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Jun 2018

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Get up, Stand up for your Rights: Career in Human Rights

Get up, Stand up for your Rights: Career in Human Rights : Human Rights are the universal laws which grant the utmost necessities to humans – like the right to healthy food, right to clean water, freedom of movement and speech, and freedom from slavery and discrimination. Human Rights are the source from which all other laws flow. While many don’t know, Human Rights are the source of inspiration for the constitutions of many countries. India itself is one of those nations, whose founding fathers drew heavily from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to make the largest democracy in the world. However, until recently only the elite – international lawyers, diplomats and statesmen were concerned with the study of Human Rights. However, today the field is opening up to the masses. More and more people in today’s world are starting to recognize how Human Rights provide a support base in their struggle against injustice and inequality. Influential movements such as environment and climate protection, women and child rights, safe-guarding of minorities and natives, their culture and migration, even wars draw strength from the all-enveloping Human Rights. Ironically, since Human Rights violations such as wars, women and child safety, atrocities on minorities are the rise, the job opportunities in Human Rights are also increasing   Education Required The Indian education system has only recently begun to promote human rights. A good school is necessary because as of yet, there isn’t a common syllabus or an approach which is decided by national bodies. Therefore students interested in the subject need to do diligent research and consider a few factors while looking for a school: -  What kind of Human Rights curriculum and modules do they offer? Talk to students who have passed out from these schools and inquire about aspects such as their teaching approach -  A course is only as good as the teacher who teaches, or so they say. See the kind of work the teachers or professors have done in the area, the researches they have been a part of, the papers they have published - Look for NGO and international body affiliations with the college and inquire about the various areas where they have their internships. While Human Rights studies are purely conceptual and academic in nature, the practical applications of these laws and their limitations are only recognized on the field as an intern, officer or an activist. - Figure out the kind of course you want to study. There are certification sources, diplomas, bachelors and masters degree. Before undertaking a course, chart out the purpose for perusal of the course.   Eligibility Diploma, certification and under-graduate courses accept students with successful attempts in 10+2 with minimum of 50% marks. Colleges offering Masters Degree however prefer students with a background in sociology, humanities or law.   Diploma in Human Rights Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) www.ignou.ac.in Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University, Gujarat www.baou.org University of Madras – Institute of Distance Education www.unom.ac.in Ramjas College, Delhi http://www.ramjascollege.edu/ Department of Adult, Continuing Education & Extension, Faculty of Social Sciences, Delhi.   http://dacee.du.ac.in/     A short-term course in Human Rights adds to the knowledge pool. The courses vary from 3 months to 6 months.  The investment in short-term courses isn’t high and largely remains around Rs. 3,000 to Rs. 5,000 for the entire course duration. Bachelor of Arts in Human Rights Studies A Bachelor of Arts degree in Human Rights emphasizes on academic research and analysis, issues like law, social justice, conflict resolution and dignity. These programs are interdisciplinary, from history to philosophy, from law to literature and various research methodologies. Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi www.jnu.ac.in Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu www.annamalaiuniversity.ac.in  In some universities, human rights education is part of sociology, economics, and modern Indian history. MA in Human Rights A master's program in Human Rights can be pursued after successful completion of a BA course in political science, sociology, social work and law. A masters’ degree will explore subjects like history, philosophy, culture, geography, various laws and movements, research and advocacy in depth. Jamia Millia Islamia University, Delhi www.jmi.ac.in Loyola College, Tamil Nadu www.loyolacollege.edu Andra University, AP www.andhrauniversity.edu.in Don Bosco University, Assam www.dbuniversity.ac.in   A Masters of Arts degree in India isn’t an expensive affair. The investment is anywhere between Rs. 30,000 per year to Rs. 50,000 per year. Human Rights education alone may not guarantee a career. While it is an upcoming subject, it hasn’t yet reached a stage where it is fully comprehensive by its own.  Studying Human Rights without a background in social work, political science or even law may not get you a job directly. Abroad While Human Rights education is on a nascent stage across the world, foreign universities have had more expertise on the subject. The departments are active and robust, engaged in research and give a chance to interact with leading Human Rights professors in the world. London School of Economics, UK www.lse.ac.uk University of Roehampton, UK www.roehampton.ac.uk University of San Francisco, USA www.usfca.edu Fort Hays State University Graduate School, USA www.fhsu.edu Alice Salomon University Of Applied Sciences, Germany www.ash-berlin.eu Sciences Po, France www.sciencespo.fr European University Viadrina, Germany www.europa-uni.de Carlos Iii University of Madrid, Spain www.gu.se University Of Gothenburg, Sweden www.gu.se   A Masters’ degree from a leading international school is a big advantage to get the right international opportunities but be careful of the cost. These graduate schools are expensive. Career Opportunities Starting a career in Human Rights is a challenge; it is a complex field and is also a very competitive profession, particularly in today’s economy. Firstly there are vast scopes – in NGOS, international organizations, journalism, research institutes and schools to name a few. Apart from the competition, there are other things to consider too – Will you be willing to travel into sensitive areas, working with high emotions, work in unfamiliar and/or rough environments and face opposition? The Salaries start from Rs. 15,000 but from there on work and your passion are the only guarantors to the kind of income you earn. Knowledge alone isn’t necessary to succeed; to advance ahead you need the dedication, courage and a supportive network. However with the right approach you can be part of strong international agencies like the UN and its other agencies, Amnesty International, and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. But the truest earnings in Human Rights career is that you get to touch lives across the globe, bring about positive changes and stand up for what you think is right.  

Intellectual Property Law: The emerging dimension of law

Intellectual Property Law: The emerging dimension of law : Innovativeness needs protection from being illegitimately used by the third party. Intellectual property law serves as the protector of the originality with immense career opportunities. Intellectual property can be defined as the original property that belonged to the person or the organization where it has been created. The Intellectual Property Law is laws that that protect the intellectual property rights. They are the legislations that grant original rights and ownership to the creator. The area offers great career opportunities for individuals who are inclined towards creativity and aimed to preserve and respect the originality of ideas. Intellectual Property Law is an emerging career in the twenty first century with several job opportunities in public and private sectors.   Eligibility Intellectual property law relates to enforcement of laws to ensure rights related to securing inventions, designs and other creativities of mind. In provides rights and protection over the intangible assets. The field therefore requires in-depth knowledge about the laws related and the manner of their implementation and right interpretation. The sector has several opportunities, but only for well qualified and skilled people. After 12th, five year graduation programme for law is available and it B. Sc. LL.B. Thus student from any filed can pursue their career. After graduation in science and mathematics field, a three year law degree, LL.B. can be done. Students aspiring to study ahead can undertake a two year master’s programme, LL. M, after graduation. Emphasis is also upon diploma courses so as to attain specialization in the field. Postgraduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Practice and Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Management are also present in the field to enhance skills and intellect regarding the subject. Post graduate courses such as Masters in Philosophy and Doctorate can be done in intellectual property law. India has some of the prestigious law universities that offer courses to highly skilled students. There are 16 prominent National Law Universities, where admission is granted only after qualification of Common Law Aptitude Test (CLAT). The test includes basic mathematics, aptitude, English and general knowledge. Other universities also conduct their respective entrance exams for admission. The tuition fee for the NLU’s is higher as compared to other universities. NLUs are highly prestigious with skilled and advanced libraries and academic facilities. There are only 450 seats available in NLU’s for the students from all across the country. The annual fee structure of NLU’s range from 75000INR to 125000INR.For other Universities, the fees are much less and they range from 7000INR to 30000INR. Foreign universities apart from graduation and post graduation degrees, provide doctoral degree in Jurisprudence (J.S.D.), and Doctor of Comparative Law (D.Comp.L.). The annual fee structure in foreign universities range from 700000INR to 120000INR. Scholarships and fee concessions are available for meritorious students in India and abroad. Career Path                                                                             Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website National Law School of India B.A. LL.B, LLM, M. Phil. Bangalore https://www.nls.ac.in/  West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences - WBNUJS  LL.B, LLM, Doctorate Kolkata http://www.nujs.edu/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, P.G. Doctorate Bhopal https://www.nliu.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology LL.B Hons in Intellectual Property Kharagpur http://www.iitkgp.ac.in/topfiles/law.php National Law University, LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Practice, Doctorate Delhi http://www.nludelhi.ac.in/   Delhi Faculty of Law LL.B (3 year programme after graduation) Delhi University, Delhi http://law.du.ac.in/   Symbiosis Law School LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma Courses Pune http://www.symlaw.ac.in/ Indian Law Society's Law College,  LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral ·             Pune https://ilslaw.wordpress.com/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral   Jodhpur http://www.nlujodhpur.ac.in/index-main.php National Academy of Legal Studies and Research, LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Hyderabad http://www.nalsar.ac.in/ Faculty of Law, BHU LLB, LLM Banaras http://www.bhu.ac.in/lawfaculty/ Gujarat National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Management, Doctoral   Gandhinagar http://www.gnlu.ac.in/     Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Cambridge University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, U.S. https://www.cam.ac.uk/  Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ New York University  Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral, Doctor of Juridical Science (J.S.D.) New York, US http://www.nyu.edu/   Yale University LLM, J.D. and J.S.D. Yale, US   http://www.yale.edu/   University of California Post-graduation, Doctoral,  J.D. and J.S.D. Berkeley, US http://www.berkeley.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/   University of Michigan Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Ann Arbor, U.S. https://www.umich.edu/      Oxford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral and Diploma in Intellectual Property Law   U.K https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/  University of Chicago Law School Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Chicago, U.S. http://www.law.uchicago.edu/   Opportunities and Salaries Creativity and imagination have gained wings in the twentieth century. Originality of an idea is gaining importance and hence there emerges a need to protect intellectual property rights.  It has have led to intellectual property law and several job opportunities in this field. A qualified individual in the field of intellectual property law can work in cases related to infringement of rights and liberties related to privacy of the product such as slogans, logos, product names, artwork, movies, books, music and other information. A law graduate, after clearance of the bar association’s exam can practice as a lawyer and work on several cases related to intellectual property law. The lawyers are also hired by several government institutes, private law firms and nonprofit organizations. The major work involves protecting the original rights through Licensing, Patent, Trade Secret, Copyright and Trademark of the product. Other job opportunities in intellectual property law include teachers and lecturers in various renowned universities. Law graduates can prepare for higher posts such as the civil services and judicial services. Journalism publishing of law related books and research papers, and social activists are some of the other opportunities that an intellectual property law educated individual can advance in.  Job profiles in this field are filled with immense hard- work, but pays well when a person through his skills, establish as a capable lawyer. Patent lawyers are in demand and hired by large to small scale companies. Intellectual Property law offers job opportunity in not only Copyright and Patent Law, but also in Chemical, Mechanical, IT, Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Patent Practice. Civil services and judiciary posts can be acquired through qualifying the concerned exams. The salaries depend upon the experience and qualifications. The average pay scale for lawyers range from 8000- 25000 INR per month. In civil services job profiles, the salaries range from 35000- 50000 INR. It is a job that offers prestige, recognition and good pay scales. If you are inclined towards providing justice and preserving the value of intellect, then intellectual property law is the perfect career option. The field aims to provide a legal outlook and protection to innovativeness. It is an extremely broad field and has become an integral part for the economic expansion of the country. Protection of the intellectual property right therefore provides great opportunities for law educated aspirants.

Experiment with diverse career options in Physics

Experiment with diverse career options in Physics : Physics has been one of the most ancient branches of science. This very interesting subject offers a wide range of interesting career opportunities filled with discoveries, experimentations and inventions. Ever wondered why things fall downwards or the reason why we have day and night? Yes, indeed it is due to gravitation and rotations of the earth respectively. But, if you are inclined to dig these puzzles more, and aim to learn about the in-depth study of motion, action and reaction of any movement of objects; Physics is definitely the area of your interest you would want to go into. You do not need to limit yourself to Physics just as a subject of your curriculum, you can explore it deep and advance in a career in Physics. It offers a vast range of diverse opportunities that are exciting, but requires a good command and knowledge in the subject. The study of matter and motion involves every tangible creation in the Universe and hence, the scope of the subject is limitless. Gain expertise in Physics to make your career extremely exciting and filled with knowledge. Since it includes more of experiments, observations and calculations, mastery in this field is required that can be achieved through clear understanding of the concepts and through practice. Once command is grasped in the core concepts, several career options in Physics await to lead you to professional success. Eligibility The subject requires deep study and research. Students passionate about the subject and interested in fields such as the principles of energy, matter and motion must only take up the subject. There is a need for precision and concentration in the subject. After 10th standard, physics, chemistry and mathematics as basic subjects are available for students, if they need to pursue a career in physics. Leading government and private universities provide under-graduate and graduate courses. B.Sc. Honors in Physics followed by Masters and specialization in different branches of physics can be done. Students aspiring to become researchers and physics scientists can further do doctorate in physics. The subject requires theoretical as well as practical knowledge and hence, binds the interests of students. Fee Structure The annual tuition fees in colleges in India range from 8,000 INR to 1, 50,000 INR. For students who want to study abroad, the annual tuition fees begin from 8,00,000 INR. Scholarships are also available for deserving candidates.                                                                                       Top Institutes India College Course City Website   Indian Institute of Science, (IISc     Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate   Bangalore   http://www.iisc.ernet.in   St. Stephens, DU     Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc)   Delhi   http://www.ststephens.edu   Tata Institute of Fundamental Research    Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc)   Mumbai   http://www.tifr.res.in   IITM    Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc)   Madras   https://www.iitm.ac.in     BHU      Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate   Varanasi     http://www.bhu.ac.in Indian Institute of Technology     Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate   Roorkee   http://www.iitr.ac.in   Saha Institute of Nuclear Studies     Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate   Kolkata(West Bengal)   http://www.saha.ac.in/web   College of science and technology   Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate   Visakhapatnam http://www.cst.edu.bt/  National Institute of Technology  Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Rourkela http://www.nitrkl.ac.in/   IIT Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Hyderabad http://www.iith.ac.in/   Leading Universities for Doctorate in Physics   World College Course City Website   Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)   Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc) Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.bfit.edu ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology   Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Switzerland https://www.ethz.ch/en.html Imperial College London    Graduation, Post-graduation   United Kingdom https://www.imperial.ac.uk/physics   University of Cambridge    Graduation, Post-graduation   United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu   California Institute of Technology Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral California, U.S. http://www.caltech.edu/   University of Auckland Graduation, Post-graduation   New Zealand www.auckland.ac.nz   Opportunities and Salaries Boundless opportunities are available in physics. Physics graduates can find great career options in both private sectors as well as in public sectors. The basic requirement is graduation for several jobs for posts of technician, assistant researcher, and lab supervisor. There are several eminent organizations such as ISRO (Bangalore), DRDO (Delhi), and VSSC (Kerala) that hire qualified individuals in this field.  Post graduates and doctorates can pursue their career as researchers and scientists. Other job profiles in Physics include lecturers, teachers and academic writers for books in these subjects. Science magazine journalism has also lately provided great career opportunities. Interdisciplinary jobs are also available in atomic research organization, planetariums and other scientific institutes. The scope of physics is multi dimensional, but career can only boosted if a person is well skilled and passionate in this subject. Salaries of teachers and lecturers range from 15,000 INR to 70000 INR per month. For individuals entering in the field of research the salaries begin from 15000 INR. In case of lab assistants, technicians and supervisors, the pay scale range from 7000 INR to 25000 INR. Handsome salaries are available at international firms and research organizations. Hard- work and detailed study about the subject can lead to great career opportunities.              Physics is the basis of science and has tantalized men and women of every age.  If you have a spirit to understand the manner in which things work and scientific experiments are enjoyed, then advance ahead to make physics as your career option. Let the laws of the universe, motion of objects, thermodynamics and motion science accelerate your professional life and make you reach pinnacle of success.  

Railways: A journey to a dynamic career

Railways: A journey to a dynamic career : Railways offers diverse opportunities for individuals with diverse career background. It is a rapidly expanding sector with never a period of recession. Grab an exciting job in the railways and accelerate your career. We all have journeyed through trains and found them fascinating. The long tail running through the forests, mountains, over the bridges and under the tunnels and moves endlessly from one corner to another is nothing less than a wonder. If there is quest to know more, to discover railways from deeper dimensions, accelerate your skills and join such a dynamic system. It is not just hundreds of trains running daily, but a dense system of mechanical, technical organizations and vast infrastructure with precision in management and a community of thousands of employees. The lifeline and the pride of the country, “The Indian Railways” is 150 years long and is the largest network of connectivity as well as huge personnel. It offers job opportunities to thousands of employees with different academic backgrounds and qualifications. Being the second largest commercial employer in the world, the Indian Railways is a golden opportunity for all young aspirants.  What is remarkable about the system is that there is never a recession and it is continuously progressing. Join the Indian Railways for opportunities and a glorified career. Eligibility There are jobs available in railways after tenth and twelfth standards Through the Railway Recruitment Board, selection procedure is done for the several vacancies in different departments. Diploma courses are done by people to enhance their skills and get promotions and pay hikes. The IT wing of the Indian Railways is the Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) and it is Headquatered at New Delhi. It is an autonomous organization and has Regional offices in Kolkata, Secunderabad, Chennai, Mumbai and Delhi. CRIS is related to the technical operations in the railway system and it provides multiple opportunities for IT graduates. Students skilled in developing software such as C#, C, C++, Java can apply for these jobs. B-Tech in Computer Science and Electronics can appylt for job opportunities in the technical wing involved in development, maintenance and implementation of the Reservation System, Ticketing System, e-Procurement System, Freight Operations Information System (FOIS) and other IT related wings. Mechanical and Civil Branch graduates can work the engine design and railway track development wings. Engineering Services Examination as well as Civil Services Examination is required to clear for getting jobs at higher posts in the Railways. Graduates in commerce and mathematics can apply for audit and finance department of the railways. Railway Institutes   Indian Railways Institute of Transport Management (IRITM) Professional Training of IRTS Probationalry officers, Appreciation Courses for Probationary Officers (Mid Career Training Programmes, Special Courses) Lucknow http://www.iritm.indianrailways.gov.in/ The Institution of Permanent Way Engineers  Diploma Courses (IT) Pune http://www.ipweindia.com/index.html   Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (IRIMEE)  Training courses for Mechanical & M&C courses Jamalpur (Patna) http://www.irimee.indianrailways.gov.in/   Institute of Rail Transport Rail Transport and Management, Transport, Economics and Management, Multi-modal Transport Courses New Delhi http://www.irt-india.com/   The Indian Railways Institute of Logistics & Materials Management (IRILMM) Diploma Courses New Delhi http://www.irilmm.com/     Several Entrance Exams   Service Examination Qualification Age Limit Indian Railway Service of Engineers ( IRSE ),  Indian Engineering Services  Engineering as graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August  Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IREE Combined Engineering Service Examination Engineering as graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August  Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers(IRSME)   Combined Engineering Service Examination Engineering as graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August  Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers(IRSEE) Combined Engineering Service Examination Engineering as graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August  Indian Railway Stores Service (IRSS)   Combined Engineering Service Examination Engineering as graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August  Indian Railway Traffic Service(IRTS)   Civil Services Examination Graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August  Railway Protection Force   Civil Services Examination Graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August  Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)   Civil Services Examination Graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August  Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)   Civil Services Examination Graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August   Indian Railway Medical    Service(IRMS)   Combined Medical Services Examination  Medical Degree 21 to 30 years on 1st August  Commercial Apprentice, Assistant Station Master, Traffic Apprentice, Clerk Railway Non Technical Cadre Exam Graduation for Grace B, C jobs 18 to 27 years on 1st August  Railway Recruitment Service Railway Non Technical Cadre Exam Engineering Degree 18 to 27 years on 1st August  Sub Inspectors/ Constables RPF Sub Inspectors/ Constables Exam Intermediate/ 10+2 Science background 20-25 years Sub Inspectors 18-25 years Constables Assistants, Clerk (LDC), Attendant, Driver, Constable, Village Administrative Officer (VAO), Stenographer, Data Entry Operator, Junior Assistants, Peon   Railway Recruitment Examination Intermediate/ 10+2 18 to 25 years       Opportunities in railways The movements of the trains are operated by the operations department and it includes several jobs of inspectors and supervisors at control offices and stations. The qualified candidates are trained for two years at Lal Bahadur Shastri Academy of Administration in Mussouri. During the third year, job training followed by clearance of departmental examinations gives a confirmed post as officers Assistant Operations Superintendent (AOS) or as Assistant Commercial Superintendent (ACS) at the Divisional Headquarters. Promotions and experience can lead to the post of Operations Manager or Senior Divisional Commercial Managers and the top most position as Operations or Commercial Chief Managers at Zonal Level. Engineers or technical graduates are appointed at the post of railway officers and have work in fields such as planning, construction, maintenance and installation of railway tracks, buildings and bridges. Individuals can also clear the Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE), Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers (IRSSE) and Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME). The finances and accounts of the railways are handled by large personnel that are appointed through Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS). This service provides opportunities for students with mathematics and accounts background. Finance managers, management students and Chartered Accountants can avail prestigious job opportunities. Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) provides job opportunities for thousands of officers that are employed in work related to staff welfare activities, recruitment, training, promotion, informing and transfer of staff and other departments’ related activities. Individuals interested in police personnel can work as a para military force through Railway Protection Service. Railways are the largest operating public sector industry in the country and require proper planning for it to flourish. Indian Railway Stores Services deals with the activities related to the five year plan of the railways. Other job opportunities include clerical jobs as that at the ticket counter or Ticket Inspectors. Railways also recruit students after twelfth class and diploma holders at grade C and D posts.   Salaries   The diversity of jobs available in the Railways has different posts and pay scales. Education and experience add to the salary hike. There are four groups D, C, B, A of the railway staff with a different salary structure. After the 6th Pay Commission, the salaries hiked to a great extent.  For the D level the staffs are cleaners, guards and they get 7000 INR at entry level grade pay per month, while for the C group employees, the salaries range from 7730 – 18150 INR per month. For B group officers (technicians, ticket collectors, junior engineers), the salaries range from 21000-30000 INR per month and for the group A officers (IRAS, IRPS, IRSSE) the pay scale range from 46000- 53000 INR per month. Apart from the salaries, the employees are also given perks and bonus. After the seventh pay commission, predicted to be implemented since January 2016, the salaries are estimated to hike by 23.55 percent. Railways are stretched all across with job opening available everywhere in the country. Professionals are also sent abroad for training and skill enhancement programmes. Career in railways is accompanies by handsome salaries, job security and a good professional status. Come and become a part to such a dynamic system let your career travel new heights.  

Exploring the Noblest Profession of All - Teaching

Exploring the Noblest Profession of All - Teaching :   There is no better investment you can make than one in a career in education, which has been referred to as the noblest profession. The demand for highly qualified educators is on the rise and this trend is not at all likely to change in near future. If you bear the passion for teaching, learning and sharing your knowledge with today's youth, intending to make a difference in a child's life, then this profession is for you. Individuals interested in taking up this profession as a career must possess an outgoing personality, are required to be good listeners, have great problem-solving and organizational skills along with strong communication skills to effectively convey their message to the students they would be addressing. The teaching profession requires people who have the conviction to nurture young minds and mold them into something great. Since time immemorial, the profession of teaching has been considered as one of the noblest professions. Educators have always played the role of catalysts for various social changes in society. Mankind has always considered teachers/educators as a boon to the society for they have been the ones responsible for polishing a learner's intellect and aptitude. This profession has always held a proud position in the Indian ethos and milieu. Right from the most famous gurus and ancient teachers like Vashisth and Dronacharya, to preachers like Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Ramanujacharya down to modern day educationists like Dr.Amartya Sen, Shri J.C.Bose and many others, not forgetting our former president Late Dr.APJ Abdul Kalam, teachers/educators have by and large been looked upon as role models and venerated in high esteem by the learners of all age groups. This profession is divided into numerous areas of specializations, each requiring its own method of training and different skill sets. SKILLS REQUIRED  Education sector is a highly specialized field, and hence, requires a lot of comprehensive training to gain expertise in the field. It is taken for granted that anyone and everyone can teach, provided they have some basic knowledge for the subject. The fundamental qualities needed are excellent communication skills along with the ability to inspire confidence, ability to hold the attention of young and dynamic minds and finally, the ability to set an example through deeds and words.   CAREER PATH   COURSES OFFERED Bachelor's in Education (2 years) Master's in Education (2 years) Post Graduate Diploma in Management of Education (1 year) Doctorate of Philosophy (2 years)   HOW MUCH WILL IT COST ME? The fee structure for a B.Ed course could be anywhere between Rs. 10,000 and Rs. 40,000. Many universities also offer the course at much lower fees. Similarly for M.Ed, It ranges between some 25,000-60,000 rupees depending upon the rank and reputation of the institute. Candidates who are not willing to shell out such hefty amounts can take up diploma/certification course in the same colleges or institutes. JOB PROSPECTS 1) Educational Administrators - Principals, Assistant Principals, Directors 2) Teachers- Professors/Lecturer 3) Teachers- Pre-School, Kindergarten, Elementary, Middle and High School 4) Teachers-Special Education 5) Teachers-Assistants and Aides ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITES Educational Administrators- These includes the roles of principal, assistant principal and directors of any institute. They are largely hired to provide instructional leadership to that institute. They oversee the hiring process, working with the teachers evaluating them and help them improve upon their skills, oversee financial aspects of an institution, prepare budgets and reports for the institutes. Lecturers/Professors -This section of teachers mainly consists of university and college faculties, technical education faculties and graduate teaching associates. Their role mainly is to conduct research in their specialized subjects and to instruct and advise the college and university students. Lecturers in commerce, social sciences, foreign languages, sciences, law and physical education requires a post graduate degree in the respected subject from any recognized Indian University or equivalent degree from any foreign university with at least 55% marks can be considered. Eligibility tests like NET are conducted by CSIR, UGC. Professors are eminent scholars who are actively engaged in research and whose work has been appreciated and published, and who also have at least 10 years of experience in postgraduate are selected for the post of professors/principals. Pre-School, Kindergarten, Elementary teachers- Children’s development is largely affected by the presence of preschool, kindergarten, and elementary school teachers. The early image of these teachers can influence and shape the success that children must attain in the later part of their lives, be it at work, personal lives or in schools. Their world would be shaped by what they experience and learn in their early years of education through these teachers. Children at schools are introduced to various subjects like science, language, social studies and maths by this group of teachers. Middle School and High School Teachers- This group of teachers would be dealing with children in 8th-12th The students who earlier studied the subjects with their elementary, pre-school and primary teachers will learn and study the same subjects much in-depth with middle school and high school teachers. These teachers instruct in a single subject like math, language, chemistry, physics or any other main subject. Teachers Special Education- This group of teachers deals with youth and children having a variety of disabilities. This small percentage of special education teachers instruct disabled children about basic life skills and basic literacy lessons. Disabilities might include combined blindness and deafness, traumatic brain injury, language impairments or even emotional disturbance. Teachers Assistants and Aides- This group deals with the main teacher as their assistants and help them complete the secretarial tasks and instructional tasks so that the main teacher gets to spend more time preparing lessons and teaching. They can be termed as paraprofessionals. PAY PACKAGE Remuneration in this field is best offered in government owned colleges and schools. The elementary, pre-school, kindergarten, middle school or higher secondary teachers tend to receive a healthy start-up salary of some 15000-25000 rupees depending upon the class one teaches for. For teaching in universities and colleges one might earn Rs. 40,000 plus, depending upon the work experience and the quality of education one has acquired.   Top 10 Institutes India Rank College City Website URL 1 K.J. Somaiya Comprehensive College of Education, Training and Research Mumbai www.somaiya.edu/bed 2 Bombay Teacher's Training College, Mumbai www.bttc.edu 3 Lady Irwin College Delhi www.ladyirwin.edu.in 4 Andhra University Visakhapatnam www.andhrauniversity.edu 5 Azim Premji University Bangalore http://www.azimpremjiuniversity.edu.in/ 6 Government College of Education Chandigarh www.gcechd.nic.in 7 St. Xaviers College of Education Patna www.sxcepatna.edu.in 8 D.M.College of Teacher Education Imphal www.dmcte.in 9 Kirorimal College of Education Bhiwani www.kmcollegeofeducation.org 10 University Of Pune Pune www.unipune.ac.in   Overseas   Rank College City Website URL 1 Harvard University Cambridge,USA www.harvard.edu 2 Oxford Univeristy Oxford,UK www.ox.ac.uk 3 California Institute of Technology California, USA www.caltech.edu 4  Cornell University New York, USA www.cornell.edu 5 ETH Zurich Zurich, Switzerland www.ethz.ch/en.html 6 Imperial college of London London, UK www.imperial.ac.uk 7 Princeton University Princeton, USA www.princeton.edu 8 Stanford University Stanford, USA www.stanford.edu 9 University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada www.ubc.ca 10 Yale University New Haven,USA www.yale.edu   TO CONCLUDE The importance of this profession cannot be underestimated due to the fact that it inherently ensures that the minds of the pupils are molded in such a way that their future career prospects are up for grabs. It is inherently not so different from a superpower to have the ability to help build a vision for a student, which he/she can be channelized to achieve. This is what makes the profession a noble and worthy one, as it is one which essentially helps in building up other professions by channelizing young minds into them.  

A bird’s eye view of the society: Careers in Sociology

A bird’s eye view of the society: Careers in Sociology : Overview Why are some cultures patriarchal while others are matriarchal? Why is polygamy acceptable in certain societies but not in others? Why are people belonging to certain groups, societies or cultures inclined towards taking up certain professions? What is an ideal society? As a sociologist, you will be able to find out the answers to these and more such pressing questions concerning the world.   What is Sociology all about? Sociology is the study of people in relation to their fellow human beings, and it deals with topics like culture, religion, politics, economics, group dynamics, communication, power, conflict, inter-group behaviour, etc. Sociology tries to understand the behaviour of people at a group-level, rather than at an individual-level. Broadly speaking, the focus of Sociology is on understanding and explaining:   What might create an ideal society How is culture created, and how does it get passed on from one generation to another Similarities and differences among different groups of people Influence of social institutions on individuals     How to get into this Career? A student interested in pursuing a career in sociology can study Humanities at the plus-two level and opt in for Sociology as a subject. After that, a Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in Sociology can enable one for a successful career in this field. Those inclined towards academics and research should pursue MPhil/PhD degree as well.   In India, most universities offer specialised UG and PG courses in the field of Sociology, including, but not limited to, University of Delhi, Delhi; Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi; University of Calcutta, Kolkata; Jawahar Lal Nehru University, New Delhi; University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad; Jadavpur University, Kolkata, among several others.    You can find out more about these universities here:   University of Delhi, Delhi  http://www.du.ac.in/du/ Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi  http://jmi.ac.in/ University of Calcutta, Kolkata  http://www.caluniv.ac.in/ Jawahar Lal Nehru University, New Delhi  http://www.jnu.ac.in/ University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad  http://www.uohyd.ac.in/ Jadavpur University, Kolkata  http://www.jaduniv.edu.in/   Skills and Competencies You must be someone who is comfortable in reading extensively about societies around the world and must display a sense of empathy and curiosity towards them. You must be a critical-thinker with the ability to conduct research effectively. You must also have a flair in writing and public speaking for effectively communicating your research findings with interested groups.   Career Opportunities As a graduate or post-graduate in Sociology, you can find meaningful career opportunities in the academia, non-government sector and even in the corporate sector. You can become a professor of the subject at a university level and continue exploring the subject by doing research. Sociologists are much in demand in non-government organisations, including Oxfam, UNO, WWF, among other prominent names. These days, many corporate organisations hire students from a sociology background for CSR as well as market-research jobs. Besides these sectors, there are opportunities galore for sociologists in the research and publishing industries as well.   Cost Involved The cost of pursuing a UG or PG degree program in Sociology will depend on the institute you are pursuing it from. As government colleges are highly subsidized, the cost of pursuing the course from a government college will be very low whereas private colleges may be costlier. All in all, pursuing a course in Sociology may cost you anywhere from Rs 15,000 to several lakhs depending on the institute you pursue it from.   Talking Money: Remuneration As there are many different kinds of jobs that open up for you as a graduate in Sociology, your remuneration will depend on the kind of work you do. If you begin your career in the academic field, you can except to earn around Rs 40000 or more per month as an Assistant Professor. A job with an NGO can pay you anything between Rs 15000 to Rs 100000 depending upon the organisation and your role. A job with a corporate as a CSR or marketing professional may earn anywhere close to Rs 25000 to Rs 60000 per month.  

Exploring Politics and Policies: Careers in Political Science

Exploring Politics and Policies: Careers in Political Science :   Overview Are you interested in gauging public opinion for a popular politician? Do you have a keen interested in studying public policies and programs and assessing their implementation? Do you have strong opinions about the political system of the country and the functionality of the government? Are you likely to monitor the election of a newly formed government? If you answered yes to all or most of these questions, Political Science may just be the right career option for you, as you will be doing all of this and more.     What is Political Science all about? Political Science is the study of governments, public policies and processes, and political behaviours. Greek Philosopher Aristotle once called Political Science master science as every human social endeavour on this planet gets affected by politics. Some subjects that are closely associated with political science include economics, statistics, law, sociology, psychology and history. As a student of Political Science, you will learn how to assess public policies, develop them, conduct research and analyse and interpret data. You will also gain an in-depth understanding of the distribution of political wer.   How to get into this Career? A student interested in pursuing a career in Political Science should study Humanities at the plus-two level and opt in for Political Science as a subject to gain some basic understanding about the subject. After that, a Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in Political Science can enable one for a successful career in this field. Those inclined towards academics and research should pursue MPhil/PhD degree as well In India, most universities offer specialised UG and PG courses in the field of Political Science, including, but not limited to, University of Delhi, Delhi; Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi; University of Calcutta, Kolkata; Jawahar Lal Nehru University, New Delhi; University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad; Jadavpur University, Kolkata; Punjab University, Chandigarh; University of Pune, Pune among several others.    You can find out more about these universities here:   University of Delhi, Delhi  http://www.du.ac.in/du/ Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi  http://jmi.ac.in/ University of Calcutta, Kolkata  http://www.caluniv.ac.in/ Jawahar Lal Nehru University, New Delhi  http://www.jnu.ac.in/ University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad  http://www.uohyd.ac.in/ Jadavpur University, Kolkata  http://www.jaduniv.edu.in/ Punjab University, Chandigarh http://puchd.ac.in/ University of Pune, Pune http://www.unipune.ac.in/   If you are planning to study abroad, some of the best known institutions in this field include University of Oxford, United Kingdom; Harvard University, USA; University of Columbia, USA; Heidelberg University, Germany; Sciences Po, Paris; Yale University, USA; University of California, USA among others.   You can get more details about these universities here:   University of Oxford, United Kingdom  http://www.ox.ac.uk/ Harvard University, USA  http://www.harvard.edu/ University of Columbia, USA  http://www.columbia.edu/ Heidelberg University, Germany  http://www.politik.uni-hd.de/ Sciences Po, Paris  http://www.sciencespo.fr/en Yale University, USA  http://www.yale.edu/ University of California, USA http://polisci.berkeley.edu/grad/phdrequirements/   Skills and Competencies You need to be extremely comfortable with research, data analysis and interpretation if you want a lucrative career in Political Science. You must be someone who is comfortable in reading extensively. You must be a critical-thinker with the ability to conduct research effectively. You must also have a flair in writing and public speaking for effectively communicating your research findings and recommendations with interested groups.   Career Opportunities As a graduate or post-graduate in Political Science, you can find meaningful career opportunities in the academia, think-tanks, journalism, law, non-government sector and even in the corporate sector. You can become a professor of the subject at a university level and continue exploring the subject by doing research. Political Science graduates are much in demand in non-government organisations, including Oxfam, UNO, WWF, Greenpeace among other prominent names. These days, many corporate organisations hire students with a Political Science background for CSR and sustainability jobs. You can also get associated with a political party as its campaign manager.     Cost Involved The cost of pursuing a UG or PG degree program in Political Science will depend on the institute you are pursuing it from. As government colleges are highly subsidized, the cost of pursuing the course from a government college will be very low whereas private colleges may be costlier. All in all, pursuing a course in Political Science may cost you anywhere from Rs 15,000 to several lakhs depending on the institute you pursue it from.   Talking Money: Remuneration As there are many different kinds of jobs that open up for you as a graduate in Political Science, your remuneration will depend on the kind of work you do. If you begin your career in the academic field, you can except to earn around Rs 40000 or more per month as an Assistant Professor. A job with an NGO can pay you anything between Rs 15000 to Rs 100000 depending upon the organisation and your role. A job with a research firm or think-tank may earn anywhere close to Rs 25000 to Rs 60000 per month.

Career in Chemistry: Unravel the mystery around and within us

Career in Chemistry: Unravel the mystery around and within us : For starters, everything has a chemical context and we are all essentially chemists. Each time we light a match, breathe in and out or boil something, we unknowingly or knowingly perform a chemical reaction. There are chemical processes that go on within our bodies as well. How would you like to make a career out of knowing this chemical magic that happens in and around us? Chemistry is a fundamental science that impacts everything around us. Chemists are literally like magicians, as they have the know-how to convert matter into really amazing things, and sometimes into odd-smelling things. Some of them work to cure cancer and other diseases, while others are monitoring the ozone layer that’s been affected. There are others who develop new materials with new properties, or new textiles. Chemistry is also known as the central science, since it brings together mathematics, physics and environmental science. It is the knowledge of the nature of chemical processes and chemicals within the realm of biological and physical phenomena. The knowledge of chemistry is important because it provides a basis for understanding the universe we live in. Education Under Graduation: For getting an admission in bachelor’s degree, the student must have higher secondary school education i.e. 10+2 with science subjects such as biology, mathematics and chemistry. The duration for this course is 3 years. Post-Graduation:  The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree in chemistry is either holding an engineering degree in chemical or a bachelor's degree with science subjects such as biology, mathematics and chemistry. The duration for this course is 2 years. There are various options after completing a degree in Bachelors in chemistry. This will ensure an enhancement in your already acquired qualification and will help you acquire a job with a heavy salary package. Some of the higher education options are. Masters in Chemical Engineering Masters of science in Chemistry Masters of science in Analytical Chemistry Masters of science in Drug Chemistry Masters of science in Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry Masters of science in Physical & Materials Chemistry Master of Business Administration Doctorate/PhD   Certification courses after Bachelors or engineering in chemistry: There are few options of certification courses available after B.Sc chemistry that helps you reinforce your academic prowess, out of which a very common one is Post-Graduate Diploma in Analytical Chemistry (PGDAC). Specialization fields after Bachelors After the education, a chemical professional can consider some of the many options available in the employment world: Research & Development Research and Product Development Cheminformatics Engineering and Technology Crystallography Pigments, Inks and Dyes Laboratory, Project and Industrial Management Management Project Management   Quality Control/Regulatory Toxicology Safety and Health Toxic or Hazardous Waste Management Quality Assurance or control   Support Information Management Specialist Human Resources Public Information Support and Communication Technical Communication   Sales/Marketing Technical Sales and Marketing   Manufacturing Process and Formulation Chemistry   Law and Policy Law Public Information Regulation of Affairs Policy Social Impact   Military & Law Enforcement Military Science & Technology Forensic Science   Higher Education Professional Staff Basic Research Cheminformatics Professor Information Management     Career Path     Top Universities in India for Bachelors and Masters in Chemistry St. Xavier’s Colleges all over India http://xaviers.edu/main/ St. Stephan’s Colleges across India http://ststephens.edu/ Presidency Colleges around South-Eastern part of India www.presiuniv.ac.in Jamia Hamdard University, Delhi www.jamiahamdard.edu Loyola College, Chennai http://loyolacollege.edu/ Fergusson College, Pune http://fergusson.edu/ Hans Raj College, New Delhi http://hansrajcollege.co.in/ St. Anne College for Women, Hyderabad www.stannscollegehyd.com/ Sri Venkateswara College, New Delhi www.svc.ac.in/ Institute of Chemical Technology http://www.ictmumbai.edu.in/     Top Chemical Engineering Universities in India Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay) www.iitb.ac.in Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi) www.iitd.ac.in Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur) www.iitk.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT KGP) www.iitkgp.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) www.iitm.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT Roorkee) www.iitr.ac.in/ Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS-Pilani) www.bits-pilani.ac.in Indian Institute of Technology - Banaras Hindu University (IIT-BHU) www.iitbhu.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Guwahati) www.iitg.ac.in/ National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli www.nitt.edu/   Top Universities for Chemical studies in the world Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA www.web.mit.edu University of California, Berkeley (UCB), USA www.berkeley.edu National University of Singapore, Singapore www.nus.edu.sg The University of Melbourne, Australia www.unimelb.edu.au University of Toronto, Canada www.utoronto.ca   Fee Structure Bachelors in Science, which is a 3-year course will cost you anything around INR 60000 to INR 500000, grabbing an engineering degree which is a 4-year course will be an expense of INR 2,00,000 to INR 8,00,000. For studies abroad and for your masters, expect anything from around INR 15,00,000 to INR 40,00,000 in any of the top universities along with the cost of living. This inherent fee structure will be around about the same for your graduation or masters. Career Normally chemists can choose specializations in more than one category depending on the courses they have followed. Few of the worthy fields are analytical chemistry, Agro-chemistry, Astro-chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Biochemistry, Environmental, Food, Physical, Nuclear, Organic and Inorganic chemistry. A degree in chemistry or an inherent specialization in any of the subsets in the subject can help an individual take up the following job posts: Lecturer Cytologist Chemist Clinical Research Specialist Laboratory Technician Geneticist Radiologist Plant Biochemist Researcher Toxicologist Scientist Technical Writer/Editor Salary Structure                    Soucre: Payscale With an engineering degree you can expect to earn anything between INR 10 Lacs to 20 Lacs with the proper growth and skills. After your masters or a doctorate you should be expecting to earn around INR 15 to 30 Lacs. With higher education abroad and working in an international company, your salary package will get a great hike of up to INR 35 Lacs - 60 Lacs, depending on the sector and the company where you chose to find your place in. Final Note Chemistry engineers or graduates are highly in demand by international companies. If you are looking for real and concrete opportunities and are ready to bear the expenses, the world can be your playground as you can get the chance to delve into some of the lesser known aspects of the natural world and uncover the secrets of the cosmos through the understanding of the science of chemicals.  

Globalize your career with International Relations

Globalize your career with International Relations : International relations is not confined as a theoretical subject, but has developed as a dynamic career field. It is an interesting subject dealing with the tessellating relations amongst nations. Learn how to seek career opportunities amongst relations between nations.   The twenty first era was marked by the advent of globalization. It led to increased dependency amongst nation states and international relations strengthened. It has opened tremendous career opportunities for people interested in global political environment and international relations. If you love reading about the relations amongst nations and want to explore more in this field, then here are several career options that can lead to a well established career. International relations is one of the most diverse career options that has an amalgamation of intellect, connectivity, handsome salaries and global impact. Eligibility International Relations as a career offer great opportunity for well qualified individuals. After twelfth standards in any stream and graduation with minimum 55 percent can pursue masters in International Relations. Most of the graduates in Political Science prefer post graduation in International Relations. The subject offers research courses in multiple streams such as West Asia, International Organization, South East Asian Nations, Regional and International Politics, Diplomacy and Disarmament and other fields. Masters in Philosophy and doctorate can be pursued in the International Relations. Colleges offer masters in International Relations and students can be admitted after qualifying entrance examination of respective universities. For pursuing studies beyond post graduation, entrance examinations along with interviews needs to be qualified. Since the seats are limited, there is extreme competition amongst the students and thorough theoretical knowledge and efficent grasp over the subject is required. Fee Structure Internships are avialable for international relations students in several research organizations and international public policy institutes. The annual tution fees for masters programme range from 7000 INR to 25000 INR. International Relations courses are available in leading universities abroad where only the most desrving candidates can claim a seat. The annual fees structure range from 500000 to 1200000 INR. Career Path                                                                       Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website Jawaharlal Nehru University M.A,  M. Phil., Doctorate Delhi http://www.jnu.ac.in/ Delhi University  M.A Delhi http://www.du.ac.in/du/ South Asian University M.A Delhi https://www.nliu.ac.in/ Symbiosis School for Liberal Arts M.A Pune http://www.ssla.edu.in/ Jadavpur University  M.A. Kolkata http://www.jaduniv.edu.in/ Christ University M.A. Bangalore http://www.christuniversity.in/ Mahatma Gandhi University M.A. Kottayam, Kerala, http://www.mgu.edu.in/ Pondicherry University M.A. Jodhpur http://www.pondiuni.edu.in/     Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Cambridge University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, U.S. https://www.cam.ac.uk/  Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ New York University  Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral New York, US http://www.nyu.edu/   Yale University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Yale, US   http://www.yale.edu/   Princeton University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral New Jersey, US http://www.princeton.edu/main/ University of California Post-graduation, Doctoral, Berkeley, US http://www.berkeley.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/   University of Michigan Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Ann Arbor, U.S. https://www.umich.edu/        Opportunities and Salaries Globalization and increased interdependency have brought the world closer. New issues that have emerged such as human rights, poverty, refugees, terrorism, hunger, health and several others that are no longer confined within national borders. International Relations have thus developed an extremely increasing scope and career opportunities are vibrant in this field. International Relations professionals can become political journalists and analysts of diplomatic relations. In government sector boundless opportunities are available as policy analysts, Indian foreign services and in diplomacy department. Job opportunities related to political and legal advisor as bureaucrats are available. International organizations such as the United Nations, European Union, ASEAN, and other global/ regional organizations, both governmental and nongovernmental sectors offer jobs with prestige and handsome salaries for International Relations pass outs. Law is also a good option where individuals can work in field of trade regulations, export regulations and international business. Job opportunities are also available in NGO’s such as CARE, Amnesty International and Red Cross where qualified individuals in international relations can apply for several posts. Researchers, lecturers and professors are other job profiles for international relations graduates and post graduates. The pay scale of international relations scholars varies on the basis of qualifications, experience and firms worked in. For lecturers in prestigious universities, the monthly salaries range from 30000- 75000 INR. Political scientists and policy analysts are also well paid with above mentioned range and gain recognition for representing the nation at various international platforms. International organizations hire deserving candidates that get handsome salaries and several perks. Job opportunities in international relations have multiple benefits. The candidates are well paid, it is a highly respectable job, provides opportunities to be presented nationally and globally and it is a job of intellect and endeavors for national and international growth.      International relations is filled with multiple opportutnies with diverse sub categories. Today the world is no less than a global village and global interdependency is the need of the hour. International Relations thus, brings dynamic career oppoetunties for indiviudals dedicated towards this field.  

Enter the world of information, and glamor with a career in media studies

Enter the world of information, and glamor with a career in media studies : A Media study is a broad term which encompasses mass communications, PR, journalism and many more related wings. This field is comparatively new and its now being taken seriously all across the globe. In a country like India, media studies will have a very big role to play since it is directly linked with information handling and framing mindsets along with opinions of the masses. In a country as diverse as ours, there is immense scope of information handling and reporting. The way information is given and dealt with judiciously will make a difference in this industry. So as soon as someone chooses the career path of media studies, he or she should be prepared to take the responsibility of disseminating information and handling it in an unbiased way.   What are the bodies that employ media studies professionals? Creative industries and cultural industries make use of media studies graduates apart from media industry of course. The work areas where such professionals are required are PR and media practice, writing along with publishing, journalism, digital media and computer games, video and filmmaking, television and radio. The main employers of media studies professionals are colleges and universities   Marketing organizations Government bodies Civil services Communication agencies Newspaper industry Media companies publishing houses TV and radio companies PR consultancies     What are the colleges and universities that offer courses on media studies in India? Some of the good colleges in India that offer Bachelors, Masters, MPhil and PhD programs have been enlisted below. Serial No Names of Institutes Courses offered  1 Madras Christian College, Chennai Certificate Course in Online Journalism Diploma in Advertising and Public Relations (DAPR)  2 Kamala Nehru College for Women, Delhi B.A. Journalism  3 K.C. College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Mumbai Masters in Entertainment, media and advertising Bachelor in Mass Media  4 Indraprastha College for Women, New Delhi Bachelors Journalism  5 Tata Institute of Social Sciences MA in Media and Cultural studies PG Diploma in Community Media  6 Amity School Of Communication, Noida B.A. & M,A, (Film & Television Production) B.A.& M.A. (Journalism & Mass Communication) - 3 Continent MBA Media management PhD in Mass communication  7 Symbiosis Institute of Media & Communication, Pune MA Mass Communication  8 Lady Shri Ram College for Women, Delhi B.A. Journalism  9 Christ University, Bangalore B.A., M.A. and MPhil. In Media and communication. The fees of such courses range from  Rs. 200000/-Rs. 600000/- for these courses in private institutions, while it is pretty affordable in normal degree colleges.   So how much can a media studies person make in India? Fortunately in India the career paths opening up after a stint in media studies are not dismal. Though it is a growing field but you can definitely do well by choosing to serve the field of media, here itself in India. The salary figures are interesting depending on what majors have they pursued after graduating in media studies.                     Source:Payscale   What are the institutes abroad to pursue media studies?   Here are some of the institutes to pursue media studies abroad. Serial No Name of Institutes Courses offered 1 University of Akron Bachelor of Arts in Communication - Interpersonal and Public Communication Master of Arts in Communication - Communication Studies Track 2 Johnson & Wales University - Providence Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Degree in Media and Communication Studies 3 Saint Peter's University Bachelor of Arts in Communication 4 Loughborough University London Digital Media Systems post graduation Internet and Media Clouds post graduation Sports Digital and Media Technologies postgraduation 5 University of New England (UNE) Advanced Diploma in Arts majoring in Screen and Media Studies 6 University of the West of Scotland Broadcast Production BA 7 University of Bristol Communications PhD Disability Studies (Inclusive Theory and Research) MSc 8 University of Hartford - Undergraduate Admissions Bachelor of Arts in Communication - Communication Studies Bachelor of Arts in Communication - Media and Journalism The fees amount can be really high for these courses ranging from Rs.800000/-Rs.3000000/- per year.   What are the career prospects of media studies abroad? It is desirable that if one has a degree in media studies from U.K. or U.S.A. it can be easier to land upon a job abroad. The course fees can be really enormous but then a capable person is more than compensated in the industry with a degree in media studies. Preferably you can work for free or do an internship of at least a year, even while pursuing the course to give you some experience. That way you can always do a better job when embarking on full fledged paid career in media studies. Salary figures can be quite enticing for a career in media studies if pursued abroad as shown below in the table.   Pros and Cons of a career in media studies Media studies professionals get to establish many kinds of contacts and hone their skills for effective communication. This renders them extremely malleable to fit into a wide variety of roles. Payment can be really good with many options to pursue career all across the world. But then the lifestyle of such people can be quite unpredictable. The work hours can be light to very hectic. Food preferences may need to be broadened to adjust in any situation. And travel schedules can be erratic however providing ample scope to discover people and places (can be quite perilous too).   Call for action India is in huge requirement of responsible unbiased media studies professionals. If a career in writing, reporting and handling of information seems attractive to you, then this nation is in need of qualified capable population like you.