Student-Suicides: The Educational Epidemic of Today : Read this - An open letter to Indian parents - https://idreamcareer.com/blog/Parents-child-career-planning According to surveys and studies conducted by prestigious institutes such as AIIMS and Christian Medical College (CMC), data points to a very appalling statistical fact that should be enough to act as a wake-up call for students and parents all over the country. In 2014, failure in examination alone has caused 2403 suicides in India, not to mention other career related suicides. Another appalling statistical study conducted by the NCRB, or the National Crime Records Bureau that we wish to present in the light of this article is that of Kota – the revered student town for IIT aspirants. According to the report, 45 suicides were committed by students in Kota in 2014 alone for career-related issues. This was an increase of over 60% to that of the previous year. Nowadays, these suicide cases appear as a routine news, almost one every week. One of the biggest reasons for this lethal and upsetting statistical estimate is the overwhelming pressure that society as well as the educational system of today has put on students who have set off on their career path. One such incident is related to the tragic story of a 17 year old student named Kriti Tripathi, who committed suicide by jumping off the top of a five-storey building in Kota where she was residing with her family. In her suicide note, she stated that one of the main reasons that drove her to take her own life was her inherent life situation, which included her parents and a stringent & biased societal view. She also urged in the note to the government of India & HRD ministry in specific to shut coaching institutes. “They suck”, she wrote. Kriti, like countless other students around the country, may have been interested in art, sports, music, or any other extracurricular activity which helped her embrace her passion and made her feel blissful while practicing it. On the other hand, due to the immense pressure from her parents as well as societal bias towards economic and educational success, she was forced to take up engineering, a field that she was not at all interested in. Securing a position in some of the top IITs in the India, Kriti might have made her parents proud of her. On the other hand, after learning the course material she was sure that this field did not inspire her or ignite her passion at all. But, why suicide you may ask! The answer to this problem lies in most of the households as well as the educational institutes in India. The immense pressure that is put upon children by their parents to pursue a career that guarantees their financial future has turned into a mode of mental torture of the modern century. The constant and consistent pressure on the students to take up courses and career choices, without taking into consideration the inherent capacity as well as the ability of the child itself, is causing students to feel completely out of place with their own needs and aspirations in life. In a world obsessed with material progress and economic success, the overall importance of personal choice and self-exploration has been neglected over the constant need to prove oneself at examinations and career choices. This has given rise to an immense epidemic that is sweeping the nation by the hundreds and thousands. This epidemic is the herd conformity which is seen amongst students all over the country, where the only legitimate and worthwhile career choice that is considered for students is either to take up engineering or the medical profession as a career choice. The epidemic has been caused by considerable social bias as well as the overall influence of educational institutes, which essentially look to exemplify these professional choices over others due to the overwhelming degree of economic stability that has been associated with these professions. The need of the hour is to understand and witness the consequences of this particular epidemic, one of which is seen in the statistical estimate which points to the fact that India is ahead of North Korea in terms of the sheer number of student-suicides, even though North Korea is a militarized dictatorship that forces similar educational policies upon students. The herd conformity can be seen everywhere in society, especially when your friends and parents ridicule you for taking up an alternative career choice which goes beyond the limits of normal “accepted” professions such as medicine and engineering. What these people do not seem to understand is that the overall state of the educational system itself has deteriorated to a large extent owing to this educational epidemic of today. According to a survey conducted by a business magazine recently, it was seen that only about 25 percent students among engineering graduates are equipped and worthy enough for taking up job roles and responsibilities in the field of engineering. Do you know why this is happening? The reason is that most of the students in engineering institutes are only there owing to the immense pressure from their parents and their colleagues to take up the course. More than 50 percent of the students usually fail in their examinations or barely make it through by rote-learning concepts instead of passionately learning about them and understanding them from a practical perspective, which is the very essence of education itself. On the other hand, educational institutions themselves are turning a blank face towards this epidemic due to the overwhelming business that they are able to channel due to this herd conformity. At the same time, most engineering institutes are not nearly equipped to give students an environment that can help them learn and grow. A career choice is a make or break situation for a student’s life. In this type of decision and scenario, it is important to understand that instead of giving in to societal pressure, peer pressure and personal motivation of status, parents have to consider the choices, capacity, and the overall aspirations of their children first and foremost. By empowering a child to take his or her own decisions as far as career choice is concerned; parents are enabling them to take control of their own lives and thereby, helping them secure a future for themselves. By enabling students to take this choice, parents and schools are increasing the sense of self-confidence and independence of the children themselves, which makes them much better adults than being driven around like cattle. We at iDreamCareer.com help you be the change, embrace the freedom of choice, and create your own path by embracing your own aspirations and dreams. Career aptitude test of iDreamCareer.com would be a good start to boost the creativity and interests of your kids. Call 9555990000 to understand how career planning works and to schedule a session with our Career Planner. Check our Sample Career Report here
Know all about NEET 2016/Medical Entrance Exam : We have updated a recent article on how medical admission via NEET 2017 (next year) will be conducted. Please read this article for latest update - http://www.idreamcareer.com/blog/MBBS-admission-NEET-2017-process Latest Updates as on 27th May 2016: 1. CBSE NEET website (www.aipmt.nic.in) active. Apply online for NEET PhaseII till midnight of June 21. Candidates who could not register or appear in NEET-I or those having the apprehension that they had not prepared well, subject to submission of an undertaking to give up their candidature for NEET-I, can apply in NEET-II. 3. Students who appeared for NEET-I can also sit for NEET-2 exam provided they withdraw their candidature of NEET-1 exam. Note: When you apply for NEET-2, your candidature for NEET-1 automatically gets surrendered/withdrawn. 4. Honorable President, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee, has passed an ordinance and now a few State Government will still be able to hold their Medical Entrance Exams, however this is only for this (2016-17) academic session. Basically, States now have the option of either conducting their own exam or being part of the NEET to fill 85% of the undergraduate medical and dental seats for this year. 15% of the remaining seats will be filled through NEET route. 5. For this year, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha, Bihar and Chandigarh will admit students under NEET. Tamil Nadu and Puducherry, which do not conduct an entrance examination for medical and dental colleges, will continue to admit students on the basis of marks obtained in Class XII examinations this year. However, all management quota seats shall be filled by the private colleges and deemed universities through the NEET examination only. 6. AIIMS & JIPMER will still continue to hold entrance exams as scheduled. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- After much uproar last year about having a single common entrance test for admission to MBBS & BDS courses, finally this year Supreme Court has cleared the decks for holding the National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET). It will be held in 2 phases for the academic year 2016-17. Although this is a very good move, however it has come quite late and has caused a lot of confusion among students who are already preparing for state level or privately held entrance exams. The All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) fixed for May 1 will be treated as NEET-I, so students who are preparing for AIPMT exam can breathe a sigh of relief. Those who have not applied for AIPMT can appear in NEET-II, which will be held on July 24. Those who appeared for NEET-I can also sit for NEET-2 exam provided they withdraw their candidature of NEET-1 exam. The result of both these exams will be declared on August 17, so that the admission process can be completed by September 30. With this order, all government colleges, deemed universities and private medical colleges would be covered under the NEET and those examinations which have already taken place or slated to be conducted separately stands scrapped. In other words, this means that except for AIPMT & NEET, all other medical entrance exams stand void. Why Two NEETS NEET-1: For this (2016 - 17) academic session only, AIPMT will be treated as NEET-1 as students have already applied for it. Since it is scheduled for May 1, last-minute changes would be difficult for students who have prepared for it. NEET-2: Those students who have not applied for AIPMT can take this examination. Those who appeared for NEET-I can also sit for NEET-2 exam provided they withdraw their candidature of NEET-1 exam. Exam Schedule NEET-1: May 1 NEET-2: July 24 Results for NEET -I & NEET-II: August 17 Admissions: September 30 Important things to know at a glance All medical colleges in India will take students through NEET only. (For academic year 2016 - 17, please refer to the latest update at the begining of this article.) This academic session (2016 - 17) NEET will be conducted in two phases, May 1 & July 24. This doesn’t mean that the NEET exam will be conducted in two stages, but that the exam will be conducted two times as the decision has come late. Only the students who applied for AIPMT 2016 can appear for NEET-1, which is being held on May 1. (Basically AIPMT is now converted into NEET-1). Students who didn’t apply for AIPMT 2016 can sit for Phase 2 of NEET, which is being held on July 24. Students can appear for both NEET-1 & NEET-2. Those who appeared for NEET-I can also sit for NEET-2 exam provided they withdraw their candidature of NEET-1 exam. Except for AIPMT, any other state level or privately held Medical Entrance exams (Manipal, COMEDK, etc) in India stand cancelled now. (For academic year 2016 - 17, please refer to the latest update at the begining of this article.) CBSE will provide all India rank and admitting authorities will invite applications for counseling and merit list shall be drawn based on the all India rank. The all India merit list and state-wise merit list of qualified candidates will be prepared on the basis of marks obtained in NEET and students will be admitted to MBBS/BDS courses from the said list only by following the existing reservation policies. --- If you are a medical aspirant and looking to get career guidance, feel free to reach us at 9555990000 or write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org to know about our career guidance program. We will be happy to guide you.
Awesome Tips that may Help You to get Better Career in Life : After the excruciating years of your academic career, it's time to face the "real thing". It’s time to put down your textbooks and start looking at your professional life and moving towards the career you have always dreamed of. Life, apparently, does not stop and wait for you to decide which career path to take. Life certainly does not give you an awesome career on a silver spoon. Like every other successful and wealthy person in the Forbes list of the richest, a great career comes with a price. Don't worry; the price is not that hard as long as you are inclined to give some effort. So here are some awesome tips to get you going on your career. Get social. Make connections and use these connections. Always be in the know (in a good way, of course). Ask around and be nice to your co-workers. Remember, knowing who’s who have higher probabilities of a promotion than those who do only what they are told to do and nothing else. Make friends in the workplace and take advantage of these connections to move up the ladder. Awareness and attitude. What nobody tells you about office protocol but something that you should always keep in mind is that superiors hate people with attitude. They might have a company policy of "nothing personal" but then, when is it ever not personal, right? Another thing is to always be aware. Know what’s going on. Ask questions even with the littlest gist of any change, but be mindful of knowing the difference between gathering useful information and office gossip. Make an action plan. You action plan is your to-do list on how you can attain your goals. In some cases, if you want to move up the ladder, you will need to have additional certifications. Going on a university is obviously out of the question, so you can try online learning. Keep your action plan realistic and systematic. The more tangible the actions are (even if it may look gradual) the faster you can accomplish your list and attain your goal. Focus on work. Do not follow money. Let’s be downright honest here. We all work for money. Everybody knows that. So you don’t have to rub it in everyone’s faces – especially your boss – that you are here for the money alone. A career means your passion and calling for a specific profession. All money and workload put aside, your enthusiasm in performing your task should be as constant as the air you breathe. Financial situation. To clarify, this is not to contradict the 4th point, but to let you know where you should appropriately put money into play. For instance, before jumping into any career-move and decide to follow your heart’s calling – especially if it means being paid less than what you’re currently earning – take a look at your financial situation first. If your bank account screams a “no”, believe it. Otherwise, you will be doing exactly what we are dreading in the 4th point: when it becomes all about the money. Moving on the right track of your professional life means better financial capacity, strong possibility of landing your dream job (if you have not done it already) and increased job and self satisfaction. It's about working hard to earn that pride in your gut. Bottom line: you want a better career, you should work hard for it. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Author Bio: Andy Bell is an everyday learner and editor, working at Tutoring Help. He is passionate about helping online learning businesses to achieve their goals. He loves tutoring job & his favourite subjects are math and English, but he has also taken honours classes in science and history. Outside the classroom, he enjoys tennis and is an active member of the Rancho Crandon Park.
Play the game of numbers and win big! : Accounting is at the heart of any business – be it a small or medium enterprise, a start -up or an established business house. A Chartered Accountant’s work revolves around carrying out duties like auditing, taxation, bookkeeping and financial forecast. It can be a very challenging as well as a rewarding job. ‘What is a difference between an Accountant and a Chartered Accountant?’ Firstly, accountancy in a lay-man’s terms is the communication of an enterprise’s financial standings in various forms – the most common being the financial statements. These communication devices monitor the profits, losses, capital investments and liabilities that are held by an enterprise. Accountant The most important responsibility of an Accountant is to record and keep an eye on the flow of the money in and out of an organization, enterprise or a society. Every government, private, foreign and not-profit organization has to have orderly account books to record their incomes and expenditures. An accountant has to make sure that all the transactions that engage with money are thoroughly accurate and also make certain that all the transactions follow the corresponding laws of the national, state and regional guidelines as decided by the law. A person with understanding of Accountancy, not withstanding education can become an accountant. Chartered Accountant Chartered accountants are the post-grads of the accountancy field. You need a degree and should be a registered member of the international body to be able to call yourself a chartered accountant. A chartered accountant needs to provide their clients relevant information with regards to the financial records. They take up work from where the accountants have left it. Their tasks usually include overlooking corporate financing, taxation and financial reporting. A chartered accountant doesn’t simply do accounting but also plays a very important part as an advisor to the client – they provide advice to save money through various methods and also achieve high profitability on the part of their employer or client. Education Students can start the course side by side their graduation degree soon after 12th if they successfully clear the CA entrance test. Your educational stream does not matter much, but proficiency in accounting principles aides students to better understand the curriculum of the CPT. CPT is exempted for graduate students. - Commerce Graduates with 55% or more - Non-Commerce Graduates with 60% or more - Any candidate who has successfully cleared Intermediate Exam conducted by the Institute of Cost Accountants of India or by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India. The course structure includes three parts to gain degree of a chartered Accountant – Common Proficiency Test (CPT), Integrated Professional Competence Course (IPCC) and CA Finals (FC). To appear for all exams pertaining to Chartered Accountancy, you have to register with the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India’s (ICAI) headquarters in New Delhi, regional offices (Calcutta, Kanpur, Chennai, Mumbai and New Delhi) or 81 branches under these regional centres. Chartered Accountancy exams are one of the toughest in the country and the world, According to the ICAI report, at Present, pass rate in Foundation is Approx 15%, Inter 5-8 %, Final 3-8 %, which means that out of the total students who take admission in CA Course, only 0.0225% to 0.096% actually pass CA. To be part of the under 1% lot, you will need coaching classes to get you through the arduous course. These coaching classes are like colleges, which teach you the course structure, give you practice exams and brace you for the ICAI exams. The top coaching classes in India Rama Academy Of Commerce New Delhi www.Raoc.In Saraswati Institute Of Front Runners Saraswatiinstituteoffrontrunners.Blogspot.Com/ Spice Academy Mumbai - Arihant Institute, Ahmedabad www.Arihantinstitute.Com Prime Academy, Chennai www.Primeacademy.Net.In Sanjeev Varshney Classes, Delhi www.Sanjeevvarshneyclasses.Com Yeshas Academy, Bangalore www.Yeshasacademy.Com Iifa Academy - Institute Of Finance & Accounts, Noida www.Iifaacademy.Com Navkar Institute, Ahmedabad www.Navkarinstitute.Com Toppers' Institute, Delhi www.Toppersinstitute.Com The official fees for becoming a Chartered Accountant is Rs. 45,000 but the fees that one pays for coaching tends to be high because these institutes charge per hour. The coaching fees can range from Rs. 200 per hour to Rs. 500 per hour. The three different stages and subjects Common Proficiency Test (CPT) CPT covers four subjects Accounting, Mercantile Laws, General Economics and Quantitative Aptitude. Integrated Professional Competence Course (IPCC) IPCC covers courses with an aim to develop knowledge of accountancy related to accounting standards so that there is a strong foundation for understanding and learning financial reporting at the final stage. The students study business communication, business strategies, taxes, information technology and audit. CA Final The toughest exam of them all, CA Final includes higher levels of application knowledge of core subjects like financial reporting, strategic financial management, advanced management accounting, advanced auditing and professional ethics and information systems control and audit. The course and exams also include principles of e-governance, corporate and allied laws, international taxation and VAT are important features of the updated subject contents. Articleship The students apply for articleship after they pass Group I of IPCC. The articleship spans three years and needs to be done under the supervision of experienced CAs. In the due course of their training, articles (aspiring CAs) learn the technical details of the work and as time passes, they are given larger assignments with less supervision. All articles are paid a stipend which is often negligent. In early January 2015, K. Raghu, President of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), New Delhi, had said that the apex body for chartered accountants, would introduce a new syllabus for chartered accountancy course in India, starting 2016. The course has been under development for at least a year now and aims to be structured in way that the CAs of India adapt a more practical approach and match the global standards of chartered accountancy making it more industry-friendly. The course will include new reporting standard, known as the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) which will be enforced on companies starting the financial year 2017-18. Career The qualifications of Chartered accountants are globally recognized in dozens of countries like United Kingdom, Singapore, South Africa, UAE, Canada, European Union, Australia, etc who have their own CA bodies too. The US too has an equivalent of Chartered Accountant known as the Certified Public Accountant (CPA). The ICAI has a placement portal on its web site which helps qualified CAs and partially qualified students look for relevant jobs. The students also get other opportunities like campus placement events, advertisements in professional journals and website which list out the latest trends and job positions with the associated members. Salaries Since Chartered Accountancy is a highly specialized field, there is always a demand for them. The average pay of a student who has successfully passed the finals of Chartered Accountancy can get paid between Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 75,000 at a top firm. The more successful you are with the clients, the more your salary will be.
At the click of the Law: Opportunities in Cyber Law : Internet today is a necessity more than a privilege and so has been declared in the United Nations. The World Wide Web (www) or the internet, is an alternative universe. It is the virtual world where we exist, speak our minds with family and friends. It is also a space where details of financial and transactional details, sensitive documents, personal records and many other ‘properties’ are stored. But who’s there to protect it all? According to a recent the Internet And Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) report, India has more internet users than the total population of the US and has become the second largest country by the number of internet users after China with 354 million users actively using the net. While you may have signed petitions for Net Neutrality, worried about the big brother taking over our privacy on the internet or heard about various financial and banking frauds, how can you take a more proactive part in enhancing the cyber laws of India? Just 20 years ago, Indian was just waking up to the internet, just like many other countries in the world. Like a small baby, we are still learning the cause, effect and the various uses and misuses that are inherent to the age of internet. And to protect us from a few malicious causes and misuses of the internet, cyber law, the law meant for the internet came into being. Cyber is a word used to define the culture of virtual reality, information technology, etc. And the laws that protect these spaces – both from perpetrators and intruders are called Cyber Laws. Across the globe, these laws are in their nascent stage, growing along with the ever-expanding purview of information technology. A career in Cyber Law is an exciting one because it is a growing field. Every once in a while a new anomaly is found, and most of the days, it is fixed. While most laws deal with an actual, physical world and its rights, Cyber Law is just expanding to identify the internet world and its rights there. India and Rising Cyber Crime In India the Information Technology Act, the first cyber law act was introduced in 2000. According to National Crime Record Bureau reports, there has been an increase of 60.06% in cases registered and 64.15% in arrests made under IT act since 2012 and the number continues to rise. Similarly, an increase of 73.54% in cases registered and 55.14% in arrests made under IPC since 2012. Kind of Cyber Threats - Cyber terrorism - Industrial espionage - Phishing - Credit card frauds - Viruses, Spam, etc Basically crimes that are computer related and facilitated crimes. Education A candidate who aspires to be a cyber lawyer needs to study more that what his basic law degree offers by undergoing training in internet processes, and understanding technicalities of computers, communication devices and the internet space. There are many short-term online certification courses that range from 6 months to a year for people who want to be consultants or are existing lawyers. These courses are tightly-packed to give you the basic understanding of cyber laws. Institutes India INDIAN LAW INSTITUTE, Delhi www.ili.ac.in Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning www.scdl.net Asian School of Cyber Laws www.asianlaws.org International Forensic Sciences Education Department www.ifs.edu.in These courses range from Rs. 3,000 to Rs 10,000 for the entire course duration. If you are a lawyer, these kinds of courses will aid you in exploring cyber law. However, if you belong to a non-legal background, you may become a consultant or an adviser to a company. Legal Education As a cyber lawyer, there is great opportunity to support IT and to make the best of the opportunity, particularly because of the rise on technology and use of the internet. The field also needs new talent to make laws and execute them. If you are interested in making a career as a Cyber Lawyer, you will need to be trained in specialized education related to the field. To step into the legal arena as a Cyber Lawyer, the first step is to at least possess a Bachelor’s degree in Cyber Law. Furthermore, post the degree, you will have to successfully clear national-level exam to obtain the license to practice. Law Schools in India National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bengaluru www.nls.ac.in/ Campus Law Centre, University of Delhi http://clc.du.ac.in/ National Law University, Delhi www.nludelhi.in ILS Law College, Pune www.Ilslaw.wordpress.com Amity Law School, Delhi www.amity.edu Symbiosis Society’s Law College, Pune www.symlaw.ac.in NALSAR University www.nalsar.ac.in Gujarat National Law University www.gnlu.ac.in/ National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal www.nliu.ac.in/ Government Law College, Mumbai http://glcmumbai.com/ The course fees for a law degree vary from college to college and therefore proper research into the course curriculum, affiliation and fee structure should be carried out before taking admissions. Abroad Harvard Law School, Us www.hls.harvard.edu Stanford Law School, US https://law.stanford.edu/ Georgetown University, US www.law.georgetown.edu London School of Economics and Political Science, UK www.lse.ac.uk University of Southern California, US www.usc.edu University of New South Wales, Australia www.unsw.com University of Birmingham www.birmingham.ac.uk California University of Pennsylvania www.calu.edu Career As a Cyber Law expert/ or a Cyber lawyer, there are many opportunities that you can have apart from the legal firms and court-rooms – lawyer, legal advisor or assistant. You can also lend your talent to IT firms, police department, business houses, public and private organisations, education and many more. What are the job roles? The starting salary of a cyber lawyer can be around Rs.7.5 lakh-Rs.9 lakh per year. Challenges As cyber law is a new profession, there are bound to be several challenges. - Constant updating of knowledge, devices and news - Know-how of different technologies - Lack of role-models - Keep up with changing and upgraded laws - Performance based work environment The biggest challenge of a Cyber Lawyer is the immense hard work and patience that is required for the job. An eye for detail and an inherent understanding of technology are the important qualities that make a successful cyber laywer.
The Lawmen at Sea: Opportunities in Maritime Law : Maritime law is the law which governs the seas of the countries. The coastal waters of the countries have a set of laws that major shipping companies and other nations need to follow, which are in turn put in place by the Maritime Act. The legal practice arena of India is highly competitive already and the law colleges keep adding newer batches of young lawyers every year. It is an exclusive legal practice line that lets you carve your own niche with limited competition. The job description of a maritime lawyer is to deal with various sorts of issues that fall under the purview of the maritime law, to be tried fairly in the court jurisdiction of the coasts of a country. While it sounds fascinating, fighting for maritime law, it can involve pretty mundane but essential jobs, issues that are away from the fascinating to that which are highly controversial and important. The duties make up activities like handling any legal matters which are relevant to ships and shipping companies registered in India. Currently there are 10 maritime States across the country. There is a steady increase in demand for skilled professionals in all the diverse areas related to the sector of maritime. A lawyer practicing maritime law will be required to perform his/ her duties at the best capacity possible because even the mundane most legal miscalculation can cost your client dearly, in effect tarnishing your reputation too. A successful maritime lawyer will be able to make a big salary, albeit burning the midnight oil. Maritime law refer to many laws of other branches like civil, administrative, criminal etc. and norms of International public and private law Career Path Institutes India A maritime lawyer has to pursue the usual legal courses, and while pursuing the degree, get a specific specialisation in maritime law. National Law University, Bangalore www.nls.ac.in Nalsar, Hyderabad www.nalsar.ac.in National Law Institute University, Bhopal www.nliu.com National Law University, Delhi www.nludelhi.ac.in Indian Maritime University www.imu.edu.in Gujarat National Law Univeristy, Gujarat – Short Course http://www.gnlu.ac.in Symbiosis Law College, Pune – Short Course www.symlaw.ac.in National University Of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi www.nuals.ac.in You should have a good understanding of various subjects like the national Maritime law, law of the sea, laws regarding carriage of goods by sea, international sale of goods, maritime insurance and extensive knowledge and solid foundation in the law of Contracts. The courses also cover another large spectrum of laws like arbitration, environmental laws, piracy, legislation drafting, to name a few. Studying LLM is not usually needed, but a higher education usually is a sign of specialized knowledge, which can prove beneficial, especially when companies in India lack good specialized maritime lawyers. The lack of educational infrastructure and lack of good guides to teach the subject, the Indian maritime legal entity is yet to develop strongly. Even today, International lawyers, especially British maritime lawyers are very sought after when it comes to arbitrations by shipping companies. Colleges abroad According to United Nations There are three categories regarding maritime law - National Maritime Law - International Public Law Maritime - International Private Law Maritime While the first one is studied in respective countries, the latter two are matters of international bodies. These laws were set in 1982 after years of deliberation by the United Nations in what came to be regarded as United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea of 1982. There are colleges who teach international maritime law and the law of their own waters. International Maritime Law Institute, Malta www.imli.org ROLIN-JAEQUEMYNS INTERNATIONAL LAW INTSTITUTE GHENT, Belgium www.grili.ugent.be University of Nottingham, UK www.nottingham.ac.uk University of Stockholm, Sweden http://www.su.se/ Tulane University Law School, New Orleans, USA www.law.tulane.edu University College London, UK www.ucl.ac.uk National University of Singapore http://www.nus.edu.sg/ Swansea University, UK www.swansea.ac.uk/ Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands www.eur.nl University of Southampton, UK Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands www.southampton.ac.uk Career Post the degree, maritime lawyers find work at ship-owning companies, insurance companies, P&I clubs, law firms, advisory positions in governments, port authorities and any other institution that fall under either private or public sector and deals with maritime and transport law. There are very few maritime legal firms in India and even out of that, most are based out of Mumbai. There are ten different coastal jurisdictions across the country. However each district, like Ahmedabad, Cochin, etc. deal with their own marine legalities separately. However, no such law applies to Mumbai. Its jurisdiction spans the entire country. While litigations are seldom carried out, when they are carried out, they are usually carried out on huge quantity of goods which are mostly worth crores. Maritime lawyers are also need to represent parties undertaking proceedings on the arrest or release of a maritime vessel, retrieving fees or asking for compensation from vessel owners in event of an accident, collision or sinking. Apart from this, the maritime lawyers need to look into varied amount of matters like evaluating the liability of ferrying goods or the environmental case of exploiting fish stocks in the sea. As an apprentice, a maritime lawyer will earn somewhere between Rs10,000 to Rs25,000 in the starting. But the salary increases as valid experience and time is invested. If you survive and more importantly excel at Maritime law you can take home high rewards. Reputed maritime advocates usually charge at least Rs 1.5 lakh per hearing session in various high courts and/ or the Supreme Court of India. The scope of maritime practice is increasing in Asia as the centre of the shipping industry shifts to the many countries present in this reason. Ports like Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hong Kong and Singapore are the world’s busiest ports thanks to high volume of shipping. According to the World Shipping Council, Chinese ports account for seven out of the top ten ports in the world. With increase in the industry, the disputes in the sector are also growing, with an immediate need for more dispute handlers – the maritime lawyers and at good salaries. Necessary Skills - You need to know your acts – Acts like the Merchant Shipping Act, Admiralty Act and the standard laws in marine laws of various countries across the world - The laws of the ‘Dry Land’ laid down by individual states and nation that you practice on - Proper knowledge of the laws laid down by the International Maritime Organisation as well as the “dry land” laws laid down by individual states or nations in which one may practise. - should have understanding of other basic international laws - Ability to work at odd hours. Maritime litigation takes place with various types of people and in different countries. Therefore a maritime lawyer should be able to travel light and also be willing to work odd hours according to international time zones. - Excellent arbitrations skills are a must. - You need to be very attentive as well as insightful because maritime law is a specialised area and the stakes are high
The EPIC-urean Journey in the Foods and Beverages services : FnB department is the heart of the hospitality industry, with one of the largest department as food and beverage quality is the yard-stick which measures success for the establishment. Though all FnB services primarily revolve around gastronomical pleasures, acute knowledge of management, finances, inventory and hospitality are of utmost importance. According to a recent FICCI Grant Thornton report "Unlocking the potential in the food and beverage services sector", the F&B (food and beverage) market in India is worth Rs 2.04 lakh crore, presently. Further insights from the report state that there is a huge scope for brand and chains of both Indian and MNC brands as there is yet very less penetration in the space. That teamed with the advent of entrepreneurs to create new restaurant concepts built around specific themes as made a career in FnB services, an enticing one. As adventurous as it sounds, FnB services is a fast-paced environment which is full of challenges and is highly competitive. Apart from hotels and restaurants, FnB services are an important facet to all hospitality organizations like, railways, airlines, cruise liners, corporate canteens and other allied industries. Education FnB is a specialization under Hospitality Management. There are courses varying from 6 months certificate course to four-year Bachelors course especially as Cooks, Bakers, FnB Management, Operations Managers, etc. with options to pursue specialized masters too. All courses require candidates to have passed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% result with excellent command on English. The leading colleges also have their own entrance test, group discussions and interviews for admissions. While checking for suitable colleges, it is advisable to check affiliations, course structure, specializations and feedback from previous students. Career Path Institutes India Oberoi Centre of Learning and Development - Delhi www.oberoihotels.com Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) – Mumbai www.ihmctan.edu Welcomgroup Graduate School of Hotel Administration (WGSHA) – Manipal www.manipal.edu Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) - Delhi www.ihmpusa.net Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) – Aurangabad www.ihma.ac.in Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) – Bangalore www.ihmbangalore.com Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) – Chennai www.ihmchennai.org Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) – Kolkata www.ihmkolkata.com Christ College – Bangalore www.christuniversity.in Sophia’s Polytechnic College, Mumbai http://haft.sophiapolytechnic.com/ Hospitality education in India is not very expensive ranging from Rs. 15,000 for short-term courses to Rs 3.5 lakh for an entire three year course, excluding lodging and other necessities. However, hospitality education in India has always been a subject of much debate, mostly the not so positive kind. Developing employable talent with sync to the needs of the industry has always been a challenge, but lately there are slight reforms to put innovative practices in place to ensure the same. Abroad Ecole Hôtelière de Lausanne, Switzerland http://www.ehl.edu/ Glion Institute of Higher Education, Switzerland http://www.glion.edu/ Les Roches, International School of Hotel Management, Switzerland http://www.lesroches.edu/ Cornell University, USA https://www.cornell.edu/ Emirates Academy of Hospitality Management http://www.emiratesacademy.edu/ Les Roches International School of Hotel Management, Spain http://www.lesroches.es/ Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom https://www.brookes.ac.uk/ Blue Mountain International Hotel Management School, Australia http://www.bluemountains.edu.au/ Hotel School, France http://www.vatel.fr/ César Ritz Colleges, Le Bouveret, Switzerland http://www.cesarritzcolleges.edu/ The courses are carved with the best industry standards and students are placed in the best hotels around the world, although placement isn’t guaranteed and it is an expensive affair. For specific fee structures it is advisable to write to them. Although hospitality education’s most popular schools are in Europe, the United States and the United Kingdom; other countries such as Australia, Canada and South East Asian countries like Malaysia, China, the Philippines and the Middle East are soon gaining popularity. Career The food and beverage service industry is a large one to say the least. From a waiter to a foods and beverages director, FnB has it all. The profession requires strong managerial standards to overlook hygiene and training, inventory and staff management, culinary inventions and predictability as well as superior marketing skills. The jobs vary according to each individual’s hospitality acumen and strong points. While chefs and Fnb Managers have been a favorite amongst epicurean geniuses, lately careers as Bar Tenders, Dessert Chefs, Chocolatiers, etc are seeing steep rises thanks to the high demand, glamour and high returns associated with them. Salary According to Payscale.com a Food and Beverage Manager on an average earns approximately Rs 7 lakh a year. While there is a steep increase in salary for the first five to ten years, post that there is stagnancy in the pay scale unless you have been appointed at a strategic managerial position. Responsibilities in FnB service Management in diversity - Manage and work with a diverse staff from chefs to waiters to kitchen staff to cleaners An excellent communicator Passion of foods, beverages and customer service with the knowledge of the latest trends food and beverage trends Problem solving attitude Excellent organizational and inventory skills – knowing which area requires more attention and which products are good for your operations A numbers person - without math skills, you can't manage your food, beverage and labour costs. Perks of FnB services Enjoy gourmet food everyday Wine tasting and cocktail drinks High energy role Happy customers Opportunity to connect with people from all walks of life Pains of FnB Services No Such Thing As 9 To 5 Highest work load on holidays Out of the ordinary events most of the days – overcapacity, delay in orders , cold-storage broke down, customer complaints, etc The key point to remember in an FnB service is that perseverance, positive enthusiasm and quality service pay handsomely. There are many cases where service boys have risen to the post of an FnB director; small-time chefs have become international sensations and FnB managers becoming United Nations officials overseeing FnB in many international head quarters. Meanwhile, it also said that F&B sector is crippled with issues as high real estate costs, licenses and multiples taxes. In addition, lack of quality infrastructure and shortage of adequate skilled manpower are hampering the growth of sector here in India too.
The Curious Case of a Statistician : The life of a statistician is an exciting as well as a versatile one, as the analysis of numbers is required in every single field out there. You can research along with psychology surveys or you can even tap into the number of trees in a rainforest. Statistics is a whole different world than its scary parent Math. It may as well be the coolest job you never heard of, or have you? While in olden days statisticians were also known as economists, mathematicians, scientists or a qualitative researcher. The ‘data hungry’ modern world also calls them business analysts, risk analysts, data scientists and quality analysts. While Math deals with data in its purest forms, statistics explores the voluminous data (digital or otherwise) for finding information and knowledge. A statistician, using statistical methods, discovers numbers and percentages and creates valuable information that is adequately supported by a summary of data and findings. Today, with a degree in statistics, your opportunities are boundless. Work with high-tech companies like Google, LinkedIn; banking and financial companies like Axis Bank, ICICI Bank or research firms like Deloitte, McKenzie. Eligibility To apply to any Bachelors program for statistics, one must have cleared 10+2 with Math and must have attained a minimum of 50%. An affinity towards numbers and a quest for correlation is a must. Math concepts need to be thorough since statistical education heavily revolves around it. Studying Statistics A Bachelor in Statistics is offered by both the education streams - Arts and Science. B.A in Statistics deals with applied statistics and other subjects like sample survey, elementary interference, etc; which are best suited for the fields of Economics, research scholars, data analysts, and academics. B.Sc in Statistics focuses primarily on Mathematical Statistics and Computer oriented statistical methods. It is an extensive program that not only teaches you quantitative analysis, probability and inferences and so on, but also teaches programming languages like C, C++ and financial accounting. A B.Sc graduate can work as a statistician in various sectors like technology, marketing, finance and insurance sector, IT sector, banking sector, and so on. Career Path To advance your career in statistics though, is of no easy means. Statisticians have to constantly develop more skills and knowledge in order to climb the career hierarchy. Masters in statistics and even a PhD in the subject are preferred for high-placed positions world-wide. Top ten colleges in India Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore www.isibang.ac.in Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi www.isid.ac.in St Xavier's College, Mumbai www.xaviers.edu Loyola College, Chennai www.loyolacollege.edu Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta www.isical.ac.in IIT, Kanpur www.iitk.ac.in CR Rao Institute of Advanced Statistics, Hyderabad www.crraoaimscs.org Indian Agriculture Statistics Research Institute, Delhi www.iasri.res.in National Institute of Medical Statistics, Delhi www.nims-icmr.nic.in International Institute of Population Studies, Mumbai www.iipsindia.org Fee structure The Indian Statistical Institute doesn’t have tuition fees for its students, except the sponsored ones. Students also earn stipends, fellowships and grants if their performance is exceptional. In other colleges, the entire course fees can go up to Rs. 2 lakh. Indian education in statistics is developing at a fast rate to match up with the world standard but its lack of infrastructure and the lack of a multi-disciplinary approach hinder the process. It has great value within country but employment scopes outside of India with an Indian degree can prove to be tough. Study Abroad Studying statistics abroad can offer opportunities to obtain different perspectives, vast knowledge, and skills. As compared to the Indian scenario, the courses abroad are more research oriented, in sync with the current industry needs and advanced to the needs of the rapidly increasing data world. The opportunities to interact with multi-disciplinary faculties create a different outlook of the data. A degree from a prestigious college abroad, enhances a career in the international market place. Stanford University, USA www.stanford.edu Harvard University, USA www.harvard.edu University of California, USA www.berkeley.edu Georgia Institute of Technology, USA www.gatech.edu Imperial College London, UK www.imperial.ac University of Cambridge, UK www.cam.ac.uk National University of Singapore (NUS) www.nus.edu.sg The University of Tokyo, Japan www.u-tokyo.ac.jp The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, China www.ust.hk The University of Melbourne, Australia www.unimelb.edu.au Studying abroad not only opens you to various cultures and knowledge, it also opens the right kind of opportunities to exceptional students. However to study outside India, the investment varies from Rs. 30 lakh to Rs. 50 lakh depending on which country and which institute you seek admission in. Career and Salaries The government sector in India has many employment opportunities, but none that pay more than 10 lakh per annum at the end of the career. Working for a private company however, is a very lucrative career. Working in firms like Google, Mckenzie, Morgan Stanley, etc can easily guarantee between 5 lakh per annum to 10 lakh per annum. The Indian Statistical Institute students have reportedly been placed at 15 to 18 lakh an annum too. Mastery over SAS assures you a higher pay in the industry. Statistics applies to most of the professions because by reading the numbers, statisticians work on solving problems related to environment, agriculture, social, economic, financial, etc. There’s a good possibilities that you can apply statistics in whatever field you’re interested in. Marketing Statistics deciphers and understands consumer tastes and preferences, which can be a huge help in marketing products effectively. They study numbers and analyze data to guide the marketing strategies – marketing forecast, demand and supply, deciding the target audience, and so on. Analyst With the advent of big data and other tools, statistician or political analyst with the government, a sport analyst or a data scientist with leading companies, you can try it all. International Development Development organization studies the data with the help of statisticians and other experts, to decide where and how aid is to be allocated to help fight poverty, illness or conflict. Statisticians contribute in healthcare as they decipher the correlation of various ailments in the population and try to find the reason behind it’s incidence in the population. Perks of a Statistician The profession of a statistician is as diverse as the person chooses to make it. There are many statisticians who do not realize how vast the field is and eventually end up limiting themselves; while there are others who think that the sky is the limit and apply their knowledge in the most interesting fields. - It is a higher-than-average job in many countries like US, UK, Singapore and a lucrative career in India too - It is multi-disciplinary – you can work with politicians, psychologists, agriculturists, as well as in the jungles in Africa - Every problem is unique – and there needs to be creative ways to find a solution. Pains of Statistics - In the private sector, deadlines are dear and the job is taxing. - Need to get a PhD for academics and other research positions. - Desk bound job
Get up, Stand up for your Rights: Career in Human Rights : Human Rights are the universal laws which grant the utmost necessities to humans – like the right to healthy food, right to clean water, freedom of movement and speech, and freedom from slavery and discrimination. Human Rights are the source from which all other laws flow. While many don’t know, Human Rights are the source of inspiration for the constitutions of many countries. India itself is one of those nations, whose founding fathers drew heavily from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to make the largest democracy in the world. However, until recently only the elite – international lawyers, diplomats and statesmen were concerned with the study of Human Rights. However, today the field is opening up to the masses. More and more people in today’s world are starting to recognize how Human Rights provide a support base in their struggle against injustice and inequality. Influential movements such as environment and climate protection, women and child rights, safe-guarding of minorities and natives, their culture and migration, even wars draw strength from the all-enveloping Human Rights. Ironically, since Human Rights violations such as wars, women and child safety, atrocities on minorities are the rise, the job opportunities in Human Rights are also increasing Education Required The Indian education system has only recently begun to promote human rights. A good school is necessary because as of yet, there isn’t a common syllabus or an approach which is decided by national bodies. Therefore students interested in the subject need to do diligent research and consider a few factors while looking for a school: - What kind of Human Rights curriculum and modules do they offer? Talk to students who have passed out from these schools and inquire about aspects such as their teaching approach - A course is only as good as the teacher who teaches, or so they say. See the kind of work the teachers or professors have done in the area, the researches they have been a part of, the papers they have published - Look for NGO and international body affiliations with the college and inquire about the various areas where they have their internships. While Human Rights studies are purely conceptual and academic in nature, the practical applications of these laws and their limitations are only recognized on the field as an intern, officer or an activist. - Figure out the kind of course you want to study. There are certification sources, diplomas, bachelors and masters degree. Before undertaking a course, chart out the purpose for perusal of the course. Eligibility Diploma, certification and under-graduate courses accept students with successful attempts in 10+2 with minimum of 50% marks. Colleges offering Masters Degree however prefer students with a background in sociology, humanities or law. Diploma in Human Rights Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) www.ignou.ac.in Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University, Gujarat www.baou.org University of Madras – Institute of Distance Education www.unom.ac.in Ramjas College, Delhi http://www.ramjascollege.edu/ Department of Adult, Continuing Education & Extension, Faculty of Social Sciences, Delhi. http://dacee.du.ac.in/ A short-term course in Human Rights adds to the knowledge pool. The courses vary from 3 months to 6 months. The investment in short-term courses isn’t high and largely remains around Rs. 3,000 to Rs. 5,000 for the entire course duration. Bachelor of Arts in Human Rights Studies A Bachelor of Arts degree in Human Rights emphasizes on academic research and analysis, issues like law, social justice, conflict resolution and dignity. These programs are interdisciplinary, from history to philosophy, from law to literature and various research methodologies. Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi www.jnu.ac.in Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu www.annamalaiuniversity.ac.in In some universities, human rights education is part of sociology, economics, and modern Indian history. MA in Human Rights A master's program in Human Rights can be pursued after successful completion of a BA course in political science, sociology, social work and law. A masters’ degree will explore subjects like history, philosophy, culture, geography, various laws and movements, research and advocacy in depth. Jamia Millia Islamia University, Delhi www.jmi.ac.in Loyola College, Tamil Nadu www.loyolacollege.edu Andra University, AP www.andhrauniversity.edu.in Don Bosco University, Assam www.dbuniversity.ac.in A Masters of Arts degree in India isn’t an expensive affair. The investment is anywhere between Rs. 30,000 per year to Rs. 50,000 per year. Human Rights education alone may not guarantee a career. While it is an upcoming subject, it hasn’t yet reached a stage where it is fully comprehensive by its own. Studying Human Rights without a background in social work, political science or even law may not get you a job directly. Abroad While Human Rights education is on a nascent stage across the world, foreign universities have had more expertise on the subject. The departments are active and robust, engaged in research and give a chance to interact with leading Human Rights professors in the world. London School of Economics, UK www.lse.ac.uk University of Roehampton, UK www.roehampton.ac.uk University of San Francisco, USA www.usfca.edu Fort Hays State University Graduate School, USA www.fhsu.edu Alice Salomon University Of Applied Sciences, Germany www.ash-berlin.eu Sciences Po, France www.sciencespo.fr European University Viadrina, Germany www.europa-uni.de Carlos Iii University of Madrid, Spain www.gu.se University Of Gothenburg, Sweden www.gu.se A Masters’ degree from a leading international school is a big advantage to get the right international opportunities but be careful of the cost. These graduate schools are expensive. Career Opportunities Starting a career in Human Rights is a challenge; it is a complex field and is also a very competitive profession, particularly in today’s economy. Firstly there are vast scopes – in NGOS, international organizations, journalism, research institutes and schools to name a few. Apart from the competition, there are other things to consider too – Will you be willing to travel into sensitive areas, working with high emotions, work in unfamiliar and/or rough environments and face opposition? The Salaries start from Rs. 15,000 but from there on work and your passion are the only guarantors to the kind of income you earn. Knowledge alone isn’t necessary to succeed; to advance ahead you need the dedication, courage and a supportive network. However with the right approach you can be part of strong international agencies like the UN and its other agencies, Amnesty International, and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. But the truest earnings in Human Rights career is that you get to touch lives across the globe, bring about positive changes and stand up for what you think is right.
Intellectual Property Law: The emerging dimension of law : Innovativeness needs protection from being illegitimately used by the third party. Intellectual property law serves as the protector of the originality with immense career opportunities. Intellectual property can be defined as the original property that belonged to the person or the organization where it has been created. The Intellectual Property Law is laws that that protect the intellectual property rights. They are the legislations that grant original rights and ownership to the creator. The area offers great career opportunities for individuals who are inclined towards creativity and aimed to preserve and respect the originality of ideas. Intellectual Property Law is an emerging career in the twenty first century with several job opportunities in public and private sectors. Eligibility Intellectual property law relates to enforcement of laws to ensure rights related to securing inventions, designs and other creativities of mind. In provides rights and protection over the intangible assets. The field therefore requires in-depth knowledge about the laws related and the manner of their implementation and right interpretation. The sector has several opportunities, but only for well qualified and skilled people. After 12th, five year graduation programme for law is available and it B. Sc. LL.B. Thus student from any filed can pursue their career. After graduation in science and mathematics field, a three year law degree, LL.B. can be done. Students aspiring to study ahead can undertake a two year master’s programme, LL. M, after graduation. Emphasis is also upon diploma courses so as to attain specialization in the field. Postgraduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Practice and Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Management are also present in the field to enhance skills and intellect regarding the subject. Post graduate courses such as Masters in Philosophy and Doctorate can be done in intellectual property law. India has some of the prestigious law universities that offer courses to highly skilled students. There are 16 prominent National Law Universities, where admission is granted only after qualification of Common Law Aptitude Test (CLAT). The test includes basic mathematics, aptitude, English and general knowledge. Other universities also conduct their respective entrance exams for admission. The tuition fee for the NLU’s is higher as compared to other universities. NLUs are highly prestigious with skilled and advanced libraries and academic facilities. There are only 450 seats available in NLU’s for the students from all across the country. The annual fee structure of NLU’s range from 75000INR to 125000INR.For other Universities, the fees are much less and they range from 7000INR to 30000INR. Foreign universities apart from graduation and post graduation degrees, provide doctoral degree in Jurisprudence (J.S.D.), and Doctor of Comparative Law (D.Comp.L.). The annual fee structure in foreign universities range from 700000INR to 120000INR. Scholarships and fee concessions are available for meritorious students in India and abroad. Career Path Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website National Law School of India B.A. LL.B, LLM, M. Phil. Bangalore https://www.nls.ac.in/ West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences - WBNUJS LL.B, LLM, Doctorate Kolkata http://www.nujs.edu/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, P.G. Doctorate Bhopal https://www.nliu.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology LL.B Hons in Intellectual Property Kharagpur http://www.iitkgp.ac.in/topfiles/law.php National Law University, LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Practice, Doctorate Delhi http://www.nludelhi.ac.in/ Delhi Faculty of Law LL.B (3 year programme after graduation) Delhi University, Delhi http://law.du.ac.in/ Symbiosis Law School LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma Courses Pune http://www.symlaw.ac.in/ Indian Law Society's Law College, LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral · Pune https://ilslaw.wordpress.com/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Jodhpur http://www.nlujodhpur.ac.in/index-main.php National Academy of Legal Studies and Research, LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Hyderabad http://www.nalsar.ac.in/ Faculty of Law, BHU LLB, LLM Banaras http://www.bhu.ac.in/lawfaculty/ Gujarat National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Management, Doctoral Gandhinagar http://www.gnlu.ac.in/ Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Cambridge University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, U.S. https://www.cam.ac.uk/ Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ New York University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral, Doctor of Juridical Science (J.S.D.) New York, US http://www.nyu.edu/ Yale University LLM, J.D. and J.S.D. Yale, US http://www.yale.edu/ University of California Post-graduation, Doctoral, J.D. and J.S.D. Berkeley, US http://www.berkeley.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/ University of Michigan Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Ann Arbor, U.S. https://www.umich.edu/ Oxford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral and Diploma in Intellectual Property Law U.K https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/ University of Chicago Law School Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Chicago, U.S. http://www.law.uchicago.edu/ Opportunities and Salaries Creativity and imagination have gained wings in the twentieth century. Originality of an idea is gaining importance and hence there emerges a need to protect intellectual property rights. It has have led to intellectual property law and several job opportunities in this field. A qualified individual in the field of intellectual property law can work in cases related to infringement of rights and liberties related to privacy of the product such as slogans, logos, product names, artwork, movies, books, music and other information. A law graduate, after clearance of the bar association’s exam can practice as a lawyer and work on several cases related to intellectual property law. The lawyers are also hired by several government institutes, private law firms and nonprofit organizations. The major work involves protecting the original rights through Licensing, Patent, Trade Secret, Copyright and Trademark of the product. Other job opportunities in intellectual property law include teachers and lecturers in various renowned universities. Law graduates can prepare for higher posts such as the civil services and judicial services. Journalism publishing of law related books and research papers, and social activists are some of the other opportunities that an intellectual property law educated individual can advance in. Job profiles in this field are filled with immense hard- work, but pays well when a person through his skills, establish as a capable lawyer. Patent lawyers are in demand and hired by large to small scale companies. Intellectual Property law offers job opportunity in not only Copyright and Patent Law, but also in Chemical, Mechanical, IT, Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Patent Practice. Civil services and judiciary posts can be acquired through qualifying the concerned exams. The salaries depend upon the experience and qualifications. The average pay scale for lawyers range from 8000- 25000 INR per month. In civil services job profiles, the salaries range from 35000- 50000 INR. It is a job that offers prestige, recognition and good pay scales. If you are inclined towards providing justice and preserving the value of intellect, then intellectual property law is the perfect career option. The field aims to provide a legal outlook and protection to innovativeness. It is an extremely broad field and has become an integral part for the economic expansion of the country. Protection of the intellectual property right therefore provides great opportunities for law educated aspirants.