School Vs Coaching Institutes: Time to revive Indian Schooling system : School Vs Coaching Institutes: Time to revive Indian Schooling system A recent order by hon Supreme Court of India stated that entrance to medical and engineering colleges in India should not be taken just on an entrance exam score and weightage should be given to the school exam marks as well (class 12th exam score). SC order also stated that the central govt via MHRD should come with a body to regulate the private coaching institutes. This order bring our attention to a very important subject of "School Vs Coaching Institutes" !! I recently met a student 'Divya' who is studying in class 10th in a school located in Delhi, India. She was a class topper but she was worried that all her friends have been joining engineering and medical coaching institutes (Yes that too in class 9th/10th) & she is worried because of being left behind as she has not joined a coaching. Her mother added "I see Divya's friend and class mates joining coaching institutes and I feel my daughter is lagging behind if she has not joined a coaching right now". Herd Mentality Its just not Divya but most of the Indian students who aspire to join a private tuition or a private coaching institute because of herd mentality & societal expectations. This herd mentality has been established by the private coaching institutes. Such institutes establish a mindset that if you are a student who has not joined a coaching program you wont be successful in future. And this lie spreads. This is a classic sales pitch for such private coaching institutes through their advertisement in which they portray their ex-students who cleared entrance exams because of their coaching and are successful in their life. I understand and believe in privatisation of education in India (which can improve quality and help the govt. too) but not at the cost of selling false aspirations and dreams to students and definitely not if such coaching institutes only agenda is sheer 'profiteering'. There has to be a balance between business & education which is not derived from greediness. Recently Kota's Allen Career Institute (The Biggest coaching institute of India) was found out to be hiding 100 Cr of unaccounted income. This is by far the biggest corruption in education sector in India. Here is the complete news link. This clearly shows how these coaching institutes have completely commercialised education sector. The larger cost that we are paying is when such students do not focus on their core fundamental education. And a much larger issue is when students start believing that for anything to be learned or to be successful we have to enrol in a coaching institute or a private tuition. Why so? Rote Learning & Practice Test Learning Methodology Private coaching institutes in India have created an out-of-school learning system which is based on "rote learning" & "practice test/assessments". It does not focus on fundamental learning, concept building or a free mindset where students can think out of box and learn with an open mind. It restrict students in a closed framework of education system based on past exam papers. Annually 1 million students flock to Kota, a city in the state of Rajasthan in India which is also the hub of coaching institutes to crack the prestigious engineering (IIT-JEE) & medical entrance exams. Coaching institutes in Kota have tied up with schools who allow the coaching institute students to completely skip classes in the school for 2 years (class 11th & 12th) and attend only coaching institute classes for 8-10 hours per day. Students are being only taught Physics, Chemistry and Maths (required for engineering entrance exam) OR Physics, Chemistry and Biology (required for medical entrance exams). Day and night (for 2 years) 'some' of these students with the mastery of rote and practice based learning methodology clear the entrance exams to get into IITs & medical schools. Imagine such critical two years of a student is just fixed upon the "lousy" learning methodology of coaching institutes. More importantly such students skip important subjects like english, vocational subject which is being taught in the school. Additionally there is a huge difference between the learning environment at school and these coaching institutes. Forced aspirations leading to young student committing suicides Kota city alone see number of student suicides every year. Students are being pushed by their parents to study subjects in which they have no interest. Read this article which I recently wrote on this important issue - Link Do we really need such coaching to clear entrance exams ? A recent report published by IIT-G (the conducting body for IIT-JEE 2016) stated that 52.4% of students who qualified IIT entrance exam in 2016 never took any coaching for entrance exam preparation and studied in school and on their own. Such high statistics clearly prove that you do not necessarily need to join a coaching to clear entrance exams/achieve success. This should bring back our attention to improve learning environment in the school which can clearly allow a student to learn and even clear such entrance exams. But why are Indian school teachers not doing their job ? Many Indian school teachers make hefty amount of money via private tuition outside school. They tend to teach inside the school in a way (half-cooked) which make the students to come to them outside school for private tuition which in turn give the school teachers to earn a lot of money. Clearly teachers are not doing their job in the school system to crete an earning opportunity for themselves outside the school. And such behaviour of teachers is due to very low and stagnant salaries being paid by the schools in India. We need to understand the importance of teachers, their effort for which they need to be paid at par with any other profession in the market. Only then schools could have the authority to regulate such behaviour of teachers. But as they dont pay well, they dont care and more importantly school do not care what is being taught. As they have now agreed that its not their job to educate students, it the responsibility of private tuition and coaching. Bring back the attention to the school education system The entire system along with all the stakeholders (school, teacher, student, parent) have passed on the responsibility of delivering 'education' to coaching institutes. Clearly they no more believe that school education is important. And not anyone but its our country students whose aspirations, dreams or eagerness to learn is being crushed down by such beliefs. We need to act, we need to bring back the confidence in our school education system; a fundamental way of learning. We have created a powerful ecosystem to deliver education but we are trying to create another parallel system of private coaching which lack to deliver quality education. Divya was guided to get into Design as a career option (based on her abilities, personality and interest) and was guided to stay away from coaching institute in class 10th and even later. She was told to not get burdened because of her friends decision to go to coaching but believe in her own abilities. She gained her confidence, she believed in her own abilities & on the potential of learning in the school. Its time we bring back our attention to the importance of education in the school !! Regards, Ayush Bansal Co-Founder & CEO, www.iDreamCareer.com -------------------- If you are looking to get career guidance please call us at 9555990000 or write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Career Option for Bio Students apart from MBBS & BDS : Career Option for Students apart from MBBS & BDS A. Career Options related to Biology subject Though we understand your dream was to become a doctor and work in hospitals, medical field, even if you are not able to become a doctor, you can look at following career options in medical science field: 1. Nutritionist With every now and then people getting bonkers with weight, panic, stress and depression, it is urgent need of the hour that people get hold of their lives, balance it with work and healthy lifestyle. But who can be of help? There emerges the messiah-a nutritionist. From young crowd who are essentially keen on losing weight to the middle aged group who wish to strike work-life balance, every one sort help from a Nutritionist. Principally the work of a nutritionist is to examine the health condition of their clients and determine a proper diet which must be adhered for the improvement of both physical and mental health. So primarily it involves the following steps: Analyse the health requirements of his client Resolve nutrition issues and help implement healthy habits of eating As per the budget of client, age, gender, health conditions and his/her choices, develops proper diet plan Assess the effects of the new diet plan, and modify it if required for better results. Constantly keeping themselves updated with new research work. Do documentation and monitor the progress reports of patients. A nutritionist can choose to work with organizations like, hotels, schools, hospitals and many other government agencies as well as practice individually once they have been successful in establishing themselves. The simple method is to enrol in the B. Sc. Course of Nutrition or Home Science for three years, or Food Technology can be pursued for four years as well. For this one must have Physics, Chemistry and Biology in their 10+2 level and Mathematics as well if they wish to pursue any engineering course like Food Technology. They can embark on the engineering career by appearing for entrance exams. Institutions of good repute may demand a minimum of 60% marks in all the above subjects. To study further one can definitely pursue M.Sc. in Nutrition. There is no need to fret if you have not done your B. Sc. in the above subjects. People who have B. Sc. honours in biochemistry, applied physiology, administration therapeutic nutrition, microbiology or food can also opt for pursuing M. Sc. For more info on Nutritionist as a career options read - http://www.idreamcareer.com/blog/career-as-a-nutritionist 2. Food Technology/Food Science Food science is a field in which the engineering, biological, and physical sciences are used to study the nature of foods, the reasons of deterioration, the fundamental principles underlying food processing, and the improvement of foods for the consumption of public. To start a career in Food Science, after completing 12th standard, you can opt for Bachelor’s degree in any subject, preferably within the PCB division. But pursuing further education (MSc, PhD and Diploma courses) will be worth the time. For more information on Food Science as a career option read this - http://www.idreamcareer.com/explore-careers/agriculture-food/food-sciences 3. Medical Lab Technology Medical laboratory technologists identify why your body is troubled by detecting the root cause very accurately. Medical laboratory technology is an allied health profession that deals with testing and diagnosing a disease with the help of certain clinical laboratory tests. Medical laboratory technologists assist doctors by identifying pathogens, deficiencies and other problems associated with the specimen collected. They are endowed with the huge responsibility of testing using the right procedure and diagnose with utmost attention to avoid infection and mixing of samples. The minimum eligibility criterion is a bachelor’s degree. Diploma or Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology requires 10+2 with science subjects. Further qualification required to climb up the ladder is a master’s degree in Medical Laboratory Technology. Other certifications are also available which require passing 10+2 with science subjects. The Medical lab technology in India is regulated by the All India Institute of Medical Technologists and All India Medical laboratory Technologists Association. The courses are provided by colleges, universities and hospitals affiliated by universities or the Associations. For more info on Medical Lab Technology - http://www.idreamcareer.com/explore-careers/allied-medical-sciences/medical-laboratory-technologist#careerDetails One can even look to do Bsc in Medical Technology (from Manipal, Symbiosis etc.) and do specialisation in the following areas: Cardiac Care Technology: The Cardiac Care Technologist is responsible for direct and indirect patient care, haemo-dynamic monitoring, equipment set up and operation. They assist the physician during cardiac procedures and assume responsibility for completion of other cardiac lab functions. Respiratory Therapy: The Respiratory Therapist is a key member of the medical team, specializing in diagnostics, treatments and procedures in the care of patients with respiratory problems. They evaluate, treat, and care for patients with breathing disorders. Dialysis Technology: Dialysis Technologists operate machines that remove waste and excess fluids from the blood of patients whose kidneys can no longer carry out those functions satisfactorily. The programme is designed to provide competencies & technical skills necessary in the field of dialysis. Imaging Sciences Technology: Imaging Sciences Technologists are health professionals who facilitate diagnosis and management through the creation of medical imaging modalities like X-ray, Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance and Computed Tomography. Clinical Lab. Technology: Clinical Lab. Technology is concerned with the analysis of biological specimens to support diagnosis and treatment of disease. Laboratory Technologists perform a full range of laboratory tests, the information of which influences the medical treatment a patient will receive. Operation Theatre and Anesthesia Technology: The Operation Theatre and Anaesthesia Technologist is responsible for direct and indirect patient care, equipment set up, Pre, Intra & Post operative procedures. 4. Pharmacy The pharma industry in India is nearly a hundred years old. Today, the Indian market comprises over 25,000 manufacturing units and according to government statistics one-fifth of them makes bulk drugs. Candidates who possess 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Maths/Biology (PCM/PCB) are admitted to the 4-year Bachelor’s programme (Bachelor of Pharmacy or B Pharm). The pharmacy degrees offered in India include 4-year B Pharm, Diploma in Pharmacy (D Pharm, 2 years’ duration) and Master’s in Pharmacy (M Pharm). BITS, Pilani , BITS, Meshra are some of the prominent institute offering B.Pharm course. 5. Life Sciences Recent scientific advancements have led to a brilliant growth of the life science industry. It is not only limited to in-depth research and study, but has paved way to a dynamically successful career for individuals passionate about science. The origin of life, air, water and atmosphere is a miraculous mystery that is unfolded through science. The scientific study of living organisms related to their origin, evolution and biological traits is Life Sciences. In the era of scientific research and advancements, this field has emerged as an excellent career opportunity. Individuals who explore the vast ocean of subjects in Life Science have successful and prestigious careers. If you havea quest to discover more about the living beings and unravel the biological and scientific reasons behind them, then choose Life Science as your career. One never knows that your knowledge, research and discovery can someday give to the society aremedy to some currently incurable phenomenon. Life Sciences offers multiple range of subjects like biology, botany, zoology, medicine, biotechnology, ecology, genetic engineering and the list is dynamically expanding. Students passionate about any of these subjects can develop a dream career in Life Sciences. It requires skilled academic qualifications and knowledge. For more information on Life Science as a career option read this - http://www.idreamcareer.com/explore-careers/science-mathematics/life-sciences#careerDetails 6. Clinical Research Clinical research is an applied form of research in which effects, efficacy, risk and benefits of a medical product are studied. Clinical research scientists conduct clinical investigations and research to diagnose a disease and treatment required for it. They are involved in the following types of activities: bio-availability management site management bio-equivalence studies developing trial protocol Phase II-IV trials Trial Monitoring data management central laboratories biotech, chemistry and biology bio-IT solutions CR training There are many ways to enter into clinical research profession but having a bachelor’s degree in biological or any equivalent degree is a must. Some institutions provide degree specifically designed for clinical research. They are taught subjects like biochemistry, genetics, pharmacology and zoology in the specific degree for clinical research. Students irrespective of their major should take subjects like physics, chemistry, mathematics and biological sciences in their undergraduate course. Higher qualification in clinical research includes Diploma, M. Pharma, M.Sc. and MBA. Admission to post graduate and diploma courses require qualification in entrance exams followed by interview. For more information on Clinical Research read this - http://www.idreamcareer.com/explore-careers/allied-medical-sciences/clinical-research#careerDetails 7. Nursing A nurse is an integral part of a hospital-from the general ward to the operation theater, as well as an indispensable help to a doctor. Nursing is a very noble and satisfying profession. Nurses have a broad range of duties and responsibilities. From taking care of patients suffering from physical or mental illnesses to assisting medical specialists, nurses have a mentally and physically challenging job. Nursing is a diverse and one of the most respected professions in the health sector. The responsibilities of nurses include taking care of bedridden patients, dispensing medication, setting up and operating medical equipment, keeping a record of the patients’ progress, administration and several other routine chores. Other than the general roles, a nurse can also specialize in specific roles like midwifery, orthopedics, psychiatrics, pediatrics, cardiac care, intensive care, etc. Other daily duties involve activities such as: Managing intravenous (IV) lines Communicating with doctors Providing emotional support to patients and their families Advising patients on how to self-administer medication and physical therapy Educating patients and the public on disease management, nutritional plans and medical conditions For nursing, several study options are available. Diploma, graduation and post graduation can be pursued for a career in nursing. A large majority of students opt for GNM (General Nursing & Midwifery Program) and Auxiliary Nurse Midwife/ Health Worker (ANM) course. The eligibility criterion to do a GNM program is taking up science subjects (PCB) in 10+2. Apart from these programmes, there is also the option of B.Sc in Nursing and a post-B.Sc. program. For higher studies, M.Sc., M.Phil., Ph.D. and MBA also exist. Nursing Examination Board conducts exams for ANM and GNM while for bachelor’s and master’s courses, specific universities conduct entrance examinations. The regulatory body for nursing is the Indian Nursing Council. To be able to practice, one needs to be registered with the Council by undergoing and passing courses decided by the council. State Nursing Councils have also been established in States to maintain standard and uniformity in nursing education. For more information on Nursing read this - http://www.idreamcareer.com/explore-careers/allied-medical-sciences/nursing#careerDetails 8. Agriculture Helping our agriculture grow is not only burden of our farmers but of the larger public too. With the second largest population of the earth, food is our primary concern and there are a number of ways where you can support and help the growth of agriculture in the country as well as the world. Over five millenniums of farming advancements have helped India into becoming a well-built base for time-honoured farming systems, such as the cereal-legume revolving system for maintaining sustainability of land and steadily growing production. But, a structured agricultural research system in India was commenced when an establishment of a camel and ox-breeding farm opened up in Karnal, Haryana way back in 1829. This was successively followed by the agricultural college and research station at Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu in 1868, a bacteriological research laboratory for veterinary science in Pune, Maharasthra in 1889 and the Imperial Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) in 1905 at Pusa, Bihar. IARI started building trained human resource but agrarian research and studies received great consideration during the post- independence period, which facilitated the steered the famous ‘Green Revolution’, transforming the country from the state of severe food scarcity to that of a food surplus state. The farmers gain knowledge towards their agricultural expertise through on-the-job training and passed down advice, there are multitudes of ways that students can find a career in agriculture through various programs. These programs prepare students for more advanced positions, such as technicians, scientists, managers and leaders. Unknown to many, the academics, research and training system of Indian agriculture is internationally acknowledged for its quality. After completing an agriculture course, you can find a job in Agricultural Marketing, Farming, Dairy Farming, Food Science & Technology and other varied disciplines. Agricultural studies have different eligibility criteria for the varied courses that are offered. There are short-term diplomas, certifications, bachelor’s courses as well as masters and PhD courses that can be pursued after passing school with science, commerce or even after completing standard 10th. B.Sc. in Agriculture: This is a 4-year Graduate Degree program. The core curriculum is very vast and inter-disciplinary consisting of courses in Agricultural Sciences, Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Microbiology, Agricultural Statistics, Agronomy , Horticulture, Plant Pathology, Entomology, Extension education, Genetics and Plant Breeding, Soil Science, Food technology, Animal Husbandry apart from supporting courses in Basic Sciences, Humanities and Agricultural Engineering. B.Tech/ Engineering in Agriculture: This is a four-year course. Agricultural engineering is the offshoot of engineering that utilizes engineering science disciplines and expertise practices to the proficient production and processing of food, feed, fibre and fuels. This course is made by amalgamating various different principles of animal biology, plant biology, mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering. For more information on Agriculture read this - http://www.idreamcareer.com/explore-careers/agriculture-food/agriculture#careerDetails B. Other career options outside Biology/Science field Apart from career options in Bio/Medical field, students can look for other career options which also give you respect in society, an opportunity to work with people and for people. Here are such career options: 1. Social Work Taking a decision like opting for a career in Social Work will require courage. However, if you have the belief and you wish to spread smiles and do something for society, then a Career in Social Work could just be your calling. The rapid growth in this sector has led to a dearth of full-time career opportunities. You can either opt for a Bachelor's degree in Social Work (B.S.W.). The Council on Social Work Education accredits B.S.W along with a myriad of international and national universities. You can opt for the degree right after you graduate from school. For more information on Social Work read this - http://www.idreamcareer.com/blog/make-a-difference-career-in-social-work 2. Psychology Psychology is a science that helps us understand, describe and predict human (and animal) behaviors. It also explains cognitive processes, affective states, experiences and states of consciousness. This study is growing dynamically with the ever evolving society. It is a multifaceted discipline which lies at the crossroads of other disciplines like biology, medicine, sociology, linguistics, medicine, anthropology, history and education as its content overlaps with other subjects, with unfailing regularity It is considered both as a Science and a Social Science, even though a majority of schools, offer it with the Humanities stream. Read this to know more about Psychology - http://www.idreamcareer.com/blog/career-as-a-psychologist 3. Liberal Arts Liberal Arts is gaining popularity as an academic study program in India. Some of the world leader like American president Barrack Obama studied Liberal arts. Obama spent 2 years of his life studying liberal arts which introduced him to subjects like politics and Public speaking. The richness of this program is its unique structure to understand things from various perspectives of arts, science encompassing technical foundations and knowledge and humanitarian perspectives. It aims at enhancing the analytical abilities; problem solving, communication, interpersonal and other such life- skills. Liberal Arts students cultivate this magic to turn an otherwise strange combination of subjects for the common mindset into a growing and much informed and satisfying career choice and after achieving the skill set to adjust to any kind of workplace or environment. One can actually expect to make oneself effective and creative thinkers, communicators and an individual who is not only well-read, but also has qualities like inter-personal, intra-personal, problem-solving analytical skills, adaptability and ability to handle stress and emotions and multi-tasking, which are exceedingly important these days for personal and professional life. Read more here - http://www.idreamcareer.com/explore-careers/social-sciences/liberal-arts#careerDetails 4. Anthropology Anthropologists study topics that include the origin and evolution of Homo sapiens, the organization of human social and cultural relations, human physical traits, human behaviour, the variations among different groups of humans, how the evolutionary past of Homo sapiens has influenced its social organization and culture and so forth. Regardless of the field in which one has been, one could attain his/her specialization in anthropology as it has various sub-fields like social anthropology, linguistics, anthropology, media anthropology, psychology anthropology, biological anthropology, archaeological anthropology, economic anthropology, medical anthropology, feminist anthropology, cognitive anthropology, public anthropology, digital anthropology, environmental anthropology and many more. Thus, even if you belong to the field of science and mathematics, or medical and want to study how your research thesis could be tested and studied in different context and you are also motivated to diversify your field of knowledge, then here is the subject which could help you to attain your goal while rooting at your primary subject of specialization at the same time. Many of the top universities in India like University of Delhi, Punjab University, Kurukshetra University, Karnataka University, and University of Allahabad offer BSc, MSc and PhD in Anthropology. Job opportunities are ever increasing for anthropology students with both international and national organizations like UNICEF, Archaeological Survey of India hiring students who have done their specialization in this subject, non government organizations working for development of tribal areas/backward areas, medical research establishments working on nutrition/preventive medicine, human resources department of large firms for cross cultural communication training of managers also hire freshers from this field. For more info on Anthropology read this - http://www.idreamcareer.com/blog/anthropology-as-a-career 5. Education & Teaching Education & Teaching sector is becoming a very robust career option for young students in the recent times. With high growth and focus on improving education in our country, One can do a bachelor degree in any field and later do B.Ed to become a school teacher. Or one can do Bachelor in Education and work in areas like curriculum design, education leadership and administration etc. - Now that you have been informed about so many alternative career options, look at them with an open mind and see which is the right fit for you. Never think negative, when one door is closed, another can be opened up by you ONLY. You just need to look around. Feel free to write to us at email@example.com or call us at 9555990000 in case you are confused on choosing the right career fit for yourself.
Intellectual Property Law: The emerging dimension of law : Innovativeness needs protection from being illegitimately used by the third party. Intellectual property law serves as the protector of the originality with immense career opportunities. Intellectual property can be defined as the original property that belonged to the person or the organization where it has been created. The Intellectual Property Law is laws that that protect the intellectual property rights. They are the legislations that grant original rights and ownership to the creator. The area offers great career opportunities for individuals who are inclined towards creativity and aimed to preserve and respect the originality of ideas. Intellectual Property Law is an emerging career in the twenty first century with several job opportunities in public and private sectors. Eligibility Intellectual property law relates to enforcement of laws to ensure rights related to securing inventions, designs and other creativities of mind. In provides rights and protection over the intangible assets. The field therefore requires in-depth knowledge about the laws related and the manner of their implementation and right interpretation. The sector has several opportunities, but only for well qualified and skilled people. After 12th, five year graduation programme for law is available and it B. Sc. LL.B. Thus student from any filed can pursue their career. After graduation in science and mathematics field, a three year law degree, LL.B. can be done. Students aspiring to study ahead can undertake a two year master’s programme, LL. M, after graduation. Emphasis is also upon diploma courses so as to attain specialization in the field. Postgraduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Practice and Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Management are also present in the field to enhance skills and intellect regarding the subject. Post graduate courses such as Masters in Philosophy and Doctorate can be done in intellectual property law. India has some of the prestigious law universities that offer courses to highly skilled students. There are 16 prominent National Law Universities, where admission is granted only after qualification of Common Law Aptitude Test (CLAT). The test includes basic mathematics, aptitude, English and general knowledge. Other universities also conduct their respective entrance exams for admission. The tuition fee for the NLU’s is higher as compared to other universities. NLUs are highly prestigious with skilled and advanced libraries and academic facilities. There are only 450 seats available in NLU’s for the students from all across the country. The annual fee structure of NLU’s range from 75000INR to 125000INR.For other Universities, the fees are much less and they range from 7000INR to 30000INR. Foreign universities apart from graduation and post graduation degrees, provide doctoral degree in Jurisprudence (J.S.D.), and Doctor of Comparative Law (D.Comp.L.). The annual fee structure in foreign universities range from 700000INR to 120000INR. Scholarships and fee concessions are available for meritorious students in India and abroad. Career Path Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website National Law School of India B.A. LL.B, LLM, M. Phil. Bangalore https://www.nls.ac.in/ West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences - WBNUJS LL.B, LLM, Doctorate Kolkata http://www.nujs.edu/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, P.G. Doctorate Bhopal https://www.nliu.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology LL.B Hons in Intellectual Property Kharagpur http://www.iitkgp.ac.in/topfiles/law.php National Law University, LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Practice, Doctorate Delhi http://www.nludelhi.ac.in/ Delhi Faculty of Law LL.B (3 year programme after graduation) Delhi University, Delhi http://law.du.ac.in/ Symbiosis Law School LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma Courses Pune http://www.symlaw.ac.in/ Indian Law Society's Law College, LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral · Pune https://ilslaw.wordpress.com/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Jodhpur http://www.nlujodhpur.ac.in/index-main.php National Academy of Legal Studies and Research, LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Hyderabad http://www.nalsar.ac.in/ Faculty of Law, BHU LLB, LLM Banaras http://www.bhu.ac.in/lawfaculty/ Gujarat National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Management, Doctoral Gandhinagar http://www.gnlu.ac.in/ Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Cambridge University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, U.S. https://www.cam.ac.uk/ Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ New York University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral, Doctor of Juridical Science (J.S.D.) New York, US http://www.nyu.edu/ Yale University LLM, J.D. and J.S.D. Yale, US http://www.yale.edu/ University of California Post-graduation, Doctoral, J.D. and J.S.D. Berkeley, US http://www.berkeley.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/ University of Michigan Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Ann Arbor, U.S. https://www.umich.edu/ Oxford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral and Diploma in Intellectual Property Law U.K https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/ University of Chicago Law School Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Chicago, U.S. http://www.law.uchicago.edu/ Opportunities and Salaries Creativity and imagination have gained wings in the twentieth century. Originality of an idea is gaining importance and hence there emerges a need to protect intellectual property rights. It has have led to intellectual property law and several job opportunities in this field. A qualified individual in the field of intellectual property law can work in cases related to infringement of rights and liberties related to privacy of the product such as slogans, logos, product names, artwork, movies, books, music and other information. A law graduate, after clearance of the bar association’s exam can practice as a lawyer and work on several cases related to intellectual property law. The lawyers are also hired by several government institutes, private law firms and nonprofit organizations. The major work involves protecting the original rights through Licensing, Patent, Trade Secret, Copyright and Trademark of the product. Other job opportunities in intellectual property law include teachers and lecturers in various renowned universities. Law graduates can prepare for higher posts such as the civil services and judicial services. Journalism publishing of law related books and research papers, and social activists are some of the other opportunities that an intellectual property law educated individual can advance in. Job profiles in this field are filled with immense hard- work, but pays well when a person through his skills, establish as a capable lawyer. Patent lawyers are in demand and hired by large to small scale companies. Intellectual Property law offers job opportunity in not only Copyright and Patent Law, but also in Chemical, Mechanical, IT, Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Patent Practice. Civil services and judiciary posts can be acquired through qualifying the concerned exams. The salaries depend upon the experience and qualifications. The average pay scale for lawyers range from 8000- 25000 INR per month. In civil services job profiles, the salaries range from 35000- 50000 INR. It is a job that offers prestige, recognition and good pay scales. If you are inclined towards providing justice and preserving the value of intellect, then intellectual property law is the perfect career option. The field aims to provide a legal outlook and protection to innovativeness. It is an extremely broad field and has become an integral part for the economic expansion of the country. Protection of the intellectual property right therefore provides great opportunities for law educated aspirants.
Experiment with diverse career options in Physics : Physics has been one of the most ancient branches of science. This very interesting subject offers a wide range of interesting career opportunities filled with discoveries, experimentations and inventions. Ever wondered why things fall downwards or the reason why we have day and night? Yes, indeed it is due to gravitation and rotations of the earth respectively. But, if you are inclined to dig these puzzles more, and aim to learn about the in-depth study of motion, action and reaction of any movement of objects; Physics is definitely the area of your interest you would want to go into. You do not need to limit yourself to Physics just as a subject of your curriculum, you can explore it deep and advance in a career in Physics. It offers a vast range of diverse opportunities that are exciting, but requires a good command and knowledge in the subject. The study of matter and motion involves every tangible creation in the Universe and hence, the scope of the subject is limitless. Gain expertise in Physics to make your career extremely exciting and filled with knowledge. Since it includes more of experiments, observations and calculations, mastery in this field is required that can be achieved through clear understanding of the concepts and through practice. Once command is grasped in the core concepts, several career options in Physics await to lead you to professional success. Eligibility The subject requires deep study and research. Students passionate about the subject and interested in fields such as the principles of energy, matter and motion must only take up the subject. There is a need for precision and concentration in the subject. After 10th standard, physics, chemistry and mathematics as basic subjects are available for students, if they need to pursue a career in physics. Leading government and private universities provide under-graduate and graduate courses. B.Sc. Honors in Physics followed by Masters and specialization in different branches of physics can be done. Students aspiring to become researchers and physics scientists can further do doctorate in physics. The subject requires theoretical as well as practical knowledge and hence, binds the interests of students. Fee Structure The annual tuition fees in colleges in India range from 8,000 INR to 1, 50,000 INR. For students who want to study abroad, the annual tuition fees begin from 8,00,000 INR. Scholarships are also available for deserving candidates. Top Institutes India College Course City Website Indian Institute of Science, (IISc Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Bangalore http://www.iisc.ernet.in St. Stephens, DU Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc) Delhi http://www.ststephens.edu Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc) Mumbai http://www.tifr.res.in IITM Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc) Madras https://www.iitm.ac.in BHU Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Varanasi http://www.bhu.ac.in Indian Institute of Technology Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Roorkee http://www.iitr.ac.in Saha Institute of Nuclear Studies Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Kolkata(West Bengal) http://www.saha.ac.in/web College of science and technology Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Visakhapatnam http://www.cst.edu.bt/ National Institute of Technology Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Rourkela http://www.nitrkl.ac.in/ IIT Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Hyderabad http://www.iith.ac.in/ Leading Universities for Doctorate in Physics World College Course City Website Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc) Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.bfit.edu ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Switzerland https://www.ethz.ch/en.html Imperial College London Graduation, Post-graduation United Kingdom https://www.imperial.ac.uk/physics University of Cambridge Graduation, Post-graduation United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu California Institute of Technology Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral California, U.S. http://www.caltech.edu/ University of Auckland Graduation, Post-graduation New Zealand www.auckland.ac.nz Opportunities and Salaries Boundless opportunities are available in physics. Physics graduates can find great career options in both private sectors as well as in public sectors. The basic requirement is graduation for several jobs for posts of technician, assistant researcher, and lab supervisor. There are several eminent organizations such as ISRO (Bangalore), DRDO (Delhi), and VSSC (Kerala) that hire qualified individuals in this field. Post graduates and doctorates can pursue their career as researchers and scientists. Other job profiles in Physics include lecturers, teachers and academic writers for books in these subjects. Science magazine journalism has also lately provided great career opportunities. Interdisciplinary jobs are also available in atomic research organization, planetariums and other scientific institutes. The scope of physics is multi dimensional, but career can only boosted if a person is well skilled and passionate in this subject. Salaries of teachers and lecturers range from 15,000 INR to 70000 INR per month. For individuals entering in the field of research the salaries begin from 15000 INR. In case of lab assistants, technicians and supervisors, the pay scale range from 7000 INR to 25000 INR. Handsome salaries are available at international firms and research organizations. Hard- work and detailed study about the subject can lead to great career opportunities. Physics is the basis of science and has tantalized men and women of every age. If you have a spirit to understand the manner in which things work and scientific experiments are enjoyed, then advance ahead to make physics as your career option. Let the laws of the universe, motion of objects, thermodynamics and motion science accelerate your professional life and make you reach pinnacle of success.
Railways: A journey to a dynamic career : Railways offers diverse opportunities for individuals with diverse career background. It is a rapidly expanding sector with never a period of recession. Grab an exciting job in the railways and accelerate your career. We all have journeyed through trains and found them fascinating. The long tail running through the forests, mountains, over the bridges and under the tunnels and moves endlessly from one corner to another is nothing less than a wonder. If there is quest to know more, to discover railways from deeper dimensions, accelerate your skills and join such a dynamic system. It is not just hundreds of trains running daily, but a dense system of mechanical, technical organizations and vast infrastructure with precision in management and a community of thousands of employees. The lifeline and the pride of the country, “The Indian Railways” is 150 years long and is the largest network of connectivity as well as huge personnel. It offers job opportunities to thousands of employees with different academic backgrounds and qualifications. Being the second largest commercial employer in the world, the Indian Railways is a golden opportunity for all young aspirants. What is remarkable about the system is that there is never a recession and it is continuously progressing. Join the Indian Railways for opportunities and a glorified career. Eligibility There are jobs available in railways after tenth and twelfth standards Through the Railway Recruitment Board, selection procedure is done for the several vacancies in different departments. Diploma courses are done by people to enhance their skills and get promotions and pay hikes. The IT wing of the Indian Railways is the Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) and it is Headquatered at New Delhi. It is an autonomous organization and has Regional offices in Kolkata, Secunderabad, Chennai, Mumbai and Delhi. CRIS is related to the technical operations in the railway system and it provides multiple opportunities for IT graduates. Students skilled in developing software such as C#, C, C++, Java can apply for these jobs. B-Tech in Computer Science and Electronics can appylt for job opportunities in the technical wing involved in development, maintenance and implementation of the Reservation System, Ticketing System, e-Procurement System, Freight Operations Information System (FOIS) and other IT related wings. Mechanical and Civil Branch graduates can work the engine design and railway track development wings. Engineering Services Examination as well as Civil Services Examination is required to clear for getting jobs at higher posts in the Railways. Graduates in commerce and mathematics can apply for audit and finance department of the railways. Railway Institutes Indian Railways Institute of Transport Management (IRITM) Professional Training of IRTS Probationalry officers, Appreciation Courses for Probationary Officers (Mid Career Training Programmes, Special Courses) Lucknow http://www.iritm.indianrailways.gov.in/ The Institution of Permanent Way Engineers Diploma Courses (IT) Pune http://www.ipweindia.com/index.html Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (IRIMEE) Training courses for Mechanical & M&C courses Jamalpur (Patna) http://www.irimee.indianrailways.gov.in/ Institute of Rail Transport Rail Transport and Management, Transport, Economics and Management, Multi-modal Transport Courses New Delhi http://www.irt-india.com/ The Indian Railways Institute of Logistics & Materials Management (IRILMM) Diploma Courses New Delhi http://www.irilmm.com/ Several Entrance Exams Service Examination Qualification Age Limit Indian Railway Service of Engineers ( IRSE ), Indian Engineering Services Engineering as graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IREE Combined Engineering Service Examination Engineering as graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers(IRSME) Combined Engineering Service Examination Engineering as graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers(IRSEE) Combined Engineering Service Examination Engineering as graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August Indian Railway Stores Service (IRSS) Combined Engineering Service Examination Engineering as graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August Indian Railway Traffic Service(IRTS) Civil Services Examination Graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August Railway Protection Force Civil Services Examination Graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) Civil Services Examination Graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS) Civil Services Examination Graduation 21 to 30 years on 1st August Indian Railway Medical Service(IRMS) Combined Medical Services Examination Medical Degree 21 to 30 years on 1st August Commercial Apprentice, Assistant Station Master, Traffic Apprentice, Clerk Railway Non Technical Cadre Exam Graduation for Grace B, C jobs 18 to 27 years on 1st August Railway Recruitment Service Railway Non Technical Cadre Exam Engineering Degree 18 to 27 years on 1st August Sub Inspectors/ Constables RPF Sub Inspectors/ Constables Exam Intermediate/ 10+2 Science background 20-25 years Sub Inspectors 18-25 years Constables Assistants, Clerk (LDC), Attendant, Driver, Constable, Village Administrative Officer (VAO), Stenographer, Data Entry Operator, Junior Assistants, Peon Railway Recruitment Examination Intermediate/ 10+2 18 to 25 years Opportunities in railways The movements of the trains are operated by the operations department and it includes several jobs of inspectors and supervisors at control offices and stations. The qualified candidates are trained for two years at Lal Bahadur Shastri Academy of Administration in Mussouri. During the third year, job training followed by clearance of departmental examinations gives a confirmed post as officers Assistant Operations Superintendent (AOS) or as Assistant Commercial Superintendent (ACS) at the Divisional Headquarters. Promotions and experience can lead to the post of Operations Manager or Senior Divisional Commercial Managers and the top most position as Operations or Commercial Chief Managers at Zonal Level. Engineers or technical graduates are appointed at the post of railway officers and have work in fields such as planning, construction, maintenance and installation of railway tracks, buildings and bridges. Individuals can also clear the Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE), Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers (IRSSE) and Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME). The finances and accounts of the railways are handled by large personnel that are appointed through Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS). This service provides opportunities for students with mathematics and accounts background. Finance managers, management students and Chartered Accountants can avail prestigious job opportunities. Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) provides job opportunities for thousands of officers that are employed in work related to staff welfare activities, recruitment, training, promotion, informing and transfer of staff and other departments’ related activities. Individuals interested in police personnel can work as a para military force through Railway Protection Service. Railways are the largest operating public sector industry in the country and require proper planning for it to flourish. Indian Railway Stores Services deals with the activities related to the five year plan of the railways. Other job opportunities include clerical jobs as that at the ticket counter or Ticket Inspectors. Railways also recruit students after twelfth class and diploma holders at grade C and D posts. Salaries The diversity of jobs available in the Railways has different posts and pay scales. Education and experience add to the salary hike. There are four groups D, C, B, A of the railway staff with a different salary structure. After the 6th Pay Commission, the salaries hiked to a great extent. For the D level the staffs are cleaners, guards and they get 7000 INR at entry level grade pay per month, while for the C group employees, the salaries range from 7730 – 18150 INR per month. For B group officers (technicians, ticket collectors, junior engineers), the salaries range from 21000-30000 INR per month and for the group A officers (IRAS, IRPS, IRSSE) the pay scale range from 46000- 53000 INR per month. Apart from the salaries, the employees are also given perks and bonus. After the seventh pay commission, predicted to be implemented since January 2016, the salaries are estimated to hike by 23.55 percent. Railways are stretched all across with job opening available everywhere in the country. Professionals are also sent abroad for training and skill enhancement programmes. Career in railways is accompanies by handsome salaries, job security and a good professional status. Come and become a part to such a dynamic system let your career travel new heights.
Heal the world with a pinch of Microfinance : Microfinance is the “provision of thrift, credit and other financial services and products of very small amounts to the poor in rural, semi urban or urban areas, for enabling them to raise their income levels and improve living standards”. People work for the better of the poor and the alleviation of poverty in the microfinance industry. The pioneer of modern micro-finance in the world is Dr. Muhamad Yunus, who designed credit programs to serve the poor with his graduate students in 1972 at Chittagong University. This piloted program, later named Grameen Bank, was awarded the Nobel Prize along with Dr. Yunus. Bandhan Bank … catching the eyeballs with their Red and Blue diya logo and our attention with their catchy tagline “Aapki Bhala … Sabki Bhala”. The newest bank in the block started their journey as a micro-finance organisation under the visionary, Mr Chandra Sekhar Ghosh. According to a World Bank research, India is home to almost one third of the world’s poor (surviving on an equivalent of one dollar a day). Though the government has taken several initiatives to alleviate poverty, microfinance plays a major contribution to financial inclusion. In recent times, it has made a remarkable contribution to eradicate poverty, and has been successful to increase the income level and the standard of living of the lowest strata of the society. About half of the Indian population still doesn’t have a savings bank account and they are deprived of all banking services. Though the Jan Dhan Yojna and other steps of the present government towards financial inclusion have received great responses, yet the actual impact is not much. The poor need financial services to fulfil their needs like consumption, building of assets and protection against risk. Microfinance institutions serve as a supplement to banks and in some sense a better one too. These institutions not only offer micro credit but they also provide other financial services like savings, insurance, remittance and non-financial services like individual counselling, training and support to start own business and the most importantly in a convenient way. Required Education There are no definite requirements for education in microfinance sector. It depends on the profile in which one wants to work. Graduates in any discipline having experience in social, economic and cultural conditions of a particular locality are preferred by the microfinance institutions. They get hired as local coordinator / local organizer / community organizer / group promoter / field officer at the operational level. Graduates usually start as field level officers, whereas a commerce graduate or post graduate can also opt for the post of a credit officer/accountant in Micro Finance Institutions. Professional graduates in the discipline of Agriculture, Veterinary, Horticulture, MBA, and Engineering are also regarded highly in the microfinance industry and are usually posted as area / zonal / regional manager. The graduates of rural development and rural management institutes are highly preferred for various positions in MFIs. Career Path Course Details: Graduates in any discipline can opt for a career in microfinance. However, there are few institutions known to provide courses recognised or preferred in the microfinance industry globally. The details are listed below: Top Institutes (India): Institute Locations Course Eligibility Website/Information Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Mumbai Delhi Kharagpur Kanpur Chennai Guawahati Roorkee Varanasi And, 11 other locations 1.B.Tech 2. M.Tech 3. Integrated M.Sc 1.Class XII (PCM) 2.B.E/B.Tech 3. Class XII (PCM) And, entrance examinations like, IIT-JEE, GATE. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Institutes_of_Technology https://www.iitsystem.ac.in Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad Bangalore Kolkata Lucknow Indore Kozhikode PGDBM At least 10+2+3 in any discipline CAT/GMAT https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Institutes_of_Management Xavier Labor Research Institute Jamshedpur PGDM At least 10+2+3 in any discipline XAT/GMAT www.xlti.ac.in/ Institute of Rural Management Anand Anand PGBM Own Exam www.irma.ac.in/ Tata Institute of Social Science Mumbai M.A/PGDM Own Exam www.tiss.edu/ Top Institutes (Overseas): Abroad, usually, microfinance is taken up as a specialization in MBA (Finance). Following are the top B-schools in the world: Institute Courses Average Score in GMAT Country Website University of Chicago – Booth School of Business MBA 720 USA https://www.chicagobooth.edu/ Stanford Graduate School of Business MBA 720 USA https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/ Harvard Business School MBA 730 USA http://www.hbs.edu/Pages/default.aspx University of Pennsylvania-Wharton MBA 728 USA https://www.wharton.upenn.edu/ London business school MBA 700 UK https://www.london.edu/ INSEAD MBA 703 France http://www.insead.edu/home/ University of Oxford- Saïd Business School MBA 690 UK http://www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/ HEC Paris MBA MBA 690 France http://www.mba.hec.edu/ NUS Business School MBA 672 Singapore http://bschool.nus.edu/ HKUST Business School MBA 600 Hong Kong http://www.bm.ust.hk/ Source: Financial Times, QS Other than GMAT/SAT/GRE, it is mandatory for the students to appear for IELTS/TOEFL. Scores above 100 are considered to be good in TOEFL. Again, one should remember that while applying for the MBA schools, the score in entrance is only a fraction of the parameters used for judging a candidate. Everything in the application really does matter, including the application essays and recommendations. Cost in Fees: The cost of a MBA from a top college in India would range between INR 8.0 lacs to INR 25.0 lacs including allied costs. However, the costs incurred in TISS is much lower than other colleges. An MBA from abroad would range between INR 35.0 lacs to INR 90.0 lacs including allied costs. Job Profiles Broadly, one has to work in the either of the broad categories: Business Development – Primarily involved in generating more revenues Credit - Primarily responsible for assessing the risk potential of a proposal Operational role - Primarily responsibilities are operational in nature, including, promotion and awareness The job roles usually offered are: Branch Manager Credit Officer Field Coordinator Collection officer Customer Relationship Officer The responsibilities of a person working in microfinance industry include: Credit policy and credit underwriting including Credit Appraisal Monitoring Financial analysis, reference checks, and other due diligence required for sanctioning of proposals Supervision of day to day operations including disbursement and collections management Portfolio and process monitoring and identify potential areas for streamlining and increased efficiency MIS and reporting Opportunities and Growth According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), economic growth in the 20 most important microfinance markets will increase from 4.4% to 4.8% in 2015. The global microfinance market should once again achieve growth of 15-20% in 2015 and Asia has the strongest growth momentum. The below info graphic shows the projected growth in the microfinance around the world. Projected Growth rates of Microfinance Industry around the globe A particularly impressive development in Asia is the revival of India’s microfinance market. There are approximately 350 million people in India living below poverty line, thus, microfinance translates to around 80 million households. The annual credit demand by the poor is around Rs. 60,000 crores and cumulative disbursement is around Rs. 5,000 crores. The outstanding portfolio would be around Rs. 1,600 crores. Only 5% of India’s rural poor has access to microfinance. Thus, there is an immense potential for growth in Microfinance in India. Thus, opportunities are galore in microfinance in the recent future. Industries to Explore An expert in microfinance would work in the following industries: Banking and Financial Services Industry (BFSI): Banks, like, SBI, Bandhan Bank, etc Microfinance Institutions, like, SKS Microfinance, Janalakshmi Financial Services, Ujjivan Financial Services Consulting Firms like, Ernst & Young (E&Y), PWC Agribusiness & Rural Marketing & CSR companies, like, Pidilite, ITC, Emami, NEEV The CV of a candidate in Microfinance industry The key skills that the recruiters looks while recruiting for a candidate in Microfinance Company are: Excellent communication and interpersonal skills – The job profile requires regular interaction with various stake-holders, or, the client. In this industry, a candidate is mostly required to interact in local language Ability to work under pressure – One has to work under strict deadlines, and most entry-level profiles require to stretch long. The individual should be self-motivated, proactive and passion to work Experience of the social, economic and cultural conditions of the locality Earnings The compensation for people working in microfinance industry is comparatively lower than that of other heads in the finance industry. The entry level pay varies from Rs. 1.0 lacs to Rs. 1.5 lacs per annum. In the senior levels, the packages are much higher. The branch manager earn around Rs. 8.0 to Rs. 10.0 lacs per annum. What Next? One can move on to consulting and advisory profiles at later stage of his career One can also move into academic roles One can start an NGO or work for NGOs
Mining Engineering: Digging A Golden Career!! : Unconventional is the new conventional! Youngsters are opting for new, untrodden career paths today, from fashion designing to cosmetology, from cosmetic dentistry to fashion photography. Even engineering is not restricted to the traditional mechanical, electrical and computer engineering. With subjects like aeronautical engineering, mining engineering, agriculture engineering, etc. we have seen the rise of many alternative engineering courses in the past few decades. Let’s have a look at one of the special engineering course catching up rapidly with the already popular one. Who am I?? Mining engineering is an engineering branch that involves the practice and application of technology for obtaining and processing minerals from the environment. Mining Engineers design mines and apply engineering principles to the safe and effective extraction of natural resources from these mines. Mining engineers focus on creating mining equipment and techniques that are as friendly to the environment and cost effective. Work of a mining engineer can be an office job or a field job. Depending on the type of mine, they may work above ground in an open cast mine, or underground in a traditional mine. Mining Engineers should be prepared to travel and stay away from home for extended periods. What Do WE Mining Engineers Do? Mining Engineers often have to work in collaboration with Geologists and Metallurgical Engineers to locate and evaluate new mineral deposits. Mining Engineers are involved in the developing innovative equipment or monitor mineral-processing operations to separate minerals from dirt, rock, and other materials. They are involved in designing both open-pit and underground mines, supervise the operations of the mine, train mining staff and crew, oversee the design and construction of mine shafts and tunnels in underground mines, looking into methods for transporting minerals to the various processing plants. It is a mining engineer’s job to ensure that the mines are operated safely and in the most environmentally effective manner. They also observe the quality and quantity of production assess the efficiency of the mine operation. Mining engineers play a crucial role in finding solutions to pressing issues such as water and air pollution and land reclamation. Educating Myself Aren’t sure whether mining engineering is for you. Are you good at maths and science? Do you have an interest in natural resources? Do you love problem-solving? Do you love the outdoors? Are you interested in working underground? Then you are made for a brilliant career in mining. A Bachelor’s of Science degree from a recognized institute in Mining Engineering is all you require. Master’s degree programs in mining engineering are typically two-year programs. Minimum 60% marks at Higher & Senior Secondary level (10th & 12th). A minimum 60% aggregate in Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics at Senior Secondary level (12th) is required. In addition to it you will need to have strong problem-solving abilities, as well as the ability to communicate effectively. A Mining Engineer should archetypally be able to visualize three-dimensional objects from 2-dimensional drawings. A list of some of the good colleges that offer this course are: Name of Institute Enterance Test Official Website Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Jee Advanced www.iitkgp.ac.in Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad JEE Mains & JEE Advaced www.ism.ac.in/ Acharya Institute of Technology, Bangalore CET/COMEDK/University/PGCET www.acharya.ac.in/ Regional Engineering College, Rourkela JEE Mains www.nitrkl.ac.in Orissa School Of Mining, Keonjhar Odisha Jee www.osme.net.in Top Mining Colleges in the World Name of Institute Enterance Test Official Website Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University SAT /ACT + TOEFL/IELTS http://www.vt.edu/ Michigan Technological University TOEFl/IELTS http://www.mtu.edu/ Pennsylvania State University SAT /ACT + TOEFL/IELTS http://www.psu.edu/ Colorado School of Mines SAT /ACT + TOEFL/IELTS http://www.mines.edu/ University of Exeter IELTS http://www.exeter.ac.uk/ University of Kentucky SAT /ACT + TOEFL/IELTS http://www.uky.edu/ Scope and remuneration: Ranging from complex aircraft parts to paints, minerals have a wide variety of use in diverse industries. From the road we drive on to the building we live in, everything needs different minerals or their by-products. Mining enterprise across the world has evolved in last few decades with technological erudition brought in mining workplaces. Mineral Industry needs highly proficient engineers and scientists. With the increasing significance of mining activities, a career in mining has become a lucrative option now. Jobs are available in both government and the private sector.The starting salary for a mining engineer in india can be between 3-6 lakhs per anum. Some of the organizations that hire mining engineers are The Indian Bureau of Mines, Geological Survey of India, Coal India, Tata Steel, Reliance, ONGC, HCL, NALCO and Neyveli Lignite. Countries like Saudi Arabia, UK, Qatar and Kuwait also provide lucrative career opportunities for interested candidates with the salary ranging from $64,000 to $98,000 per annum. The private sector has higher salaries whereas government sectors have higher perks. To sum it all The demand of mining Engineers has become very important with swelling demand for technological innovation and safe mining. Be it a mountain, desert, in the ocean, across India or the world. You’ll probably find mining engineers working in all of these places sweating away on mining assignments. Explore the many aspects of mining engineering from exploration to production and mine closure. Best of luck…. Dig a Golden career for yourself!!
Choose the career of a dance therapist as you wheel around to the rhythm divine : The path of dance and music is merely not limited to provide entertainment and promote regional culture. But it has a very unique connection to the emotional being of any individual. Dance can connect souls, interpret moves, and has a therapeutic effect on the inner being of a person. It has the ability to unleash the energy by removing obstructions prevalent in mind as well as physical being. This is the basis of dance movement therapy. India being at the pinnacle of diverse culture and dance forms, is extremely promising ground for the development of dance therapy as a career option. So how does a dance therapist work? The total health of the patient or client is aimed at improving through engaging dance steps and movements by any professional dance therapist. They can be dance of any form. The fundamentals of any dance therapy basically target the following wellness of health. A dance therapist would work with his or her clients to bring about an improvement in their total body image or restoration and build up of self esteem. Enhance effective skills to intermingle in society along with good communication skills developed. Aids clients in gaining insight to the patterns that are leading to his or her behavioural problems Helps in the exploration of options or methods to develop normal or societal behaviour Where to pursue dance therapy in India? There are very few places in India where dance therapy can be pursued as a career. A person who can perceive dance more than just an art form should definitely venture into the possibilities. It is highly possible that you join workshops and trainings of renowned dance therapists in India to gain insight into the subject. There are some institutes and courses mentioned below to help you decide on this. To pursue most of these courses, certification in any dance form or psychology is desired. S No. Names of institutes Courses offered 1 Women’s Christian College, in association with The East West Centre for Counselling and Training Diploma course in Expressive Art Therapy 2 Creative Movement Therapy Association in India 60 hours annual certification course in dance movement therapy. 3 Symbiosis School for Liberal Arts DANCE Movement therapy course of 60 hours The fees involved can vary from few thousands for some workshops to Rs. 300000/- as it is in the Symbiosis School of Arts. People who contributed to dance therapy in India Dance therapy in India is something that is being practised by a handful people in the recent times. These dancers have really added a new dimension to their love of dance as an art form to restore balance in the lives of people around them. Tripura Kashyap: She is considered as one of the pioneers of dance therapy in India. She realized while working with disabled children, that while dancing they beautifully reacted to the musical rhythms irrespective of their disabilities. Thus began her journey in dance therapy. She pursued dance therapy as a subject at Hancock Centre of Movement Art and Therapies Wisconsin in 2005. She came back to India to work with autistic children and develop dance movement therapy as a therapeutic supplement for their treatment. Sohini Chakraborty: In her academy Sanved in Kolkata, this lady evolved further with dance therapy and helped victims of human traffic to get back mental stability and facilitate in their psycho-social rehabilitation. She mainly employed symbolism in her dance therapy techniques to help them break barriers and express their feelings. Dilshad Patel: At Harkness Dance Centre in New York, Dilshad Patel completed her training in dance therapy. She works in Mumbai as a dance therapist to help revive children with hearing and visual disabilities and those struck with HIV. She also believes in the capabilities of dance therapy to combat everyday stress. Syed Sallauddin Pasha: He worked with children of special needs to help them break their routine shackles of obstruction through drama and dance therapy. How to pursue a career abroad? To study dance therapy as a subject deeply it is indeed a great idea to move abroad, since India still does not have well structured courses in the subject. The pioneers in this field are not too old and they too had moved to countries like U.S.A and U.K. which are very well equipped in the treatment methodologies of dance therapy to learn in deep about this comparatively new subject. Any aspiring dance therapist should have a degree in liberal arts with a strong dance background in addition as pointed by American Dance Therapy Association (ADTA). Subjects like psychology, recreation therapy or dance can be pursued at an undergraduate level. For a master’s degree students can enrol in U.S.A. in any ADTA approved programs. If the students wishes to pursue the same in U.K. then it should be approved by Association for Dance Movement Therapy (ADMT) U.K. You can carry a registred DMT (R-DMT) or a board certified DMT (BC-DMT) for practising in U.S.A. Institutes to pursue dance therapy as a subject Some of the selected institutes in USA and U.K. have been enlisted below where dance therapy can be pursued as subject. Serial No. Name of Institutes Courses offered 1 University of Roehampton Dance Movement Psychotherapy MA 2 Goldsmiths University of London Dance Movement Psychotherapy MA, MPhil and PhD 3 London Metropolitan University Sports and Dance Therapy BSc (Hons) 4 Drexel University Master of Arts in Dance/Movement Therapy 5 University of Derby Creative Expressive Therapies (Dance) BA (Hons) Dance Movement Therapy and Psychotherapy MA 6 Codarts, University for the Arts, Netherlands Master in Dance Therapy U.K. and U.S. course can range from Rs. 600000/- to Rs. 1600000/- which can prove to be quite an expensive option for a subject which is just budding to grow. How much to expect? The salary figures are still not very well defined since dance therapy as a career option is still new. However the Bureau of Labor Statistics has pointed an average median salary of $44,280, while those who are ace at it can earn a salary of $67,000. Pros and cons of dance therapy as a career Dance therapy as a career option has an immense field to grow and it is ideal for ant person passionate about serving the society in a different and lesser tried methodologies. But then one has to struggle and be confident of laying their own path as it requires contribution from various entrepreneurs. It is indeed very interesting to work with but practitioners can face issues as recipients may find the idea of using dance or movement as means to cure their shortcomings. Call for action India being a land of diverse culture and art form should explore ways in which they can make use of this to help its own people recover from their inabilities. In fact they should be the torch bearers to such idea and spread the message of love and communication through such techniques which can be unique to its own land.
Be the artistic engineer with a career in product designing : Have you ever daydreamt about making products that could do simple tasks for you and make your life easier? Have you ever looked at an ordinary everyday product and thought that there was so much more that could have been done with it? Do you want to do engineering and still not let your creativity die out? Well then, have we got the career for you! What are you talking about? The career is that of a Product Designer. A Product Designer is a person who designs innovative and creative products from scratch. They make products that are not only designed well but also that make a targeted task much easier to do by using the product. Product Designers stand on the border between art and engineering: they use their artistic capability to conceptualize and draw a blueprint of a product and then use their knowledge of engineering and science to actually make it. They take a product beyond just performing a simple task to being extremely efficient, functional and easy to use as well as visually appealing to the target consumers of the product. How does one do all that? Product Designers work in one of two ways: In-house companies, where they work closely with the marketing department of a company to better existing company products and design new products Consultancy-based design, where designing takes place as per the needs of various approaching clients Either way, the work of a product designer with market research. This will give them key information related to their product: what do consumers want, what are their reactions to existing products, will a new product be viable, what key features will make the product sell, etc. Based on this information, product designers will then begin conceptualizing a new product. The initial sketches on paper then move to a Computer-Aided Design, a blueprint and then to a prototype. Prototypes are presented to the client/company managers. Sometimes products are even tested by consumers. Constant feedback is taken to better the product in terms of usability, safety and lower cost of making it. Designers often work in a team to have a variety of inputs. After a rigorous process of trying and testing, the final product reaches the market. Product Designers usually specialize in a particular area of products, such as vehicles, mobiles, medical equipment, etc. Product Designers are also sometimes involved specifically in bettering an existing product by making it cheaper, adding more uses or making it more aesthetic. After the release of the product, designers also work closely with the marketing team to advertise the product on its advantages. All this requires specific skills from a Product Designer. To name a few: Ability to recognize the expectations of the consumer and also the possible benefits that the manufacturer can get from a new product Creative streak to make the product visually appealing in size, shape and colour. Understanding of materials involved and process of production Being up-to-date with innovations that can better a product or make it cheaper Being able to adjust easily to market needs Being able to work punctually and meet deadlines Sweet! How do I get to do this? There are several diploma as well as graduate courses available right after 12th. Institutes such as National Institute of Design and some IITs offer bachelor’s degrees in Product Design/Industrial Design. Alternatively, one can go for an ordinary engineering or architecture course and subsequently pursue a postgraduate diploma/degree course offered in several reputed institutes in India. All most all of these institutes have their own entrance exams, which will test your aptitude for the career. A good portfolio matters for going for these courses. Some of the renowned colleges in India are: Sr. No. Colleges Location 1 National Institute of Design Ahmedabad 2 Industrial Design Centre, IIT-B Mumbai 3 Instrument Design and Development Centre, IIT Delhi New Delhi 4 Centre for Product Design and Manufacturing (CPDM), IISc Bangalore 5 Department of Design- IIT Guwahati Guwahati 6 MAEER’s MIT Institute of Design Pune 7 Srishti School of Design Bangalore 8 DSK International School of Design Pune 9 IILM School of Design Gurgaon 10 Raffles Millennium International Mumbai Some of the renowned colleges across the world are: Sr. No. Institutes Location 1 Pratt Institute of Art New York City, USA 2 Art Center College of Design Pasadena, California, USA 3 Florence Design Academy Italy 4 Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA 5 Royal College of Art London 6 California College of the Arts San Francisco, California, USA 7 Savannah College of Art and Design ‘SCAD’ Atlanta, Georgia, USA 8 Hong Kong Polytechnic University School of Design Hong Kong, China 9 UMEA Institute of Design Umea, Sweden 10 Domus Academy Milan, Italy What about the fees? The fees for undergraduate programmes range from around 70,000 to 2.5 lakhs per annum. However do not be surprised if the fees go beyond this in private universities. The fees for postgraduate programmes are within the range of 50,000-2, 50,000 per annum. What kind of salary are we talking about? The median salary for a Product Designer in India is Rs. 4, 02,125 per annum, which increases with experience. You can get a job right after your bachelor’s if you’re talented enough. However a master’s degree will help you get placed in better firms and have a larger salary. Conclusion: Product Designers are demanded by industries as they require fresher ideas and newer innovative products and designs to make sure consumers are always interested in buying their products. The profession is a right mix for those who possess technological knowledge and a creative streak. Though the education can be expensive, it will pay off in the long run as you will enjoy a decent salary figure.
Drive the Adrenaline with a career in Adventure sports : If you have ever felt that you should keep your passion for rock climbing, bungee jumping, white water rafting or parasailing hushed up in cupboards because they can keep you drifted from pursuing your career goals then you are mistaken. You should definitely consider making your passion and hobby as your full time job. Yes, adventure sports can be your full fledged career option. In a country like India endowed with all the natural wonders, a career in adventure sports can be really promising and exciting. Good news is the adventure sports and travel industry is growing up in a big way in India, and you can make hay while the sun shines. What are the different kinds of adventure sports? Adventure sports can be broadly categorized under three main headings, land, water and air. Land Sports: These are the most common types and India excels in providing trainings at different levels. Some of the sports are trekking, rock climbing, skiing, adventure racing, snowboarding, biking , land yachting etc. Air sports: Paragliding, sky surfing, Bungee jumping, and sky diving are some of the common air sports Water sports: white water rafting, scuba diving, snorkelling, yacht racing, kayaking, cliff diving, canoeing, boat racing and so on are some of the common water sports. What is the eligibility required? To become a certified adventure sports performer or trainer with some institute or hotel, travel agencies, or for some travel channels, you do not require any formal qualification degree. What you need is an undaunted spirit and must have qualified the trainings provided by some of the well known training institutes in India or abroad. And you should be within the age range of 16-40 years. You can be hired by reputed adventure training institutes, for the purpose of providing training, corporate houses to train their employees on specially arranged adventure trek expeditions. And finally some travel channel can also take note of you and can hire you for their adventure tour episodes. Or even better is you open your own adventure sports academy to train people. How much can you make? Unfortunately in India the salary figures for adventure sport professionals are not very high. Starting salaries are from R.6000-Rs.10000/- on a monthly basis at the beginning of the career. After a while it can maximally increase to Rs.20000/- to Rs.25000/- per month. Some who are ace in this field can manage to earn Rs. 600/-Rs. 1500/- per day. Where to pursue adventure sports training in India? There are hardly any degrees won for these trainings, but experience earned is unparalleled. The course fees are minimal ranging from Rs. 12000/-Rs.50000/-. The course durations can stretch from few days to few months. Serial No Names of Institutes Trainings offered 1 Himalayan Mountaineering Institute Darjeeling Course covering mountaineering 2 Nehru Institute of Mountaineering, Uttarkashi Course covering mountaineering 3 Jawahar Institute of Mountaineering, Batote Course covering mountaineering 4 Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports, Manali Course covering mountaineering 5 Regional Mountaineering Centre, McLeodganj Course covering mountaineering 6 Winter Sports Skiing Centre, Kulu Course covering skiing 7 High Altitude Trekking & Skiing Centre, Narkanda Course covering skiing & trekking 8 Bilaspur, Regional Water Sports Centre Course covering water sports 9 National Institute of Water Sports, Goa Course covering water sports 10 Balloon Club of India, Bahadurshah Zafar Marg, New Delhi - 11 Wings and Flights , Pune Course covering paragliding Should I explore career options abroad? Why not? If you wish that Himalayas, the seas of India and the azure skies are not enough for you, you can definitely pursue training courses abroad. They are better paid, and you can get to travel and explore some of the most exotic locales around the world. You can even get sources to have your personal expeditions sponsored. The salary figures are shown below What are some of the courses offered in adventure sports? These are some of the institutes offering courses in adventure sports. The fees may vary as per in state and out state trainings. Serial No. Name of Universities Courses fees 1 Northeast Bay State College Boston, Massachusetts $19,748 2 Granite State College Concord, $7,065 (In-state) $7,545 (Out-of-state) 3 University of Southern Maine Portland, Maine $8,920 (In-state) $21,280 (Out-of-state) 4 Southern Vermont College Bennington, Vermont $22,000 5 Garrett College McHenry, Maryland $3,360 (In-district) $6,776 (In-state) $7,868 (Out-of-state) 6 Salem State University Salem, Massachusetts $8,130 (In-state) $14,270 (Out-of-state) 7 University of North Florida Jacksonville, Florida $6,353 (In-state) $20,756 (Out-of-state) 8 University of South Florida Tampa, Florida $6,410 (In-state) $17,324 (Out-of-state) 9 Regent University Virginia Beach, Virginia $15,838 10 Barry University Miami, Florida Georgia State University Atlanta, Georgia $8,368 (In-state) $22,936 (Out-of-state) Critical analysis of the career in adventure sports The career may not be a well paid career all over the world, but the amount spent in India to pursue trainings and some selected universities abroad, is not a sky rocket figure. Moreover this can be a dream job for strong hearts who wish to explore the beauty of nature, and a job like this not only gives you satisfaction but transforms you as person, as you get to appreciate the nuances of life and the hidden beauty about everything natural and rugged. Fortunately in India the training courses and exposure provided are really of top notch and can be relied on to start a career in adventure sports. What do we infer? If you are not a weak heart, and always ready with your backpacks, then venture out to make your mark in the world as an adventure sports person. The field is a bit male dominated, so to girls I would say, do not waste your youthful years and ignore the calls of wild. Even if there are no certified degrees in India, and you do not wish to spend loads for a foreign education, just listen to your heart and move ahead to make your mark irrespective of your gender.