Featured Posts

10 New Age Careers in Technology

Jun 2018

Read More

iDC Official Blog

Career in Hospitality Management: Make the world your workplace

Career in Hospitality Management: Make the world your workplace : The most wonderful aspect about studying Hospitality Management is the networking opportunities that you get. Do you have goodcommunication skills, and like connecting with people? Can you be flexible with your working hours? Do you like dealing with food, and are you creative? Then the glamorous world of hospitality and tourism needs you! “Let your job be the passport to the world". Sounds like your kind of deal? Ever imagined yourself directing social events on a cruise? Or how about owning and managing your own luxurious chain of hotels and resorts nationally or internationally? Or how about running an ultra-modern club or spa? Ever pictured yourself creating the marketing campaign for national tourism campaign? Sounds exciting! Doesn't it? Guess what does a waiter serving you a delicious sizzler, the concierge at your resort and a tour guide have in common? Basically they all work in the hospitality industry in some way or the other. Well this is what careers in hospitality management look like. And this is just a tiny drop amidst the vast ocean of dynamic opportunities that await you in the global hospitality industry. A career in this field could be personally fulfilling and professionally stimulating.Hospitality over the years continues to be one of the world's fastest growing industries. It employs more than 256 million people worldwide! Tourism, which is a part of hospitality industry, generates 10% of the world's GDP. Let us briefly try to understand the wide range of careers this field has to offer.   What is Hospitality Management? Hospitality Management in simple words is the study of the hospitality industry dealing with a broad category of event planning, theme parks, cruise line, transportation, lodging and other additional fields primarily within the aviation, maritime and tourism industries. As a part of the hospitality industry you would be responsible to make a 'home away from home' for vacationers and business travellers. This industry can encompass extremely varied job profiles from a Director to Chairman to the chamber-maid.   Step By Step  Candidates can pursue degree course in hospitality management soon after acquiring minimum of 50% marks in 10+2. However in some cases if some candidate does not have 50% marks in +2, he/she can opt for diploma or certificate courses offered by various institutes. Some institutes have their own entrance exams to select students. There are numerous job profiles in this sector depending upon a candidate's work experience, education etc. However, in order to work in the top profiles, a candidate must have a recognized degree.   Career Path   Overview on different programs in Hospitality Management   Courses Offered In Hospitality Management The courses offered combine skill development sessions with theory lectures with a heavy emphasis onpractical experience; hence preparing the candidate for everyday challenges. Degree Courses: B.Sc In Hospitality & Tourism Studies (3 Years) B.Sc. In Hospitality Study & Catering Services (3 Years) B.Sc. In Hotel Management & Tourism (3 Years) MBA In Hotel Management & Tourism (2 Years) M.Sc. In Food Science (2 Years) M.Sc. In Hotel Management (2 Years) M.Sc. In Tourism (2 Years) Diploma Courses: Hotel Operations (2 Years) Hotel Management & Catering Technology (1 Year) Food & Beverage Production / Service (6Month & 1 Year) House Keeping (1 Year) Front Office Management (1 Year) Travel Agency Management (1 Year & 6 Month) Certificate Courses: Hotel Management & Catering Technology (1 Year) Cookery, Bakery & Confectionary (1 Year) Hospitality & Air Travel Management (1 Year) Food & Beverage Services (6 Months) Tourism & Travel Management (6 Months)   Roles & Responsibilities The diversity of career options in the hospitality industry makes it utterly impossible to cover each and every job description within the scope of this article. We have thrown light on some of the most common career options available in this sector. Hospitality Manager The most common and obvious career option as a graduatein Hospitality Management would be to take up some kind of management role in this sector. The managerial roles can be in conference facilities, bars, casinos, entertainment venues, travel agencies, national/regional marketing organizations, etc. Hotel Manager As a Hotel Manager, you look after the overall administration of a hotel including front-end as well as back-end. This position demands a wide range of duties including budget allocation, strategic planning, performance tracking, quality auditing ,synchronizing and also overseeing the services like catering and accommodation facilities. One might fit/suit this profession if he/she has a flair for communication, organizational skills and can work with people from different backgrounds. Restaurant Manager  If you are a foodie and have a natural nose for the perfect dining experience, then Restaurant Manager might be an interesting position for you. You could be managing an outlet of some renowned chain or might even be looking after the operations of some smaller independent outlet. Usually the duties involve overseeing of operational, marketing-related as well as administrative tasks while also ensuring the profitability of the restaurant and maintaining its reputation & ethos. Cruise Director If you're keen to see the world through boats and yachts, the role of cruise director might suit you. One would require strong understanding of this sector through some specialized studies. This position will involve overseeing health and safety issues, looking after the entertainment and social events along with onboard hospitality ensuring excellent customer satisfaction. Events Manager Hospitality Management can also open up doors for you as event planner, bridal consultant, meeting planner, party planner, conference manager, etc. In case you end up choosing this as your profession, you would be planning and organizing various events like weddings, open houses, conventions, etc. with paying attention to the minutest detail. You should bear 'born to organize and execute' for being successful in this field.   What Would It Cost Me? The fee for the course depends on the reputation and rank of the college. For a 3-year course, the fee would range from around 200,000 to 500,000. The students who are not willing to spend such hefty amount may go for diploma/certificate courses offered.   Pay Packages: Remuneration in this industry majorly depends on factors like the institute, employer,skills of the individual & work experience.The candidates who have passed out from topinstitutes might receive a starting salary of Rs 20,000 or more.Similarly, for candidates with diploma or certification programs can receivestarting salaries ranging from Rs 8000-Rs 12,000. International hotel chains & airlines offer attractive remuneration. International Focus Hotel chains like Hilton, Ramada,Hyatt,La Quinta, Marriott, Radisson, Days Inn, Best Western, etc. offer really attractive career options for hospitality management graduates.Graduates working in USA get starting salary ranging from US$ 6000-10,000 per annum. Many hotel chains also offer highly paid part time jobs at various positions.   Top 10 Institutes India Rank College City Website URL 1 Oberoi Centre of Learning and Development Delhi www.oberoihotels.com 2 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Mumbai www.ihmctan.edu 3 Welcomgroup Graduate School of Hotel Administration (WGSHA) Manipal www.manipal.edu 4 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Delhi www.ihmpusa.net 5 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Aurangabad www.ihma.ac.in 6 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Bangalore www.ihmbangalore.com 7 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Chennai www.ihmkolkata.com 8 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Kolkata www.ihmchennai.org 9 Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Ahmedabad www.ihmahmedabad.com 10 Christ College Bangalore www.christuniversity.in   Overseas Rank College City Website URL 1 Cornell University New York,USA www.cornell.edu 2 Les Roches International School Of Hotel Management Switzerland www.lesroches.edu 3 Hotelschool, The Hague Netherlands www.hotelschool.nl 4  Hotel Vatel France www.vatel.fr/en 5 Oxford Brookes University Oxford,UK www.hospitality.brookes.ac.uk 6 Blue Mountain International Hotel Management School Leura,Australia www.bluemountains.edu.au 7 EcoleHoteliere De Lausanne Switzerland www.ehl.edu 8 Glion Institute of Higher Education Switzerland www.glion.edu 9 Cesar Ritz Colleges Switzerland www.cesarritzcolleges.edu 10 Emirates Academy Of Hospitality Management Dubai www.emiratesacademy.edu   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research | Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot | Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering | The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy

Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research

Spin the wheel of fortune with a career in Equity Research : Equity Research is a cornerstone in the financial world. It helps people’s money work for them than people working for money. An equity research analyst helps an investor escape from the labyrinth of information. Have you watched movies like ‘Wall Street’, ‘The Wolf of Wall Street’ & ‘Margin Money’? They take a peek into the life of on the more glamorous cousin of an Equity analyst, Investment Banking. Have you seen your dad or uncle talk about the Sensex or NIFTY? Have you heard about the bull and the bear? These are all from the world of equity. Why do we use Google? Because, it finds us answer to anything under the sun; it seems that it has all the information that is required by anyone anytime. In finance, information is the key to investing. Equity research provides information to traders for making an entry position or an exit position, an investor to build a long or a short position, or to make an investment or building an exit strategy. It also provides information to investors for subscribing to the Initial Public Offerings (IPO), helping investment banks build brand and their capital raising business. As an individual, it is cumbersome to gain insight on the economy, industry and a particular company. The equity research report gives a snap-shot view and detailed analysis of the financial performance of the company, its management, its products, its fair value and also gives a picture of its future growth trajectory. It makes the life of an investor, or, a common man much easier.   Required Education Education in financial discipline is not necessary but desirable. However, one needs to have a strong interest in financial markets, accounting and economics with strong analytical and quantitative skills. One should have good communication skills with fluency in English (In some specific markets, like, Japan and China, knowledge in local language is necessary). Knowledge in statistical tools is also desirable. Typically, Chartered Accountants, MBA (Finance), engineers from top colleges, and commerce graduates from top colleges, and Chartered Financial Analysts are preferredfor hiring by organizations in the position of equity researcher. Career Path                                                                Career Path (10th to Job)   Course Details Engineers, MBAs and CAs are favoured by the recruiters to work as equity research analysts. Hence, the list of top colleges in the relevant fields are listed below for a quick reference. Top Institutes (India): Institute Locations Course Eligibility Website/Information Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Mumbai Delhi Kharagpur Kanpur Chennai Guawahati Roorkee Varanasi And, 11 other locations 1.B.Tech 2. M.Tech 3. Integrated M.Sc 1.Class XII (PCM) 2.B.E/B.Tech 3. Class XII (PCM)   And, entrance examinations like, IIT-JEE, GATE. https://www.iitsystem.ac.in/ Birla Institute of Technology   Mesra 1.B.Tech 2.M.Tech 3. Ph.D. 1.10+2 (PCM) 2.B.E./B.Tech 3. M.E./M.Tech https://www.bitmesra.ac.in/cms.aspx?this=1&mid=48 Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad Bangalore Kolkata Lucknow Indore Kozhikode PGDBM At least 10+2+3 in any discipline   CAT/GMAT https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Institutes_of_Management Institute of Chartered Accountants of India   Any Chartered Accountant Class XII (Any discipline) www.icai.org.in/ Chartered Financial Analyst Institute, U.S.A Any Chartered Financial Analyst Undergraduate (or appearing in final year of UG exam) https://www.cfainstitute.org/pages/index.aspx   Top Institutes (Overseas): Following are few top engineering colleges around the globe which are preferred by recruiters for hiring graduates in the position of equity research analysts: Institute Courses Average Score in Entrance Country Website University of Massachusetts, Amherst Graduate Program SAT: 1850 USA https://www.pse.umass.edu/academics/admissions Caltech Graduate Program SAT: 2210 USA www.admissions.caltech.edu Stanford University Graduate Program SAT: 2070 USA https://www.stanford.edu/ University of California, Berkley Graduate Program SAT: 1840 USA www.berkeley.edu/  National University of Singapore (NUS) Graduate Program Not needed Singapore http://nus.edu.sg/admissions         Source: Forbes, QS   Following are the top B-schools around the world: Institute Courses Average Score in GMAT Country Website University of Chicago – Booth School of Business MBA 720 USA https://www.chicagobooth.edu/ Stanford Graduate School of Business MBA 720 USA https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/ Harvard Business School MBA 730 USA http://www.hbs.edu/Pages/default.aspx University of Pennsylvania-Wharton MBA 728 USA https://www.wharton.upenn.edu/ London business school MBA 700 UK https://www.london.edu/ INSEAD MBA 703 France http://www.insead.edu/home/ University of Oxford- Saïd Business School MBA 690 UK http://www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/ HEC Paris MBA MBA 690 France http://www.mba.hec.edu/ NUS Business School MBA 672 Singapore http://bschool.nus.edu/ HKUST Business School MBA 600 Hong Kong http://www.bm.ust.hk/             Source:Financial Times, QS   Other than GMAT/SAT/GRE, it is mandatory for the students to appear for IELTS/TOEFL. Scores above 100 are considered to be good in TOEFL. Again, one should remember that while applying for the MBA schools, the score in entrance is only a fraction of the parameters used for judging a candidate. Everything in the application really does matter, including the application essays and recommendations.   Cost in Fees Almost all the top engineering colleges in India are government affiliated. The annual fees may vary from INR 10,000 to 80,000 per annum depending on the institute/university. For overseas universities, the cost that a student would incur for the degree would vary from INR 15.0 lacs to INR 35.0 lacs. The cost of a MBA from a top college in India would range between INR 8.0 lacs to INR 25.0 lacs including allied costs. An MBA from abroad would range between INR 35.0 lacs to INR 90.0 lacs including allied costs.   Job Profiles Broadly, one has to work in the either of the broad categories: Sell Side : Usually in the brokerage houses, catering to the retail clients Buy Side : Mostly, the investment banks and research firms The job roles usually offered are: Research Analyst Private Equity Analyst Fund Manager/ Private Equity Fund Manager Portfolio Manager The responsibilities of an equity analyst would typically include: Analyzing and summarizing: Financial statements Economy Management Build and maintain financial models and sector database Work with a team and deliver research reports or insights on individual stock or portfolio Provide support to front-desk to generate revenue for the company   Opportunities and Growth The growth and outlook of the equity research market is in sync with the global and Indian economy. The last two years were very good for the industry. In the present year, the market has been subdued. But, there have been several Initial Public Offerings (IPO) in the Indian domestic market, which, suggests that the outlook is not too grim. Globally, the Chinese market has suffered from one of the biggest crashes in the financial history, the European market hasn’t yetrecovered from the crisis and the US economy has just started showing green shoots of growth. In the recent developments, global firms like, Standard Chartered Bank, Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation have been cutting jobs around the globe as a part of their global restructuring exercise closing their less profitable ventures. For SCB, it is their loss making institutional cash equities, equity research and equity capital markets operations that would be shut-down. Thus, aided by the favourable macro factors, India is in a brighter spot in the global equity market. The global scenario might take a while to turn around.   Industries to Explore An equity analyst would be working in the following industries: Banking and Financial Services Industry (BFSI): Brokerage firms, like, Karvy, Sharekhan Investment Banks like, JP Morgan, Goldman Sachs Credit Rating Agencies, like, CRISIL, ICRA Private Equity Firms, like, Warburg Pincus, KKR Venture Capital Funds, like, Matirx Funds, Sequoia Capital. Seed Fund Banks, like, SBI, Deutsche Bank Mutual Funds like, Franklin Templeton, Mirae Asset Knowledge Process Outsourcing offices of global behemoths like Mckinsey, JP Morgan Consulting Firms like, Ernst & Young (E&Y), Mckinsey, Accenture   The CV of an Equity Research Analyst The key skills that the recruiters looks in an equity research analyst at entry level are: Decent writing skills with a flair in financial reporting – Primary role of anequity analyst is disseminating the information about the company, industry and economy. Excellent communication and interpersonal skills – The job profile requires regular interaction with various stake-holders, be it the key management of the company, or, the client. Knowledge of database tools like Bloomberg, Reuters, etc. Strong programming skills in statistical tools like, R, SPlus, Matlab, VB, SQL – Equity research involves building financial models to project the future performance of a company. Knowledge in the tools is required for building a robust model. Ability to work under pressure – An equity analyst has to work under strict deadlines, and most entry-level profiles require stretching long working hours. The individual should be self-motivated, proactive and passionate for investing and for financial markets. The other skills that an aspiring equity analyst should possess to create an edge over the others are: Strong understanding of financial statements, macro-economic trends, valuation modelling. Knowledge about a particular industry, its key players, competitive landscape, macro factors affecting the industry and trends in that industry. As a fresher, it always helps if one has national or international publications in ones CV as it’s a well-documented proof of ones writing skills, research acumen and knowledge in the various statistical and database tools.   It is also important to understand for an aspiring analyst that there are several intangible qualities in a candidate that the recruiters look for. Since, it is very difficult to judge those intangible qualities, the recruiters tend to hire people from some specific background, like, Chartered Accountants (CA), MBA (Finance) and Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA). In India, some of the well-known equity research firms also hire from IITs.   Earnings The compensation for the equity researchers are good. Typically, their packages include a substantial bonus component. In India, the typical salary for an entry level analyst would range from INR 3.5 lacs per annum in small brokerage firms to INR 20.0 lacsper annum in the foreign banks. The US counterparts earn more than $ 50,000 per annum plus bonuses.   What Next? The junior associate would look forward to climb up the ladder and become a senior research analyst and further rise to become head of equities. Some sell side analysts switch to venture capital funds or private equity funds(Mostly abroad as recruitment in VCs and PE Funds are very less in India). Few try and move to investment banking or mutual funds (as fund managers). As their job profile involves rigorous modelling, some get into project financing and corporate finance profiles. For the graduates, it provides a great platform to get into any of the top MBA colleges specializing in Finance. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot | Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering | The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy | Rule the skies: Globe-trotting as a Cabin Crew | Establish a shinning career in Astronomy

Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot

Get your wings and Fly: Career as a Commercial Pilot : A globe-trotting career, office at 30,000 feet above ground and an adventurous life are a few perks of being a commercial pilot. Not to mention the awesome feeling of visiting numerous countries and becoming a role-model to many around. Have you ever dreamt of flying to far-away lands, been drawn to a uniform and waking up to adventures?  Being a commercial pilot can fulfill all your dreams and also earn you a good salary while you’re at it. According to the IBEF (India Brand Equity Foundation), India’s civil aviation industry is on a high-growth trajectory. India aspires to be the third-largest in the world aviation market by 2020 and the largest by 2030. These predictions, increased low-cost airlines and international aviation industry have opened doors for extremely lucrative salaries in Indian as well asinternational airlines. A commercial pilot requires much more than passion though. This is a highly specialized profession which requires extensive knowledge of air navigation, meteorological report and operating highly sophisticated technology. All this while being the protector and leader to the flight crew and passengers under all kinds of conditions while flying in a metal box, thousands of feet above the ground! Not for the faint-hearted for sure.   Licenses to become a commercial pilot:  Student Pilot License (SPL) The first step towards many more to become a Commercial Pilot is getting an SPL, a license required to enroll in a flying club recognized by Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), Government of India or abroad. To be eligible to apply, one needs to be at least 16 years old and a 10+2 pass-out with minimum result of 50%; and a science background with Chemistry, Maths and Physics. The application process starts with theory and oral tests on navigation, meteorology, air regulations, etc. Post that you’ll require to submit certificates of DGCA approved medical fitness, security clearance and a bank guarantee of Rs 10,000. When you successfully complete this exam you climb your first step towards becoming a commercial pilot, armed with an SPL certificate. The DGCA website regularly updates new regulations, requirements and approved centres. Private Pilot License (PPL) This is when you start your air-borne training, a total of 60 hours of various flying exercises after rigorous training. A suitable flying school in India or abroad should be chosen after good research and considering factors like place, cost, reputation of the club, etc. To be eligible for PPL, the pilot needs to appear for centre as well as DGCA theory tests about aviation and submit a medical fitness certificate from the AFCME (Air Force Central Medical Establishment) or IAM (Institute of Aviation Medicine). Commercial Pilot License (CPL) The final step to becoming a commercial pilot, CPL is obtained after you have finished at least 250 hours of extensive flying. CPL is granted to pilots after an intensive theory exam at their centre and DGCA exams on aviation and submitting medical fitness testscertificate from the AFCME or IAM. Post the CPL, certifications of instrument rating and type rating are also necessary.   Top Indian Institutes for Aviation While choosing an institute, factors like cost of flying and staying (a significant investment), reputation of the school and its review from its past students provide valuable insights. On an average the investment for the two years of pilot training and exercises are high, especially the flight costs but the returns justify the investment. Many education loans and scholarships are available. The top flying clubs/ institutes in India: Government Aviation Training Institute, Bhubaneswar www.aviationspaceindia.com/content/government-aviation-training-institute-gati Coimbatore Flying Club, Coimbatore www.bvgfc.org Indian Aviation Academy, Mumbai www.indianaviationacademy.com Jamshedpur Co-Operative Flying Club Ltd, Jamshedpur www.indiacatalog.com/profiles/aviation/jamshedpur_co-operative_flying_club.html Indira Gandhi RashtriyaUranAkademi, Uttar Pradesh www.igrua.gov.in Rajiv Gandhi Aviation, Secundrabad www.rgaviation.com   The fees in these institutes vary from Rs. 19 lakhs to Rs. 40 lakhs for the PPL and CPL.   Studying Abroad Contrary to two years in India, doing an aviation course abroad takes 6 to 8 months. The top flying clubs/ institutes abroad: CAE Oxford Aviation Academy (Has centres in India and abroad) www.caeoaa.com CTC Wings (Asia, UK and Australia) www.ctcaviation.com Flight Safety Academy, USA www.flightsafetyacademy.com Pan AM International Flying Academy, USA www.panamacademy.com Singapore Flying College, Singapore               www.sfcpl.com   Each flying club has different fee structure for licenses. Candidates can submit necessary details on their official websitesand receive a reply with comprehensive fee structure, batch dates and further procedures. The investment in these institutes will be significantly higher than in India and could cost between Rs. 50 lakh to 70 lakh on an average.  You may also search for alternative options of aviation courses from Malaysian and Singaporean clubs/institutes which are also popular among Indian and other Asian airlines.   Job Opportunities   Recruitment in the aviation sector is anticipated to be on the rise with the boom in tourism and flight travel. Introduction of new carriers like Air Asia, Vistara; addition of more routes by global carriers, development of new airports and modernization of existing ones have increased employment opportunities in the industry. The starting salaries of a trainee pilot can be around Rs. 1.5 lakh for flying 50 hours a month, with a significant raise within the next six months. Top local recruiters in the industry are carriers like Indigo, Air Asia &SpiceJet. International players like Etihad, Emirates, Qatar Airlines usually swoop on senior officers with attractive salaries. Apart from the salary, international airlines offer benefits like tax-free income,free housing, schooling and medical expenses and a chance to fly to international destinations solo or with family for free.  A word of caution however – Even as the Indian aviation industry grows by leaps and bounds, the airline companies are struggling financially – laying down many pilots, recruiting only experienced pilots or recruiting at very low salaries. The fuel prices, extremely competitive fares and the need to revamp Indian aviation policies and taxes are costing dearly to the airline companies.   Scholarships   Many Indian flying clubs/ institutes offer scholarships in various categories.  Indira Gandhi RashtriyaUranAkademi, Uttar Pradesh Two scholarships of Rs 4 lakh each given on merit-cum-means basis per batch. Rajiv Gandhi Aviation, Secunderabad Two scholarships for female pilots on merit-cum-means up toRs 3 lakh each per batch.  JRD Tata Memorial Scholarships JRD Tata Trust offers up to Rs 10 lakh per year to trainees as decided by its Board of Directors.  Scholarships of SC/ST Candidates  Government scholarships areavailable for eligible SC/ST candidates.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology | Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering | The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy | Rule the skies: Globe-trotting as a Cabin Crew | Establish a shinning career in Astronomy

Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology

Lending a listening ear: Career in Audiology : The science of Audiology Hearing is an indispensable part of one’s life and it is very discomforting if we or our loved ones suffer from any hearing problem. Audiology is the treatment of hearing impairment and speech related disorders. An audiologist specializes in diagnosing and evaluating hearing problems using advanced technology. One can turn up to audiologist to know about the types of hearing loss, types of hearing aids and many more such complications. Hearing disability has not been recognized for long as a major disease, but people facing it sufferfrom day-to-day distress and many-a-times, exacerbated complications. There is a severe dearth of audiologists and speech pathologist in the country and there are only close to 2000 registered speech therapists and audiologists. Akuphone, the first electronic hearing aid founded by Miller Reese Hutchinson has come to the rescue of many who suffer from hearing loss. Audiologists examine inner and middle ear, cochlea (critical in hearing) and vestibular region (important for balance and spatial orientation). Depending on the problem, they conduct several other examinations including: Cleaning of the ear canal Fitting cochlear implant Prescribing speech therapy Hearing conservation programs, services and counseling Hearing research   Requirements An array of courses is available to become an audiologist ranging from diploma courses to bachelor’s and master’s courses. The aspirant must atleast earn a bachelor’s degree to be called an audiologist but to practice and become a professional audiologist, a master’s degree is important. Further, a doctoral degree (PhD or AUD) is needed to earn national certification. These degrees are well recognized abroad. For admission in Bachelor’s, Mathematics and Science subjects are compulsory in 10+2. The candidate then needs to clear the entrance exam conducted by the University, the centre that conducts All India Medical Entrance Test or the State that conducts the Entrance Examination. The various courses available in Audiology and Speech and Hearing are: Sc. (Speech and Hearing) Sc. (Audiology) Sc. (Speech-Language Pathology) Bachelors of Special Education (Hearing Impairment) Diploma in Hearing Aid and Earmould Technology Ed (Special Education-Distance Mode) D. (Audiology) D. (Speech-Language Pathology) Certificate Course on Communication Disorders   Clock Work  A speech therapist’s average day at a tertiary-care hospital: 9 am: Start dealing with patients referred for speech problems, in the OPD  1.30 pm: Lunch 2 pm: Attend specialized clinics/in ward patient  3 pm: Attend to patients with special needs 4 pm: Complete file work/reports 5 pm: Pack-up for the day   Career prospects and Salary Audiologists can find employment in government and private institutions, teaching and healthcare establishments. They can also work with practicing physicians, hearing aid manufacturers and NGOs. Presently, there is a paucity of audiologists in India. As the cases of hearing impairment are increasing, audiology courses are in great demand. The earning depends on the qualification and practice. The initial salary may range from Rs 20,000 to 30,000 a month. With increase in experience and skills, the salary increases.   Institutes Approximately 50 institutions in the country, including five in Tamil Nadu, offer a four-year Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (BASLP) course. Few universities offer masters as well as doctorate degree in audiology.  Twenty universities in India, including both public and private, some with their own multidisciplinary clinical setups, provide Speech Pathology and Audiology programs, which are accredited by the Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI).   Some of the national institutions are mentioned below: S.No. Institute State 1 All India Institute of Speech & Hearing Mysore 2 Audiology and Speech Language Pathology at BharatiyaVidyapeethMedical College Pune 3 Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped Mumbai, Kolkata, Secunderabad, New Delhi 4 Dr SRC Institute of Speech and Hearing Bangalore  5 Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute Chennai 6 National Institute of Speech & Hearing Kerala 7  BYL Nair Hospital and Medical College Mumbai 8 Dr MV Shetty Institute of Speech and Hearing Mangalore   Some overseas institutes are: S.No. Institute Degree State 1 Nova Southeastern University Doctorate Florida, USA 2 East Tennessee State University Doctorate Johnson City, USA 3 St. John's University Master New York, USA 4 California State University, Long Beach Master California, USA 5 University of Queensland Master Brisbane, Australia 6 Vanderbilt University Graduate Tennessee, USA 7 University of Washington Graduate, Master, Doctorate Washington, USA 8 University of Texas—​Dallas Graduate, Master, Doctorate Texas, USA 9 University of Southampton Master Southampton, United Kingdom     Conclusion Owing to the increased number of cases of hearing problems, there is a dire need for more professionals in the area of audiology. Audiology provides patients ease from day-to-day distress of hearing and speech impairments. With advanced qualification in this field, the monetary compensation received is also competitive.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering | The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy | Rule the skies: Globe-trotting as a Cabin Crew | Establish a shinning career in Astronomy | Career in Biology: The Book of life | Boost the Economy as an Economist

Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering

Romancing the sea: Career in Marine Engineering : Ships, perhaps the most ancient mode of transport, have a charm which is unmatched even by the fastest aircraft of today. It is a marine engineer who manages the enormous propellant power and the intricate machinery of a ship, helping it cross an ocean within days. Marine engineers are responsible for designing on-board systems such as:    Steering or control systems    Propulsion systems (gas turbine, diesel engine, or nuclear reactor)    Mechanical and electrical systems During the four years of training as a marine engineer, a student would be taught various aspects concerning the construction, running, operations and maintenance of ships. This being a life on sea, it would be mentally taxing other than just being physically straining. So, the student should be prepared to undergo such hardships for life. He should be willing to stay away from family for long durations during the initial years of his career. Having said this, it is an extremely well-paying job and offers great opportunities to travel round the globe, sometimes even with family. For those who are not called away from the sea by family commitments, the top rung of the ladder is the post of chief engineer. A marine engineer may become chief engineer, but, never a captain, without a degree in nautical science. To become a captain, one has to do a three-year degree programme in nautical science after 10+2, then take an all-India entrance exam and subsequent exams conducted by the government of India. However, both the paths are parallel with respect to remuneration and career progression. A marine engineer normally sails for 15-20 years. After the age of 40, people usually take up shore jobs, which may be in shipyards, maritime universities or in management of a shipping company.   How to get there An aspirant should take up Physics, Chemistry and Maths (PCM) in 10+2 and then join one of the following universities in India and abroad: S. No. University Programme & Eligibility 1. The Lal Bahadur Shastri College of Advanced Maritime Studies & Research, Mumbai Four-year B. Tech. degree programme in marine engineering. The entrance qualification is 10+2 with PCM along with IIT-Joint Entrance Examination ranking. 2. Marine Engineering & Research Institute, Kolkata Four-year B. Mar.E. degree through affiliation to Jadavpur University 3. Indian Maritime University, Chennai, Kolkata B. Tech (Marine Engineering); The entrance qualification is 60% in PCM(+2) and 50% in English along with a valid IMU-CET score 4. Haldia Institute of Maritime Studies & Research, West Bengal Three-year B.Sc. (Nautical Sciences); The entrance qualification is 60% in PCM(+2) and 50% in English along with a valid score in WBUT-CET or IMU-CET    Overseas: S. No. Universities Location 1. Massachusetts Maritime Academy USA 2. South Tyneside College England 3. Webb Institute USA 4. California Maritime Academy USA 5. Maine Maritime Academy USA   A graduate engineer joins the ship as a trainee.   Fees For Indian universities, it is in the range of 2-2.5 lakhs per annum for male cadets and slightly less for female cadets. To study in universities abroad, students need to pay anywhere between $17,000 and $30,000 as tuition fees per annum.   Key skills/strengths required to become a marine engineer On these long voyages, patience, good interpersonal skills and diplomacy are as important as hardcore engineering skills. Frustration is at its peak at times and sailors must make efforts to maintain peace on board. Resolute ambition, since career progression depends on tough exams held regularly. Physical fitness, as it may have an impact on the number of years one is allowed to sail.   Clock Work On ship: Watch-keeping duty hours are in blocks of four hours round the clock. On port: The junior engineer keeps watch and other engineers carry out repair and maintenance from 8 am to 5 pm. While the ship remains at the port, all engineers and crew members are allowed to visit local places of interest.   The Payoff The salary of a marine engineer at the operational level (first rung after the six-month training) is $1,000 to $2,000 a month (average Rs 70,000 for a junior engineer), going up to $8,000 with promotions. A chief engineer gets around $10,000 (about Rs 5 lakh) a month. These figures could change depending on the size, type of ship and flag of the ship.   Pros and Cons Months and months of living surrounded by water means not many women choose this career or go far in it. It is a difficult career option for men too because sailing takes a toll on the body. Also, it is difficult for married men to stay away from their families for long durations. However, there are compensations - substantial ones at that. First, there is the pay, which is very high even at the starting level and rises steadily as the promotions come. Then, there is the time off, which is four to six months in a year. Third, as a sailor, one gets to see the world.   Conclusion Students interested in designing vessels that are used for navigation for a variety of purposes of the likes of defence, international trade, environmental research and resource extraction must go for marine engineering. With the recent studies predicting a steady growth in international trade and resource exploration, this industry is more or less set to keep on progressing.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles:  The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! | Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy | Rule the skies: Globe-trotting as a Cabin Crew | Establish a shinning career in Astronomy | Career in Biology: The Book of life | Boost the Economy as an Economist

The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all!

The good, the witty and the clever- Philosophy combines all! : Philosophy has off late gained prominence as a discipline with interesting job prospects. With more and more opportunities opening in this field in the country and abroad, Philosophy as a discipline will have much more takers in future. The term philosophy was coined by the Greek thinker Pythagoras and has been overused since then in an extremely shallow sense. But philosophy is so much more than getting all preachy about life; it requires a deeper study of science, civilization, human psychology and politics through the ages. It, as a subject, delves deep into general and fundamental issues related to existence, knowledge, reason, mind and language. Philosophy is not a standalone subject but combines various aspects of history, psychology, politics, logic, ethics and religion of India and the world.  The study of philosophy requires a passion for the subject and a deep desire to attain knowledge because philosophy as a subject can not be restricted to a couple of fields and it combines certain elements of everything. The study of philosophy is not new, but earlier due to lack of job opportunity many students were demotivated to take it as their primary field of study. But things are changing gradually. These days, when more and more youngsters are gaining interest into understanding the socio-political functioning of the country, this subject, once again, is getting popular.  The space to argue and debate is the need of human at all times, and philosophy provides all the necessary tools for it, and hence more and more career oriented students are opting for it with each passing year. Course details You can do a Bachelors of Arts in Philosophy and/or a Masters of Arts in Philosophy. In order to do a BA in Philosophy you need to have completed 10+2 from either state or central board in any stream. The duration for this course is three years and the cut off varies from college to college. Though anything more than 80% is enough to help you get into a good college offering Bachelors in Philosophy. To pursue a Masters in Philosophy you need to have completed a Bachelors in any stream. Most of the universities require atleast 50% marks in Bachelors. The duration for this course is three years. You can also opt for an M.Phil in Philosophy and Ph.D. in Philosophy the elgibility for which is an M.A degree. Top institutes in India College Course Eligibility Location Website St-Stephens, Delhi University BA in Philosophy 10+2 Delhi www.ststephens.edu Miranda House, Delhi university B.A in Philosophy 10+2 Delhi www.mirandahouse.ac.in Madras Christian College   B.A M.A 10+2 B.A in any stream Chennai http://www.mcc.edu.in/   Faculty of Arts Department of Philosophy, Delhi University   M.A M.Phil Ph.D. B.A in any stream M.A in Philosophy Delhi http://www.du.ac.in/du/index.php?page=philosophy     School for Social Studies, Centre for Philosophy, JNU   M.A M.Phil/Ph.D. B.A in any stream M.A in Philosophy Delhi http://www.jnu.ac.in/sss/cp/MA.htm   Aligarh Muslim University B.A M.A 10+2 B.A in any stream Aligarh, UP http://www.amu.ac.in/ Top institutes overseas   University Course Eligibility Location Website Columbia University Bachelors Masters Ph.D 10+2 BA in any stream MA in any stream Columbia, USA www.columbia.edu New York University Bachelors Masters Ph.D 10+2 BA in any stream MA in any stream New York, USA www.nyu.edu University of Oxford Bachelors Masters Ph.D 10+2 BA in any stream MA in any stream Oxford, UK http://www.ox.ac.uk/ London School of Economics and Political Science Bsc MSc PhD 10+2 BA in any stream MA in any stream London, UK http://www.lse.ac.uk/philosophy/ University of California, Berkeley Bachelors Masters Ph.D. 10+2 BA in any stream MA in any stream California, USA https://philosophy.berkeley.edu/         As a philosophy student, you have the option of specializing in various fields. For example the London school of Economics offers various combinations such as BSc.  Philosophy and Economics,  BSc. Philosophy, Logic and Scientific method, Bsc. Politics, Philosophy and Economics and BSc. Politics and Philosophy. It offers MSc. degrees  with the same combination. Some of the other specializations include 1- Epistemology 2- Ethics 3- Political Philosophy 4- Philosophy of Language 5- Philosophy of Mind 6- Metaphysics Philosophy for a living? Despite the common perception, philosophy students do have bright job prospects, but philosophy as a subject should be studied with passion and not with the aim of securing a cushy job because it is a highly demanding stream. As a philosophy student you can find job opportunities in the following sectors such as student affairs, public service, journalism, research,  etc.  Students who have done research on philosophy can opt  for teaching jobs in research institutes, universities and in colleges.  Philosophy graduates can also work as advisors, lobbyist, and specialist in HR etc. In addition to this a degree in philosophy helps you prepare for a career in law and civil services. In the words of Dr. Deepti Gangavane, Assistant Professor and Head, Department of Philosophy, Fergusson College, Pune “Career opportunities in Philosophy primarily belong to the field of academics, that is, opportunities in teaching and research. The students of Philosophy can also opt for competitive examinations for the civil services at the State and Central level or enter the field of business administration with specialisations in areas such as Human Resource Development. There is also a possibility of taking up professions such as journalism, creative writing, etc., where you need to have a way with words as well as a very good grasp of abstract ideas and thoughts and sharp analytical skills”. The starting salary of a philosophy graduate in the fields of public service, research and journalism is generally around 10,000 – 15,000 per month but it increases with time and experience gathered. Private companies that hire philosophy graduates as HR generally pay around 20,000-25,000 in the beginning.   Cost in fees The fee structure in most Indian colleges is around 10,000-15,000 for Bachelors for the entire duration of three years. For Masters it is around 10,000, same for Ph.D.   Salary structure For a fresher with a Bachelors degree in Philosophy, the annual salary is around 2,00,000 that gradually increases with time. After you get an experience of 5 years, you can get a salary of around 9,00,000 – 10,00,000 INR per annum. With an MPhil.degree, you can earn around  INR1, 578,000 per year, and as a research scientist around INR 6,50,000- 7,00,000 annually. This subject is more popular among females than males with a ratio of 17:8, which means for every 17 girls there are 8 males in this stream.   Philosophy: A bit of everything Philosophy is an interesting and diverse subject that offers you an interesting insight into the various facets of social and political behaviour of humankind. If you love to think and have an opinion on everything under the sun then this is the right course for you.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles:  Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy | Rule the skies: Globe-trotting as a Cabin Crew | Establish a shinning career in Astronomy | Career in Biology: The Book of life | Boost the Economy as an Economist | The harmonies & symphonies of a career in Music 

Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy

Cure the world with a career in Physiotherapy : It is unfortunate that in India very few people are aware about the field of Physiotherapy and do not acquire much information about the career prospects. But to embark on a career of physiotherapy can be a wise decision since it can open up many vistas and provide good job opportunities.  It is a field about which a person needs to be really passionate about and have it first implemented in his or her life to bring about improvement in other’s lives. Physiotherapy is the science of curing illness or disabilities acquired from birth, injuries or other mishaps. This is achieved through movement based therapies, manual therapy, exercise, counselling and education or awareness about body. They have cure for neurological, neuro-musculoskeletal (eg. arthritis, injuries, back pain), respiratory and cardiovascular related ailments. So a physiotherapist has to be in love with human anatomy and understand the prerequisites of a fit body. Nowadays people even approach physiotherapists before pregnancy, before venturing into adventure tour or sports activity because physiotherapists can not only cure existing disabilities, but also help in normal activities to be performed better with more fitness and readiness for any stress or calamity.   What are the prerequisites of studying Physiotherapy? To pursue your Bachelor's in Physiotherapy in the plus two levels you must have Physics, Chemistry and Biology, with Maths as optional as it may help you in future if you wish to specialize further. You need to invest 4 or 4.5 years to complete your bachelors in Physiotherapy on an average. However to study M. Sc. Physiotherapy; you are required to have your B.Sc. in Physiotherapy or any other Bio science subject. There are institutes in India which offer PhD. Programs in Physiotherapy. Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP) is the controlling body for all physiotherapists working in India. It is a good idea to become a member of this after graduating to get all related updates.   How much can you make for a living? Physiotherapists make a decent living, but if you compare it with software jobs, or other managerial based office jobs, the pay may not be that attractive. The median salary for this profession was found to be close to Rs. 2,00,000/- annually. But that should not put you off, because salary figures will increase with experience and more exposure. If one gets to practice independently and establish themselves as successful physiotherapist, they get to earn more. It is an added advantage for those who have additional skills in Neurology Clinic. In government hospital the monthly pay ranges between Rs 9,000 - Rs. 40,000 depending upon skills and experience. Specialization in musculo-skeletal, cardio-thoracic, paediatric and last but not the least neurological conditions will keep you in demand.   Where to study physiotherapy courses in India and what is its cost implication? There are many colleges all over India where you can opt to study Physiotherapy, some of the government and private colleges have been enlisted below for your reference. But make sure whichever college you choose, it should be recognized by IAP. Private college courses are high priced ranging from Rs. 200,000 - 500,000 while that of government colleges are very less priced compared to this. Serial No Name of Colleges/ Institutes Courses offered 1 Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped B. of Physiotherapy 2 School of physiotherapy, Orthopaedic Centre, K E.M.  Hospital. Mumbai B. Sc. of Physiotherapy 3 Paramedical College Durgapur B. Sc. Physiotherapy 4 Dr. D.Y.Patil College of Physiotherapy, Sector-7, Nerul, Navi Mumbai B. Sc. of Physiotherapy 5 Shree Guru Gobind Tricentenary University M. Sc. Physiotherapy 6 Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu Distance education, M. Sc. Physiotherapy 7 Gujarat University M. Sc. Physiotherapy 8 School of Physiotherapy, N.I.O.H. Bonhoogly, B.T. Road. Kolkata B.Sc. Physiotherapy 9 Dept. of Physiotherapy, MS Ramiah Medical College, Bangaluru B.Sc. Physiotherapy 10 Dr. M.V. Shetty College of Physiotherapy, Karnataka Ph. D. Physiotherapy 11 Jaipur Physiotherapy College and Hospital, Jaipur Ph. D. Physiotherapy 12 Jamia Milia Islamia, Delhi Ph. D. Physiotherapy   Which are some of the best nations to pursue a career in Physiotherapy? Undoubtedly the name of Pittsburgh University in U.S.A. will come up for pursuing courses in Physiotherapy. But nations like Australia and New Zealand have very comprehensive Physiotherapy courses which are more or less widely accepted all over the globe. However for becoming a sports physiotherapist one needs to find out about the process of getting license in any particular country. In U.S.A. all states expect you to appear for National Physical Therapy exam to get licensed. These countries provide a fairly good monthly salary ranging from $3000-$5000. Career as sports physiotherapist can be particularly interesting since it can allow you to travel the world with the sports personality and gives the chance to see the glamour and entertainment world to an extent. Some physiotherapists with PhD. Qualification working with top notch hospitals and physicians earn an amazing annual salary of $110,670, while bachelor’s degree can fetch a yearly salary of $54000-$55000, and masters can draw an annual salary in the range of $60000-$80000.   Critical analysis of the career path You will definitely get satisfaction in pursuing the career of a physiotherapist. The profession requires you to remain physically fit as well, that would ensure you are in good health. The knowledge gained all throughout the course and throughout the work life is excellent and vast. But then it can be less rewarding in terms of salary. The amount of money spent in acquiring the requisite degrees, cannot be paid off in recent years so quickly. And moreover it is difficult to change your stream, once you are into physiotherapy background unless until you move up the managerial ladder.   Conclusion The demands of physiotherapists are on rise and with more awareness; the profession will get more recognition, not only in India, but all over the world. It is true that in India, it is still a bit underpaid but one can definitely have a good work-life balance by joining as physiotherapists in reputed government hospitals. This lucrative career is sure to keep you fit and happy from within, as this is a good service to mankind.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Rule the skies: Globe-trotting as a Cabin Crew | Establish a shinning career in Astronomy | Career in Biology: The Book of life | Boost the Economy as an Economist | The harmonies & symphonies of a career in Music | A Career in TV Anchoring: In the heart of the media bling | Shape Up Life and Style as a Nutritionist

Career in Graphic Designing: The Pandora’s box of creativity

Career in Graphic Designing: The Pandora’s box of creativity : Graphic designers work on the websites you visit, the advertisements you see, the movies you watch, the games you play, and the packaging & logos of the products you buy. And while an eye for design can't necessarily be taught, most graphic designers have attended an art or design school to get where they are in their careers. Graphic designers are artists who design the art in print & electronic media, such as magazines, television graphics, logos and websites. Theycreate visual concepts, by hand or using computer software, to communicate ideas that inform and inspire consumers. They develop the overall layout and production design for advertisements, brochures, magazines, and corporate reports. They may be employed by advertising firms, design companies, publishers and other businesses that need designing professionals. Most designers can earn bachelor or post-graduation degrees, these education programs help them to develop better technical skills, and they are able to create portfolios of their work that can help them bag easy employment after education.   Industries & Expertise Graphic designers have an opening in a lot of industries like Advertisement industry, Print industry, Web designing industry, etc. New designers should be aware of tools such as Photoshop, Gimp, Flash, Dreamweaver, Fireworks, Illustrator, Blend or more. But within 3 - 4 years of experience the career of a designer slows down a bit.  Designing is more of an individual genius than team work.   Pay Scale After a good experience of around 6 Years in the industry,the salary of a designer gets stagnated to a level of INR 4 - 5 lacs p.a. However, with the advent of internet, there is a huge scope of freelance designing for multiple clients even while working for a specific company. You can also create, run & manage your own campaigns on sites like Instagram, WordPress, Blogger, etc. and earn extra revenue by hits, likes & visitors.   Roles & Responsibilities Graphic designers have the following responsibilities in their jobs: Meet with clients to determine the scope of a project Advise clients on strategies to target the type of customers Determine the message the design should portray Create images that can identify a product or send a message Develop graphics for illustrations, websites and logo Select the layout, text, images and colors for the design Presentation of the design to the clients or the employer Help with changes recommended by the clients as per their need in the final design Thorough checking of the designs for any mistakes before printing or publishing.   A degree in graphic designing can help you expand your options to include a diverse choice of creative careers that can help you gain leadership positions in big creative organizations like advertising agencies and industrial design firms. Listed beloware just a few jobs you can get with a degreein graphic design: Art or Creative Director Architecture and Engineering Drafter Video and film Editor Graphic Designer Product or Industrial Designer Marketing Manager Campaign Manager Multimedia Artist or Animator Technical Writer Web Designer   Education A Bachelors of Fine Arts or a Bachelors of Design program will train you into a well versed graphic designer. Usually universities offer a 4 Year program after 10+2; in few cases you can also apply directly after 10th Grade. There are appropriate polytechnics across India to apply for marketable courses. The free structure for a Bachelor’s Degree in India will be an expense of INR 4 – 6 Lacs, whereas a Diploma or an Independent course would cost anything around INR 2 – 4 Lacs. For International Colleges, depending on your course & college, the fee structure may vary between INR 15 – 40 Lacs. Some colleges and universities offer Bachelor of Fine Arts in Graphic Design programs. These 4-year degree programs equip students with technical and artistic skills necessary for entry-level employment or even higher positions in graphic designing. Curricula are comprised heavily of design coursework, as well as liberal arts instructions. Courses may include: Typography Book designing Drawing Advanced graphic design Computer-assisted design Digital media Photography Career as a designer:     The waves of design career   Top Colleges and Institutes Top institutes in India for Graphic designing National Institute of Design www.nid.edu Industrial Design Centre (IDC) www.idc.iitb.ac.in Indian Institute of Digital Art & Animation (IIDAA) www.iidaaindia.com Birla Institute of Technology www.bitmesra.ac.in Department of Design, Guwahati www.iitg.ac.in/design Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur www.iitk.ac.in MAEER's MIT Institute of Design www.mitid.edu.in Indian School of Design & Innovation, Mumbai www.isdi.in Symbiosis Centre of Design, Pune www.sid.edu.in     Top Institutes around the world for Graphic designing Aalto University School of Arts, Design and Architecture Helsinki, Finland www.arts.aalto.fi/en Copenhagen Institute of Interaction Design Copenhagen, Denmark www.ciid.dk Academy of Media Arts Cologne Köln, Germany www.khm.de Florence Institute of Design International Florence, Italy www.florence-institute.com European University, Cyprus Nicosia, Cyprus www.euc.ac.cy   PhD in Graphic Design Doctorate in Graphic Design programs are very rare, but they do exist. Some courses to expect in a doctoral degree program in graphic design might include: Advanced typography Digital design Web design Interactive design Research methods for graphic design Photography   Top colleges for the Doctorate Program Southern Technical College Tampa, USA www.southerntech.edu Florida Technical College Florida, USA www.ftccollege.edu New England Institute of Technology Warwick, UK www.neit.edu Lansdale School of Business North Wales,USA www.lsb.edu   Final word Graphic designing is a pretty popular profession that lot of people with creative quality and skills take on these days. If you think you have the potential and the imagination, you should definitely go for it. It is not easy to succeed in a career in this field, so you either have to be really confident or develop rare skillsets or go for higher research based education. The competition in graphic designing is fierce but the demand is widespread as well.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Rule the skies: Globe-trotting as a Cabin Crew | Establish a shinning career in Astronomy | Career in Biology: The Book of life | Boost the Economy as an Economist | The harmonies & symphonies of a career in Music | A Career in TV Anchoring: In the heart of the media bling | Shape Up Life and Style as a Nutritionist | Serving others to serve yourself: A career in Hotel Management | Empower your career through Life Science

Establish a shinning career in Astronomy

Establish a shinning career in Astronomy : Astronomy is a branch of science dealing with the endless study of the universe and the celestial bodies. The field has abundant career opportunities for individuals with knowledge and passion in the subject. India has produced great scientists in physics and astronomy who have contributed in abundance to the space science. The era began ages back with Arybhatta’s Arya- siddhanta and since then there has been no stopping of development in this field. C.V. Raman, Ashok Sen, Sisir Kumar Mitra, KalpanaChawlaand T.A. Tulsi are some of the top names that have made the country proud. If these personalities are your inspirations then you too can be a name amongst them. Astronomy as a career is a gateway to a new world of wisdom and science. Astronomy is that branch of science that deals with celestial bodies. It is a completely scientific observational study with advanced mathematical skills. The subject might sound tough, but interests and discoveries tend to dominate the field. If you have particular interests in the study of motions & the laws behind it, in the physical constitution & nature of the heavenly bodies, in their radiations& patterns, let us remind you that there is still so much to be discovered in this field. So better direct your interests for making a successful career in Astronomy. It has been regarded as one of the most interesting branches of science and implements use of advanced technological tools such as telescopes, spectroscopic instruments, etc.It requires a combination of observational traits and theoretical implementations to derive astronomical inferences. Astronomy as a career unravels mysteries of the physical world and has limitless scope. Don’t only look upto the stars instead study them through Astronomy and make a shinning career in this field.   Eligibility Astronomy is a completely technical subject and students having good command on mathematics and physics must undertake it as a career. It is more of an observational rather than experimental area of study and clear understanding of the concepts are essentially needed. Student with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as their streams in school are eligible to pursue career in astronomy. B.Sc. in physics or an engineer with B.E./B.Tech with aptitude in the subject can enroll into masters programs. Post-graduation programs include M.Sc. in Astronomy & Astrophysics. It can befollowed up by a doctoral program that atleast takes four years to complete. Integrated Ph.D. Program (I.Ph.D.) is also possible in this field wherein your masters course merges into the doctoral program. For admission in doctoral program, Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) is conducted in February every year at an all India level. The annual tuition fees in colleges in India range from 30,000 to 75,000 INR for graduation and for higher studies they go as high as 200,000 INR. For students aspiring to study abroad, the annual tuition fees begin from 500,000 INR. Scholarships are also available for meritorious students.                                                                                          Top Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website IIT-B Graduation, Post-graduation Bombay http://www.iitb.ac.in/   The Indian Institute of Astrophysics Doctoral, Post-Doctoral Fellowship Kodaikannal,Bangalore   http://www.iiap.res.in/   The Department of Physics & Astrophysics, DU  Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi http://www.du.ac.in Presidency College Graduation, Post-graduation Kolkata http://www.presiuniv.ac.in/web/ Joint Astronomy Programme (JAP) Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi University, Delhi http://www.lsr.edu.in/  Cochin University Of Science And Technology Graduation, Post-graduation Kochi http://www.cusat.ac.in/    Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi   Graduation, Post-graduation Delhi http://www.iitd.ac.in/   Banaras Hindu University, Graduation, Post-graduation, Docotral Varanasi http://www.bhu.ac.in/   Leading Universities for Doctorate in Astronomy   Indian Institute of Science (IISc)    Doctorate, Joint Astronomy Programme (JAP) Bangalore http://www.iisc.ernet.in/ C V Raman institute   Doctoral, Post-Doctoral Fellowship Bangalore http://www.rri.res.in/     The Indian Institute of Astrophysics Doctoral, Post-Doctoral Fellowship Bangalore   http://www.iiap.res.in/     Inter-University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCAA)   PhD Programme   Pune     http://www.iucaa.ernet.in/   TATA Institute of Fundamental Research  Doctorate in Theoretical and observational astrophysics  Mumbai   www.tifr.res.in/     Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ Oxford University  Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral, Diploma Oxford, UK http://www.ox.ac.uk/   Massachusetts Institute of Technology Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Massachusetts, US http://web.mit.edu/ Princeton University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Princeton, US http://economics.princeton.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/   California Institute of Technology Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral California, U.S. http://www.caltech.edu/   Imperial College London Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral London, UK https://www.imperial.ac.uk/     Opportunities and Salaries "I find that astronomy is a fascinating subject to work in, because we deal with so many different and exotic objects, yet the field is still small enough that it's possible to have some idea of the big picture. It's also very rewarding because the general public is often very interested in our subject. When you tell someone you're an astronomer, the response is usually, 'How interesting!' followed by a flood of questions." — Christine Wilson, McMaster University. Primary research interest: Radio and sub-millimeter astronomy. Astronomy is an extremely interesting area of study and offers great range of opportunities for people with good aptitude in the subject. Skills are definitely needed and patience along with knowledge is essentially required. The universe is limitless and hence endlessly wide is the scope of career in Astronomy. Advancements and technological growth have changed the face of this field. It has facilitated growth and aided in experiments and studies. However, it is important to note that despite abundant opportunities, only the highly qualified and perfectionist people are able to shine in this field. Individuals can work at several research positions in leading governmental and private centres. Some of them are Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO) National Physical Laboratory (NPL), New Delhi Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai State Observatory (SO), Nainital Aryabhatta Research Institute for Observational Sciences (ARIES), Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), Bangalore   Doctoral and post-doctoral research positions are also available at several planetariums and stipend for research start at 15,000 INR per month. Extraordinary career path can provide opportunities as space-explorers and astrophysicists. People not interested in research can work as lectures at different universities and are paid from 35,000 INR to 120,000 INR monthly. Qualified individuals are also hired in companies that build, design and operate instruments such as telescopes. Experience and knowledge both count in this sector. At international level, opportunities are available inagencies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO). Scientists in such international organizations are paid as high as beginning from 20 lacs INR per anum.   Gear yourself up and rise high in literal sense. Astronomy is a career that literally and practically means reaching to the stars. Unfold the mysteries of the universe and let the world know about the hidden knowledge. Undoubtedly career in astronomy can outshine you in every possible way. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Career in Biology: The Book of life | Boost the Economy as an Economist | The harmonies & symphonies of a career in Music | A Career in TV Anchoring: In the heart of the media bling | Shape Up Life and Style as a Nutritionist | Serving others to serve yourself: A career in Hotel Management | Empower your career through Life Science | Career in Gaming: An Industry that swallowed Hollywood 

Career in Biology: The Book of life

Career in Biology: The Book of life :   Biology involves dissecting Life itself in a metaphorical as well as literal sense. It is about deciphering the poetry that abounds in organisms everywhere and simultaneously challenging scientific limits of knowledge.   Biology, simply put, is about understanding how living organisms work. Biology studies an organism's origin, structure, evolution, taxonomy, function, distribution and growth. The crux is to understand and glean the knowledge which can then be extrapolated and pirouetted forward into a variety of career options. With the advent of technology, knowledge consolidation and dissemination has become amazingly sophisticated. Everything that has life on this earth can be studied under Biology. Most careers focus on a certain subset of Biology instead of being general about it, although attempting to do the latter is quite possible.Modern biology is a vast and eclectic field, composed of many branches and sub-disciplines. There are popular Biology fields that we will talk about here, since actually trying to pinpoint every career option which is a potential offshoot of Biology is for all practical purposes, impossible.The picture below tries to depict the various facets of Biology.   Education Under Graduate Course: For getting and admission in bachelor’s degree, the student must get the higher secondary school educationi.e. 10+2 with science subjects such as biology, physics and chemistry. The duration for this course is 3 years. Post-Graduation Course:  The eligibility criteria for pursuing a master’s degree are holding a bachelor's degree with science subjects such as biology, maths and chemistry. The duration for this course is 2 years. List of courses students can opt for, Diploma in Biomedical Sciences Diploma Course in Life Sciences Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Science Bachelor of Science in Biology Bachelor of Science in Life Sciences Master of Science in Biomedical Science Master of Science in Biology Master of Science in Biological Sciences Master of Science in Animal Breeding & Genetics Master of Science in Veterinary Medicine PG Diploma in Biomedical Sciences Doctorate in Biomedical Sciences Doctorate in Plant Molecular Biology   Specialization fields after Bachelors: Biology- Ecology Cryobiology Astrobiology Ornithology Neurobiology Socio-biology Parasitology Molecular Biology   Biomedical Sciences- Bacteriology Clinical chemistry Histology Histopathology Medical Biochemistry Immunology Transfusion Science Medical microbiology   Life Sciences- Biodynamics Zoology Neuroinformatics Molecular Biology Tissue Engineering Evolutionary Genetics Developmental Biology Cognitive Neuroscience   You could choose between Research and Education if you want yourself continually stumbling upon information, and that is something you find exciting and refreshing. You can then find yourselfon the cutting edge of scientific discoveries. Research is usually conducted at universities or labs and requires an advanced education within a more specialized skill or field, like medicine, nutrition or animal science.   Career Path     Fee Structure In India, For the Graduation studies, you might be ending up spending between INR 30,000 to INR 600,000. For the post-graduation program, you can look about shedding anything around INR 100,000 to INR 500,000. For studying in international universities, the cost of graduation will be an expense of INR 10,00,000 to INR 40,00,000, about the same for the Master’s program. The costing for studies will differ depending on the university and the courses you apply for.     List of Top Universities Top Universities for Biology in India: Rank Name of the College College Website 1 St. Stephen's College http://ststephens.edu/ 2 Loyola College http://loyolacollege.edu/ 3 St. Xavier's College http://xaviers.edu/main/ 4 Christ College http://christuniversity.in 5 Ramjas College www.ramjascollege.edu 6 Madras Christian College http://www.mcc.edu.in/ 7 Miranda House http://mirandahouse.ac.in 8 Hansraj College http://hansrajcollege.co.in/ 9 Fergusson College http://fergusson.edu/ 10 Hindu College http://hinducollege.org/   Top International Universities for Graduate and Post-graduate Programs: Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu University of Cambridge United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk/ University of Oxford United Kingdom www.ox.ac.uk Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States www.web.mit.edu Stanford University United States www.stanford.edu California Institute of Technology (Caltech) United States www.caltech.edu University of California, Berkeley (UCB) United States www.berkeley.edu National University of Singapore (NUS) Singapore www.nus.edu.sg Yale University United States www.yale.edu TH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland https://www.ethz.ch/en   Career Firstly, you can pursue a career in the Medical and related Health fields like Surgeon,Physician, Chiropractor, Nutrition, Dietician, Pharmacist, etc. Attempting to do the same would require a basic medical degree as a minimum requirement in most cases. If studying animals is something that you wish to indulge in, you could pursue a career in Animal sciences, such as a Marine Biologist, Zoologist, Veterinarian, Animal trainer, Fisheries biologist, etc. If studying plants is what you find interesting, you could look into becoming a Horticulturist,Botanist, Soil scientist, etc. There are plenty of career opportunities in biology, biomedical and life sciences. Students who are opting must have strong knowledge about science. Professionals with good skills can seek opportunities in research institutes. They could utilize the modern scientific tools and techniques in laboratory to understand how the life systems work. Life science has a lot of job options in different areas likechemical and physical sciences ormaterial and biomedicalengineering. Professional and skilled seekers in this career can also apply for teaching students in universities and colleges. Biomedical graduate students can apply for employment in the healthcare industries such as pharmaceutical, medical research industries, genetics, lab studies and technology orientedsales. Biotechnology and molecular biology are the top areas of employment as you are required to study in order to avoid the extinction ofnatural resources.   Some Job Types: - Lecturer or Professor Food Researcher Scientist Consultants Epidemiologist Educator in a Museum Biotech Engineer Pharmaceutical Engineer Food Processing Researcher Immunologist Biophysicist Nutritionist Laboratory technician Content Developer for biology   Salary Structure Pay-Packages after Bachelors Given the skills and a good Master’s degree or a PhD from a good institute, a biologist can expect earning a healthy package between INR 15,00,000 to INR 30,00,000, depending on the research or the education employers or companies you choose.   Final Note To conclude, you could consider thumbing through college catalogues to figure out what might be of interest to you in the Biology department. Today, there are innumerable course options, both for studying and researching, and in this article we could only depict a fraction of the glowing number of opportunities within Biology. Firstly, identify your interest by reading up on the course descriptions, only then decide which field of study you're most interested in pursuing. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles:  Boost the Economy as an Economist | The harmonies & symphonies of a career in Music | A Career in TV Anchoring: In the heart of the media bling | Shape Up Life and Style as a Nutritionist | Serving others to serve yourself: A career in Hotel Management | Empower your career through Life Science | Career in Gaming: An Industry that swallowed Hollywood