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Apr 2019

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Exploring Politics and Policies: Careers in Political Science

Exploring Politics and Policies: Careers in Political Science :   Overview Are you interested in gauging public opinion for a popular politician? Do you have a keen interested in studying public policies and programs and assessing their implementation? Do you have strong opinions about the political system of the country and the functionality of the government? Are you likely to monitor the election of a newly formed government? If you answered yes to all or most of these questions, Political Science may just be the right career option for you, as you will be doing all of this and more.     What is Political Science all about? Political Science is the study of governments, public policies and processes, and political behaviours. Greek Philosopher Aristotle once called Political Science master science as every human social endeavour on this planet gets affected by politics. Some subjects that are closely associated with political science include economics, statistics, law, sociology, psychology and history. As a student of Political Science, you will learn how to assess public policies, develop them, conduct research and analyse and interpret data. You will also gain an in-depth understanding of the distribution of political wer.   How to get into this Career? A student interested in pursuing a career in Political Science should study Humanities at the plus-two level and opt in for Political Science as a subject to gain some basic understanding about the subject. After that, a Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in Political Science can enable one for a successful career in this field. Those inclined towards academics and research should pursue MPhil/PhD degree as well In India, most universities offer specialised UG and PG courses in the field of Political Science, including, but not limited to, University of Delhi, Delhi; Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi; University of Calcutta, Kolkata; Jawahar Lal Nehru University, New Delhi; University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad; Jadavpur University, Kolkata; Punjab University, Chandigarh; University of Pune, Pune among several others.    You can find out more about these universities here:   University of Delhi, Delhi  http://www.du.ac.in/du/ Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi  http://jmi.ac.in/ University of Calcutta, Kolkata  http://www.caluniv.ac.in/ Jawahar Lal Nehru University, New Delhi  http://www.jnu.ac.in/ University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad  http://www.uohyd.ac.in/ Jadavpur University, Kolkata  http://www.jaduniv.edu.in/ Punjab University, Chandigarh http://puchd.ac.in/ University of Pune, Pune http://www.unipune.ac.in/   If you are planning to study abroad, some of the best known institutions in this field include University of Oxford, United Kingdom; Harvard University, USA; University of Columbia, USA; Heidelberg University, Germany; Sciences Po, Paris; Yale University, USA; University of California, USA among others.   You can get more details about these universities here:   University of Oxford, United Kingdom  http://www.ox.ac.uk/ Harvard University, USA  http://www.harvard.edu/ University of Columbia, USA  http://www.columbia.edu/ Heidelberg University, Germany  http://www.politik.uni-hd.de/ Sciences Po, Paris  http://www.sciencespo.fr/en Yale University, USA  http://www.yale.edu/ University of California, USA http://polisci.berkeley.edu/grad/phdrequirements/   Skills and Competencies You need to be extremely comfortable with research, data analysis and interpretation if you want a lucrative career in Political Science. You must be someone who is comfortable in reading extensively. You must be a critical-thinker with the ability to conduct research effectively. You must also have a flair in writing and public speaking for effectively communicating your research findings and recommendations with interested groups.   Career Opportunities As a graduate or post-graduate in Political Science, you can find meaningful career opportunities in the academia, think-tanks, journalism, law, non-government sector and even in the corporate sector. You can become a professor of the subject at a university level and continue exploring the subject by doing research. Political Science graduates are much in demand in non-government organisations, including Oxfam, UNO, WWF, Greenpeace among other prominent names. These days, many corporate organisations hire students with a Political Science background for CSR and sustainability jobs. You can also get associated with a political party as its campaign manager.     Cost Involved The cost of pursuing a UG or PG degree program in Political Science will depend on the institute you are pursuing it from. As government colleges are highly subsidized, the cost of pursuing the course from a government college will be very low whereas private colleges may be costlier. All in all, pursuing a course in Political Science may cost you anywhere from Rs 15,000 to several lakhs depending on the institute you pursue it from.   Talking Money: Remuneration As there are many different kinds of jobs that open up for you as a graduate in Political Science, your remuneration will depend on the kind of work you do. If you begin your career in the academic field, you can except to earn around Rs 40000 or more per month as an Assistant Professor. A job with an NGO can pay you anything between Rs 15000 to Rs 100000 depending upon the organisation and your role. A job with a research firm or think-tank may earn anywhere close to Rs 25000 to Rs 60000 per month.

Career in Chemistry: Unravel the mystery around and within us

Career in Chemistry: Unravel the mystery around and within us : For starters, everything has a chemical context and we are all essentially chemists. Each time we light a match, breathe in and out or boil something, we unknowingly or knowingly perform a chemical reaction. There are chemical processes that go on within our bodies as well. How would you like to make a career out of knowing this chemical magic that happens in and around us? Chemistry is a fundamental science that impacts everything around us. Chemists are literally like magicians, as they have the know-how to convert matter into really amazing things, and sometimes into odd-smelling things. Some of them work to cure cancer and other diseases, while others are monitoring the ozone layer that’s been affected. There are others who develop new materials with new properties, or new textiles. Chemistry is also known as the central science, since it brings together mathematics, physics and environmental science. It is the knowledge of the nature of chemical processes and chemicals within the realm of biological and physical phenomena. The knowledge of chemistry is important because it provides a basis for understanding the universe we live in. Education Under Graduation: For getting an admission in bachelor’s degree, the student must have higher secondary school education i.e. 10+2 with science subjects such as biology, mathematics and chemistry. The duration for this course is 3 years. Post-Graduation:  The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree in chemistry is either holding an engineering degree in chemical or a bachelor's degree with science subjects such as biology, mathematics and chemistry. The duration for this course is 2 years. There are various options after completing a degree in Bachelors in chemistry. This will ensure an enhancement in your already acquired qualification and will help you acquire a job with a heavy salary package. Some of the higher education options are. Masters in Chemical Engineering Masters of science in Chemistry Masters of science in Analytical Chemistry Masters of science in Drug Chemistry Masters of science in Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry Masters of science in Physical & Materials Chemistry Master of Business Administration Doctorate/PhD   Certification courses after Bachelors or engineering in chemistry: There are few options of certification courses available after B.Sc chemistry that helps you reinforce your academic prowess, out of which a very common one is Post-Graduate Diploma in Analytical Chemistry (PGDAC). Specialization fields after Bachelors After the education, a chemical professional can consider some of the many options available in the employment world: Research & Development Research and Product Development Cheminformatics Engineering and Technology Crystallography Pigments, Inks and Dyes Laboratory, Project and Industrial Management Management Project Management   Quality Control/Regulatory Toxicology Safety and Health Toxic or Hazardous Waste Management Quality Assurance or control   Support Information Management Specialist Human Resources Public Information Support and Communication Technical Communication   Sales/Marketing Technical Sales and Marketing   Manufacturing Process and Formulation Chemistry   Law and Policy Law Public Information Regulation of Affairs Policy Social Impact   Military & Law Enforcement Military Science & Technology Forensic Science   Higher Education Professional Staff Basic Research Cheminformatics Professor Information Management     Career Path     Top Universities in India for Bachelors and Masters in Chemistry St. Xavier’s Colleges all over India http://xaviers.edu/main/ St. Stephan’s Colleges across India http://ststephens.edu/ Presidency Colleges around South-Eastern part of India www.presiuniv.ac.in Jamia Hamdard University, Delhi www.jamiahamdard.edu Loyola College, Chennai http://loyolacollege.edu/ Fergusson College, Pune http://fergusson.edu/ Hans Raj College, New Delhi http://hansrajcollege.co.in/ St. Anne College for Women, Hyderabad www.stannscollegehyd.com/ Sri Venkateswara College, New Delhi www.svc.ac.in/ Institute of Chemical Technology http://www.ictmumbai.edu.in/     Top Chemical Engineering Universities in India Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay) www.iitb.ac.in Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi) www.iitd.ac.in Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur) www.iitk.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT KGP) www.iitkgp.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) www.iitm.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee) www.iitr.ac.in/ Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS-Pilani) www.bits-pilani.ac.in Indian Institute of Technology - Banaras Hindu University (IIT-BHU) www.iitbhu.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Guwahati) www.iitg.ac.in/ National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli www.nitt.edu/   Top Universities for Chemical studies in the world Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA www.web.mit.edu University of California, Berkeley (UCB), USA www.berkeley.edu National University of Singapore, Singapore www.nus.edu.sg The University of Melbourne, Australia www.unimelb.edu.au University of Toronto, Canada www.utoronto.ca   Fee Structure Bachelors in Science, which is a 3-year course will cost you anything around INR 60000 to INR 500000, grabbing an engineering degree which is a 4-year course will be an expense of INR 2,00,000 to INR 8,00,000. For studies abroad and for your masters, expect anything from around INR 15,00,000 to INR 40,00,000 in any of the top universities along with the cost of living. This inherent fee structure will be around about the same for your graduation or masters. Career Normally chemists can choose specializations in more than one category depending on the courses they have followed. Few of the worthy fields are analytical chemistry, Agro-chemistry, Astro-chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Biochemistry, Environmental, Food, Physical, Nuclear, Organic and Inorganic chemistry. A degree in chemistry or an inherent specialization in any of the subsets in the subject can help an individual take up the following job posts: Lecturer Cytologist Chemist Clinical Research Specialist Laboratory Technician Geneticist Radiologist Plant Biochemist Researcher Toxicologist Scientist Technical Writer/Editor Salary Structure                    Soucre: Payscale With an engineering degree you can expect to earn anything between INR 10 Lacs to 20 Lacs with the proper growth and skills. After your masters or a doctorate you should be expecting to earn around INR 15 to 30 Lacs. With higher education abroad and working in an international company, your salary package will get a great hike of up to INR 35 Lacs - 60 Lacs, depending on the sector and the company where you chose to find your place in. Final Note Chemistry engineers or graduates are highly in demand by international companies. If you are looking for real and concrete opportunities and are ready to bear the expenses, the world can be your playground as you can get the chance to delve into some of the lesser known aspects of the natural world and uncover the secrets of the cosmos through the understanding of the science of chemicals.  

Globalize your career with International Relations

Globalize your career with International Relations : International relations is not confined as a theoretical subject, but has developed as a dynamic career field. It is an interesting subject dealing with the tessellating relations amongst nations. Learn how to seek career opportunities amongst relations between nations.   The twenty first era was marked by the advent of globalization. It led to increased dependency amongst nation states and international relations strengthened. It has opened tremendous career opportunities for people interested in global political environment and international relations. If you love reading about the relations amongst nations and want to explore more in this field, then here are several career options that can lead to a well established career. International relations is one of the most diverse career options that has an amalgamation of intellect, connectivity, handsome salaries and global impact. Eligibility International Relations as a career offer great opportunity for well qualified individuals. After twelfth standards in any stream and graduation with minimum 55 percent can pursue masters in International Relations. Most of the graduates in Political Science prefer post graduation in International Relations. The subject offers research courses in multiple streams such as West Asia, International Organization, South East Asian Nations, Regional and International Politics, Diplomacy and Disarmament and other fields. Masters in Philosophy and doctorate can be pursued in the International Relations. Colleges offer masters in International Relations and students can be admitted after qualifying entrance examination of respective universities. For pursuing studies beyond post graduation, entrance examinations along with interviews needs to be qualified. Since the seats are limited, there is extreme competition amongst the students and thorough theoretical knowledge and efficent grasp over the subject is required. Fee Structure Internships are avialable for international relations students in several research organizations and international public policy institutes. The annual tution fees for masters programme range from 7000 INR to 25000 INR. International Relations courses are available in leading universities abroad where only the most desrving candidates can claim a seat. The annual fees structure range from 500000 to 1200000 INR. Career Path                                                                       Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website Jawaharlal Nehru University M.A,  M. Phil., Doctorate Delhi http://www.jnu.ac.in/ Delhi University  M.A Delhi http://www.du.ac.in/du/ South Asian University M.A Delhi https://www.nliu.ac.in/ Symbiosis School for Liberal Arts M.A Pune http://www.ssla.edu.in/ Jadavpur University  M.A. Kolkata http://www.jaduniv.edu.in/ Christ University M.A. Bangalore http://www.christuniversity.in/ Mahatma Gandhi University M.A. Kottayam, Kerala, http://www.mgu.edu.in/ Pondicherry University M.A. Jodhpur http://www.pondiuni.edu.in/     Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Cambridge University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, U.S. https://www.cam.ac.uk/  Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ New York University  Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral New York, US http://www.nyu.edu/   Yale University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Yale, US   http://www.yale.edu/   Princeton University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral New Jersey, US http://www.princeton.edu/main/ University of California Post-graduation, Doctoral, Berkeley, US http://www.berkeley.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/   University of Michigan Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Ann Arbor, U.S. https://www.umich.edu/        Opportunities and Salaries Globalization and increased interdependency have brought the world closer. New issues that have emerged such as human rights, poverty, refugees, terrorism, hunger, health and several others that are no longer confined within national borders. International Relations have thus developed an extremely increasing scope and career opportunities are vibrant in this field. International Relations professionals can become political journalists and analysts of diplomatic relations. In government sector boundless opportunities are available as policy analysts, Indian foreign services and in diplomacy department. Job opportunities related to political and legal advisor as bureaucrats are available. International organizations such as the United Nations, European Union, ASEAN, and other global/ regional organizations, both governmental and nongovernmental sectors offer jobs with prestige and handsome salaries for International Relations pass outs. Law is also a good option where individuals can work in field of trade regulations, export regulations and international business. Job opportunities are also available in NGO’s such as CARE, Amnesty International and Red Cross where qualified individuals in international relations can apply for several posts. Researchers, lecturers and professors are other job profiles for international relations graduates and post graduates. The pay scale of international relations scholars varies on the basis of qualifications, experience and firms worked in. For lecturers in prestigious universities, the monthly salaries range from 30000- 75000 INR. Political scientists and policy analysts are also well paid with above mentioned range and gain recognition for representing the nation at various international platforms. International organizations hire deserving candidates that get handsome salaries and several perks. Job opportunities in international relations have multiple benefits. The candidates are well paid, it is a highly respectable job, provides opportunities to be presented nationally and globally and it is a job of intellect and endeavors for national and international growth.      International relations is filled with multiple opportutnies with diverse sub categories. Today the world is no less than a global village and global interdependency is the need of the hour. International Relations thus, brings dynamic career oppoetunties for indiviudals dedicated towards this field.  

Enter the world of information, and glamor with a career in media studies

Enter the world of information, and glamor with a career in media studies : A Media study is a broad term which encompasses mass communications, PR, journalism and many more related wings. This field is comparatively new and its now being taken seriously all across the globe. In a country like India, media studies will have a very big role to play since it is directly linked with information handling and framing mindsets along with opinions of the masses. In a country as diverse as ours, there is immense scope of information handling and reporting. The way information is given and dealt with judiciously will make a difference in this industry. So as soon as someone chooses the career path of media studies, he or she should be prepared to take the responsibility of disseminating information and handling it in an unbiased way.   What are the bodies that employ media studies professionals? Creative industries and cultural industries make use of media studies graduates apart from media industry of course. The work areas where such professionals are required are PR and media practice, writing along with publishing, journalism, digital media and computer games, video and filmmaking, television and radio. The main employers of media studies professionals are colleges and universities   Marketing organizations Government bodies Civil services Communication agencies Newspaper industry Media companies publishing houses TV and radio companies PR consultancies     What are the colleges and universities that offer courses on media studies in India? Some of the good colleges in India that offer Bachelors, Masters, MPhil and PhD programs have been enlisted below. Serial No Names of Institutes Courses offered  1 Madras Christian College, Chennai Certificate Course in Online Journalism Diploma in Advertising and Public Relations (DAPR)  2 Kamala Nehru College for Women, Delhi B.A. Journalism  3 K.C. College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Mumbai Masters in Entertainment, media and advertising Bachelor in Mass Media  4 Indraprastha College for Women, New Delhi Bachelors Journalism  5 Tata Institute of Social Sciences MA in Media and Cultural studies PG Diploma in Community Media  6 Amity School Of Communication, Noida B.A. & M,A, (Film & Television Production) B.A.& M.A. (Journalism & Mass Communication) - 3 Continent MBA Media management PhD in Mass communication  7 Symbiosis Institute of Media & Communication, Pune MA Mass Communication  8 Lady Shri Ram College for Women, Delhi B.A. Journalism  9 Christ University, Bangalore B.A., M.A. and MPhil. In Media and communication. The fees of such courses range from  Rs. 200000/-Rs. 600000/- for these courses in private institutions, while it is pretty affordable in normal degree colleges.   So how much can a media studies person make in India? Fortunately in India the career paths opening up after a stint in media studies are not dismal. Though it is a growing field but you can definitely do well by choosing to serve the field of media, here itself in India. The salary figures are interesting depending on what majors have they pursued after graduating in media studies.                     Source:Payscale   What are the institutes abroad to pursue media studies?   Here are some of the institutes to pursue media studies abroad. Serial No Name of Institutes Courses offered 1 University of Akron Bachelor of Arts in Communication - Interpersonal and Public Communication Master of Arts in Communication - Communication Studies Track 2 Johnson & Wales University - Providence Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Degree in Media and Communication Studies 3 Saint Peter's University Bachelor of Arts in Communication 4 Loughborough University London Digital Media Systems post graduation Internet and Media Clouds post graduation Sports Digital and Media Technologies postgraduation 5 University of New England (UNE) Advanced Diploma in Arts majoring in Screen and Media Studies 6 University of the West of Scotland Broadcast Production BA 7 University of Bristol Communications PhD Disability Studies (Inclusive Theory and Research) MSc 8 University of Hartford - Undergraduate Admissions Bachelor of Arts in Communication - Communication Studies Bachelor of Arts in Communication - Media and Journalism The fees amount can be really high for these courses ranging from Rs.800000/-Rs.3000000/- per year.   What are the career prospects of media studies abroad? It is desirable that if one has a degree in media studies from U.K. or U.S.A. it can be easier to land upon a job abroad. The course fees can be really enormous but then a capable person is more than compensated in the industry with a degree in media studies. Preferably you can work for free or do an internship of at least a year, even while pursuing the course to give you some experience. That way you can always do a better job when embarking on full fledged paid career in media studies. Salary figures can be quite enticing for a career in media studies if pursued abroad as shown below in the table.   Pros and Cons of a career in media studies Media studies professionals get to establish many kinds of contacts and hone their skills for effective communication. This renders them extremely malleable to fit into a wide variety of roles. Payment can be really good with many options to pursue career all across the world. But then the lifestyle of such people can be quite unpredictable. The work hours can be light to very hectic. Food preferences may need to be broadened to adjust in any situation. And travel schedules can be erratic however providing ample scope to discover people and places (can be quite perilous too).   Call for action India is in huge requirement of responsible unbiased media studies professionals. If a career in writing, reporting and handling of information seems attractive to you, then this nation is in need of qualified capable population like you.

Heal the world with a pinch of Microfinance

Heal the world with a pinch of Microfinance : Microfinance is the “provision of thrift, credit and other financial services and products of very small amounts to the poor in rural, semi urban or urban areas, for enabling them to raise their income levels and improve living standards”. People work for the better of the poor and the alleviation of poverty in the microfinance industry. The pioneer of modern micro-finance in the world is Dr. Muhamad Yunus, who designed credit programs to serve the poor with his graduate students in 1972 at Chittagong University.  This piloted program, later named Grameen Bank, was awarded the Nobel Prize along with Dr. Yunus. Bandhan Bank … catching the eyeballs with their Red and Blue diya logo and our attention with their catchy tagline “Aapki Bhala … Sabki Bhala”. The newest bank in the block started their journey as a micro-finance organisation under the visionary, Mr Chandra Sekhar Ghosh. According to a World Bank research, India is home to almost one third of the world’s poor (surviving on an equivalent of one dollar a day). Though the government has taken several initiatives to alleviate poverty, microfinance plays a major contribution to financial inclusion. In recent times, it has made a remarkable contribution to eradicate poverty, and has been successful to increase the income level and the standard of living of the lowest strata of the society. About half of the Indian population still doesn’t have a savings bank account and they are deprived of all banking services. Though the Jan Dhan Yojna and other steps of the present government towards financial inclusion have received great responses, yet the actual impact is not much. The poor need financial services to fulfil their needs like consumption, building of assets and protection against risk. Microfinance institutions serve as a supplement to banks and in some sense a better one too. These institutions not only offer micro credit but they also provide other financial services like savings, insurance, remittance and non-financial services like individual counselling, training and support to start own business and the most importantly in a convenient way. Required Education There are no definite requirements for education in microfinance sector. It depends on the profile in which one wants to work. Graduates in any discipline having experience in social, economic and cultural conditions of a particular locality are preferred by the microfinance institutions. They get hired as local coordinator / local organizer / community organizer / group promoter / field officer at the operational level. Graduates usually start as field level officers, whereas a commerce graduate or post graduate can also opt for the post of a credit officer/accountant in Micro Finance Institutions. Professional graduates in the discipline of Agriculture, Veterinary, Horticulture, MBA, and Engineering are also regarded highly in the microfinance industry and are usually posted as area / zonal / regional manager. The graduates of rural development and rural management institutes are highly preferred for various positions in MFIs. Career Path Course Details: Graduates in any discipline can opt for a career in microfinance. However, there are few institutions known to provide courses recognised or preferred in the microfinance industry globally. The details are listed below: Top Institutes (India): Institute Locations Course Eligibility Website/Information Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Mumbai Delhi Kharagpur Kanpur Chennai Guawahati Roorkee Varanasi And, 11 other locations 1.B.Tech 2. M.Tech 3. Integrated M.Sc 1.Class XII (PCM) 2.B.E/B.Tech 3. Class XII (PCM)   And, entrance examinations like, IIT-JEE, GATE. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Institutes_of_Technology     https://www.iitsystem.ac.in Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad Bangalore Kolkata Lucknow Indore Kozhikode PGDBM At least 10+2+3 in any discipline   CAT/GMAT https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Institutes_of_Management   Xavier Labor Research Institute Jamshedpur PGDM At least 10+2+3 in any discipline   XAT/GMAT www.xlti.ac.in/ Institute of Rural Management Anand Anand PGBM Own Exam www.irma.ac.in/ Tata Institute of Social Science   Mumbai M.A/PGDM Own Exam www.tiss.edu/   Top Institutes (Overseas): Abroad, usually, microfinance is taken up as a specialization in MBA (Finance). Following are the top B-schools in the world: Institute Courses Average Score in GMAT Country Website University of Chicago – Booth School of Business MBA 720 USA https://www.chicagobooth.edu/ Stanford Graduate School of Business MBA 720 USA https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/ Harvard Business School MBA 730 USA http://www.hbs.edu/Pages/default.aspx University of Pennsylvania-Wharton MBA 728 USA https://www.wharton.upenn.edu/ London business school MBA 700 UK https://www.london.edu/ INSEAD MBA 703 France http://www.insead.edu/home/ University of Oxford- Saïd Business School MBA 690 UK http://www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/ HEC Paris MBA MBA 690 France http://www.mba.hec.edu/ NUS Business School MBA         672 Singapore http://bschool.nus.edu/ HKUST Business School MBA         600 Hong Kong http://www.bm.ust.hk/ Source: Financial Times, QS Other than GMAT/SAT/GRE, it is mandatory for the students to appear for IELTS/TOEFL. Scores above 100 are considered to be good in TOEFL. Again, one should remember that while applying for the MBA schools, the score in entrance is only a fraction of the parameters used for judging a candidate. Everything in the application really does matter, including the application essays and recommendations. Cost in Fees: The cost of a MBA from a top college in India would range between INR 8.0 lacs to INR 25.0 lacs including allied costs. However, the costs incurred in TISS is much lower than other colleges. An MBA from abroad would range between INR 35.0 lacs to INR 90.0 lacs including allied costs. Job Profiles Broadly, one has to work in the either of the broad categories: Business Development – Primarily involved in generating more revenues Credit - Primarily responsible for assessing the risk potential of a proposal Operational role - Primarily responsibilities are operational in nature, including, promotion and awareness The job roles usually offered are: Branch Manager Credit Officer Field Coordinator Collection officer Customer Relationship Officer The responsibilities of a person working in microfinance industry include: Credit policy and credit underwriting including Credit Appraisal Monitoring Financial analysis, reference checks, and other due diligence required for sanctioning of proposals Supervision of day to day operations including disbursement and collections management Portfolio and process monitoring and identify potential areas for streamlining and increased efficiency MIS and reporting Opportunities and Growth According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), economic growth in the 20 most important microfinance markets will increase from 4.4% to 4.8% in 2015. The global microfinance market should once again achieve growth of 15-20% in 2015 and Asia has the strongest growth momentum. The below info graphic shows the projected growth in the microfinance around the world. Projected Growth rates of Microfinance Industry around the globe A particularly impressive development in Asia is the revival of India’s microfinance market. There are approximately 350 million people in India living below poverty line, thus, microfinance translates to around 80 million households. The annual credit demand by the poor is around Rs. 60,000 crores and cumulative disbursement is around Rs. 5,000 crores. The outstanding portfolio would be around Rs. 1,600 crores. Only 5% of India’s rural poor has access to microfinance. Thus, there is an immense potential for growth in Microfinance in India. Thus, opportunities are galore in microfinance in the recent future. Industries to Explore An expert in microfinance would work in the following industries: Banking and Financial Services Industry (BFSI): Banks, like, SBI, Bandhan Bank, etc Microfinance Institutions, like, SKS Microfinance, Janalakshmi Financial Services, Ujjivan Financial Services Consulting Firms like, Ernst & Young (E&Y), PWC Agribusiness & Rural Marketing & CSR companies, like, Pidilite, ITC, Emami, NEEV The CV of a candidate in Microfinance industry   The key skills that the recruiters looks while recruiting for a candidate in Microfinance Company are: Excellent communication and interpersonal skills – The job profile requires regular interaction with various stake-holders, or, the client. In this industry, a candidate is mostly required to interact in local language Ability to work under pressure – One has to work under strict deadlines, and most entry-level profiles require to stretch long. The individual should be self-motivated, proactive and passion to work Experience of the social, economic and cultural conditions of the locality Earnings The compensation for people working in microfinance industry is comparatively lower than that of other heads in the finance industry. The entry level pay varies from Rs. 1.0 lacs to Rs. 1.5 lacs per annum. In the senior levels, the packages are much higher. The branch manager earn around Rs. 8.0 to Rs. 10.0 lacs per annum. What Next? One can move on to consulting and advisory profiles at later stage of his career One can also move into academic roles One can start an NGO or work for NGOs  

Mining Engineering: Digging A Golden Career!!

Mining Engineering: Digging A Golden Career!! : Unconventional is the new conventional! Youngsters are opting for new, untrodden career paths today, from fashion designing to cosmetology, from cosmetic dentistry to fashion photography. Even engineering is not restricted to the traditional mechanical, electrical and computer engineering. With subjects like aeronautical engineering, mining engineering, agriculture engineering, etc. we have seen the rise of many alternative engineering courses in the past few decades. Let’s have a look at one of the special engineering course catching up rapidly with the already popular one.   Who am I?? Mining engineering is an engineering branch that involves the practice and application of technology for obtaining and processing minerals from the environment.  Mining Engineers design mines and apply engineering principles to the safe and effective extraction of natural resources from these mines. Mining engineers focus on creating mining equipment and techniques that are as friendly to the environment and cost effective. Work of a mining engineer can be an office job or a field job. Depending on the type of mine, they may work above ground in an open cast mine, or underground in a traditional mine. Mining Engineers should be prepared to travel and stay away from home for extended periods.   What Do WE Mining Engineers Do? Mining Engineers often have to work in collaboration with Geologists and Metallurgical Engineers to locate and evaluate new mineral deposits. Mining Engineers are involved in the developing innovative equipment or monitor mineral-processing operations to separate minerals from dirt, rock, and other materials. They are involved in designing both open-pit and underground mines, supervise the operations of the mine, train mining staff and crew, oversee the design and construction of mine shafts and tunnels in underground mines, looking into methods for transporting minerals to the various processing plants. It is a mining engineer’s job to ensure that the mines are operated safely and in the most environmentally effective manner. They also observe the quality and quantity of production assess the efficiency of the mine operation. Mining engineers play a crucial role in finding solutions to pressing issues such as water and air pollution and land reclamation.   Educating Myself Aren’t sure whether mining engineering is for you. Are you good at maths and science? Do you have an interest in natural resources? Do you love problem-solving? Do you love the outdoors? Are you interested in working underground? Then you are made for a brilliant career in mining. A Bachelor’s of Science degree from a recognized institute in Mining Engineering is all you require. Master’s degree programs in mining engineering are typically two-year programs. Minimum 60% marks at Higher & Senior Secondary level (10th & 12th). A minimum 60% aggregate in Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics at Senior Secondary level (12th) is required. In addition to it you will need to have strong problem-solving abilities, as well as the ability to communicate effectively. A Mining Engineer should archetypally be able to visualize three-dimensional objects from 2-dimensional drawings.   A list of some of the good colleges that offer this course are: Name of Institute Enterance Test Official Website Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Jee Advanced www.iitkgp.ac.in Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad JEE Mains & JEE Advaced www.ism.ac.in/ Acharya Institute of Technology, Bangalore CET/COMEDK/University/PGCET www.acharya.ac.in/ Regional Engineering College, Rourkela JEE Mains www.nitrkl.ac.in Orissa School Of Mining, Keonjhar Odisha Jee www.osme.net.in   Top Mining Colleges in the World Name of Institute Enterance Test Official Website Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University SAT /ACT + TOEFL/IELTS http://www.vt.edu/ Michigan Technological University TOEFl/IELTS http://www.mtu.edu/ Pennsylvania State University SAT /ACT + TOEFL/IELTS http://www.psu.edu/ Colorado School of Mines SAT /ACT + TOEFL/IELTS http://www.mines.edu/ University of Exeter IELTS http://www.exeter.ac.uk/ University of Kentucky SAT /ACT + TOEFL/IELTS http://www.uky.edu/   Scope and remuneration: Ranging from complex aircraft parts to paints, minerals have a wide variety of use in diverse industries. From the road we drive on to the building we live in, everything needs different minerals or their by-products. Mining enterprise across the world has evolved in last few decades with technological erudition brought in mining workplaces. Mineral Industry needs highly proficient engineers and scientists. With the increasing significance of mining activities, a career in mining has become a lucrative option now. Jobs are available in both government and the private sector.The starting salary for a mining engineer in india can be between 3-6 lakhs per anum.  Some of the organizations that hire mining engineers are The Indian Bureau of Mines, Geological Survey of India, Coal India, Tata Steel, Reliance, ONGC, HCL, NALCO and Neyveli Lignite. Countries like Saudi Arabia, UK, Qatar and Kuwait also provide lucrative career opportunities for interested candidates with the salary ranging from $64,000 to $98,000 per annum. The private sector has higher salaries whereas government sectors have higher perks.   To sum it all The demand of mining Engineers has become very important with swelling demand for technological innovation and safe mining. Be it a mountain, desert, in the ocean, across India or the world. You’ll probably find mining engineers working in all of these places sweating away on mining assignments. Explore the many aspects of mining engineering from exploration to production and mine closure. Best of luck…. Dig a Golden career for yourself!!

Choose the career of a dance therapist as you wheel around to the rhythm divine

Choose the career of a dance therapist as you wheel around to the rhythm divine : The path of dance and music is merely not limited to provide entertainment and promote regional culture. But it has a very unique connection to the emotional being of any individual. Dance can connect souls, interpret moves, and has a therapeutic effect on the inner being of a person. It has the ability to unleash the energy by removing obstructions prevalent in mind as well as physical being. This is the basis of dance movement therapy. India being at the pinnacle of diverse culture and dance forms, is extremely promising ground for the development of dance therapy as a career option.   So how does a dance therapist work? The total health of the patient or client is aimed at improving through engaging dance steps and movements by any professional dance therapist. They can be dance of any form. The fundamentals of any dance therapy basically target the following wellness of health.   A dance therapist would work with his or her clients to bring about an improvement in their total body image or restoration and build up of self esteem. Enhance effective skills to intermingle in society along with good communication skills developed. Aids clients in gaining insight to the patterns that are leading to his or her behavioural problems Helps in the exploration of options or methods to develop normal or societal behaviour   Where to pursue dance therapy in India? There are very few places in India where dance therapy can be pursued as a career. A person who can perceive dance more than just an art form should definitely venture into the possibilities. It is highly possible that you join workshops and trainings of renowned dance therapists in India to gain insight into the subject. There are some institutes and courses mentioned below to help you decide on this. To pursue most of these courses, certification in any dance form or psychology is desired. S No. Names of institutes Courses offered 1 Women’s Christian College, in association with The East West Centre for Counselling and Training Diploma course in Expressive Art Therapy 2 Creative Movement Therapy Association in India 60 hours annual certification course in dance movement therapy. 3 Symbiosis School for Liberal Arts DANCE Movement therapy course of 60 hours   The fees involved can vary from few thousands for some workshops to Rs. 300000/- as it is in the Symbiosis School of Arts.   People who contributed to dance therapy in India Dance therapy in India is something that is being practised by a handful people in the recent times. These dancers have really added a new dimension to their love of dance as an art form to restore balance in the lives of people around them.   Tripura Kashyap: She is considered as one of the pioneers of dance therapy in India. She realized while working with disabled children, that while dancing they beautifully reacted to the musical rhythms irrespective of their disabilities. Thus began her journey in dance therapy. She pursued dance therapy as a subject at Hancock Centre of Movement Art and Therapies Wisconsin in 2005. She came back to India to work with autistic children and develop dance movement therapy as a therapeutic supplement for their treatment.   Sohini Chakraborty: In her academy Sanved in Kolkata, this lady evolved further with dance therapy and helped victims of human traffic to get back mental stability and facilitate in their psycho-social rehabilitation. She mainly employed symbolism in her dance therapy techniques to help them break barriers and express their feelings.   Dilshad Patel: At Harkness Dance Centre in New York, Dilshad Patel completed her training in dance therapy. She works in Mumbai as a dance therapist to help revive children with hearing and visual disabilities and those struck with HIV. She also believes in the capabilities of dance therapy to combat everyday stress.   Syed Sallauddin Pasha: He worked with children of special needs to help them break their routine shackles of obstruction through drama and dance therapy. How to pursue a career abroad? To study dance therapy as a subject deeply it is indeed a great idea to move abroad, since India still does not have well structured courses in the subject. The pioneers in this field are not too old and they too had moved to countries like U.S.A and U.K. which are very well equipped in the treatment methodologies of dance therapy to learn in deep about this comparatively new subject. Any aspiring dance therapist should have a degree in liberal arts with a strong dance background in addition as pointed by American Dance Therapy Association (ADTA). Subjects like psychology, recreation therapy or dance can be pursued at an undergraduate level. For a master’s degree students can enrol in U.S.A. in any ADTA approved programs. If the students wishes to pursue the same in U.K. then it should be approved by Association for Dance Movement Therapy (ADMT) U.K. You can carry a registred DMT (R-DMT) or a board certified DMT (BC-DMT) for practising in U.S.A.   Institutes to pursue dance therapy as a subject Some of the selected institutes in USA and U.K. have been enlisted below where dance therapy can be pursued as subject. Serial No. Name of Institutes Courses offered 1 University of Roehampton Dance Movement Psychotherapy MA   2 Goldsmiths University of London Dance Movement Psychotherapy MA, MPhil and PhD   3 London Metropolitan University Sports and Dance Therapy BSc (Hons)   4 Drexel University Master of Arts in Dance/Movement Therapy   5 University of Derby Creative Expressive Therapies (Dance) BA (Hons) Dance Movement Therapy and Psychotherapy MA 6 Codarts, University for the Arts, Netherlands Master in Dance Therapy   U.K. and U.S. course can range from Rs. 600000/- to Rs. 1600000/- which can prove to be quite an expensive option for a subject which is just budding to grow.   How much to expect? The salary figures are still not very well defined since dance therapy as a career option is still new. However the Bureau of Labor Statistics has pointed an average median salary of $44,280, while those who are ace at it can earn a salary of $67,000.   Pros and cons of dance therapy as a career Dance therapy as a career option has an immense field to grow and it is ideal for ant person passionate about serving the society in a different and lesser tried methodologies. But then one has to struggle and be confident of laying their own path as it requires contribution from various entrepreneurs. It is indeed very interesting to work with but practitioners can face issues as recipients may find the idea of using dance or movement as means to cure their shortcomings.   Call for action India being a land of diverse culture and art form should explore ways in which they can make use of this to help its own people recover from their inabilities. In fact they should be the torch bearers to such idea and spread the message of love and communication through such techniques which can be unique to its own land.  

Be the artistic engineer with a career in product designing

Be the artistic engineer with a career in product designing : Have you ever daydreamt about making products that could do simple tasks for you and make your life easier? Have you ever looked at an ordinary everyday product and thought that there was so much more that could have been done with it? Do you want to do engineering and still not let your creativity die out? Well then, have we got the career for you!   What are you talking about? The career is that of a Product Designer. A Product Designer is a person who designs innovative and creative products from scratch. They make products that are not only designed well but also that make a targeted task much easier to do by using the product. Product Designers stand on the border between art and engineering: they use their artistic capability to conceptualize and draw a blueprint of a product and then use their knowledge of engineering and science to actually make it. They take a product beyond just performing a simple task to being extremely efficient, functional and easy to use as well as visually appealing to the target consumers of the product.   How does one do all that? Product Designers work in one of two ways: In-house companies, where they work closely with the marketing department of a company to better existing company products and design new products Consultancy-based design, where designing takes place as per the needs of various approaching clients Either way, the work of a product designer with market research. This will give them key information related to their product: what do consumers want, what are their reactions to existing products, will a new product be viable, what key features will make the product sell, etc. Based on this information, product designers will then begin conceptualizing a new product. The initial sketches on paper then move to a Computer-Aided Design, a blueprint and then to a prototype. Prototypes are presented to the client/company managers. Sometimes products are even tested by consumers. Constant feedback is taken to better the product in terms of usability, safety and lower cost of making it. Designers often work in a team to have a variety of inputs. After a rigorous process of trying and testing, the final product reaches the market. Product Designers usually specialize in a particular area of products, such as vehicles, mobiles, medical equipment, etc. Product Designers are also sometimes involved specifically in bettering an existing product by making it cheaper, adding more uses or making it more aesthetic. After the release of the product, designers also work closely with the marketing team to advertise the product on its advantages.   All this requires specific skills from a Product Designer. To name a few: Ability to recognize the expectations of the consumer and also the possible benefits that the manufacturer can get from a new product Creative streak to make the product visually appealing in size, shape and colour. Understanding of materials involved and process of production Being up-to-date with innovations that can better a product or make it cheaper Being able to adjust easily to market needs Being able to work punctually and meet deadlines   Sweet! How do I get to do this? There are several diploma as well as graduate courses available right after 12th. Institutes such as National Institute of Design and some IITs offer bachelor’s degrees in Product Design/Industrial Design. Alternatively, one can go for an ordinary engineering or architecture course and subsequently pursue a postgraduate diploma/degree course offered in several reputed institutes in India. All most all of these institutes have their own entrance exams, which will test your aptitude for the career. A good portfolio matters for going for these courses. Some of the renowned colleges in India are: Sr. No. Colleges Location 1 National Institute of Design Ahmedabad 2 Industrial Design Centre, IIT-B Mumbai 3 Instrument Design and Development Centre, IIT Delhi New Delhi 4 Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing (CPDM), IISc Bangalore 5 Department of Design- IIT Guwahati Guwahati 6 MAEER’s MIT Institute of Design Pune 7 Srishti School of Design Bangalore 8 DSK International School of Design Pune 9 IILM School of Design Gurgaon 10 Raffles Millennium International Mumbai     Some of the renowned colleges across the world are: Sr. No. Institutes Location 1 Pratt Institute of Art New York City, USA 2 Art Center College of Design Pasadena, California, USA 3 Florence Design Academy Italy 4 Carnegie Mellon University  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA 5 Royal College of Art London 6 California College of the Arts San Francisco, California, USA 7 Savannah College of Art and Design ‘SCAD’ Atlanta, Georgia, USA 8 Hong Kong Polytechnic University School of Design Hong Kong, China 9 UMEA Institute of Design Umea, Sweden 10 Domus Academy Milan, Italy   What about the fees? The fees for undergraduate programmes range from around 70,000 to 2.5 lakhs per annum. However do not be surprised if the fees go beyond this in private universities. The fees for postgraduate programmes are within the range of 50,000-2, 50,000 per annum.   What kind of salary are we talking about? The median salary for a Product Designer in India is Rs. 4, 02,125 per annum, which increases with experience. You can get a job right after your bachelor’s if you’re talented enough. However a master’s degree will help you get placed in better firms and have a larger salary.   Conclusion: Product Designers are demanded by industries as they require fresher ideas and newer innovative products and designs to make sure consumers are always interested in buying their products. The profession is a right mix for those who possess technological knowledge and a creative streak. Though the education can be expensive, it will pay off in the long run as you will enjoy a decent salary figure.

Drive the Adrenaline with a career in Adventure sports

Drive the Adrenaline with a career in Adventure sports : If you have ever felt that you should keep your passion for rock climbing, bungee jumping, white water rafting or parasailing hushed up in cupboards because they can keep you drifted from pursuing your career goals then you are mistaken. You should definitely consider making your passion and hobby as your full time job. Yes, adventure sports can be your full fledged career option. In a country like India endowed with all the natural wonders, a career in adventure sports can be really promising and exciting. Good news is the adventure sports and travel industry is growing up in a big way in India, and you can make hay while the sun shines.   What are the different kinds of adventure sports? Adventure sports can be broadly categorized under three main headings, land, water and air. Land Sports: These are the most common types and India excels in providing trainings at different levels. Some of the sports are trekking, rock climbing, skiing, adventure racing, snowboarding, biking , land yachting etc. Air sports: Paragliding, sky surfing, Bungee jumping, and sky diving are some of the common air sports Water sports: white water rafting, scuba diving, snorkelling, yacht racing, kayaking, cliff diving, canoeing, boat racing and so on are some of the common water sports.   What is the eligibility required? To become a certified adventure sports performer or trainer with some institute or hotel, travel agencies, or for some travel channels, you do not require any formal qualification degree. What you need is an undaunted spirit and must have qualified the trainings provided by some of the well known training institutes in India or abroad. And you should be within the age range of 16-40 years. You can be hired by reputed adventure training institutes, for the purpose of providing training, corporate houses to train their employees on specially arranged adventure trek expeditions. And finally some travel channel can also take note of you and can hire you for their adventure tour episodes. Or even better is you open your own adventure sports academy to train people.   How much can you make? Unfortunately in India the salary figures for adventure sport professionals are not very high. Starting salaries are from R.6000-Rs.10000/- on a monthly basis at the beginning of the career. After a while it can maximally increase to Rs.20000/- to Rs.25000/- per month.  Some who are ace in this field can manage to earn Rs. 600/-Rs. 1500/- per day.     Where to pursue adventure sports training in India? There are hardly any degrees won for these trainings, but experience earned is unparalleled. The course fees are minimal ranging from Rs. 12000/-Rs.50000/-. The course durations can stretch from few days to few months. Serial No Names of Institutes Trainings offered 1 Himalayan Mountaineering Institute Darjeeling Course covering mountaineering 2 Nehru Institute of Mountaineering, Uttarkashi Course covering mountaineering 3 Jawahar Institute of Mountaineering, Batote Course covering mountaineering 4 Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports, Manali Course covering mountaineering 5 Regional Mountaineering Centre, McLeodganj Course covering mountaineering 6 Winter Sports Skiing Centre, Kulu Course covering skiing 7 High Altitude Trekking & Skiing Centre, Narkanda Course covering skiing & trekking 8 Bilaspur, Regional Water Sports Centre Course covering water sports 9 National Institute of Water Sports, Goa Course covering water sports 10 Balloon Club of India, Bahadurshah Zafar Marg, New Delhi  - 11 Wings and Flights , Pune Course covering paragliding     Should I explore career options abroad? Why not? If you wish that Himalayas, the seas of India and the azure skies are not enough for you, you can definitely pursue training courses abroad. They are better paid, and you can get to travel and explore some of the most exotic locales around the world. You can even get sources to have your personal expeditions sponsored. The salary figures are shown below     What are some of the courses offered in adventure sports? These are some of the institutes offering courses in adventure sports. The fees may vary as per in state and out state trainings.   Serial No. Name of Universities Courses fees  1   Northeast Bay State College Boston, Massachusetts   $19,748  2 Granite State College Concord,    $7,065 (In-state) $7,545 (Out-of-state)  3 University of Southern Maine Portland, Maine   $8,920 (In-state) $21,280 (Out-of-state)  4 Southern Vermont College Bennington, Vermont   $22,000  5 Garrett College McHenry, Maryland   $3,360 (In-district) $6,776 (In-state) $7,868 (Out-of-state)  6 Salem State University Salem, Massachusetts    $8,130 (In-state) $14,270 (Out-of-state)  7 University of North Florida Jacksonville, Florida   $6,353 (In-state) $20,756 (Out-of-state)  8 University of South Florida Tampa, Florida   $6,410 (In-state) $17,324 (Out-of-state)  9 Regent University Virginia Beach, Virginia   $15,838  10 Barry University Miami, Florida Georgia State University Atlanta, Georgia   $8,368 (In-state) $22,936 (Out-of-state)    Critical analysis of the career in adventure sports The career may not be a well paid career all over the world, but the amount spent in India to pursue trainings and some selected universities abroad, is not a sky rocket figure. Moreover this can be a dream job for strong hearts who wish to explore the beauty of nature, and a job like this not only gives you satisfaction but transforms you as person, as you get to appreciate the nuances of life and the hidden beauty about everything natural and rugged. Fortunately in India the training courses and exposure provided are really of top notch and can be relied on to start a career in adventure sports.   What do we infer? If you are not a weak heart, and always ready with your backpacks, then venture out to make your mark in the world as an adventure sports person. The field is a bit male dominated, so to girls I would say, do not waste your youthful years and ignore the calls of wild. Even if there are no certified degrees in India, and you do not wish to spend loads for a foreign education, just listen to your heart and move ahead to make your mark irrespective of your gender.  

Civil Law: A right career for the rights

Civil Law: A right career for the rights : Civil law is one of the oldest fields in law and offers a wide range of career opportunities. If you are determined to fight for the rights and liberties of the people, then establish a career in civil law. As society evolved, it led to the formation of laws that provided both rights and duties to the citizens. Civil law is related to the non criminal cases concerning rights and liberties of the people. The field offers exciting and challenging opportunities for aspirants passionate about the subject. It is not limited to learning the constitutional law, but essentially consists of empathizing with the concerns of society and then fighting for justice. Being a highly professionalized and prestigious field, civil law welcomes the aspirers to build a glorified career. Eligibility Civil law involves clear understanding about the society, customs that prevail in society and the laws related to it. An individual needs to be well qualified and must have ample knowledge about the Constitution and the legislations. After 12th, five year graduation programs for law are available, including B.A. LL.B or B. Sc. LL.B. Thus, students from any filed can pursue their career in law. After graduation, a three year degree course, LL.B. can be done. Students aspiring to study ahead can undertake a two year master’s program, LL. M, after graduation. Diploma courses are also present specific to civil law related to human rights, women, family laws, juvenile justice and others. Post graduations courses such as Masters in Philosophy and Doctorate can be done in civil law. India has some of the prestigious law universities that offer courses to highly skilled students. There are 16 prominent National Law Universities, where admission is granted only after qualification of Common Law Aptitude Test (CLAT). The test includes basic mathematics, aptitude, English and general knowledge. Other universities also conduct their respective entrance exams for admission. Fee structure The tuition fee for the NLU’s is higher as compared to other universities. NLUs are highly prestigious with skilled and advanced libraries and academic facilities. There are only 450 seats available in NLU’s for students from all across the country. The annual fee structure in NLU’s ranges from 75000 INR to 125000 INR. For other Universities, the fees are much less and they range from 7000 INR to 30000 INR. Foreign universities, apart from graduation and post graduation degrees, provide doctoral degrees in Jurisprudence (J.S.D.), and Doctor of Comparative Law (D.Comp.L.). The annual fee structure in foreign universities ranges from 700000 INR to 120000 INR. Scholarships and fee concessions are available for meritorious students in India and abroad.                                Career Path (10th to Doctorate)                      Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website National Law School of India B.A. LL.B, LLM, M. Phil. Bangalore https://www.nls.ac.in/ West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences - WBNUJS  LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma in Human Rights, Doctorate Kolkata http://www.nujs.edu/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma in Human Rights, Doctorate Bhopal https://www.nliu.ac.in/ National Law University, LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma in Human Rights, Doctorate Delhi http://www.nludelhi.ac.in/ Delhi Faculty of Law LL.B (3 year programme after graduation) Delhi University, Delhi http://law.du.ac.in/ Symbiosis Law School LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma Courses Pune http://www.symlaw.ac.in/ Indian Law Society's Law College,  LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Pune https://ilslaw.wordpress.com/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral   Jodhpur http://www.nlujodhpur.ac.in/index-main.php National Academy of Legal Studies and Research, LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Hyderabad http://www.nalsar.ac.in/ Faculty of Law, BHU LLB, LLM Banaras http://www.bhu.ac.in/lawfaculty/ Gujarat National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Gandhinagar http://www.gnlu.ac.in/     Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Cambridge University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, U.S. https://www.cam.ac.uk/  Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ New York University  Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral, Doctor of Juridical Science (J.S.D.) New York, US http://www.nyu.edu/  Yale University LLM, J.D. and J.S.D. Yale, US   http://www.yale.edu/   University of California Post-graduation, Doctoral,  J.D. and J.S.D. Berkeley, US http://www.berkeley.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/ University of Michigan Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Ann Arbor, U.S. https://www.umich.edu/  University of Chicago Law School Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Chicago, U.S. http://www.law.uchicago.edu/   Opportunities and Salaries The increase in the societal awareness amongst individuals as well as about their rights has increased career opportunities in the field of civil law. Civil law is related to maintain a balance between the different institutions of the government and individuals or groups of individuals. A qualified individual in the field of civil law can work in cases related to infringement of rights and liberties related to issues such as education, housing, employment, expression and others. There are several job opportunities with diverse subjects, depending upon the specialization and interest of the individual. A law graduate, after clearance of the bar association’s exam can practice as a lawyer and work on several cases related to civil law. Civil rights attorneys are also hired by several government institutes, private law firms and nonprofit organizations. National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Women, and other national and state organizations also hire civil law graduates and post graduates. Other job opportunities in civil law include teachers and lecturers in various renowned universities. Law graduates can prepare for higher posts such as the civil services and judicial services. Journalism, Policy analysis, politics, publishing of law related books and research papers, and social work are some of the other opportunities that a civil law educated individual can advance in.  At international level, organizations such as United Nations Human Rights Commission and non-governmental organizations such as Amnesty International offer job opportunities. Job profiles in civil law is filled with immense hard- work, but pays well when a person through his skills establishes themselves as a capable lawyer. Civil services and judiciary posts can be acquired by qualifying in the exams. The salaries depend upon the experience and qualifications of the individual. The average pay scale for a lawyer ranges from 8000- 25000 INR per month. In civil services job profiles, the salaries range from 35000- 50000 INR. It is a job that offers prestige, recognition and good pay scales. If you are inclined towards providing justice and serving for the rights of the people, civil law is the perfect career opportunity. The subject is extremely vast and specialization can be done in the desired area of interest. Civil law and rights awareness are increasing rapidly in the society and it can yield a shinning career for people passionate about the subject.