, environmental biologists, environmental  modellers, as well as environmental journalists. In the present scenario, when the environment faces great danger from pollutants of different types, professionals in this area are in great demand.
  • You can also get into forestry after studying botany. In the government sector, one can join the Indian Forest Service which plays an important role in the supervision and management of forests. Botany can be taken as paper for the entrance exam for this Service.
  • You can also do an M.Sc in Botany which can help you get into teaching and research in the area or an M.Sc in agriculture. 

 

Botanists explore and educate plants. They can work in many diverse roles. Some recognize and record and monitor plant species, and search to find novel species in the UK and overseas. Others may keep, manage and improve the plant life in a specific area. Some of them work in laboratories, classifying and purifying possibly useful chemicals made by plants, which may be used in anything from drugs to building resources. There are also chances to teach in universities. 

Working hours can vary accordingly. Botanists who work in laboratories and teach usually work for 37 hours week, from Monday to Friday. Those who work in field and conservation work may devote a lot of time outdoors in all weather circumstances, and could be required to work irregular hours, including weekends. 

SKILLS OF A BOTANIST ARE-

• an inquisitive mind with decent problem-solving abilities 
• cooperation and leadership skills 
• an interest in science, technology and plants. 

There are prospects for botanists in universities, private research institutions, conservation organisations, local authorities, nature reserves and country parks, botanical gardens and collections, and in industries like food, pharmaceuticals and oil. There is strong competition for many professions. There may be the opportunity to work overseas. 

It is possible to enter as a trainee or technician with GCSEs/S grades or A levels/H grades, or the equivalent, but most of the botanists have degrees. Pertinent subjects consist of plant biology and plant sciences. People above 40 years of age find it tough to find a first job for them.


Most field and conservation botanists work, and are qualified, as volunteers before starting a paid employment. Other employers may offer on-the-job training. 
There are uncommon promotion opportunities for field and conservation botanists. Those people who work in laboratories and university as teachers may be promoted to senior positions. Some botanists also get into writing, researching and broadcasting.  



COLLEGE/UNIVERSITY

COURSE

ELIGIBILITY

ENTRANCE

HINDU COLLEGE (DU)

 

 

 

B.Sc.(Hons) Botany

10+2 certification with either from CBSE or from any other approved state board or pre-university or equivalent examination in science stream of education with a minimum 55% marks in aggregate of three academic subjects including biology.

 

No (entrance is on the basis of college cut-off list)

RAMJAS (DU)

B.Sc.(Hons) Botany/

M.Sc.(Hons)Botany

For B.Sc.

A candidate must have passed 10+2 from CBSE or equivalent exam from a recognised board.

 

For M.Sc.

A candidate must have passed Graduation with Botany background

No (entrance is on the basis of college cut-off list)

HANSARAJ (DU)

B.Sc.(Hons) Botany

A candidate must have passed 10+2 from CBSE or equivalent exam from a recognised board with either PCB/PCBt.

No (entrance is on the basis of college cut-off list)

MIRANDA HOUSE(DU)

B.Sc.(Hons) Botany

A candidate must have passed 10+2 from CBSE or equivalent exam from a recognised board with minimum 45% marks in aggregate.

No (entrance is on the basis of college cut-off list)

SHRI GURU TEG BAHADUR KHALSA COLLEGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B.Sc.(Hons) Botany

A candidate must have passed 10+2 from CBSE or equivalent exam from a recognised board with either PCB/PCBt.

No (entrance is on the basis of college cut-off list)

KIRORIMAL (DU)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B.Sc.(Hons) Botany

A candidate must have passed 10+2 from CBSE or equivalent exam from a recognised board with 75% & above marks in PCB/BT (Biotechnology)

 

No (entrance is on the basis of college cut-off list)

DAULAT RAM (WOMEN) (DU)

 

 

 

 

 

B.Sc.(Hons) Botany

A candidate must have passed 10+2 from CBSE or equivalent exam from a recognised board with either PCB/PCBt.

No (entrance is on the basis of college cut-off list)

SHRI VENKATESHWARA COLLEGE (DU)

 

 

 

 

B.Sc.(Hons) Botany

A candidate must have passed 10+2 from CBSE or equivalent exam from a recognised board with minimum 45% marks in aggregate.

No (entrance is on the basis of college cut-off list)

GARGI (DU)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B.Sc.(Hons) Botany

A candidate must have passed 10+2 from CBSE or equivalent exam from a recognised board with either PCB/PCBt.

Students qualifying the cut-off marks criteria of the university will be eligible

No (entrance is on the basis of college cut-off list)

St, XAVIERS (MUMBAI)

 

 

 

 

B.Sc.(Hons) Botany/ M.Sc.  in Botany

For B.Sc.

Students who have passed the H.S.C., or any other examination conducted by a Board/University outside Maharashtra state, should apply to the college for a provisional eligibility certificate. Admissions will be done on the basis of the total marks scored in all subjects taken in the XII standard examination.

 

For M.Sc.

 A candidate for being eligible for admission to the degree of the M.Sc. Degree in Botany should have passed the B.Sc. (Three year integrated course) degree examination of Mumbai University with at least seven units (i.e. minimum required for majoring in a subject) in Botany 

OR

B.Sc. Botany from any other University recognized as equivalent thereto. A Student passing the B.Sc. Degree from other Universities i.e. other than Mumbai University are required to apply for a Provisional Eligibility Certificate issued by the University of Mumbai (Kalina Campus).