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10 New Age Careers in Technology

Jun 2018

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Computer Science vs. Information Technology - The Better Half!

Computer Science vs. Information Technology - The Better Half! : Computer Science (CS) and Information Technology (IT) branches appear to be twins and synonymous to many but in reality they have different objectives. Also, there is a misconception among parents and the student community at large that CS has wider scope than IT, thus leading to more demand for the former. In fact, both have equal scope and students from both branches are equally employable in the IT and software industries.   Computer Science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes. Renowned Computer Scientist Edsger Dijkstra made this observation. Computer Science engineers are involved in many aspects of computing, from the design of individual microprocessors, personal computers and supercomputers to circuit design and writing software that powers them. They are also suited for robotics research, which relies heavily on using digital systems like motors and sensors in different machines.   Information Technology (IT) deals with use of electronic computers and computer software to store, protect, process, transit and securely retrieve information. IT is a general term that describes any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, and/or communicate information. IT professionals perform a variety of duties that range from installing applications to designing complex computer networks and information databases. They are suited for data management, networking engineering computer hardware, database and software design, as well as the efficient management and administration of entire systems. Differences at a Glance Computer Science is the study of the principles of computing and how computers solve problems. You will study the different types of problems that a computer can solve and how one would present a problem to a computer. Abstract ideas that rely on fundamental mathematical theories are the basis of Computer Science.   Information Systems is the study of what technology/tools can best meet the Information management needs of a particular organization. These tools can be human, process-based or technological. Familiarity with such tools is essential for a successful IT professional.   The relationship between the two fields lies in the fact that when it comes to the specific technology and tools needed to solve problems, the Computer Scientists design the tools and the Information Systems professionals then apply the tools to the maximum benefit of their particular organization or task.   Computer Science application and research often combines the pillars of information management, computation and system design with other domain specific areas linking aspects of engineering, science arts and mathematics. Such domain specific research includes Robotics and Control, Machine Vision and Human-Machine Interaction, Geographic Information Systems, Music Technology, Finance, Media Studies and so on. The combination of degrees and domain knowledge expertise in other disciplines with Computer Science opens a wealth of employment opportunities.   Information Technology is the hardware and software products and systems that result from the work of Computer Science and other disciplines associated with generation, manipulation, storage, retrieval, analysis and sharing digital information of all kinds. A computer, an iPod, a mobile phone, a camcorder, Microsoft Word, Mozilla Firefox, Linux, Windows Operating Systems, a Wireless Network, a Tata Sky TV box, a GPS unit, a social networking site, an information portal, a payment transaction service, are all examples of information technology. Exposure, experience and understanding of many such technologies is acquired during practical work associated with the course.   Snapshot of the curriculum Ultimately, what would really matter to you as a student is how far the course curriculum is different? Most of the top-notch institutes (including all the IITs, IIITs and most NITs) have either CSE or IT but not both. This clearly signals that the difference between the two branches is not significant enough to warrant their simultaneous presence on a campus at least in the eyes of the top engineering colleges of the country. Further, for the few colleges that do offer both IT and CSE, the differences in the course structure are minimal.   To Sum it Up It might help to imagine it like this: CS engineers are architects and construction workers. They design and build a house, and also play roles of electricians, plumbers and installation specialists who put lights, running water and appliances in the house. IT professionals live in the house and use appliances effectively and efficiently for a desired effect. There is some overlap within these two fields. Essentially, they exist in subsections of the same discipline, performing complementary different tasks that fit together like a gear. Hopefully the distinctions between the three professional areas are now clear. If IT is where you want to be, King University Online can get you there. Earning your bachelor's degree in information technology online is the first step toward a high-paying, in-demand career.   The Final Word If you have to choose between IT and CSE and have both options in hand, it would be wise to decide it on the basis of the reputation and standing of the college rather than the branch. If you have to choose between IT and CSE in the same college, see what excites you more, design of computers and computing systems or using computers to solve information management requirements of organization.   iDC is focused on helping students choose a career in which their potential is maximized. In case you are confused about Computer Science and Information Technology, please post your queries here: SUBMIT

Indian Air Force - Face the Challenge, Be an Air Warrior

Indian Air Force - Face the Challenge, Be an Air Warrior :   In this article, we shall take you through all the possible entries into the Indian Air Force (IAF). The IAF consist of three branches-flying, technical (aeronautical engineering) and ground-duty. Let's know about them one by one.   Ground-duty branch Both Indian men and women, aged 20-23 if graduate and 20-25 if postgraduate, are eligible to apply. Candidates below the age of 25 years must be unmarried.     Branches within Ground-duty branch Minimum Educational Requirements Other Details Administration (air traffic controllers, fighter controllers, etc.) Min. 60% aggregate in graduation (any field) or 50% in post graduation Permanent Commission (for men); Short Service Commission (for men & women) Accounts (internal auditor, etc.) Min. 60% aggregate in graduation (commerce) or 50% in post graduation (commerce) Permanent Commission (for men); Short Service Commission (for men & women) Logistics (procurement officer, inventory supervisor, materials management, etc.) Graduate/PG Diploma/PG Degree/Engineering Degree Permanent Commission (for men); Short Service Commission (for men & women) Education Min. 50% in post graduation (any field) Only for post graduates Meteorology Min. 50% in post graduation (in any of streams such as science, maths, statistics, geography, geo-physics, etc.), with a min. 55% in Maths and Science in graduation Only for post graduates   Air Force Common Admission Test (AFCAT) is conducted for entry into all the ground-duty branches. It is a 2-hour multiple-choice based exam covering questions from areas including general awareness, verbal ability, numerical ability, reasoning and aptitude. It is conducted twice a year.   Flying branch This branch can be joined right after completing schooling (through National Defence Academy/NDA) or after graduation.   For details of the NDA exam, see our another blog post here.   Graduates can seek entry through the Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE). Only unmarried Indian males, aged 19-23 can apply. There is no minimum percentage requirement in graduation for CDSE entry. However, candidates should have Physics and Maths at 10+2 level. CDSE exam is followed by a Services Selection Board (SSB) interview. CDSE is an objective exam consisting of 120 questions each from English, General Awareness and Maths. It is conducted twice a year.   Technical Branch Indian men and women, who are engineering graduates or are in the final year of graduation and aged 18-28, are eligible to apply. Candidates below the age of 25 years must be unmarried.   Entry Schemes under Technical Branch Minimum Educational Requirements Other Details University Entry Scheme (UES) Candidates must be in pre-final year of BE/BTech degree course; min. 60% aggregate in graduation upon completion, with no backlogs Only for men; only Permanent Commission Aeronautical Engineering Course (further sub-branches are electronics and mechanical) Candidates should have completed engineering degree or should be in final year/semester of engineering; min. 60% aggregate marks required Permanent Commission (for men); Short Service Commission (for men & women)   Entry for both of the above schemes are done through AFCAT   iDC is focused on helping students choose a career in which their potential is maximized. In case you are confused about pursuing your career in Indian Air Force, please post your queries here: SUBMIT

A 'Royal Road' to Psychology!

A 'Royal Road' to Psychology! : If your mind is often boggled by the way our brain processes information, how we learn, why we forget; how we think, why we feel, why people react the way they do, etc.; then your quest is likely to be answered by Psychology.   Psychology is a science that helps us understand, describe and predict human (and animal) behaviors. It also explains cognitive processes, affective states, experiences and states of consciousness. This study is growing dynamically with the ever evolving society. It is a multifaceted discipline which lies at the crossroads of other disciplines like biology, medicine, sociology, linguistics, medicine, anthropology, history and education as its content overlaps with other subjects, with unfailing regularity It is considered both as a Science and a Social Science, even though a majority of schools, offer it with the Humanities stream.   What is 'not' Psychology? You may have heard a lot of notion about Psychology which are commonly constructed and concretize the already existing myths regarding Psychology. For instance, we often hear that psychology is a 'luxury for the rich' and that it does not have much scope in the Indian context. It is essential to deconstruct these false notions prevalent about the subject, so that you can make a well informed career decision.   a) Psychology will not help you read minds, or predict what the other person will do next. Psychology is not an occult science but it empowers you to derive meaning from the otherwise not so obvious situations.   b) A lot of students perceive psychology as easy and think that it would require no hard work. As they say, there is no shortcut to success! Psychology includes a lot of understanding and critical thinking as the subject matter deals with humans. In most of the boards like CBSE, there is due weightage allotted to practical work as well. Psychology is a challenging yet interesting subject. You can succeed with your efforts and determination.   c) Psychology is considered as sheer common sense. People think that psychologists get paid huge sums of money for listening and giving advice which their family and folks can also give. They think that psychologists waste their time researching about stuff which is typically common sense. Just because something seems true does not necessarily make it so. Psychologists study these research questions in a scientific manner and predict human behaviors based on the results and observations. Our commonly held beliefs and attitudes are assessed for truth and falsehood in a rational and objective way.   d) An interesting misconception is that psychology will help you hypnotize people and extract their private information against their wishes. Hypnotism is a special technique which is practiced by a particular school of thought and their therapists. Not every counselor or psychologist knows how to practice it.   So the next time you hear any such myth, don't forget to debunk it. After all, awareness is contagious too!   Career Prospects The increasingly complex world has helped opportunities for psychology graduates to grow manifold. These range from working in hospitals and schools to NGOs and corporate houses. An undergraduate course in Psychology is career oriented as it offers a theoretical understanding of the major schools of thought along with providing practical skills in psychometric testing and various psychological tools. Specializations in the areas of Social Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, Counseling Psychology, Organizational Behavior (OB), Rehabilitative Psychology, Health Psychology, Sports Psychology and Medical Psychology are available. Those of you who opt for Counseling Psychology can further specialize in marital counseling, child counseling, family counseling, drug rehabilitation and trauma counseling.   You can add to your skills by opting for additional courses like Special Education and learning disabilities which train you to become special educators; both in mainstream and special schools. As a matter of fact, it is now mandatory for schools to employ both a counselor and a special educator. Given the complexity of managing and retaining human capital, there is a growing demand for psychologists in the corporate sector as well. An MBA degree preceded by graduation in psychology, preferably Human Resource Management, is well sought in corporates. Well-established companies seek such professionals for recruitment, training, talent management, and learning and development. Research analysts studying consumer behavior and market trends are also sought by market research companies.   One can pursue a career in journalism, public relations and advertising too. A specialization in forensic psychology can get jobs in police departments and crime branches. You can study social work and pursue careers in NGOs, family courts and social welfare organizations. Further specialization in child and women welfare, educational needs and criminal behavior can be obtained.   There is a lot of scope to pursue career in academics as a researcher, school teacher and assistant professor. After post-graduation in Psychology one can pursue B. Ed. and work as a PGT Psychology or clear the National Eligibility Test (NET) which is held every six months for eligibility as an assistant professor by the University Grants Commission (UGC). UGC also qualifies the meritorious candidates for Junior Research Fund (JRF) for pursuing PhD.   Your career choice notwithstanding, there are a few basic prerequisite qualities and skills that you need to possess, for a successful career in Psychology. Firstly, you shouldhave good interpersonal skills andan inherent interest in human behavior Secondly, you should be able to empathize with people, and be patient and tolerant to various situations. Apart from this, trustworthiness, open mindedness and emotional stability are also essential qualities of an effective psychologist.   Studying psychology will not only give you a wide spectrum of career options to choose from, but is also likely to add positivity and harmony to your life. Apart from the financial benefits, intrinsic satisfaction and rewarding relationships are almost certain with a career in Psychology. What else can one ask for!   iDC is focused on helping students choose a career in which their potential is maximized. In case you are confused about pursuing your career in Psychology, please post your queries here: SUBMIT _____________________________________________________________________________________         Author - Aakanksha Bhatia, an alumnus of University of Delhi and a professional psychologist

Indian Army - Be All You Can Be

Indian Army - Be All You Can Be :   There are a number of ways through which you can become a part of the coveted Indian Army. In this article, we take you through all the possible entries into the second largest army in the world.   Permanent Commission: Granted through National Defence Academy (NDA) Khadakwasla, the Indian Military Academy (IMA) Dehradun, etc., permanent commission mandates officers to serve for at least 20 years. The following table summarizes the various entries that are part of the permanent regular commission: Type of Entry Minimum Educational Requirement Training/Course Selection Process NDA entry 10+2 4 years (3 years at NDA and 1 year at IMA) NDA Exam and SSB Interview Combined Defence Services (CDS) entry Graduate 1 year 6 months CDS Examination (CDSE) and SSB Interview Army Cadet College (ACC) entry 10+2 4 years (3 years in ACC Wing and 1 year at IMA) Written test followed by SSB Interview Technical GraduateCourse and PostGraduate Entries (Army Education Corps & Military Farms) Technical Graduateand Postgraduate(AEC & MF) 1 year SSB Interview and Psychological Aptitude Test University EntryScheme Engineering Degree 1 year at IMA SSB Interview Permanent Commission Special List or PC (SL) 10+2 8 weeks communication skill capsule followed by 4 weeks at Officers' Training Academy (OTA) SSB Interview Special Commissioned Officers 10+2 1 year at IMA SSB Interview 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme (TES) Minimum 70% aggregate in PCM in10+2 Pre-commissiontraining for 4 years and Post Commissiontraining for 1 year SSB Interview   Short Service Commission: Granted through the Officers Training Academy (OTA) Chennai, the short services commission lets you serve as a commissioned officer for 10 years, extendable up to 14 years or in some cases, convertible to the permanent commission. Type of Entry Minimum Educational Requirement Training/Course Selection Process Technical Engineering Degree/Equivalent/M.Sc.(Computer Science) as applicable to different corps 49 weeks SSB Interview Non-technical Graduate 49 weeks SSB Interview SSC (Women) Tech Graduate/PG Diploma/PG Degree/Engineering Degree 49 weeks SSB Interview SSC (Women) NonTech Graduate 49 weeks SSB Interview iDC is focused on helping students choose a career in which their potential is maximized. In case you are confused about pursuing your career in Indian Army, please post your queries here: SUBMIT  

Your College Search: Key Factors for Choosing the Best College

Your College Search: Key Factors for Choosing the Best College :   What are the areas to check when comparing colleges? Choosing a right college means choosing a correct place to live in for next 3 years or more. For some, leaving home is not an option and for others going hundred or thousand miles is too difficult.   There are many factors to consider when evaluating prospective colleges.   The first thing that one should usually look for is the type of academic program and the availability of majors and other subjects into a particular college.   However, a number of factors is needed to be kept in mind when choosing a best college amongst so many; some of them are: Campus The location of the college The class size Programs that the college is offering The affiliation of the university Fees Structure of the college Placement cell Public vs. private college Students' diversity Extra co-curricular activities Disability services   Colleges come in many sizes typically from 1,000 to 30,000 students. There are separate pros and cons of different colleges.   If you have come up from a small high school then going to a big large university could be overwhelming for you.   A smaller college has fewer courses to offer and even fewer clubs and activities.   A larger college tends to have more courses to choose from a more diverse student body, and more athletic team and campus activities.   Public v/s Private College There are definite differences in attending a public v/s private institution. Public university is state funded and usually has lower tuition fees than a private university.   A private university is privately funded and usually has a higher tuition fees compared to public college.     Academic Program The areas of study or majors offered by a college influence your decision to attend a college or university. If a particular college is offering that course or major which you want to study typically a smaller college will offer limited courses and also limited exposure for over all development or personality of a student. A smaller college will have less or no amount of extra co curricular activities or recreational activities. A university has more degree programs to offer like M.Phil and PhD.   A university has several colleges within the broader university that offers specialized programs under one campus like school of engineering, school of social science, school of economics, and school of architecture.     Fees Structure Cost of the course is an important factor to consider while selecting a college to study.   The availability of loans and other financial aid is one of the most important factors to consider when choosing a college .compare how much financial aid is available to you from each of the college that you have applied and which one is better suited for you.     Extra Co-curricular Activities Not all of the student's time will be spent in class rooms, so find out about the extra co curricular, clubs and activities at the college. Compare colleges with extra co curricular activities with special sports teams or that are known for certain affiliations and then consider to make choice about your college.   iDC is focused on helping students choose a career in which their potential is maximized. In case you are confused about college search, please post your queries here: SUBMIT ___________________________________________________________________________________________       Author Swati Sibal, an alumnus of Delhi University and currently working as a career counsellor

Sociology - Change, To Your Benefit

Sociology - Change, To Your Benefit :   Change is the only constant. After wracking my brains with thoughts of how to write this article and whether to write it or not, changing my opinions again and again about the importance of writing an article for a career counselling blog I could just agree with the above statement more than anything else at present. To be honest fiddling through the Google University and finding nothing worth straining my fingers for I finally decided to use my own brains for penning down the experience of a university graduate whose dearest aim since the time she gained her senses has been to crack the most prestigious and supposedly the most difficult exam in India. Yes, her dream since her childhood days and even today is to have a lal batti government of India ambassador. She went to a prestigious Delhi school. Her parents and initially she too wanted to do Science in her plus 2. After much failed efforts to convince the concerned teachers, she was put in Commerce being short of two marks for getting enrolled in the Science stream. God only knows how many blessings those teachers received from her and her parents at that time. Well, being a friendly and open minded child she accepted the once abhorred decision of her teachers and adapted well with Commerce stream scoring pretty respectable marks in class 12. She filled the college forms happily thinking to join the subject she had developed a good taste for in the previous two years, economics. Very soon she figured out the harsh reality that she could not get her dream course in any of her dream colleges (mainly the north campus colleges). To her list of dilemmas then was added another one but through a lucky trail of events she ended up in one of the best colleges in Delhi University. Though she had economics as one of the subjects she did not have economics (hons.) that she desired. She opted for B.A. (Programme) which as the name suggests is not an honors course but is a programme course which offers various humanities courses over a period of three years. She took it up after much consultation with seniors, friends, friends, friends and so on, with the aim of clearing the much hyped CAT exam after the three years; join an MBA course in an institution like IIM. The inspiration behind this thought was her cousin sister who had just passed out from IIM, Lucknow and looked super happy and was the star performer of her family at that moment. So, whatever the reasons were, the protagonist started her journey as a college student with a course which she not exactly liked in the beginning but realized that it was the course that opened so much of diversity of subjects and options in front of her. She read subjects ranging from mathematics to Human Rights, from English, Hindi to subjects like Conflict Resolution and Peace Building. The faculty, the peer group she got there was the best she could have asked for. But as we all know change is constant, there she was in the 3rd year again worried about what next. MBA was no more an option; the star cousin had also subsided by then. Under the guidance and influence of the amazingly intellectual faculty she formed her new aim, which was to join JNU as a master's student. Her upsc aim was still burning and she decided to give the entrance for the subject that she had never really thought of and studied extensively in the past 15 years of her formal education. The subject she now desired was Sociology. She gave the entrance but she did not make it to JNU, she felt sad, very sad thinking she was not good enough for sociology but very soon to her surprise she cleared the entrance of an even better institution as rated by many surveys. This was Delhi School of Economics, which falls under Delhi University. Wow the name itself sounded so good. This she felt was her time as she now had the subject she wanted as it would be her choice for the upsc exam and she had the tag of the institution that has world class faculty and brains. She was not keen as much to learn sociology as she was to acquire knowledge for the sake of upsc exam.   Well, then the course started. MA sociology course in DSE is dealt with quite extensively. There are 4 semesters in the two year course and each semester has four papers thus making it a course with a total of 16 subjects to be done in the 2 year period. There are courses varying from sociological Theories in which Karl Marx, Weber and Durkheim, the three main sociologists are done extensively to Sociology of India, Religion, Political Sociology, Economic Sociology, and Urban Sociology. There are specific courses on Gender, Industry and Society, Organization, Symbolism, Population and Society, Sociology of Development and others. The course requires dedicated hard work and sincere study of the subjects one opts for. In the 1st two semesters all subjects are compulsory and are to be done by all students but in the last two semesters there are electives and one can choose them from within the department or from any course in the DU's masters program depending on subjects availability and one's interest. After the 2 years spent reading sociology I surely without a doubt can say that it is a subject that one would really like to know for the love of it. It is a subject that opens up one's horizons and ability to think and understand things and society in a better way. It is a subject that can allow you to be critical and question the given and the commonsensical. It allows one to see the larger realities of the very society we live in and the other societies, various strata of it and it gives one an empowered perspective to look at things and question them rather than simply absorb and accept them. It has the power to convert you into a hard core feminist with proper reasons; along with the power to understand the various prisms and specific differences between them. It has the ability to awaken in you a spirit of inquiry and humbleness to relate to the larger society and not just simply your individualistic world. It develops you not just intellectually but also as a human being as you start to give thought to the way different strata in the society are and if so then why and invokes the hidden passion in you to question that which once you thought was unquestionable. Apart from development as a person this subject also opens up wide fields for you to choose your career path as. Of course one of the bright paths is the path of upsc, along with opportunities in the social sector. With the increasing role of civil society one can always think of using the sociological studies in this area for the welfare of the larger society. One can enter the corporate world too if one desires. One can think of pursuing the course further and do M.Phil and PhD and such research works and make teaching his/ her profession. It is a subject that basically evolves you as an informed and intellectual being who is able to look at things critically and have a perspective which is not dictated by the society but is one's own. In the end I would just like to say that the school kid mentioned in the first paragraph had the great two years of learning experience with sociology and she doesn't regret changing her streams and subjects so many times as it has only helped her widen her horizons to a great extent. She still has the burning desire to have her own 'lal batti' ambassador with the government of India plate on it. In an ever changing world her childhood dream has been alive since a long time and studying sociology has only added fuel to her burning desire. So you too go ahead and explore it for your own self as experiences and paths may vary. So have faith in your own instincts and be confident of what you choose and make an unforgettable path with your footsteps on it. Good luck and god speed! iDC is focused on helping students choose a career in which their potential is maximized. In case you are confused about pursuing your in Sociology, please post your queries here: SUBMIT    ________________________________________________________________________________________ Author - Sanjana Arya, an alumnus of Lady Shri Ram College and Delhi School of Economics

Anthropology - A Field Dedicated to the Study of Mankind

Anthropology - A Field Dedicated to the Study of Mankind : In 1928, a breakthrough research was presented by a 23-year old researcher named Margaret Mead in the field of Anthropology. The genesis of her research could be traced to the inquisitiveness that Mead had on adolescents behaviour - Are the disturbances which vex the adolescents are due to the nature of adolescence itself or due to the civilization? And under different conditions does adolescence present a different picture?"To answer this question, she conducted her study among a small group of Samoans a village of 600 people on the island of Tau in which she got to know, lived with, observed, and interviewed (through an interpreter) 68 young women between the age of 9 and 20. She concluded that the passage from childhood to adulthood (adolescence) in Samoa was a smooth transition and not marked by the emotional or psychological distress, anxiety, or confusion seen in the civilized or to say the industrialized societies. Margaret Mead's research not only provided a ground reality of the sub-industrial society but also it was a myth buster of the general understanding of the adolescence stress and viewing it as a universal phenomenon.   The basic purpose of providing the research was to present this field dedicated to the study of mankind as not only a branch of social sciences in which one could pursue his/her career but also to show that anthropology is like any other field of natural sciences through which myths and traditional thinking is replaced by rational and scientific thinking. Generally it is viewed that social sciences is only composed of facts and theories. Thus, students who have high capacity of mugging up what they read or those who do not have a liking for scientific or analytical thinking should go into the field of social sciences. This is a misconception that people have toward those in social sciences but it is important to note that social sciences is one field where there are no set universal principles that can be applied to each context but it includes taking into consideration the sensitivity of each context (physical and social environment) and understanding how each context influences the behaviour of individuals in that particular context. Thus, subjects like anthropology, psychology and sociology require a lot of critical thinking and self reflection into the phenomenon and the context that one is studying through observation and interviews. Thus, the way we define adolescent's behaviour, as characterized by a period of identity crises, confusions and struggle to prove one's own worth require us to take into consideration Mead's research result that it is the environment and the context which influence the living and the behaviour of the person.   Why one should study anthropology? There are several reasons to study this subject and few or no reasons of not taking this field as a specialization. Anthropologists study topics that include the origin and evolution of Homo sapiens, the organization of human social and cultural relations, human physical traits, human behaviour, the variations among different groups of humans, how the evolutionary past of Homo sapiens has influenced its social organization and culture and so forth. Regardless of the field in which one has been, one could attain his/her specialization in anthropology as it has various sub-fields like social anthropology, linguistics, anthropology, media anthropology, psychology anthropology, biological anthropology, archaeological anthropology, economic anthropology, medical anthropology, feminist anthropology, cognitive anthropology, public anthropology, digital anthropology, environmental anthropology and many more.   Thus, even if you belong to the field of science and mathematics, or medical and want to study how your research thesis could be tested and studied in different context and you are also motivated to diversify your field of knowledge, then here is the subject which could help you to attain your goal while rooting at your primary subject of specialization at the same time. Many of the top universities in India like University of Delhi, Punjab University, Kurukshetra University, Karnataka University, and University of Allahabad offer BSc, MSc and PhD in Anthropology. Job opportunities are ever increasing for anthropology students with both international and national organizations like UNICEF, Archaeological Survey of India hiring students who have done their specialization in this subject, non government organizations working for development of tribal areas/backward areas, medical research establishments working on nutrition/preventive medicine, human resources department of large firms for cross cultural communication training of managers also hire freshers from this field.   Being a student of Psychology and after studying papers on Gender and Psychology at the Margins at my post-graduate level, I have come to realize the importance of socio-cultural context and how it influences the behaviour of a person and the living of a community. It has motivated me to do my further specialization in Anthropology because it is necessary that if you want to understand the psyche of a person then one has to understand the nuances of the effects of social environment in which one is brought-up.   Thus, Anthropology through its method of study like ethnography helps one to recover the voices of communities and people that have never been heard and bring into fore the knowledge of the language, people and societies that have been at the back due to our tendency to confirm to universalities and all or none hypothesis.   iDC is focused on helping students choose a career in which their potential is maximized. In case you are confused about pursuing a career in Anthropology, please post your queries here: SUBMIT ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Author -Purnima Jain, an alumnus of Daulat Ram College and Delhi University.

Economics: A Wonderful Ocean to Swim In!

Economics: A Wonderful Ocean to Swim In! : Economics is by far considered, the most sought after course to begin one's professional career with. And why not, going by the cut offs, the number of students wanting to take it up as a degree, the mad competition to be a part of this course has only multiplied with each passing year. With many students writing their board examination with a dream to be a part of this prestigious course, one is forced to analyze the perks that Economics as a subject has to offer.   Job Security With unemployment troubling every youngster and search for a decent paying job becoming a distant dream, economics promises its takers a plethora of options to begin earning quick bucks soon after an honors degree. The job exposure ranges from blue chip companies to consultancies, from start ups to journalism, from public relations to NGO's and the list goes on!   Masters No Bar A Bachelors in Economics does not only lead to a Masters in Economics. With the wide horizon of this subject, students get admitted to various courses such as MBA, Law, Journalism, Designing to name a few. If you find an apparel designer flaunting her economics degree or a Legal Consultant flaunting Economic facts by the virtue of her Economics background, don't be surprised!   Oxford and LSE Not Too Far! Student's dream to study in one of the best universities of the world can turn into reality through this course. With many full and half Scholarships offered to students pursuing Masters in Economics abroad, thousands of students throng the UK university roads as students trying to solve the Micro and Macro problems being faced by the underdeveloped, developing and developed economies!   For a Cause Having been grilled by Micro, Macro, Financial and Development Economics in every semester, many students take up a cause and work for one. Right from the prospects of joining an NGO or working closely with an MLA, from joining financial services to being part of projects highlighting the areas of development for a better society and economy, the vision of what to work for certainly gains a greater impetus. While the pros of joining the course can grab pages and still never end, the only con attached to it is the fact that a student can succeed in the subject only if he develops interest.   My Experience Despite being a Science student in class XII, I got the privilege to be a part of this awesome course in 2008. Every day and every class was a roller coaster ride. With critical microeconomics questions to heavy Economy State and Society, from highly conceptual Econometric to thought provoking facts supplied by Development Economics, from opening oneself to financial platform through Banking and Financial Markets to applying the Comparative and Absolute advantage concepts in International Economics, every dimension came out to be unique in its own way. Talking in layman's terms, while studying economics, financial newspapers and Magazines start making more sense, 'The Economist' becomes one of the favorite magazines and economic related contemporary websites more surfed websites than social network. The projects made are a bundle of experience and knowledge. They add on to the concepts and understanding that no other medium could ever do.   To Sum Up All in all, economics is a superb course to study which not only promises a bright future but also a feeling of fulfillment while you devote massive hours trying to solve that econometric problem or finishing an essay on Development Economics. This course is certainly the best for those who want to study a contemporary subject!   iDC is focused on helping students choose a career in which their potential is maximized. In case you are confused about pursuing a career in Economics, please post your queries here: SUBMIT ____________________________________________________________________________________________    Author - Juhi Gupta, an alumnus of Lady Shri Ram College, and currently working in a public sector bank

Performing Arts - A Career Pathway to Go For!

Performing Arts - A Career Pathway to Go For! : Music is the purest form of art. Therefore, true poets, who are seers, seek to express the universe in terms of music. It is the poetry of the air. It produces a kind of pleasure which human nature cannot do without.   Indian Classical Music has a special character of its own and it differs from the music of other countries in its structure and style of improvisation. It is a synthesis between Philosophy, Psychology, Spirituality and Aesthetics. The system of Indian music is known as Raga Sangeet and can be traced back nearly two thousand years to its origin in the Vedic hymns of the Hindu temples. The roots of Indian classical music are religious.   It encompasses all the emotions and experiences in its world of 7 Swaras (notes) and 22 Shrutis (microtones). Its greatness lies in its holistic nature that all the elements form a unique wholeness which may not be understood by studying the parts separately. Here, even a pause is as important as the note.   Genuine interest, earnestness, and hard work are extremely important for success in the field of music. With this, natural bestowal of 'voice' is of great importance. The field demands regular devoted practice, what is called as Riyaaz- saadhana. The first step to initiate is to recognize the interest in the field and then start learning from a Guru (eminent musicians). We don't call them teachers because the fraternity believes that a teacher is a one who gives knowledge, instructs you and boosts your ego but a guru, here takes away your knowledge, punctures your ego and then constructs you. These gurus don't provide with a formal degree and certificates but they train you to face the world, they alter you completely because they in a way teach you to utilize your skills and knowledge to touch your and others soul. The shishya (disciple) performs under him, with him and then moves further in search of his style and establishing himself.   Another way is, joining an institution, universities and getting trained there, acquiring professional degrees of post graduation and doctorate. With this one starts teaching and performing. Here, it is very important to build contacts with right people who recognize your talent and provide you with fair opportunities to showcase it. The Indira Performing Art and Music University (Indira Kala Sangeet Vishwavidyalaya, Khairagarh) is a university dedicated only to visual and performing arts. Apart from this Akhil Bhartiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya, Vishwa-Bharti University and various other regular universities offer various courses and diplomas in music.   It is also important to note that Indian classical music has been divided into two groups, Hindustani Sangeet (prominently music of North India) and Carnatic Sangeet (music of South India).   Whichever way is chosen, the main emphasis should be real dedication and respect towards the skill. It is not something that one can master in three-four years. It requires years of rigorous training, guidance and commitment. One becomes a student for his lifetime.   Besides becoming a performer (vocalist or instrumental) or a teacher, one can collaborate his music with other interests, such as using music for healing purposes. Music is something which is always around us in our environment. So, it can be joined with any kind of field. Apart from this one can become a music journalist, musicologist, music therapist, music publisher, sound engineer and even artist manager.   Indian music is a complete yoga system in itself. It comprises of yama (moral conduct), niyama (observances), asana (right posture), pranayama (control of breath), pratyahara (withdrawal of senses), dharana (concentration), dhayana (meditation), and finally Samadhi (cosmic experience).   On a personal note, I feel that music is something that is created from heart and molded by emotions. I am not into the professional music arena and yet I can say it is a stimulant of my being. It fills the empty spaces of my life. My love for music (especially Hindustani shastriya gayan) grew when I was young and my family had a huge influence on me. Looking at it my family had sent me to learn under a guru who started teaching me that shastriya sangeet is not just about sounds and tunes it is beyond that. It is a parallel world in itself which also connects you to your real world in a better way. I find that it helps put me in a place that is very calming and allows me to express. It helped me confronting dark parts of myself and acknowledging the goodness in me. Effective guidance has always been coming my way from my guru. It kept me going as it gave me solutions to various issues in my life. It taught me compassion, passion and more importantly became a medium for me to introspect.   I have always believed - it's not that people don't like classical music. It's that they don't get a chance to understand and experience it. Indian music if pursued in any way as a career, hobby or a spiritual path, teaches you self examination, observation though not self criticism. It is like solving unsolvable and invaluable mysteries.   Shastriya gayan is not just music which one has to listen to or practice rather, notes of a particular raga are set in a pattern and then from there taken on to expand and liberate oneself and merge with the cosmic sound, become one with the inner being of the singer. As said by Pt. Ravi Shankar, singer and song thus becomes one melody.   iDC is focused on helping students choose a career in which their potential is maximized. In case you are confused about pursuing a career in Performing Arts, please post your queries here: SUBMIT ____________________________________________________________________________________ Author - Vrushali Pathak, an alumnus of Jesus and Mary College and currently pursuing her post graduation from Delhi University

Political Science - Career and Beyond!

Political Science - Career and Beyond! : Political science as a discipline moves beyond than just being a mere subject. Those who have experienced it, consider it to be a journey which takes one through various phases of history, from the lives and thoughts of various thinker and scholars who have shaped the history of mankind, to the intricacies of governance, the political system and the study of social structures, along with this a global perspective is also given, looking at everything truly in a global sense.   The Origins of Political Science Political science as a subject dates back to more than 2000 years with philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle trying to theorize politics in Greece and almost around the same time in India, Kautaliya, trying to shape various theories of politics. Today, in the contemporary world, Political science as a discipline broadly comprises of: Political Theory Comparative politics Public administration International relations In universities across the world, these four topics are further sub-divided and are taught as subjects under political science. At University of Delhi, political science is taught as an honors subject as well as a subject in its program courses.   Program and Skills At honors level, broad papers which are dealt with include Nationalism and colonialism, political theory, Indian political thought, comparative government and politics, International relations, Indian government and politics, United Nations, western political thought, public administration and foreign policy.   The course structure has been designed very comprehensively which gives its readers a holistic view of the things around. After graduating in political science as a discipline, one takes back more than just a degree in the subject. It imparts one with the ability to rethink and question things around which gives the student a different level of confidence. The course takes one over so many lenses to see one common issue that by the time he/she completes the course one has already gain the ability to offer constructive suggestions to bring out a positive change. It empowers one with a whole arrange of analytical tools which makes one more decisive about the uncertainties around.   One reach a different level in terms of knowledge and awareness as he/she is made familiarized with the political process, working of different governments and international organizations and their working. One also gets an opportunity to know different thought processes prevalent all around the world, learn about various administrative theories and concepts. Along with these, at the same time political science cannot be studied without studying and understanding history. In the process one has to go through different phases of history while studying various philosophers and movements. Some things are country specific in this subject, such as in the case of India. The universities here teach nationalism and colonialism, Indian government politics and India's foreign policy. These three subjects basically talk about India before and after independence, and about its international policies respectively. Another very important aspect of political science is its global outlook which has been brought to the subject because of the international relations as a part of the discipline itself. Now-a-days this subject is very much in demand as the world politics and economics has become global and therefore this subject within political science has become the main attraction for the students. Thus political science offers a complete package in the terms of knowledge along with specialized expertise for further studies or job.   Beyond Graduation There are various career avenues after studying political science at graduation level. One may call it a window to a bigger and wider world in terms of scope for career opportunities. Political science opens career opportunities in terms of: joining the political process of the country, like working with political parties or working with political think tanks etc. Other conventional options are joining the civil services, working with NGOs on any of the sectors depending on the interest. The subject also opens up door for student to work with international organizations such as UN, SAARC, NATO, EU, etc. But this depends on the job openings in these organizations and their specific minimum qualification requirement, which is generally a master's degree in the subject or above. For higher studies, political science opens up a scope for vast number of subjects, like Masters in Political science, Public administration, International relations, Development studies, Social work, Public policy, etc. These are just the few among the large number of subjects that could be studied after bachelors in Political science. Research is another very important option which could also be pursued while pursuing masters after Political science. Political science also opens career in law as both these subjects are related to the political system and governance. Another very realistic and popular options which can also be opted after pursuing Political science is a career in journalism and media. Many graduates in Political science after graduating directly join the media houses at various capacities. One can also further study journalism as a PG diploma or master's degree and later work as research analyst at various media houses print as well as electronic.   To Sum Up Broadly these are the important as well as commonly opted options which are open for students after political science, but it doesn't mean that one cannot pursue other unconventional things. Political science is a subject that allows you to explore and persuades you to look for new avenues after understanding it, like one can also specialize in management, marketing, advertising, public relations, international business, banking and finance, export-import, retail or supply chain management, etc. Thus, a student opting for political science will never find herself/himself lost but will sure find or make his/her new path towards success.   iDC is focused on helping students choose a career in which their potential is maximized. In case you are confused about pursuing a career in Political Science, please post your queries here: SUBMIT ____________________________________________________________________________________________    Authors: Abhijit Bhattacharjee, a political science graduate from DU and currently pursuing Masters in Development Studies at Ambedkar University Diksha Poddar, a political science and economics graduate from DU and currently pursuing - Masters in Development Studies at Ambedkar University