Career in Biology: The Book of life : Biology involves dissecting Life itself in a metaphorical as well as literal sense. It is about deciphering the poetry that abounds in organisms everywhere and simultaneously challenging scientific limits of knowledge. Biology, simply put, is about understanding how living organisms work. Biology studies an organism's origin, structure, evolution, taxonomy, function, distribution and growth. The crux is to understand and glean the knowledge which can then be extrapolated and pirouetted forward into a variety of career options. With the advent of technology, knowledge consolidation and dissemination has become amazingly sophisticated. Everything that has life on this earth can be studied under Biology. Most careers focus on a certain subset of Biology instead of being general about it, although attempting to do the latter is quite possible.Modern biology is a vast and eclectic field, composed of many branches and sub-disciplines. There are popular Biology fields that we will talk about here, since actually trying to pinpoint every career option which is a potential offshoot of Biology is for all practical purposes, impossible.The picture below tries to depict the various facets of Biology. Education Under Graduate Course: For getting and admission in bachelor’s degree, the student must get the higher secondary school educationi.e. 10+2 with science subjects such as biology, physics and chemistry. The duration for this course is 3 years. Post-Graduation Course: The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor's degree with science subjects such as biology, maths and chemistry. The duration for this course is 2 years. List of courses students can opt for, Diploma in Biomedical Sciences Diploma Course in Life Sciences Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Science Bachelor of Science in Biology Bachelor of Science in Life Sciences Master of Science in Biomedical Science Master of Science in Biology Master of Science in Biological Sciences Master of Science in Animal Breeding & Genetics Master of Science in Veterinary Medicine PG Diploma in Biomedical Sciences Doctorate in Biomedical Sciences Doctorate in Plant Molecular Biology Specialization fields after Bachelors: Biology- Ecology Cryobiology Astrobiology Ornithology Neurobiology Socio-biology Parasitology Molecular Biology Biomedical Sciences- Bacteriology Clinical chemistry Histology Histopathology Medical Biochemistry Immunology Transfusion Science Medical microbiology Life Sciences- Biodynamics Zoology Neuroinformatics Molecular Biology Tissue Engineering Evolutionary Genetics Developmental Biology Cognitive Neuroscience You could choose between Research and Education if you want yourself continually stumbling upon information, and that is something you find exciting and refreshing. You can then find yourselfon the cutting edge of scientific discoveries. Research is usually conducted at universities or labs and requires an advanced education within a more specialized skill or field, like medicine, nutrition or animal science. Career Path Fee Structure In India, For the Graduation studies, you might be ending up spending between INR 30,000 to INR 600,000. For the post-graduation program, you can look about shedding anything around INR 100,000 to INR 500,000. For studying in international universities, the cost of graduation will be an expense of INR 10,00,000 to INR 40,00,000, about the same for the Master’s program. The costing for studies will differ depending on the university and the courses you apply for. List of Top Universities Top Universities for Biology in India: Rank Name of the College College Website 1 St. Stephen's College http://ststephens.edu/ 2 Loyola College http://loyolacollege.edu/ 3 St. Xavier's College http://xaviers.edu/main/ 4 Christ College http://christuniversity.in 5 Ramjas College www.ramjascollege.edu 6 Madras Christian College http://www.mcc.edu.in/ 7 Miranda House http://mirandahouse.ac.in 8 Hansraj College http://hansrajcollege.co.in/ 9 Fergusson College http://fergusson.edu/ 10 Hindu College http://hinducollege.org/ Top International Universities for Graduate and Post-graduate Programs: Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu University of Cambridge United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk/ University of Oxford United Kingdom www.ox.ac.uk Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States www.web.mit.edu Stanford University United States www.stanford.edu California Institute of Technology (Caltech) United States www.caltech.edu University of California, Berkeley (UCB) United States www.berkeley.edu National University of Singapore (NUS) Singapore www.nus.edu.sg Yale University United States www.yale.edu TH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland https://www.ethz.ch/en Career Firstly, you can pursue a career in the Medical and related Health fields like Surgeon,Physician, Chiropractor, Nutrition, Dietician, Pharmacist, etc. Attempting to do the same would require a basic medical degree as a minimum requirement in most cases. If studying animals is something that you wish to indulge in, you could pursue a career in Animal sciences, such as a Marine Biologist, Zoologist, Veterinarian, Animal trainer, Fisheries biologist, etc. If studying plants is what you find interesting, you could look into becoming a Horticulturist,Botanist, Soil scientist, etc. There are plenty of career opportunities in biology, biomedical and life sciences. Students who are opting must have strong knowledge about science. Professionals with good skills can seek opportunities in research institutes. They could utilize the modern scientific tools and techniques in laboratory to understand how the life systems work. Life science has a lot of job options in different areas likechemical and physical sciences ormaterial and biomedicalengineering. Professional and skilled seekers in this career can also apply for teaching students in universities and colleges. Biomedical graduate students can apply for employment in the healthcare industries such as pharmaceutical, medical research industries, genetics, lab studies and technology orientedsales. Biotechnology and molecular biology are the top areas of employment as you are required to study in order to avoid the extinction ofnatural resources. Some Job Types: - Lecturer or Professor Food Researcher Scientist Consultants Epidemiologist Educator in a Museum Biotech Engineer Pharmaceutical Engineer Food Processing Researcher Immunologist Biophysicist Nutritionist Laboratory technician Content Developer for biology Salary Structure Pay-Packages after Bachelors Given the skills and a good Master’s degree or a PhD from a good institute, a biologist can expect earning a healthy package between INR 15,00,000 to INR 30,00,000, depending on the research or the education employers or companies you choose. Final Note To conclude, you could consider thumbing through college catalogues to figure out what might be of interest to you in the Biology department. Today, there are innumerable course options, both for studying and researching, and in this article we could only depict a fraction of the glowing number of opportunities within Biology. Firstly, identify your interest by reading up on the course descriptions, only then decide which field of study you're most interested in pursuing. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Boost the Economy as an Economist | The harmonies & symphonies of a career in Music | A Career in TV Anchoring: In the heart of the media bling | Shape Up Life and Style as a Nutritionist | Serving others to serve yourself: A career in Hotel Management | Empower your career through Life Science | Career in Gaming: An Industry that swallowed Hollywood
Boost the Economy as an Economist : The advent of twenty- first century marked an era of accelerated progress and economics as a career field saw an uproar providing immense opportunities to individuals passionate about the subject. Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, CEO of Mastercard Ajaypal Singh Banga and World Bank Chief Economist Kaushik Basu are some of contemporary prominentIndian personalities that have inspired many of us in professional life. They are leading economists and people aspiring to become like them must see Economics as the right subject to study. The career has widened tremendously in the last two decades because of globalization and rapid economic development. The growth of any organization as well as a nation depends upon the economic policies undertaken. Economists are well qualified specialists and strategists who analyze, devise and predict economic trends. Based upon their theories and derivations, policies are implemented as action plans. The scope of the subject is significant at both national and international level because the ever increasing role of economics is being understood by nations & organizations. There is extensive demand for economic researchers, analysts, consultants and strategists who are well trained to understand the changing economic trends. Economic advisors are now seen as an inevitable part of any small or large scale organization. The field is highly interesting and offers a diversity of subjects within it. Banking, industrial sector, trade, commerce, taxation, finance, insurance and several other areas require basic to advance knowledge of economics. Thus, in order to establish a shinning career with great economic growth, economics can serve as the right career option. Eligibility The subject requires in-depth study and research. Only the students interested in the subject and passionate about the economic trends of rise and fall must take up the subject. There is a great need for precision and concentration in the subject. After 10th standard, economics as a subject is available for students so that they can analyze their interest. Leading government and private universities provide under-graduate and graduate courses. B.A. Honors in Economics followed by Masters could be a good career choice. Students aspiring to become researchers and economic scientists can further pursue a doctorate in economics. The annual tuition fees in colleges in India range from 10,000 to 50,000 INR. For students aspiring to study abroad, the annual tuition fees begin from 800,000 INR. Scholarships are also available for meritorious students. Career Path (10th to Doctorate) Top Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website St. Stephen’s College Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi University, Delhi http://ststephens.edu/ Loyola College Graduation, Post-graduation Chennai http://www.loyolacollege.edu/ Shri Ram College for Commerce, Delhi Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi University, Delhi http://www.srcc.edu/ Presidency College Graduation, Post-graduation Kolkata http://www.presiuniv.ac.in/web/ Lady Shri Ram College of Women Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi University, Delhi http://www.lsr.edu.in/ H.R. Institute of Commerce and Economics Graduation, Post-graduation Mumbai http://www.hrcollege.edu/ Delhi School of Economics Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi http://econdse.org/ St. Xavier’s College Graduation, Post-graduation Mumbai http://xaviers.edu/main/ Leading Universities for Doctorate in Economics Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics. Pune http://www.gipe.ac.in/ IIT Gandhinagar http://www.iitgn.ac.in/ IIT Indore http://www.iiti.ac.in/ BITS Rajasthan http://www.bits-pilani.ac.in/ Allahabad University Allahabad http://allahabad.nic.in/ Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ London School of Economics Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral London, U.K. http://www.lse.ac.uk/home.aspx Yale University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral, Diploma New Haven, US http://www.yale.edu/ Massachusetts Institute of Technology Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Massachusetts, US http://web.mit.edu/ Princeton University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Princeton, US http://economics.princeton.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/ University of Pennsylvania Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Pennsylania, http://www.upenn.edu/ University of Michigan Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Ann Arbor, U.S. https://www.umich.edu/ Opportunities and Salaries Immense opportunities are available in economics for and individuals can select any of the field they desire to pursue in this sector. There are both public and private sector jobs available in abundance. Freelancer jobs as economic analysts, critic and reviewer also have great scope. They can specialize in macroeconomics and deal with investments, inflation, and productivity related jobs. For Industrial Economists, Financial Economists and Macroeconomists, there are a plethora of job opportunities available. Indian Economic Service is one of the most aspired bureaucratic jobs. Other job profiles include managers, executives, researchers, analysts and economic consultants. Government hires economists for eminent posts in Reserve Bank of India, Planning Commission, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy and several other state-level and central-level jobs. Highly prestigious job opportunities are available at international platforms such as International Monetary Fund and World Bank. Private companies, MNC’s hire economics graduates and post graduates with good salary packages. Economics journalism is yet another job profile that is gaining rapid recognition. Salaries come along with perks and incentives. People with specialization in this field can earn from 600,000 to 10,000,00 INR p.a. For freshers the industry offers between 250,000- 300,000 INR p.a. Career in economics is adorned with honor, recognition, knowledge, skilled expertise and financial gains. The scope of this sector is constantly increasing. Post the economic crises and recession era, the role of economists have increased as they tend to predict the rise and fall of the world market economy. This industry is the basis of every other sector and hence it has tremendous prospects to offer. Why not pursue a career in such an amazing field where intellect and economic gains come hand in hand. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: The harmonies & symphonies of a career in Music | A Career in TV Anchoring: In the heart of the media bling | Shape Up Life and Style as a Nutritionist | Serving others to serve yourself: A career in Hotel Management | Empower your career through Life Science | Career in Gaming: An Industry that swallowed Hollywood | Entrepreneurship: Start-Up Your Career!
The harmonies & symphonies of a career in Music : Can the sound of music be sweeter than the smell of money? If you choose music as a career, the options will vary from performing in front of an audience to catering to the levels of audio behind the console during a performance, including everything in between. Fortunate is the man who can earn through his passion. Now, given a choice between working seven hours in a cubicle and earning Rs. 50,000 per month, or performing on a stage three times a week and earning Rs. 20,000 per month, what would you choose? Well, there are only a brave few who tread the road less taken, as the fact of the matter is that music is not an especially lucrative field as compared to other corporate fields for earning. On the other hand, for those who are into the field of music due to a burning passion which cannot be contained within the walls of a corporate office, you should read the rest of the article carefully. This is because you are among the select few, who have a chance to walk the lonely road to a place where passion and money are synonymous with each other. There is no doubt that the road will be wrought with obstacles of all kind, but here are some of the things that can help prepare you for the path ahead. As is the case with any field within the realm of passion, there are no prescribed educational requirements that need to be fulfilled in order to enter the field of music. The people who usually opt for this field come in from various educational backgrounds and are usually people who find out that they have been doing something that had no significance to them from the point of view of passion. Top Institutes India Sr. no Institute Courses offered City Website 1. VisvaBharati University Bachelor’s degree in Music, Masters in Music (Hindustani, Classical: both instrumental and vocal) West Bengal http://www.visvabharati.ac.in/ 2. Delhi School of Music Intrumental Certificate courses: Grades 1 to 7 in instruments like Guitar, Drums, Clarinet, Flute, Saxophone. Delhi http://www.delhischoolofmusic.net/ 3. KM Music Conservatory One-year comprehensive certificate course in Western and Hindustani classical, Two-year diploma course in Indian music traditions, Western music history, Performance, Musicianship and Applied Audio Technology, Part-time music courses Chennai http://kmmc.in/home 4. Adarsh Kala Mandir Bachelors Degree in Music in Hindustani and Western instrumental Madhya Pradesh NA 5. Swarnabhoomi Academy of Music Bachelor’s Degree in Music Performance, Diploma in Music Performance (1 and 2 years), Diploma in Music Production, Summer Intensive Program, 5 day Programs Chennai http://sam.org.in/ International Sr. no Institute Courses offered City Website 1. Berkelee Institute of Music Undergraduate programs: majors and minors in music, Graduate programs: Master of Music in Contemporary Performance, Master of arts in Global Arts Entertainment and Music Industry, Master of Music in Production, Technology and Innovation, Online degree programs, Summer courses, International courses Boston https://www.berklee.edu/ 2. The Julliard School Undergraduate courses: Bachelors Degree in Music, Diploma in Music Graduate Courses: Masters in Music, Artist Diploma, Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA) New York http://www.juilliard.edu 3. Trinity College Music Online Grade Exams (grades 1 to 8), Music Certificate Exams, Diploma in Music, Certificate Courses for Music Educators, London http://www.trinitycollege.com/ 4. Cleveland Institute of Music Bachelor of Music in Performance, Master of Music in Performance, Doctor of Musical Arts in Performance, Artist Certificate, Professional Studies Diploma, Artist Diploma, Concertmaster Courses Cleveland https://www.cim.edu/ 5. Interlochen Center for the Arts Preparatory and certificate courses for entry into Music colleges, Summer camps Interlochen, Michigan http://www.interlochen.org/ Skills Required Although the study of music does not require any prior educational expertise, some music institutes, especially the big names in the industry such as Julliard School of Music and Berkelee School of Music ask for prior expertise in the instrument that one is yearning to master. They usually conduct online auditions where the musician has to send a series of videos to the faculty members judging the audience. The best part about this is that if you play your way into the hearts of the judges, you can also earn scholarships which will be a huge help to study music abroad in colleges where the likes of John Petrucciand Mike Portnoy (Dream Theater) spent the early days of their musical careers. The inherent skills that can give you an upper hand in the musical industry include aspects such as dexterity, good memory, being an exceptionally good listener, physical and mental discipline for practice, and critical reflection of oneself. Fee Structure In music colleges in India, the range of the fee structure usually varies along the lines of Rs. 20,000 per course to up to Rs. 50,000 per semester of study. The study in music is invariably expensive, especially due to the amount of accessories, including instruments as well as recording and composing equipment that is required for advanced learning. For instance, at Berkelee Institute of Music, summer programs as well as semester fees vary from $ 15,000 to $ 20,000, along with which accessories such as MacBooks are a compulsory feature. Employment Opportunities A Bachelors Degree in music can open the doors to several opportunities, which can then be used to make it big in the heavily competitive and alarmingly fast-growing music industry. Here are some of the job opportunities or titles that one can claim after earning a degree in music: Music Teacher Music Therapist Sound Technician or Sound Engineer On the other hand, here are some job profiles where you can be benefitted heavily if you possess a degree in music; Radio producer Event Organizer Band Manager (degree in arts entertainment industry) Community arts worker Arts administrator Theater stage manager Disco Jockey Remuneration As with any field, especially those within the realm of arts, the kind of money you get is directly dependent on how you put your degree to use. For instance, using a music degree an individual can either become a band manager or a performer himself, the salaries of each profession being diverse and different from each other. On an average, when looking at the various professions within the realm of the music industry, the range of remuneration usually varies from Rs. 3 lacs to Rs. 4 lacs per year. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: A Career in TV Anchoring: In the heart of the media bling | Shape Up Life and Style as a Nutritionist | Serving others to serve yourself: A career in Hotel Management | Empower your career through Life Science | Career in Gaming: An Industry that swallowed Hollywood | Entrepreneurship: Start-Up Your Career! | Nuclear Physics - Plunge into the world of quarks and Gluons | Working with X-rays: A Career in Radiology
A Career in TV Anchoring: In the heart of the media bling : TV Anchoring is one of those professions that we get to see regularly in our daily lives. Whether you are one of several people trying to make a career in media, or are excited by/despise media heavyweights having their shouting matches on TV, or if you’re just reading this article because you were watching ‘Anchorman’ or ‘Bruce Almighty’, and somewhere among all the rolling on the floor and laughing you actually saw anchoring as a career for you, you should continue reading this article. What is all the fuss about? Most of us already know the gist of what TV anchors do. Quite literally they are the anchors of a news programme. They present the channel’s news to the viewers on-air. Their work is mostly confined to news studios, though it is not uncommon for them to be out in the field with a cameraman. Media like any other field is diversifying, and TV anchors are expected to do much more than before. They often interview experts and spokespersons of various groups, trying to bring a variety of opinions to the audience. They often comment on ongoing events themselves and are expected to offer meaningful views. A TV anchor also has to make sure that all the news brought by different reporters is presented to the audience coherently. She/he edits or reviews pieces, asks questions to correspondents and maintains a link between news pieces. Stories have to be fit into time slots, and relevant news has to be given more time. All this requires a TV anchor to have some specific skills. They should be up to date with all current events and familiar with all popular people so that they can offer meaningful views to the audience. They must be clear and fluent speakers with a quick wit to handle the dynamic atmosphere in a news studio. They are constantly communicating with the editor via earpiece. With time to manage, and a dozen different people talking at the same time, it is only the skill of the anchor that helps run the show smoothly and make sure the audience don’t lose out on something noteworthy. It is no wonder that only the experienced reporters get to be TV anchors. TV anchors have extremely busy schedules! They have to work long hours, delivering breaking news to the people as it reaches the anchor. They often work on holidays, often take sudden trips to places of news interest and handle prime-time shows that go on late into the evening. The key point that differentiates them from regular journalists is that they are on-air! They need to have a good onstage presence, which includes a good dressing style, being comfortable with a camera and microphone, being able to interview easily and in an informative manner, speaking in a simple manner with appropriate voice modulations and portraying the best of their personality. How to be 'Barkha Dutt'? A TV anchor is a very high post, and one needs to work one’s way up the ladder of the media world before one gets to be an anchor. TV anchors start out on the bottom rung; you work as a newspaper journalist or a correspondent hunting for stories or a low level reporter. One has to know how news is acquired at the bottom before one moves to the centre. These reporters often put in years of hard work and dedication, sweating on the field and making reports on small and big events before they are allowed to sit in the studio. They comb through tens of stories, searching for ones that would attract viewers and research and follow up on every little thing ancillary to a current event. It is here that they learn the ropes of the trade and make a name for themselves. Ergo, to be a TV anchor, you have to be a kick-ass journalist. And how to be a journalist? You get a degree in journalism, or a mass communication degree! Many universities offer these courses nowadays. There are both undergraduate and postgraduate degrees as well as diplomas. So where do I start? If you are looking at this career option right after 12th, a graduate degree would be your best bet. At this stage, you have an opportunity to go for a bachelor’s degree in mass communication or journalism or an undergraduate diploma. A bachelor’s degree would take around 3 years. SIMC Pune and St. Xavier’s are some of the best institutions offering undergraduate degrees. If you’re unsure about getting into a professional course right away, you can do a regular graduate degree (like a Bachelor of Arts) and then go for a post graduate diploma or a postgraduate degree. Diplomas take less than a year and a postgraduate degree would be a 2 year long course. There are several colleges across India offering such courses. Some of the prestigious ones are given below: Colleges Location Symbiosis Institute of Media & Communication Pune St. Xavier's College Mumbai Lady Shri Ram College for Women New Delhi Department of Media Studies, Christ University Bangalore Asian College of Journalism Chennai Times School of Journalism New Delhi Manipal Institute of Communications Manipal Madras Christian College Chennai Getting into these colleges: Procedure and Fees Most of these colleges have their own entrance tests and admission requirements. Apart from acing their aptitude tests, one also often requires a good CV which shows experience in mass communication/journalism related work. It looks impressive if you have written for newspapers or in blogs or as an intern. The fees for these programmes differ from college to college. An undergraduate programme may have fees ranging from 30,000 per annum to 2,00,000 per annum. Fees for postgraduate programmes range from 40,000 to 1,00,000. Nowadays, there are also several online courses that help to develop the soft skills required in journalism. Internships and work experience are key to a successful media career. Books only take you so far, and it is only by pulling up your sleeves that you actually make yourself a viable option for a high position such as that of a TV anchor. Salary The job prospects in media are increasing with a sharp increase in the number of news channels and influx of foreign channels. An average TV anchor in India earns around Rs. 3.5 lakh per annum. Of course, the pay varies from firm to firm and with experience. It is not uncommon for salaries to go upto 6 lakhs per annum if the TV anchor earns his name in the field. However, since one has to start out as a regular reporter, in the initial stages the salary would be lower (depending upon the placements of your college). Conclusion TV anchoring is journalism at its glamorous best: TV anchors are the stars and role models of the journalism world. There is also a need for trained professionals to enter the media world with the increase in the number of 24 hour news channels. The job is no doubt very exciting and well paying. However, it requires years of hard work and dedication to become a TV anchor in the first place. One needs to start early, gather experience and build an impressive portfolio. As a professional, you might have little time for personal life and will be expected to commit hours hunting after news. But for those who like the taste of a fast-paced life, this is a rewarding career. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Shape UP Life and Style as a Nutritionist | Serving others to serve yourself: A career in Hotel Management | Empower your career through Life Science | Career in Gaming: An Industry that swallowed Hollywood | Entrepreneurship: Start-Up Your Career! | Nuclear Physics - Plunge into the world of quarks and Gluons | Working with X-rays: A Career in Radiology | Make a career while exploring Culinary Arts
Shape Up Life and Style as a Nutritionist : With every now and then people getting bonkers with weight, panic, stress and depression, it is urgent need of the hour that people get hold of their lives, balance it with work and healthy lifestyle. But who can be of help? There emerges the messiah-a nutritionist. From young crowd who are essentially keen on losing weight to the middle aged group who wish to strike work-life balance, every one sort help from a Nutritionist. So this profession will definitely keep you busy and help you propel your career for greater good. What is the work of a Nutritionist? Principally the work of a nutritionist is to examine the health condition of their clients and determine a proper diet which must be adhered for the improvement of both physical and mental health. So primarily it involves the following steps: Analyse the health requirements of his client Resolve nutrition issues and help implement healthy habits of eating As per the budget of client, age, gender, health conditions and his/her choices, develops proper diet plan Assess the effects of the new diet plan, and modify it if required for better results. Constantly keeping themselves updated with new research work. Do documentation and monitor the progress reports of patients. A nutritionist can choose to work with organizations like, hotels, schools, hospitals and many other government agencies as well as practice individually once they have been successful in establishing themselves. How to pursue Nutrition as a career? The simple method is to enrol in the B. Sc. Course of Nutrition or Home Science for three years, or Food Technology can be pursued for four years as well. For this one must have Physics, Chemistry and Biology in their 10+2 level and Mathematics as well if they wish to pursue any engineering course like Food Technology. They can embark on the engineering career by appearing for entrance exams. Institutions of good repute may demand a minimum of 60% marks in all the above subjects. To study further one can definitely pursue M.Sc. in Nutrition. There is no need to fret if you have not done your B. Sc. in the above subjects. People who have B. Sc. honours in biochemistry, applied physiology, administration therapeutic nutrition, microbiology or food can also opt for pursuing M. Sc. As an undergraduate you can specialize further by working to get the provisional registration from the Medical Council of India with a nominal fee of just Rs. 1000/. After registration you are required to work as an intern (usually unpaid) for a year in some renowned hospitals of India. Further you may also choose to become the member of IDA (Indian Dietetic Association) by sitting for their entrance exam after six months of being a member. You can download the exam forms from their website. After passing out they may be employed by food manufacturing companies, food departments of star hotels, famous food chains, physical training camps, research institutes, hospitals, films and modelling industry and so on. What are the cost implications of the courses offered? Studying Nutrition in India is more or less a cheap affair. B.Sc. courses are usually priced below Rs. 50000/-, while B.Tech courses can be a little more expensive ranging from Rs. 500000/--Rs. 600000/-. The M.Sc. Courses are priced between Rs. 50,000/- Rs1,00,000/-. How much can you earn? Initially it can be a little hard to start as a fresher. Nutritionist working in private hospitals can start with a salary of Rs.5000/- a month. After gaining experience of one year it can rise to Rs. 10000/- per month. However with IDA certifications and other registration one can start their career with a monthly salary of Rs. 15000/- to Rs 20000/- and after an experience of five years it can shoot up to Rs. 40000/- a month What are the popular institutes in India to study nutrition? The table below shows the list of the institutes where you can study nutrition as a subject Serial No. Names of institutes Name of the course 1 National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad PG Certificate Course in Nutrition, M. Sc (Applied Nutrition) 2 University of Delhi (Institute of Home Economics) M. Sc in Food and Nutrition 3 University of Madras Postgraduate diploma in nutrition & dietetics) Master of Science in Dietetics & Nutrition 4 Maharshi Markandeshwar Institute of Catering Technology and Business Management Ambala , Haryana Master of Science in Dietetics & Nutrition 5 Mount Carmel College Bangalore / Bengalooru , Karnataka Bachelor of Science - Clinical Nutrition, Dietetics, Chemistry, Human Development 6 M.U. College of Commerce Pune , Maharashtra Certificate course in Health, Nutrition & Yoga 7 Maniben Nanavati Women's College Mumbai , Maharashtra Diploma in Basics of Diet Therapy 8 Marudhar Kesari Jain College for Women Vellore , Tamil Nadu Bachelor of Science in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics 9 Institute of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur Master of Science in Nutrition and Nutraceutical Science 10 Techno India, Kolkata B. Tech in Food Technology How to embark on a career abroad? The option of studying nutrition abroad can be a bright idea. You will get a global exposure to all the nutrition related issues if you choose to study from a reputed institute of U.S.A. Just ensure that the institute is accredited by the American Dietetic Association, has proper lab facilities, provide opportunities of internship, and most importantly whether the institute will aid you in getting work after your graduation. You can also acquire the nutrition specialist credential (CNS) from the Board for Certification of Nutrition Specialist (CBNS) after completing your master’s degree or your doctoral, practical experience of 1000 hours and passing the certification exam. The average salary of nutritionist in U.S.A ranges from $50000-$60000 annually while in some cities like Las Vegas and Vallejo, it can reach to a range of $75000-$85000 annually. Critical analysis of the career As a nutritionist your career will be more or less well balanced, especially if you are working with government organizations of any nation. The growth in salary will not be superb, but it will be well paced. A person who has good listening as well as speaking skills can definitely try out his hands to pursue this career. You might even get to travel and visit various countries, or visit the production houses to check standards of food quality occasionally. As nutritionist you are required to show patience and be in a position to empathise with your clients. Conclusion On a whole, with break of diseases, epidemics, rising levels of careless food habits, the need of nutritionist is on a rise. The profession will give immense satisfaction for having being successful in improving life qualities and maintaining standards of good health. After all at the end of the day, no wealth can be bigger than health. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Serving others to serve yourself: A career in Hotel Management | Empower your career through Life Science | Career in Gaming: An Industry that swallowed Hollywood | Entrepreneurship: Start-Up Your Career! | Nuclear Physics - Plunge into the world of quarks and Gluons | Working with X-rays: A Career in Radiology | Make a career while exploring Culinary Arts
Serving others to serve yourself: A career in Hotel Management : With the sudden rise in the hotel industry, hotel management has risen as a sought after job that offers great exposure, excitement, remuneration and lifestyle. Read on to check out the various courses offered under hotel management by the top colleges/universities in India & the world and other aspects of choosing hotel management as career. Flashing suits, smiling faces, gorgeous décor, meeting new people, enjoying delicacies from around the world and getting paid handsomely for the same. If this is what you dream to do in future, then hotel management is the perfect choice of career for you. As the world gets smaller, connected and globalised, the number of tourists and business travellers has witnessed a high rise in the last decade. This has pushed the tourism and hotel industry to attain higher benchmarks of quality and service to cater all kinds of demands made by travellers. In its essence, hotel management allows people to work in an industry which requires a very diverse set of skills in an individual. The industry has witnessed a rise of large corporations jumping into the hotel industry and creating chains of hotels which cater to all classes of customers from the richest 1% to the casual budget travellers. This has also increased the chances of getting around-the-world exposure for hotel managers as they learn and work at various locations and have higher chances of getting absorbed into better roles and opportunities. Skills and personal attributes required: An ideal candidate for hotel management should have patience, excellent communication skills, organisational background, and self-discipline. He/she should also be friendly, extrovert, polite, courteous and possess the ability to work under stress. One of the most important attributes required is the readiness and ability to work during odd hours. Opportunities and job profiles: After pursuing and availing a degree in hotel management, there are several choices from which a person has to choose to create a USP for himself/herself in the industry. Start your own hotel Work in an existing hotel as a manager Teach at hotel management institutes Work as a consultant to the existing hotels The profile of a hotel manager involves various responsibilities & duties, viz. Personnel Management, Housekeeping, Food and Beverages Services, Stock Management, Front Office Operations, Customer Relations, Reservations Management, Events & Conventions Management, Information Management and many more Fees structure and institutes: The fee structure of top Indian institutes ranges from INR 4 to 20 lakh while the international institutes charge more than INR 30 lakh as their tuition fee. Here are some of the top institutes in India and also around the world for students who want to pursue hotel management as their career choice. This is an exhaustive list with detailed information on the kind of courses available at the college/university to help you understand the various sectors one can work on in this industry. Top Institutes: INDIA INSTITUTE COURSES CITY WEBSITE Oberoi Centre of Learning and Development · Guest Service Management; · Housekeeping Management; · Kitchen Management Delhi www.oberoihotels.com Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) · BSc Degree in Hospitality and Hotel Administration; · Craftsmanship Course in Food & Beverage Service; · 12 weeks Certificate Course in Bartending; · 12 weeks Certificate Course in Cookery; · 12 weeks Certificate Course in Bakery Mumbai www.ihmctan.edu Welcomgroup Graduate School of Hotel Administration (WGSHA) · Bachelor of Hotel Management · P.G. Diploma in Culinary Arts · Diploma in Hotel Management and Catering Technology · B.A. in Culinary Arts · M.Sc. in Hospitality & Tourism Management · Bachelor in Hotel Management Manipal www.manipal.edu Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) · MSc in Hospitality Administration · MSc in Dietetics & Food Service Management · Post Graduate Diploma in Accommodation Operations & Management · BSc in Hospitality & Hotel Administration · Diploma in Food & Beverage Service · Diploma in Bakery & Confectionery · Craftsmanship Course in Food Production & Patisserie · Craftsmanship Course in Food & Beverage Service Delhi www.ihmpusa.net Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) · 4 Year BA (Honours) Hotel Management · 4 Year BA (Honours) Culinary Arts Aurangabad www.ihma.ac.in Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) · MSc in Hospitality Administration (Full time course) · BSc in Hotel Management (Full time course) · Post graduate Diploma in Accommodation Operations (Full time course) · Certificate Course in Food Production (Full time course) · Certificate Course in Food and Beverage Service (Full time course) · Cookery and Bakery (Short term course) · For Working Women (Short term course) · For Housewives (Short term course) · Summer Course for College students (Short term course) Bangalore www.ihmbangalore.com Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) · Master of Science (MSc) in Hospitality Administration · 3 year B.Sc Degree in Hospitality and Hotel Administration · Craftsmanship Courses in Food Production · Craftsmanship Courses in Food & Beverage Service · Post Graduate Diploma Course in Accommodation Operation & Management · Post Graduate Diploma Course in Dietetics & Hospital Food Services · Certificate Course in Hotel & Catering Management · Diploma Course in Food Production · Diploma Course in Bakery & Confectionery · Diploma Course in Front Office · Diploma Course in Food and Beverage Services Chennai www.ihmkolkata.com Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) · Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Hospitality and Hotel Administration · Post Graduate Diploma in Accommodation Operation and Management · Craftsmanship Course in Food and Beverage Service · Craftsmanship Course in Food Production Kolkata www.ihmchennai.org Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) · BSc in Hospitality and Hotel Administration Ahmedabad www.ihmahmedabad.com Christ College · Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM) (Full time) · Diploma In Food And Beverage Service (Diploma Programmes) · Bartending (Certificate Course) · Restaurant Planning and Operations (Certificate Course) · Indian Cuisine (Certificate Course) · Bakery and Confectionery (Certificate Course) · Bartending (Certificate Course) · Cuisines of Europe (Certificate Course) Bangalore www.christuniversity.in INTERNATIONAL (TOP 10) INSTITUTE COURSES COUNTRY WEBSITE EcoleHoteliere de Lausanne (EHL) · Bachelor’s degree in hospitality · Global degree in hospitality · Hotel management diploma course · Post-graduation degree in hospitality management · Master of business administration Switzerland www.ehl.edu Les Roches International School of Hotel Management · BBA in International Hotel Management · MBA Hospitality Mangement Switzerland www.lesroches.edu Glion Institute of Higher Education, Glion&Bulle Diploma, Associate degree, Bachelor’s degree, Post graduate diploma and London summer programme in hospitality management. Switzerland www.glion.edu Cornell University · Bachelor of science in hotel administration · Master of management in hospitality · M.S. and PhD programmes in hospitality USA www.cornell.edu Hotelschool The Hague · Master in Hospitality Management · Bachelor Business Administration in Hotel Administration Netherlands www.hotelschool.nl Hotel School Vatel Bachelors and Masters programme in international hotel management France www.vatel.fr Oxford Brookes University · BSc (hons) in international hospitality management · MSc in international hospitality · Events and tourism management · MSc in international hotel and tourism management England www.brookes.ac.uk Blue Mountain International Hotel Management School · International hotel and resort management degree · International event management degree · International hotel management master’s degree · Global business management master’s degree Leura, Australia www.bluemountains.edu.au Cesar Ritz Colleges · Bachelor in Hotel and Tourism Management · Master of Science in International Hospitality Management · Master of Arts in International Business in Hotel and Tourism Management Switzerland www.swisseducation.com EcoleHoteliere de Geneve · Certificate in Catering and Hospitality Administration Switzerland www.ehg.ch *According to survey conducted by Taylor Nelson Sofres Career Path Remuneration On an average, fresh graduates out of colleges from premier hotel management institutes are usually absorbed by the hotels and resorts which are partnered with the institutions. The initial salary of a management trainee for first one or two years of his training ranges from INR 3 to 5 lakh per annum in India depending on the trainee’s skills. Only after one has gained experience of around 5 to 7 years, one can expect a raise in remuneration and responsibilities. An average hotel manager can expect a salary of INR 10 to 20 lakhs per annum which is highly dependent on the company running the hotel and the size & clientele of the hotel. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Empower your career through Life Science | Career in Gaming: An Industry that swallowed Hollywood | Entrepreneurship: Start-Up Your Career! | Nuclear Physics - Plunge into the world of quarks and Gluons | Working with X-rays: A Career in Radiology | Make a career while exploring Culinary Arts | VITEEE 2016
Empower your career through Life Science : Recent scientific advancements have led to a brilliant growth of the life science industry. It is not only limited to in-depth research and study, but has paved way to a dynamically successful career for individuals passionate about science. The origin of life, air, water and atmosphere is a miraculous mystery that is unfolded through science. The scientific study of living organisms related to their origin, evolution and biological traits is Life Sciences. In the era of scientific research and advancements, this field has emerged as an excellent career opportunity. Individuals who explore the vast ocean of subjects in Life Science have successful and prestigious careers. If you havea quest to discover more about the living beings and unravel the biological and scientific reasons behind them, then choose Life Science as your career. One never knows that your knowledge, research and discovery can someday give to the society aremedy to some currently incurable phenomenon. Life Sciences offers multiple range of subjects like biology, botany, zoology, medicine, biotechnology, ecology, genetic engineering and the list is dynamically expanding. Students passionate about any of these subjects can develop a dream career in Life Sciences. It requires skilled academic qualifications and knowledge. Graduation, Post-Graduation and Doctorate Degrees along with Diplomas for specialization in respective fields are offered in different subjects of Life Sciences. The fee structure varies with private, government and global institutes. In India, for government universities, the annual fees ranges from 20,000 to 100,000 INR. For the students aspiring to study abroad, the tuition fees begin from around 800,000 per semester. There are scholarship opportunities available for brilliantly skilled students. Career Path: Top Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website Loyola College Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctorate Chennai http://loyolacollege.edu/ St. Stephen’s College Graduation Delhi University, Delhi http://ststephens.edu/ St. Xavier’s College Graduation, Post-graduation, Diploma Mumbai http://xaviers.edu/main/ Banaras Hindu University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctorate Banaras www.bhu.ac.in St. Xavier’s College Graduation, Post-graduation, Diploma Kolkata http://www.sxccal.edu/default.htm Miranda House Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi University, Delhi http://www.mirandahouse.ac.in Presidency College Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctorate Kolkata http://www.presiuniv.ac.in/web/ Madras Christian College Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctorate Madras http://www.mcc.edu.in/ Fergusson College Graduation Pune http://fergusson.edu/ Christ College Graduation Bangalore http://www.christuniversity.in/ World Institute Courses City, Country Website Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ Oxford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral, Diploma Oxford, UK http://www.ox.ac.uk/ Johns Hoopkins University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Baltimore, Maryland, US https://www.jhu.edu/ Massachusetts Institute of Technology Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Massachusetts, US http://web.mit.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/ Imperial college London Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral London, UK https://www.imperial.ac.uk/ ETH ZURICH Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Zurich, Switzerland https://www.ethz.ch/en.html Fields of Study in Life Sciences Field Requirements Job Profiles Biology and Medicine Bachelors/Master’s of Science and Doctorate in biology/ecology/cell biology/genetics/ecosystem/zoology Specialists, foresters, science technicians, biologists, ecologists Medicine Bachelors/ Master's and Doctorate degree in anatomy/microbiology/diagnostics/epidemiology/zoology/biology/ pharmacy. Doctors, Physicians, Researchers, Scientist, Professors, Genetic Engineers Environmental Science Graduation/ Post-graduation/ Diploma/ Doctoral Environmentalists, science technicians, atmospheric scientists, geoscientists, environmental biologist, environmental chemist Botany Graduation/ Post-graduation/ Doctoral Professors, Botanists, Environmentalists, Researchers Opportunities and Salaries Life Science offers a wide range of fields that include in-depth study and research of the subject. Employment opportunities are present in both public and private sectors. Jobs in government research institutes of Life Sciences are viewed as highly prestigious profiles. The career opportunities are directed completely on the basis of academic knowledge and experience. The field offers limited job openings and employs highly skilled and qualified individuals. There is excessive competition amongst the candidates and only the best amongst the best are chosen. The salaries of employed individuals vary on the basis of their academic qualification and knowledge about the subject. For beginners in the field of research and science, the annual pay begins from 200,000 INR and for the experienced scientists it is as high as 15,00,000 INR. The average income for associate research scientists ranges from 300,000 to 800,000 INR. Top Hiring Companies Life Science is an expanding field in the present era of scientific boom. Biotechnology, innovations in medical sciences and genetic engineering are leading branches in Life Sciences. Several research institutes and companies have been set up that hire qualified intellectuals in this field. Following are few leading companies providing employment opportunities: Global Johnson & Johnson Allergan Novo Nordisk Roche Valeant Pharmaceuticals Alexion Pharmaceuticals Astra Zeneca Celgene Pfizer India: Piramal Health Care Nuziveedu Seeds Quintiles India Reliance Life Sciences Panacea Biotec Biocon, Syngene International Krebs Biochemicals and Industries Limited Indian Immunologicals Life Sciences as a career option is a unique blend of knowledge, innovation, discovery and science. From the origin to evolution and development of living beings, the subject traces all these traits and discovers theories that aid human race and the environment in diverse manners. Embrace the world with your wisdom and take Life Science not only as a career opportunity but as a means to serve humanity. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Career in Gaming: An Industry that swallowed Hollywood | Entrepreneurship: Start-Up Your Career! | Nuclear Physics - Plunge into the world of quarks and Gluons | Working with X-rays: A Career in Radiology | Make a career while exploring Culinary Arts | VITEEE 2016 | Be a Mutlitasker: Be a 'Bartender'
Entrepreneurship: Start-Up Your Career! : Entrepreneurship is the process of starting a business, typically a start-up company offering a product, process or service. Being an entrepreneur is a high-risk, high-reward position. Entrepreneurship involves a continuous search for new ideas, a willingness to take responsibility and the determination to put mind to a task and see it through from inception to completion. Yes, I know that these are well-known facts all thanks to the several Ted Talks on entrepreneurship! But, let’s learn a bit more about entrepreneurship than those 'super-cool-we-did-so-well' videos. What does an entrepreneur do?? What makes a great entrepreneur?? What does it take to start your own venture?? It’s not as easy as uploading the video. Is it?? “Entrepreneurship is a systematic innovation, which consists in the purposeful and organized search for changes, and it is the systematic analysis of the opportunities such changes might offer for economic and social innovation.” Peter Drucker An entrepreneur can be defined as an individual who organizes or operates a business or businesses, a person who organizes and manages any enterprise, especially a business, usually with considerable initiative and risk. Entrepreneurship is a creative act involving the mobilization of assets from one level of productive use to an advanced level of use. To put it very simply, an entrepreneur is someone who perceives prospect, systematizes resources needed for developing that opportunity and exploits it. Laptops, motorbikes, mobile phone, credit cards, courier service, and ready to eat foods are all examples of entrepreneurial ideas that got converted into products or services. Sudden Rise in Self-Employment Technological progress is a crucial component of the boom in self-employment. We can credit it to technology advancement because, as long as someone has a smartphone, tablet or laptop with internet connection, he/ she can run an office online and communicate with billions of people at a faster rate with limited difficulties hence making business easy and cheap. In India, sadly society plays a major role in determining your status. A change in mind sets is one of the major reasons that entrepreneurship is on the rise. Yes, there are still the "oh kitnabadahogayahai" aunties, and the "kya business karoge? sabjibechoge?" Tauji but the whole society is changing its perception towards start-ups. We are not only realizing the importance but also encouraging new ideas. Moreover, there is an entire global opportunity knocking our doors. Across diverse sectors internationally, the "made in India" tag, much like the “made in China”, is now an increasingly respected brand, valued for quality, dependability, and competitiveness. The world is now our market and our opportunity They Made It Big! Entrepreneurship is not new to India, with several India-based companies constantly getting a place in the Fortune 500 companies and countless entrepreneurs finding a place on the Forbes list of richest person. Believe it or not, the Tata’s and Birla’ were once start-ups. Nothing reads more encouragingly than the true success story of visionary entrepreneurs, who started from scratch and rose to the top of their game over the years. Ola #ChaloNiklo: One of the fastest growing business in India, OLA was founded by Bhavish Agrawal and Ankit Bhati in 2010 and it has today become the best personal transportation app of India. Innovation and strong entrepreneurial skills have raised Ola to a level that now it has spread from transportation to grocery and food delivery. Today, Ola has more than 2 lakh cars associated with it and the gross valuation of the company is around $5 billion. Ola tells us that if you have an idea, the best thing to do is ChaloNiklo (Get set go). OYO Rooms #AurKyaChahiye: Already being counted among the next start-up unicorns, Oyo room is an inspiring success story. Founded in 2013 by a 22 year old entrepreneur, Ritesh Agrawal, Oyo Rooms has become the first preference for budget hotel booking. Ritesh started his entrepreneurial journey when he was 17 years old. In 2013 Oyo rooms started with one hotel in one city and today it is associated with over 4000 hotels in more than 140 cities. This start-up story tells us that if you have strong belief in your idea and the passion to chase your dreams, Aur Kya Chahiye (What else is needed)? Paytm#PaytmKaro: Paytm is becoming one of the leading ecommerce site and the most preferred internet wallet of India. Paytm was founded by Vijay Shekhar Sharma in 2010. Vijay had started his entrepreneurial journey when he was in the third year of his engineering course and buy the time he finished his engineering in 1999, the company had made a turnover of around 50 lakh INR. In 2010 paytm was just a site for mobile and DTH recharge, but today it has spread its horizon to cover several ecommerce products and services. The Viral Fever (TVF) #NoCountryForFunnyMen: Entrepreneurship is not a matter of joke! Well not always. Arunabh Kumar, an IIT Kharagpur alumnus, started TVF as an online youth entertainment channel in 2010. Arunabh believed that his ideas can get good reception among the teens o the nation, but he couldn’t convince the same to the leading media houses and was rejected from channels like MTV and channel V. Today TVF is not only hugely popular among teens, it has gathered huge sponsors and advertisements and has a viewership of more than 12.5 lakhs. TVF success proves that contrary to their motto, there is indeed a country for funny men. You Can Make It Too! Some say it is best to start up in college itself when energy and risk-taking capacity is at its peak. Others say it is best first to work for a few years before taking the plunge, and build a firm base of experience and financial resources. The pursuit of these opportunities demands an indomitable spirit of entrepreneurship. To start, brainstorm a great idea, research about your market, talk to potential customers/clients, commit to a goal, not a plan, love what you do, take baby steps, learn from others and constantly take action. Entrepreneurs often have no fall back option and are responsible for the success or failure of their business. One of the most important things in becoming an entrepreneur is flexibility. A high tolerance for frustration energy and determination will get you through many of the hurdles you will face as a new entrepreneur. Education in the Right Direction Gone are the days were an idea, and a little Baap-ka-paisa of a 12th-pass-ladka would do miracles. You can’t control everything about your business, and adaptation is vital to survival. Education imbibes these qualities in you. Attending a business school to be an entrepreneur can help you channelize your creativity, participate in business plan competitions, earn an MBA and launch a business. An entrepreneurship degree is an academic degree awarded to students who have completed a college, university, or business school program related to entrepreneurship or small business management. In the two-year program, you'll learn all strategically organizing factors of production and the process of maximizing profits. Some colleges you can look up are: Best Institutes in India S P Jain School of Global Management, Mumbai NMIMS' School of Business Management, Mumbai Acharya Bangalore B-School (ABBS), Magadi Road, Bangalore Alliance School of Business - Alliance University, Anekal, Bangalore Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India Best Institutes Abroad Babson College, Massachusset University of Houston, Texas Baylor University, Texas Brigham Young University, Utah Harvard Business School Entrepreneurs have the ability to think new, better and feasible ideas of business organization and management. They are business leaders and contributors to the economic development of a country. Entrepreneurs drive social innovation and transformation in various fields including education, health, human rights, workers’ rights, environment and enterprise development. Succeeding as an entrepreneur takes passion, hard work, and persistence. If you think you can, you wouldn’t know unless you give it a go. Go ahead and start up your dream! ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Nuclear Physics - Plunge into the world of quarks and Gluons | Working with X-rays: A Career in Radiology | Make a career while exploring Culinary Arts | VITEEE 2016 | Be a Mutlitasker: Be a 'Bartender' | Study Drama to claim the Center-Stage: A Career in Theatrics | Master the World after Masters in English Literature | MBA Specialisation
Nuclear Physics - Plunge into the world of quarks and Gluons : As the world has advanced with marvellous technologies to cure deadly ailments like cancer and tumours, it has also increased the risk of exposing itself to hazardous wastes generated at every such step. India has also taken a step forward in improving its medical imaging applications. The nation quickly needs to replace the ageing workforce with fresh and responsible graduates to deal better with nuclear waste management. It was estimated some time back that crores of investment would take place in the country giving rise to more than 25 million jobs by the year 2020. At this hour, with an ever increasing energy demand, the nation is in great need of nuclear physicists who can aid in the nation building work and take a step forward. Nuclear Physics is a very specialized field of Physics understanding the behaviour of matter at a very atomic level comprising of neutrons and protons and their subsequent fusion, fission involving vast amount of energy. Like most other nations, even India wishes to make itself self dependent in terms of energy, defence and medical technological advancements. It is thus in requirement of a huge work force comprising of capable scientists who can handle technology and plan nuclear waste management in a judicious way. The impending threat of global warming is and will make the nation think and explore alternate energy solutions to grow independent and self sustainable. This industry as pointed out by many can grow all by itself thus opening great vistas of growth and at the same time its growth is not dependent on the growth of other industries. Plan your stride accordingly Nuclear energy can be utilized for the benefit of mankind in many ways. Before plunging into this wing of Physics, it is advisable to know about its applications such as in medicine, power production, space technology, food irradiation, instrumentation, archaeology and some more. Nuclear Physics can be studied with subjects like Physics, Chemistry, as mandatory subjects in 10+2 level with Mathematics/ Biology depending upon the course in Nuclear Physics study, one wish to go for. There are a number of colleges, universities, and institutes that offer B.Sc., M.Sc, PhD programs, and many colleges have incorporated this branch in their curriculum as an engineering discipline, and can be pursued further as M.Tech and doctoral programs. Usually the cut off marks required are very high, since the stream of Nuclear Physics relies heavily on the cream students of the badges. What is the average cost of these programs? B.Tech courses in Nuclear Physics usually range between Rs. 5,00,000-6,00,000. Tech programs are a little less priced, starting from Rs. 50,000-2,00,000. However you are required to sit for GATE exams and even clear admission tests in some of the colleges before getting into any stream pertaining to Nuclear Physics. What is the annual package you may expect? A nuclear Physicist in India earns a handsome amount. Their salary package ranges from Rs. 25,00,000-40,00,000 per annum. One can also work in the institutes offering the courses as lecturers and professors; however the salary would not be at par with the salary of a professional. Initially as professionals, they may not get to start as high as mentioned while working as fellow scholars with notable nuclear scientists, but after few years it is bound to shoot up. A Nuclear Engineer in USA can earn up to a median salary of $65,100 and mid career average can shoot up to a figure of $97800. The U.S. figures of salary in Nuclear Physics are almost at par with other engineering streams. The figures are expected to rise considering the sensitive nature of the job and a dwindling number of people entering the job. Some of the organizations in India where one can pursue a lucrative career in Nuclear Physics are listed below: Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD) Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC) Variable Energy Cyclottron Centre (VECC) Uranium Corporation of India Ltd (UCIL) Institute of Physics This field of Physics has bright prospects in the international job market as well. International bodies like the World Association of Nuclear Operators, International Atomic Energy Agency and CEA France are some of the notable bodies working in this division. Indian Scenario The salaries for the career options in Nuclear Physics are really high. But it comes with a price; the best of students are selected with excellent academic track record. Not only they need to work hard while pursuing their studies, but even after embarking on a high salaried career, life will be different and never a bed of roses in terms of the effort that has to go into the job on a daily basis. For the past four years (2009-2013) almost 11 Nuclear Scientists have died unnatural deaths in India. Investigation files are open in certain cases while others have been closed citing reasons like accident in the reactors and so on. India needs to gear up the safety guidelines and employ capable and responsible personnel for these jobs. With India trying to grow energy independent in a cleaner way, there would be requirement of highly skilled people with in depth knowledge in Nuclear Physics. Institutes offering the courses in Nuclear Physics Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Course: Doctoral grade in Nuclear Engineering and Technology Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore Course: Research programs in particle collision, and high energy collisions . Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Course: Research in Atomic and Nuclear Physics Department of Mechanical Engineering, SRM University Kancheepuram , Tamil Nadu, Course: Nuclear Engineering Department of Physics, Sambalpur University Course: Doctor of Philosophy in Nuclear Physics & Electronics Centre for Nuclear Medicine, Panjab University Course: Master of Science (Nuclear Medicine) Conclusion: With protest which did rounds against the start of the Kudankulam plant, one can definitely wonder the fate of Nuclear Physics in this country. But judging by the current scenario and mammoth requirement of power supply, energy mix is the only path to sustainability for a greener and clean future. Just hydel, wind, tidal and solar can't contribute to make India grow energy independent, Nuclear energy has to be exploited to meet the rising demands and for improving various other related fields in terms of better technology. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Working with X-rays: A Career in Radiology | Make a career while exploring Culinary Arts | VITEEE 2016 | Be a Mutlitasker: Be a 'Bartender' | Study Drama to claim the Center-Stage: A Career in Theatrics | Master the World after Masters in English Literature | MBA Specialisation
Working with X-rays: A Career in Radiology : Radiology is an exciting and intellectually stimulating specialty that plays an important role in patient diagnosis and management. If you are willing to work hard and be adaptable, it is a very rewarding career and one that some radiologists have described as not just a job but a hobby. The greatest obstacle to the cure of diseases in India is the limited number of professionals practicing diagnostics. This deficit can cause delayed diagnosis or no diagnosis at all that may lead to ineffective and expensive treatment, and even death. The disease may also spread to others in the event of inaccurate diagnosis resulting in improper treatment. Hence, there is a dire requirement of qualified professionals in this field, especially in overpopulated and developing countries like India. Radiology is a hi-tech branch of medical science which helps in diagnosing and treating various diseases, disorders and abnormalities. Thanks to the discovery of X-rays by Wilhelm Roentgen in November 1895, radiology has grown immensely, both in its dimensions and capabilities and is now one of the most sought-after postgraduate courses for medical graduates. It is both a diagnostic specialty and an interventional specialty, with direct links to almost every other department in a hospital. It has rapidly advanced in the recent years. Technological innovations and the widespread availability of sophisticated imaging techniques have made the job of radiologists easier. Should you take this up? Those who enjoy intellectual challenges and solving mind-boggling cases, have an analytical mind and a keen eye for detail can take up radiology as a career. Radiologists are often the first ones to detect new conditions and derive great satisfaction from studying the anatomical, pathological, and clinical details as well as the results of previous imaging procedures to come up with the cause of a patient’s problems. Radiologists can be either diagnostic or interventional. Diagnostic radiologists use a variety of imaging techniques such as plain radiographs, ultrasound, and Computed Tomography (CT), to sophisticated techniques such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET), coupled with CT or MRI to answer the clinical question posed by a patient’s condition. Interventional radiologists, on the other hand, have a direct role in managing patients—from performing urgent minimally-invasive procedures and stopping life threatening haemorrhages to undertaking procedures such as oesophageal stenting or angioplasty. An aspirant must take up a combination of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB) in 10+2 and then appear for one of the national or state level medical entrance examinations or that of a private medical college to pursue MBBS. This should be followed by MD/DNB after qualifying one of the postgraduate entrance examinations (conducted by the CBSE or state boards or National Board of Examinations). During MD (Doctor of Medicine)/DNB (Diplomate of National Board), research has to be carried out apart from regular academics, carrying out ward duties and upgrading one’s knowledge. One can then go for a three-year senior residency and/or sub-specialty training, after which s/he can practice as a radiologist. A radiologist can choose to specialize in one or more of the following: Breast, Cardiac, Gastrointestinal, Head and neck, Musculoskeletal, Neuroradiology, Oncological, Paediatric, Radionuclide, Thoracic, Uro-gynaecological, Vascular. Other than MBBS and MD, there are diploma courses as well in Medical Radio-Diagnosis, in which candidates are not given any research thesis and such candidates are not eligible for teaching posts. Clockwork A typical day of a radiologist depends on the type of practice s/he does, and whether or not s/he works full-time or part-time: 6.30 am: Wake up and exercise 8.30 am: Reach hospital 9am to 11am: Conduct ultrasonography of subjects 11 am to 1 pm: Conduct CT scan/other examination of patients 1pm to 2pm: Lunch break 2pm to 5pm: Work continues. A resident doctor in a government hospital also has to do night duties – two to five in a month - and 24- to 36-hour shifts, depending upon hospital rules. One also does academic work to upgrade one’s knowledge. The Payoff Earnings are different in government hospitals and private hospitals and clinics. In an academic hospital: A senior resident (for three years) may get around Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 60,000 per month. An assistant professor can get upwards of Rs. 70,000 per month. An associate professor (takes around eight years), gets Rs. 75,000 per month. A professor earns Rs. 1.5 lakhs per month. In addition to this, they are entitled to a host of other benefits. In private/corporate hospitals/clinics: An assistant consultant, with an experience of one year can expect a package upwards of Rs. 1.2 lakh per month. A senior consultant with five years’ experience can make around Rs. 3 lakh per month. But if you have your own set-up, you could earn more. Sky may be the limit, literally. Institutes There are almost 268 medical schools across the country that run radiology courses and out of a total of 35,000 medical students, approximately 747 get to do 3-year postgraduate training in radiology every year. Out of these, 537 seats are under Medical council of India (MCI) and 210 seats under National board of examinations [Diplomate of National board (DNB)], which are two medical governing bodies in India. In addition, there are about 253 2-year diploma course seats known as Diploma in Medical Radio-Diagnosis (DMRD). Fees Full-time fee in the top ten medical schools in the world, all of which happen to be in USA, is in the range of $30,000-$57,000. The same in medical schools with a lower ranking is much lower. In India, the fee is negligible in government institutions in comparison to their foreign counterparts. However, the cost of pursuing radiology from private medical colleges may be in the range of Rs. 40 lakhs to 1 crore, or even more. Some institutes in India are: All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh Christian Medical College, Vellore Seth GS Medical College (KEM Hospital), Mumbai Grant Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai Kasturba Medical College (Mangalore&Manipal), Top Institutes: Overseas Rank Institute Location URL 1 Harvard Medical School Boston, Massachusetts, USA hms.harvard.edu/ 3 John Hopkins School of Medicine Baltimore, Maryland, USA www.hopkinsmedicine.org/som/ 4 Perelman School of Medicine (University of Pennsylvania) Pennsylvania, USA www.med.upenn.edu/ 5 UW School of Medicine (Seattle) Washington, USA www.uwmedicine.org/ 6 David Geffen School of Medicine (UCLA) Los Angeles, California, USA https://healthsciences.ucla.edu/ 7 Michigan Medical School Michigan, USA https://medicine.umich.edu/medschool/ 8 UNC School of Medicine North Carolina, USA https://www.med.unc.edu/ 9 Pritzker School of Medicine Chicago, USA pritzker.uchicago.edu/ 10 UW School of Medicine (St. Louis) Missouri, USA https://medicine.wustl.edu/ Pros and Cons Opportunity to be involved with almost all the interesting cases or clinical practices in the hospital. You make a real difference by helping in patient management, monitoring disease progression or helping to diagnose a particularly dangerous ailment to prevent it from spreading or causing further harm to a patient Many interventional radiological procedures are replacing/have replaced many surgical procedures Being able to work with cutting edge and rapidly advancing technology in a booming field Job and career flexibility Not as challenging as surgery Conclusion An exponential growth of a population that has already crossed one billion points towards the need for better healthcare facilities. Radiology offers immense satisfaction to practitioners for they are the first ones to communicate with patients in distress and pave the way for their treatment. Apart from this, other factors which are enough to lure students are high monetary compensation, less taxing work when compared to other branches of medicine and the absence of emergency calls at odd hours. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Make a career while exploring Culinary Arts | VITEEE 2016 | Be a Mutlitasker: Be a 'Bartender' | Study Drama to claim the Center-Stage: A Career in Theatrics | Master the World after Masters in English Literature | MBA Specialisation | Rising Tides of Oceanography | Turning the Ordinary into Extra-Ordinary: Careers in Public Relations