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10 New Age Careers in Technology

Jun 2018

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Be a Mutlitasker: Be a 'Bartender'

Be a Mutlitasker: Be a 'Bartender' : The profession of bartender involves much more than just mixing drinks, it requires an immerse understanding with the customers and an innate confidence to carry your act with gusto and precession. What would you call a cross between a juggler, a mind-reader, a janitor, a wine-expert, a music jockey, a performer and a comedian? Everyoneman? The Man Who Knew Too Much? Well, as much as any Hollywood director would like to make a superhero by those names, this is in relation to something far more “normal”. Behold, the Bartender! How many of us actually aspire to be the person on the other side of the bar, the one who is in charge of serving the drinks rather than drinking them. Well, I am pretty sure the phrase “I want to be a Bartender” won’t be as common as all the wannabe engineers and doctors out there. But, then again, how much do we actually know about this elusive yet amazingly interesting job of bartending. As a career opportunity, bartending falls under the same category as food & beverages, especially within the tourism and hospitality industry. On one hand, bartending was an aspect that was included as a compulsory professional trait within the field of hotel management. On the other hand, the course of bartending within the field of hotel management essentially consisted of aspects such as understanding the myriad types of drinks as well as the innate knowledge of “what mixed with what forms what”, which essentially falls under the more technical sounding term, of Mixologist.   Required Education As mentioned above, bartending forms an integral, almost omnipresent aspect of hotel management as all the students of this profession are essentially given training related to understanding different alcoholic spirits as well as their respective properties. Moreover, the practice of bartending in hotel management courses essentially involves the study of terms and connotations related to the practice, such as “how many ounces are equal to a quart of whiskey”, what is the difference between a “Bloody Mary” and “Sex on the Beach”, and “what would you give a person if they ask for a bourbon”.   On the other hand, there are several aspects related to bartending which cannot be taught in any hotel management school. This includes the ability to empathetically connect with your audience and give them a good time, to be charismatic and confident enough to showcase your mixing skills, to learn the art of juggling and playing around with glasses, and to be comfortable with being the center of attraction and constantly being in control of your act. There have been people who have gotten into the field just by pure curiosity or passion, while others take special courses to get the know-how of the profession. Either way, the thing to understand is that you do not require a license for bartending. It is similar to how you do not require a degree to perform on stage but a degree in music always helps if you want to do so.   Course Details Owing to the innate spontaneity of the profession, there are no degree courses for bartending as such. On the other hand, diploma as well as certificate courses are offered by various training centers, schools and institutes. These certificate courses and training programs are essential for individuals who want to enter into the hospitality industry as well as professionals who want to touch up on their skills. The certificate and diploma courses last for a period of 1 to 2 weeks for most programs. Additional courses could be pursued further in order to earn more useful certificates like‘ServSafe alcohol’. This certificate can be earned by passing the National Association Education Foundation’s qualification examination. Enrollments into such courses require a GED certificate or high school degree. In order to make oneself comfortable with the aspect of measurement in the mixing of drinks, a background in Mathematics can be a boon. Moreover, aspects such as juggling tricks as well as developing communication skills are also an integral part of the course. There are no eligibility criteria as far as bartending is considered, owing to the aspect that anyone with the flair and the charisma for the profession can make it large in the field. Top Institues in India Institute Course Eligibility City/Cities Website Indian Institute of Bartending Diploma in bar tending, Craftsmanship course in bar tending, Certificate course in Wines & Spirits, Certification course in Bar Flair   10+2 Chennai http://iibtindia.com/ Tuleeho Wine Academy Certificate in Professional Bartending 10+2 Bangalore http://tulleeho.com/ Liquid Art Bartending School Certificate course in beverage management and bartending, Certificate course in professional bartending, Certificate course in mixology and basic flair bartending, Advanced flair  bartending course, Flair bartending course, certificate course in basic bartending. 10+2 Hyderabad http://www.liquidartbarschool.com/ Chennai Institute of Bartending Professional Bartending Course, Professional Bartending Teamleader Course, Master Bar Management Course, Diploma in Hotel Management & Catering 10+2 Chennai http://www.liquidartbarschool.com/ Top Institutes Overseas Institute Course City Website European Bartender School 4 week international bartending course, 2 day mixology course, 10 day advanced bartending course Las Vegas, New York, Sydney, Berlin, Milan, Phuket and many more http://www.barschool.net/ Bols Bartending Academy Cocktail introduction, basic bartending, advanced bartending, master bartending, international bar management, group courses Amsterdam http://bolsbartendingacademy.com/ AAA International Bartending School 40 hour Bartending/Mixology Certification, 20 hour Bartending essentials Certification New Jersey http://aaabartending.com/schedule/ Elemental Mixology, Los Angeles Advanced 24 hour crash courses for professional bartending Portland, US http://www.elementalmixology.com/   Cost in Fees Diploma courses in bartending in Indian institutes would cost anywhere from Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 70,000. On the other hand, the fees for certificate courses usually range from Rs. 9000 to Rs. 20,000, depending on the type of course that is being pursued. Diploma courses in international markets such as the United States, especially places like New York and Los Angeles, can be as low as 99$ and can go up to 1250$, depending on the number of days that the course will be held for, the institute conducting it, as well as the inherent information offered by the same. Employment Opportunities and Salaries There are quite a few employment opportunities with relation to bartending as a profession, including places like hotels, restaurants, bars as well as caterers. In terms of the average salary of a bartender, it can be very rewarding if you learn to perfect the art of socializing as well as the art of magic intoxicating potions. The average salary of a bartender can range from 1 to 2 lakhs, and in advanced professional realms it can go as high as 10 lakhs per year.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Study Drama to claim the Center-Stage: A Career in Theatrics | Master the World after Masters in English Literature | MBA Specialisation | Rising Tides of Oceanography | Turning the Ordinary into Extra-Ordinary: Careers in Public Relations | Heal the World: Careers in Clinical Psychology | Engineering Nature 

Study Drama to claim the Center-Stage: A Career in Theatrics

Study Drama to claim the Center-Stage: A Career in Theatrics : The most wonderful aspect about studying drama is the networking opportunities that you get. It might require a lot of discipline & concentrated efforts, but it is equally true that with good practice & skills, you can get ample opportunities to reach your creative peak. If you think the stage is where you belong, you might want to check out the career options that you have in the field of ‘Drama’. Gone are the days when a career in Drama was looked down upon as something not-so-realistic. Contrary to popular belief, there are plentiful prospects nowadays in the field of drama. So if you are passionate about acting & theatrics, you should not let the naysayers rule off this career for you by claiming it risky or a back-up plan or not-so-practical. In fact, this is one field where you meet passionate young people every day who are chasing their dreams with utmost determination. There are indeed a lot of career options; you just need to find your perfect place either ‘On the stage’ or ‘In the classroom’ or ‘Behind the curtain’ or ‘At the desk’ or ‘On the sets’. It is true to an extent that people wanting to be on the center-stage might go through extreme highs & lows that this profession has to show. There might be times with no work and there might be brief intervals where you get totally worked up. While formal training is not a compulsory requirement for this field, a degree might be a good idea to hone your skills and learn tricks of the trade directly from established artists & professional thespians. The number of schools providing formal education in drama & performing arts are increasing rapidly with industry experts taking keen interest in nurturing future actors & trade technicians. In India, directors like SubashGhai& actors like AnupamKher have opened up their own schools for acting & performing arts. Top Institutes: India Institute Courses Famous Alumni City Website Film & Television Institute of India Graduation, Post-graduation Danny Denzongpa, John Abraham, Jaya Bachchan, Sanjay LeelaBhansali, ShabanaAzmi, VidhuVinod Chopra Pune http://www.ftiindia.com/ National School of Drama Graduation, Post-graduation Naseeruddin Shah, Om Puri, AnupamKher, NawazuddinSiddiqui, Piyush Mishra, Irrfan Khan, SeemaBiswas New Delhi http://nsd.gov.in/delhi/ Barry John Acting Studio Certificate, Diploma Shah Rukh Khan, ManojBajpai, ShineyAhuja, Freida Pinto Mumbai, New Delhi http://www.bjas.in/ Actor Prepares Certificate, Diploma Prachi Desai, PreityZinta, Ali Zafar, VarunDhawan, DeepikaPadukone, MugdhaGodse Mumbai http://www.actorprepares.net/ Whistling Woods International Diploma, Graduation Abhishek Jain, SamvednaSuwalka, NakulSahdev, Anil Mange, AruVerma Mumbai http://www.whistlingwoods.net/ Asian Academy of Film and Television   Certificate, Graduation, Post-graduation ArjunKapoor, Luv Ranjan, NehaChauhan, HasleenKaur, Ajay Behl, Noida http://aaft.com/ RoshanTaneja School of Acting   Certificate KarishmaKapoor, KimiKatkar, Kiran Kumar, KunalKapoor, ManishaKoirala, Madhuri Dixit, MithunChakraborty Mumbai http://www.roshantaneja.com/   International (Top 10): Institute Tuition Fees(£) Famous Alumni City, Country Website Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts 14,700 Sir Paul McCartney (Patron), Sir Ian McKellen, Alan Rickman Liverpool, UK http://www.lipa.ac.uk/ Juilliard School 22,790 Kevin Spacey, Robin Williams, Val Kilmer New York, US http://www.juilliard.edu/ National Institute of Dramatic Art 15,610 Cate Blanchett, Mel Gibson, Hugo Weaving Sydney, Australia https://www.nida.edu.au/ Guildhall School of Music & Drama 17,850 Ewan McGregor, Daniel Craig, Orlando Bloom London, UK http://www.gsmd.ac.uk/ Tisch School of the Arts 27,350 Philip Seymour Hoffman, Alec Baldwin New York, US http://tisch.nyu.edu/ Bristol Old Vic Theatre School 18,800 Daniel Day-Lewis, Gene Wilder, Patrick Stewart Bristol, UK http://www.oldvic.ac.uk/ The New School for Drama 23,544 Marlon Brando, Jesse Eisenberg, Bradley Cooper New York, US http://www.newschool.edu/drama/ Oxford School of Drama 14,925 Catherine McCormack, Christina Cole Woodstock, UK http://oxforddrama.ac.uk/ Drama Centre 13,800 Pierce Brosnan, Colin Firth London, UK http://www.arts.ac.uk/csm/drama-centre-london/ California Institute of the Arts 27,806 Ed Harris, KateySagal California, US https://calarts.edu/   Skills Required: It is an established fact that this field requires a lot of hard work & steadfastness. The picture below enlists all the required skills that would help you excel in the theatrical world: Other talents like singing, dancing or playing musical instruments would be of additional value.   Employment Opportunities: India houses a staggering array ofdiffernt forms of performing arts. Just for theatre, there are more than 40,000 companies nationwide including amateur theatre groups, professional repertory, commercial as well as alternative theatres. A lot of these theatre companies are provided grants & support from the government. You might get into any of these theatre companies as a fresh graduate. The doors to films, TV serials& Ad Industry are also open for acting students. With the advent of internet, YouTube channels have also opened up massive employment opportunities in this field. Indian theatre companies have recently witnessed increased international tie-ups and exposure. This has resulted in moderate to sharp increase in the income of these companies and subsequently that of the artists. As a graduate in drama, you can get into directly related jobs like: Actor Dancer Theatre Director Musician Community arts worker Producer Or you can get into jobs where your degree would be more useful, like: Stage Manager Arts Administrator Broadcast Presenter Lecturer Costume Designer Sound Technician Script Writer Choreographer Set Designer Props Manager Wardrobe Technician Stagehand Lighting Technician Special Effects Technician Or you can also get into alternate career options such as: Announcer Radio Jockey Television Presenter Interviewer Video Jockey Party Anchor Salaries: As fresh graduates if you are employed in theatre companies, your salary can range from anywhere between INR 10,000 to INR 40,000 depending on your expertise. However, it increases with experience. You can also freelance without actually committing to a particular group. And there are ample entrepreneurial opportunities as well if you wish to set up your own theatre company and produce your own plays. Sky is the limit for good artists. Dramatics is not just a pastime or an extra-curricular activity anymore. The techniques are being improvised every passing day and even studied in a scientific manner.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Master the World after Masters in English Literature | MBA Specialisation | Rising Tides of Oceanography | Turning the Ordinary into Extra-Ordinary: Careers in Public Relations | Heal the World: Careers in Clinical Psychology | Engineering Nature 

Rising Tides of Oceanography

Rising Tides of Oceanography : Recently I was reading a novel, wherein one of the leading character was visiting the diverse waters of the Sundarbans to study the marine life. It set my imagination bursting into flames of fancy pictures of me diving into the deep blue seas and swimming with the colourful, pulsating fishes, studying the waves, currents. This set me looking at the lesser known but super exciting field of Oceanography.    Oceanology and marine science or Oceanography is the branch of Earth science that studies the ocean. Oceanography covers a huge range of topics, including ecosystems and marine life, plate tectonics, geology of the sea floor and the ocean circulation, the chemical and physical properties of the ocean. Oceanographers need to have a profound understanding of biology, chemistry, geology, and physics to unravel the mysteries of the ocean and to understand evolutions within it. Simply put it is a Science of Ocean. A career in Oceanography is vast and varied. There are numerous oceanography jobs in industry, commerce or research. All a person needs to pursue a career in oceanography is love and curiosity for the ocean. A student needs to develop physical strength, strong mathematical and scientific approach swimming and diving skills, high tolerance to motion sickness, flexible approach to work, accuracy and attention to details, additional to educational qualifications. As in any other field of education, there are four main types of oceanography from which you can chose from: Physical oceanography studies the properties of currents, waves, tides and ocean circulation. Chemical oceanography is the study of ocean chemistry. Chemical oceanography - determines the chemical composition of seawater and sediments. Biological oceanography is the study of life in the oceans. Biological oceanography- studies marine animals and plants and how organisms interact with their environment. Geological oceanography is the study of Earth beneath the oceans. Geological oceanography - examines the seabed, including the rocks and minerals.   Popular Oceanography Courses There are many colleges in India for Courses in Oceanography. These courses are offered at various levels, from Bachelors to Masters. Some Oceanography course offered by various colleges are: B.Sc. Marine Science(3 years) M.Sc. Marine Biology(2 years) M.Tech in Oceanography or Marine Biology (2years) M.Phil. Marine Biology PhD Oceanography Eligibility for Oceanography Courses There are various routs leading towards a career in Oceanography. You can pursue oceanography from your undergraduate degree course or you can join it after your graduation. To pursue a bachelors in oceanography, the minimum eligibility is 55% in your intermediate examination with chemistry, physics and mathematics or biology. There are various entrance examinations conducted by different colleges for admission in this course. For pursuing a masters in this field, you need to have a graduation degree in either oceanography or other related courses like zoology, botany, microbiology, fishery, etc.   Colleges offering Oceanography Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh) Cochin University of Science and Technology: Department of Physical Oceanography, Kochi (Kerala) Karnataka University, Dhārwad (Karnataka) Pondicherry University: Port Blair campus, Port Blair. Berhampur University, Berhampur (Orissa) Andhra University: College of Science and Technology, Vishakhapatnam   Jobs and remuneration There are jobs both in private and government domain under Oceanography. Oceanographers use science and mathematics to study and explain the complex interactions between seawater, fresh water, polar ice caps, the atmosphere and the biosphere. You’ll usually receive on the job training from your employer. Tasks will also depend on the type of employer and your level of training and experience, but may include: collecting samples and data from the sea, sea floor or atmosphere using specialised equipment and techniques. You’ll also have to analyse samples for natural and contaminant composition; looking at life forms and matter, such as trace metals, present in sea water. Oceanographers’ perform simulations of phenomena using computer or mathematical models; using statistical models of laboratory and field data to investigate hypotheses and make predictions. Apart from all these, you’ll be attending conferences and going on research cruises; submitting proposals to obtain research funding; writing reports and papers on research activities, giving lectures in university classes and leading field trips. The salary varies according to qualifications & experience of a person. The joining level salary of a graduate can be around 20, 000 to 25,000 INR while the same for a post graduate student can be around 35,000 INR. The salary of an oceanographer is significantly higher in countries like US, UK and France. Oceanography is becoming a popular choice among students who want to opt for an exciting and challenging career. As the population discovers new ways to use the oceans -- be it for food, transportation, energy or waste disposal -- oceanographers will play an important role in improving our knowledge about the impact of these activities on the ocean and its ability to sustain them.Go unravel the mysteries and unknowns of ocean science!!   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Turning the Ordinary into Extra-Ordinary: Careers in Public Relations | Heal the World: Careers in Clinical Psychology | Engineering Nature | A career with ‘all-purpose’ material - Plastic Technology Engineering | Teaching Profession: Mother of all professions | PESSAT 2016 | Gateways to Top three International Educational Destinations

Turning the Ordinary into Extra-Ordinary: Careers in Public Relations

Turning the Ordinary into Extra-Ordinary: Careers in Public Relations : When British celebrity Jade Goody received massive criticism for making racist remarks against Bollywood actress Shilpa Shetty on the Big Brother show, her Public Relations team designed an elaborate crisis PR campaign, which included several media appearances and public apologies, press releases, participation in several other reality shows, a visit to India, association with charities, and several new product launches, to change her image in the eyes and minds of the public. As a Public Relations or PR professional, you will be responsible for projecting a strong brand image of a product, individual, group, institution or organisation in the minds of the public. The catch here is that you will have to do so without incurring any expenses. Are you up for the challenge?   What is PR all about? Public Relations is the practice of maintaining and shaping the image of a product, individual, group, institution or organisation in the eyes and minds of the public. The Public here could mean consumers, suppliers, vendors, potential clients, prospective employees, voters, media, students, local and international citizens, etc. A successful PR person is one who is able to understand the interests and concerns of each one of these stakeholders and effectively addresses them. PR professionals have to work extensively with the media and the press, plan and implement social media campaigns and associate their clients with causes and initiatives that will enhance their brand value.   Some of the key activities that PR professionals have to undertake include: Write and distribute press releases Speech writing Write pitches about a firm and send them directly to journalists Execute special events designed for public outreach and media relations Conduct market research on the firm or the firm’s messaging Expansion of business contacts via personal networking or attendance and sponsoring at events Copy writing and blogging for the web Crisis public relations strategies Social media promotions and responses to negative opinions online   How to get into this Career? For a career in PR, a student should ideally pursue Commerce at +2 level, followed by a Bachelor’s degree in Public Relations or Mass Communication. Alternatively, they can also pursue Commerce, BBA, BBS, BBE or BMS, which will introduce them to the world of marketing and businesses. Post graduation in the field of Public Relations OR Communication Management is a must for a successful career in this field.  In India, there are several educational institutions that offer specialised PG-courses in the field of Public Relations and related fields. Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication offers a two-years PG diploma in Communication Management with an option to specialise in Public Relations in the second year. Xavier Institute of Communications, Mumbai offers a one year diploma in Public Relations and Corporate Communications. Indian Institute of Mass Communication, New Delhi offers a one year PG course in Advertising and PR. Other institutes that offer courses in this field include Mudra Institute of Communication, Ahmadabad; Makhanlal Charturvedi University of Journalism, Bhopal; National Institute of Advertising, New Delhi; YMCA Institute of Media Studies, Delhi and University of Pune, Pune. Apart from formal education in this field, students should also undertake internships and live projects in the field of Media Management, Public Relations, Mass Communication, Corporate Communications with all kinds of organisations, large as well as small, to gain a practical exposure of the work involved in this career field. These experiences will also count at the time of applying for full-time PR jobs.   Cost Involved The cost of pursuing a master’s diploma or degree program in PR will depend on the institute you are pursuing it from. As government colleges are highly subsidized, the cost of pursuing the course from a government college will be very low whereas private colleges may be costlier. All in all, pursuing a PG course in PR may cost you anywhere from Rs 50000 to several lakhs depending on the institute you pursue it from.   Talking Money: Remuneration If you are a graduate seeking an opportunity in the field of PR, you may get hired as an account executive or associate, where you can earn close to Rs 15,000 to Rs 20,000 per month. As a post-graduate, you are likely to start off with a better role and pay. Seasoned PR professionals with roles like Account Manager, Communication Manager typically earn a decent remuneration of Rs 60,000 to Rs 70,000 a month. Once you spend a considerable time in this profession and make a name for yourself in the industry, sky’s the limit for you when it comes to your earning potential. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Heal the World: Careers in Clinical Psychology | Engineering Nature | A career with ‘all-purpose’ material - Plastic Technology Engineering | Teaching Profession: Mother of all professions | PESSAT 2016 | Gateways to Top three International Educational Destinations

Heal the World: Careers in Clinical Psychology

Heal the World: Careers in Clinical Psychology : You will have watched the heart-touching movie, “Taare Zameen Par”, in which a young boy suffers from a learning disorder called dyslexia and is shunned by all including his own parents. It is his teacher who helps him overcome his depression, thereby giving him a new lease of life. In real world, there are thousands of such children and adults who are suffering from various kinds of emotional, mental and behavioural disorders, which hold them back from living normal and happy lives. Clinical Psychologists can help such people by diagnosing and treating their disorders and bringing joys to their lives, In that sense, it is a very noble profession, but also one which requires extreme patience, compassion, will-power and mental strength.   What is Clinical Psychology all about? Clinical Psychology is the practice of assessing, diagnosing, treating and preventing mental and emotional disorders, ranging from depression, anxiety and eating disorders to severe psychiatric disorders such as bi-polar disorder, schizophrenia, in human beings. Clinical Psychologists typically specialise in one or more of these sub-specialities: Child mental health Adult mental health Learning disabilities Emotional disturbances Substance abuse Geriatrics Health psychology   The primary job of a clinical psychologist is to assess patients, diagnose the mental, emotional or behavioural disorder and recommend a treatment. The treatment ranges from cognitive behavioural therapy, family therapy, group therapy, and hypnotherapy. Clinical Pyschologists may work for government or private hospitals, mental health facilities, or they may practice privately. Some of them also work in academic institutions for research purposes. These days, many corporate organisations hire clinical psychologists to counsel and help their employees at work suffering from any emotional or mental disorders.   How to get into this Career? Becoming a clinical psychologist is not so easy and requires extensive education and training. Those interested in this career should pursue a bachelor’s degree in Psychology or Clinical Psychology, followed by a master’s degree in Clinical Psychology. Those who wish to pursue the subject as an academician will need to do a PhD as well.    In India, most universities offer specialised UG and PG courses in the field of Psychology and Clinical Psychology, including, but not limited to, University of Delhi, University of Mumbai, Jamia Milia Islamia, University of Calcutta, Guru Nanak Dev University, University of Calicut, Manipal University, Amity University, among others.    Cost Involved The cost of pursuing a UG or PG degree program in Clinical Psychology will depend on the institute you are pursuing it from. As government colleges are highly subsidized, the cost of pursuing the course from a government college will be very low whereas private colleges may be costlier. All in all, pursuing a course in Clinical Psychology may cost you anywhere from Rs 15,000 to several lakhs depending on the institute you pursue it from.   Talking Money: Remuneration If you are someone who gets motivated by money and want to build an empire of wealth, clinical psychology may not help you reach there. Starting salaries of clinical psychology practioners could be as low as Rs 8000 to Rs 10000 per month, but as you grow in your career, you can command as high as Rs 50000 to Rs 60000 for your work. Private facilities may be in a position to offer even better salaries. The point to remember here is that people do not pursue this vocation for just earning money; what really motivates them is the positive impact they will be making in the lives of their patients. In a country as populated as India, there is a dire need for well-trained clinical psychologists. So if you have the skills and attitude required for this career, do consider it.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Engineering Nature | A career with ‘all-purpose’ material - Plastic Technology Engineering | Teaching Profession: Mother of all professions | PESSAT 2016 | Gateways to Top three International Educational Destinations | How to write the right SOP | Market Research: Number Game 

Engineering Nature

Engineering Nature : Smart minds can turn adversities into opportunities, and environmental engineering is a great example of it. The increase in the level of pollution global and the impending threat of global warming has given rise to a new breed of engineers, who call themselves- Environmental engineers. It is a relatively new discipline, which involves combining methods of science and engineering to improve the quality of the environment and take steps to restore the ecological balance.  Opportunities in this field have increased tremendously in the last few years as more and more professionals are getting recruited in mining, geological, chemical and petroleum sectors. Job prospects for environmental engineers are also bright in research sectors, NGOs and various governmental departments working towards sustainable development. First it is important to understand that environmental engineering is a diverse field and incorporates various elements of chemical, biological, thermal, radioactive and even mechanical and civil engineering within itself. In addition to this, an environmental engineer needs to be well versed with the economics and laws involved in this.  For example, as an environmental engineer you will be expected to design, construct and maintain effective waste management systems for the betterment of urban and rural people.  As India is becoming more and more focused over economic development and in the coming it will see a lot infrastructural changes, the scope of environmental engineering will also increase, because more often than not development in the strictest economic sense leads to generation of waste that ends up polluting the environment.   Take firm steps towards a greener future It is indeed a great career option with brilliant prospects in future,  but before making a hasty decision on it, it is important to analyse the amount of study you need to do in order to get there. Environmental engineering as a discipline is available at undergraduate level and post-graduate level as well as research level. B.Sc. in Environmental engineering is of three year duration while M.Sc. is a two year course. A candidate with 10+2 in Physics, Chemistry and Biology can apply for B.Sc. course in Environmental Engineering. Similarly, B.Sc. in Environmental Engineering is required as eligibility criterion for M.Sc.  In addition to this there also P.G Diploma courses in Environmental Engineering that have gained widespread acceptance among students.  Students who had Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in 10+2 can go for B.E in Environmental Engineering. One can also go for M.Tech in Energy and Environment Management after B.E or B.Tech.   How much would it cost? Every university has a different fee structure but on an average a BTech in Environmental Engineering costs around 3 lakhs in total including lodging and food costs. Some private colleges charge more. Similarly an MTech costs around 2 lakhs including the same in a government institute.   How much would you make? Most of the Environment Engineers do not like to monetize their work and are not bothered about how much the sector pays. But this does not deter you from pursuing it, because besides getting immense satisfaction out of your work that aims at creating a global impact, you actually get paid well. Environmental Engineers working with the State Pollution Board can make up to 15,000 – 30,000 INR per month. These are mostly freshers who are just out of college after completing BTech. Candidates with an M.Tech degree make around 35,000 – 50,000. Research work in this field pays more with packages going up to 75,000 per month. As a licensed engineer you can expect a salary of around 1 lakh a month. Similarly private companies and MNCs also provide good packages to their engineers.   Some of the leading private corporate firms that employ environmental engineers for various requirements are: AECOM MACTEC SPML Infra Limited Sima Labs Pvt Ltd. Kalpan Hydro Company Goodrich Corporation Brunel India Pvt Ltd Privi Organics Limited Brunel India Pvt Ltd Dresser-Rand India Pvt Ltd The Indure Private Limited   This course also has bright prospects in the international domain. Various international firms and supra-national bodies like the UN require candidates with environmental engineering background.  These projects not only offer high salaries but also various attractive amenities. In U.S the median salary for an environmental engineer is 80,000$.   Demand to rise In India there is a shortage of trained professionals in this field while their demand is rising widely because of rapid population growth and depletion of resources. Most of the engineering students still tend to go the traditional way and have inhibitions in exploring this hitherto unexplored terrain. However, as it has been mentioned earlier in the article, a rapid infrastructure development leading to pollution would require environmental engineers in large numbers to mitigate the effect.   The pros and cons Even though this area is vast expanding and lucrative, still it has a few negative aspects to it. The pay is relatively lesser than the traditional branches of engineering and the hard work required to put in is more. Also most of the opportunities in this sector come from the government, which is marred by red tapism and nepotism that leads to unnecessary delays in getting a response.  Also the job of an environmental engineer requires a detailed study of various engineering and non-engineering disciplines and could be frustrating at times. But, the pros outweigh the cons as this sector is expected to see a lot of growth in the next coming years which also means that the demand would rise resulting in a higher pay package given to the engineers. Also with experience one can actually earn a lot as an environmental engineer. In addition to this, one gets an immense satisfaction after working for a secure and greener future of the earth. Engineers from various disciplines have varied range of roles in environmental engineering; some of them are as follows: •    Agricultural engineers •    Biologists •    Chemical engineers •    Chemists •    Civil engineers  •    Ecologists  •    Geography experts •    Geologists •    Hydro-geologists •    Public health experts •    Solid waste management professionals •    Hazardous waste management professionals •    Water treatment technicians •    Wastewater treatment technicians   Institutes offering this course - B.Sc. in Environment Science can be pursued from: •    South Gujarat University, Surat •    University of Delhi •    Berhampur University •    Bharathiar University, Coimbatore •    University of Mysore •    University of Pune  B.E. in Environment Science can be pursued from: •    P.E.S. College of Engineering, Mandya  •    Delhi College of Engineering, New Delhi •    Gujarat University, L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad •    Visveswariah Technological University, AIT, Chikmagalur ME and MTech are offered in: •    Rajiv Gandhi ProudyogikiVishwavidyalaya , Indore (MP) •    UP Technical University (Instt of Engg& Tech) Lucknow •    Visveswariah Technological University, AIT, Chikmagalur-577102 •    ThaparInstt of Engg& Technology, Patiala •    IIT, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Madras •    JamiaMiliaIslamia, New Delhi   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: A career with ‘all-purpose’ material - Plastic Technology Engineering | Teaching Profession: Mother of all professions | PESSAT 2016 | Gateways to Top three International Educational Destinations | How to write the right SOP | Market Research: Number Game 

A career with ‘all-purpose’ material - Plastic Technology Engineering

A career with ‘all-purpose’ material - Plastic Technology Engineering : Plastic Technology Engineering has recently gained high momentum in terms of institutes offering this course and students wanting to pursue the same. This field of engineering majorly deals with processing, designing & manufacturing of plastic products.   Look around in your living room! And ask yourself a question if you would be able to live without your mobile phone case, charger, electric casings, TV set, music system, toothbrush, camera, desk, chair, etc. Now go to the kitchen and look around for some more plastic appliances – you would see the refrigerator, microwave oven, crockery, window sills, food processor, kettles, etc. Go to your office and check if you can live without your computer, pen, fax/printing machine, circuit boards, fuse box, door knobs, etc.   2: How many plastic products can you spot in this picture?    This is how deeply plastics are integrated in our current lifestyle. Plastics have bestowed us with freedom of design, durability, energy efficiency as well as recyclability. There is no alternative to plastics for almost all the above mentioned products. Plastics also come with other desirable properties like heat insulation & electrical insulation along with being light weight. It stays to be acknowledged that plastic is the only ‘all purpose’ material. India still lags behind a lot in terms of plastic manufacturing as well as usage. As per a recent report by CIPET (Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology), Indian Plastics Industry is yet in the nascent stage and moving rapidly towards realizing its full potential. Compared to the per capita plastic consumption of 109 kg in US & 29 kg in China, India is still at 5.8 kg. All the estimates are suggestive of the fact that the Indian Plastic Industry is expected to maintain high economic growth while the consumption is propelled to new levels in the coming years. Research & innovation are also key aspects of the job of a plastic engineer. There are a variety of universities offering this course and myriad opportunities lie for job opportunities in private industries, public sector as well as teaching.   Course Details: You can pursue a diploma in plastic engineering after 10th grade or a BE/B.Tech course after 10+2. You have to be good with Physics & Chemistry primarily; mathematical skills might prove as an added advantage. Various institutes offer M.Tech programs to BE/B.Tech degree holders from branches like chemical engineering, plastic-rubber technology, mechanical engineering as well as textile engineering.   Top Institutes (India): Institute Course Eligibility City/Cities Website Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology (CIPET) 1. Diploma 1. 10th grade Ahmedabad http://cipet.gov.in/   2. B.E./B.Tech 2. 10+2 (with PCM) Bhubaneshwar 3. M.Sc. 3. B.Sc. (chemistry) Chennai 4. M.Sc. Tech 4. 10+2 (with PCM) Kochi 5. M.E./M.Tech 5. B.E./B.Tech Lucknow 6. Ph.D. 6. M.E./M.Tech   Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IIT-Delhi) 1. M.Tech 2. Ph.D. 1. B.E./B.Tech 2. M.E./M.Tech New Delhi https://tnp.iitd.ac.in/download/CPSE.pdf Madras Institute of Technology 1. B.Tech 2. Ph.D. 1. 10+2 (PCM) 2. M.E./M.Tech Chennai http://mitindia.edu/rpt-home LD College of Engineering B.E. 10+2 (PCM) Ahmedabad http://ldce.ac.in/departments/plastic-technology University College of Science & Technology, Calcutta University 1. B.Tech 2. M.Tech 3. Ph.D. 1. 10+2 (PCM) 2. B.E./B.Tech 3. M.E./M.Tech Kolkata http://www.caluniv.ac.in/academic/polymer_sc.html Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra 1. B.Tech 2. M.Tech 3. Ph.D. 1. 10+2 (PCM) 2. B.E./B.Tech 3. M.E./M.Tech Ranchi ttps://www.bitmesra.ac.in/cms.aspx?this=1&mid=48h Indian Plastics Institute 1. Certificate course 2. Diploma 10+2 or equivalent Mumbai http://www.ipiindia.org/activity-publication/education/dipi   Top Institutes (Overseas): Institute Courses Average Score in Entrance City, Country Website Lehigh University M.S, M.Eng, Ph.D SAT: 1972 Bethlehem, USA http://www.lehigh.edu/engineering/academics/graduate/polymerscieng.html Case Western Reserve University Graduate Program SAT: 2040 Cleveland, USA http://engineering.case.edu/emac/ Aalto University Graduate Program IELTS: 6.5 Greater Helsinki, Finland http://www.aalto.fi/en/studies/education/programme/nordic_master_programme_in_polymer_technology/ Alsace Tech Degree Course Separate Entrance Exam Strasbourg, France http://www.alsacetech.org/EN/trainings/school-fact-sheets/ecpm-strasbourg.html University of Massachusetts, Amherst Graduate Program SAT: 1850 Amherst, USA https://www.pse.umass.edu/academics/admissions   Cost in Fees: Almost all the top institutes in India offering plastic engineering are government affiliated. The fees may vary from INR 10,000 to 80,000 depending on the institute/university. For overseas universities, the cost that a student would incur for the degree would vary from INR 15 lacs to 35 lacs.   Employment Opportunities & Industry Facts: As per the current estimation by CIPET, Indian Plastic Industry directly or indirectly employs 3.3 million people. The appraisal & growth rate in the industry has a potential of generating 3 million additional employment opportunities in the next few years. With the new concept of biodegradable polymers, there is a huge demand of new R&D in this field opening up even more horizons for the use of plastics. Just in the first decade of the 21st century, the demand for plastic raw material has more than doubled from 3.3 million metric tons to 6.8 million metric tons. Furthermore, the recycling industry in India has umpteen employment & growth opportunities as well. As a plastic engineer, you may find jobs and be a vital resource to various critical sectors of the economy like agriculture, infrastructure, consumer goods, telecommunication, medical, automobile, construction, packaging, healthcare, etc. A number of worldwide multinational companies involved in the production, manufacturing or R&D of plastics might provide wonderful job opportunities to plastic technology engineers. In the public sector corporations of India, plastic engineers might find employment opportunities in companies like Oil India Limited, Petroleum Conservation Research Association of India, Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Oil & Natural Gas Limited, etc. Plastic Engineers may also find lectureship jobs in various colleges & universities with decent pay packages. Work Profiles: Some of the profiles that plastic engineers work on may include roles as: Production Engineer Safety Supervisor Lecturer Mold & Process Engineer Manufacturing Engineer Product Designer Quality Control in-charge R&D Officer Extrusion Specialist Remuneration: Starting salaries for plastic engineering graduates might vary in the private sector from INR 12,000 to 25,000 per month & in the public sector from INR 10,000 to 20,000 per month. For people with M.E./M.Tech degrees, starting salaries can go as high as INR 30,000 to 40,000 per month. The most asserting fact for plastic engineering prospects is that career opportunities are not going to decline. Instead the industry is growing at an enormous rate. So, one can be assured of a good career, handsome salaries & respectable designation. Disclaimer: This article has been written by a Plastic Technology Engineer from LD College of Engineering, Ahmedabad. Data & inputs have been taken from various estimations, public sites & researches. Stats for salaries & fees have been derived by primary survey as well as publicly available information.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: Teaching Profession: Mother of all professions | PESSAT 2016 | Gateways to Top three International Educational Destinations | How to write the right SOP | Market Research: Number Game | Healthcare Management as a Career | World Class Education in the World City Hong Kong


JEE MAIN 2016 : JEE Main, the gateway to IIITs, NITs other centrally funded Technical Institutions, Institutions funded by several participating State Governments, and several other Institutions has issued the notification now. The merit list shall be prepared based on 40% weightage given to school Boards marks in class 12th or equivalent examination and 60% weightage to JEE(Main). Six new states have joined the JEE (Main) system - Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Uttrakhand, Nagaland & Odisha. For the candidates aspiring to take admissions in undergraduate programmes offered by the IITs/ISM Dhanbad, the JEE (Main) will also be an eligibility test for the JEE (Advanced)   Eligibility Criterion: The general candidates born on or after October 01, 1991 and candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste (SC)/Scheduled Tribe (ST)/Person with Disabilities (PwD) candidates born on or after October 01, 1986 are eligible to apply. Only those candidates who have passed their Class 12th Exam or any equivalent qualifying examination in 2014 or 2015: or those who are appearing in their Class 12th Exam or any equivalent qualifying examination in 2016 are eligible to appear in JEE (Main) – 2016. Candidates who passed Class 12th/Qualifying examination in 2013 or before as well as those who will appear in such examination in 2017 or later are not eligible to appear in JEE (Main) – 2016. The candidates who appeared in class 12th/ equivalent qualifying Examinations in 2013, did not pass in 2013, but passed in 2014 are also not eligible to appear in JEE (Main) 2016. Note: The number of attempts which a candidate can avail at JEE (Main) shall be limited to 03 (three).   Exam Pattern: JEE (Main) 2016 will have two papers- Paper-1 (B.E. / B. Tech.) Paper-2(B. Arch./ B. Planning). Depending upon on the course (s) candidates are seeking admission, may take Paper-1 B.E. / B. Tech.), or Paper-2 B. Arch./ B. Planning), or both.   Types of questions and mode of examinations: Paper Subjects Types of Questions Mode of Exam Paper 1 (B.E./B. Tech.) Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics Objective type with equal weightage to Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics Pen and Paper based Exam OR Computer based Exam Paper 2 (B. Arch. / B. Planning) Mathematics – Part I Aptitude Test – Part II & Drawing Test–Part III Objective type Objective type Questions to test drawing aptitude Only Pen and Paper based Exam   Requirement of papers for different courses: COURSE PAPERS All other undergraduate courses (B.E./B. Tech.) Paper –1 B.ARCH/B. PLANNING (At Institutions other than IITs) Paper –2     How to apply: Step 1: Download the information bulletin and read it carefully to ensure your eligibility. Step 2: Read the contents of Online Format and instructions for applying online given in the Information Bulletin and keep the entire information ready. Step 3: Keep the Scanned Images of your Photograph, Signature and Left Hand Thumb Impression ready in JPG format only. Step 4: Fill in the Online Application Form. Step 5: Upload Scanned Images of Photograph, Signature and Left Hand Thumb Impression. Step 6: Pay Examination Fee by Debit/Credit card or e-challan (generated after submission of details in online application form). Step 7: Download Acknowledgement Slip and keep the same in safe custody for future reference. NOTE- The candidate should mention only his/her own Mobile No. and E- Mail ID while submitting the ON-line application, as all the communications will be sent to the candidates on their registered Mobile Number and E-mail ID only.   Online Application: Click here to apply online   Schedule of Examination: Offline Examination Date of Examination Paper Timings Duration 03.04.2016 (Sunday) Paper 1 (B.E./B. Tech.) 09:30-12:30 Hours(IST) 3 Hours 03.04.2016 (Sunday) Paper 2 (B. Arch./ B. Planning) 14:00-17:00 Hours(IST) 3 Hours     Online examination (Computer Based Examination) for Paper 1 (B.E./B. Tech.) Only Date of Examination Paper Timings Duration During 09.04.2016 (Saturday) & 10.04.2016 (Sunday) Paper 1 (B.E./B. Tech.) 1 st shift 0930-1230 Hours (IST) 2 nd shift (*) 1400-1700 Hours (IST) *If required 3 Hours *Updated as per 1st December 2015.   

Teaching Profession: Mother of all Professions

Teaching Profession: Mother of all Professions : It can be debatable whether there is a woman behind every successful man, but it is undeniable that there are some great teachers behind all successful men and women. Considered to be more than profession, teachers are regarded as the strongest pillar of the society. Teaching is a profession that is a mother of all other occupations. A teacher is like a potter who delicately shapes our impressionable minds and mold it into a vessel that defines our perception and ambitions. Teachers have always been respected in all societies. In India, we have a special place for teachers. The famous Sanskrit shloka “Guru Brahma, Guru Vishnu, Guru Devo Maheshwara” commands us to honor our teachers as gods. On the other hand, we have seen great teachers like Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, and Dr. Pranab Mukherjee, who have glorified the value of teachers in Indian society. This article is dedicated to all the young minds who want to shape the country with blackboard and chalk. If you wish to join the noble profession of teaching, here are a few questions you need to ask before you make your mind: Do you love to learn and update yourself? Do you love to be around children? Do you find satisfaction in helping others? Do you enjoy gathering and sharing information? Do you have a command over written and oral communication skills? Do you have teamwork skills? Do you wish to bring a positive change in the society? Finally and most importantly, Do you have tremendous patience?   If you answered most of the questions above with a yes, then teaching can just be the best career for you. Here is all you need to know about teaching as a career:   Academic Path to Teaching There are several routes leading towards a career in teaching depending on what type of teacher you want to become. If you wish to become a high school teacher, you’ll need to have a Bachelors in Education (B.Ed) degree. A degree in education equips you with the required theoretical, practical and analytical skills to become a teacher. B.Ed is mostly now a two year course, (whereas it was previously a one year course) and it cannot be pursued along with the basic graduation program unless you go for an integrated B.Ed program. Once you get this degree, you become eligible to work as a secondary school teacher in any private or government schools. When it comes to college professorship, a post graduate degree in the relevant subject is the minimum qualification. After completing a master’s degree with a minimum of 55%, you’ll have to clear an eligibility test like NET, conducted by UGC, to be eligible for a lecturer college job. Eligibility for B.Ed The minimum eligibility for admission in a reputed B.Ed course is a graduation degree in Arts, Science or Commerce with at least 50% aggregate. There are various entrance examinations conducted by the different states, universities or independent educational institutions, and the admissions are given according to the rank in the exams. Several institutions also conduct interviews for admission.   Top Colleges for B.Ed With the rise in private schools and the recent upgradation of public schools, it has become crucial to pursue a B.Ed course from a reputed college. Apart from providing a quality training most of the leading B.Ed colleges provide placement support that can be instrumental in kick-starting your career. Here are some leading colleges for B.Ed in India:  Best B.Ed Colleges in India SS Institute of Education, Bangalore College of Teacher Education, Agartala Indira Gandhi B Ed College, Karnataka AG Teachers College, Ahmedabad National Council of Teacher Education, New Delhi.   Education Cost and Remuneration The cost required to pursue a B.Ed course is comparatively cheaper. The education cost might vary from 10,000 to 30,000 INR depending on the university you select. When it comes to remuneration, a career in teaching can be very rewarding. Government schools and colleges are the top payers in the education industry. A teaching job in public schools like Central School can pay around 25,000 INR as starting salary. However, the starting salary in private schools can be around 15,000. Although, working in private schools can have the plus point of fast growth and substantial pay hikes. The salary packages for college professors can be significantly higher and can be above 35,000 INR.   Career Path There are various paths of career progression for teachers. The growth in job varies from one institution to another. In government schools and colleges, growth is largely done according to seniority. However, keeping yourself updated with recent changes in education and related technology can bring fast growth. On the other hand, the growth in private schools and colleges are fast. However, you have to always keep upgrading by doing some courses or giving some examinations.  School teachers can do computer related courses, counselling or modern teaching related courses. When it comes to college lecturers, they can climb the ladder by pursuing Doctorate or MPhil. School teachers can get promoted to theclass teacher, vice-principal or principal and college lecturers can become asenior professor, head of the department, vice principal and then principal or dean. Now that you know the career path for teaching profession, let's look at some rewards and challenges of this job:   Challenges of Teaching career Every kid is unique and needs unique teaching method. Teaching children requires a high level of patience and composure The education system in India is very vulnerable to orthodoxy and stagnation and hence it can become monotonous You might have to face resistance from colleagues and school authority if you wish to implement some innovative teaching methods This profession demands you to keep constantly updating yourself and hence you'll have to keep learning all your life. The salary in a teaching profession can be comparatively lower than some other private jobs. There are many moral obligations on a Teacher and sometimes your personal life can also be judged along with your working life.   Rewards Teaching profession can be highly satisfying because of the visible impacts of your efforts on the performance of the students Teaching allows you to shape the perception of the young generation and hence you have an enormous contribution towards the society As a teacher, you get a lot of holidays and the working hours are usually not too long. Teachers get a lot of respect in the community, and people seek your opinion in a lot of matters. A student teacher bond can be as strong as a parent-child relationship, and it keeps making you proud even after retirement. Although, there are some challenges in this field, it is still one of the most rewarding profession. A right teacher can create the right doctors, sound engineers, honest politicians and most importantly good citizens for a society. If this makes you feel like joining the profession of teaching, take the first step towards it by thanking the teacher who helped you define your life.  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: PESSAT 2016 | Gateways to Top three International Educational Destinations | How to write the right SOP | Market Research: Number Game | Healthcare Management as a Career | World Class Education in the World City Hong Kong

Gateways to Top 3 International Education Destinations

Gateways to Top 3 International Education Destinations : All excited to fly overseas for higher education but the questions of when, where and how confusing you? To choose what you want to study and pursue as a career is important. It is equally important to decide where to study, as this could be a defining step of your life. Finding the right career choice can be perplexing, and so is finding the right place to study. Indian students have a lot of options when it comes to abroad education, and all these destinations have unique challenges and rewards. Once you are done with all these decisions, you will wish to buy air tickets and hop on a flight. Alas! It’s not that easy. A lot is still to be done after shortlisting your education destination. Entrance exams, College applications and Visa procedures can be quite overwhelming. Apart from these pre-requisites, there are few more questions to be answered. You’ll have to shortlist universities, understand the culture followed in the campus and find the college of the university where you can not only adapt but also flourish. This article will make it easier for you. Here we have listed the top three education destinations along with their admission procedure.   The United States of America The United States not only celebrates being the world’s largest economy but also stands out for its incremental inflow of international students. Year after year, we see students from around the globe finding their education destination in this country. It has some of the best universities that offer a mix of traditional courses and indigenous specializations. Although the USA is considered as the most expensive study destination, you can find cost-effective education if you choose to study in the State universities. There are scholarships for exceptional students available to help them pursue an education in the USA. Just like all the main study destinations, for an admission in the American universities you need to appear in an aptitude and a language proficiency test. The following are some major exams required to study in the USA. Aptitude Tests: Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and American College Test (ACT) are two major tests for admission in under graduation courses. As the name suggests, both of these are aptitude exams. You have to apply for any one of these exams depending upon the universities you want to target. Language Proficiency Test: Test of English as Foreign Language (TOEFL) is a mandatory exam for all students applying from non-English speaking countries. This is a test of your proficiency in The English language. It grades you according to your reading, writing and listening skills.   United Kingdom The UK is the second best abroad education destination of the world. The superior education standards, cultural diversity, and practical exposure makes it a popular destination for international students. The UK has a long history of providing quality education and has many colleges like Cambridge and Oxford that are around 1000-year-old. The UK homes more than 3000 colleges that cater to diverse needs of students with an abundance of varied courses. The UK also gives you the flexibility to tailor your education according to your skills, interests and ambitions with several specialization options. Although, there are many state-run universities in the UK, the high living cost in the urban areas makes it an expensive study abroad destination. While many universities inthe UKgive admission on the basis of your 12th score, other universities ask you to give various exams. Following are some major exams required to study in the UK: Aptitude Tests: There are various aptitude tests conducted for admission in the UK. The type of aptitude test varies according to your choice of degree program. These tests generally have three sections; first is aptitude, the second is subject knowledge and third is writing skills. The following are some aptitude tests BMAT: Biomedical Aptitude Test for admission in degree programmes in medicine, veterinary, biomedical UKCAT: UK Clinical Aptitude Test for applying to a consortium of major medical and dental colleges. LNAT: National Admission Test for Law ELAT: English Literature Admission Test for pursuing a degree in English literature PAT: Physics Aptitude Test for admission in physics related courses. Language Proficiency Test: International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is a language proficiency test just like TOEFL. Most of the universities in the UK ask for a high IELTS score.   Australia Australia has become a popular education destination for international students from around the globe. The Common Wealth country boasts a global standardof education, practical curriculum, and several leading colleges. Its popularity is amplified due to the heavenly scenic beauty and significantly lower cost of education. Australia has all ingredients that constitute the best college life. The education standards in Australia is coupled with liberal immigration law and higher job certainty. Getting admission in Australia is also comparatively easier. The following are some entrance examinations required to study in Australia: Aptitude Tests: Most of the universities in Australia grants admission through SAT. However, there are some specialized aptitude tests for some degree programs. The following are the aptitude tests required for education in Australia other than SAT. MCAT: Medical College Admission Test is conducted for prospective medical students. LSAT: Law School Admission Test is required for admission to law courses. Language Proficiency Test: There is no separate language test for admission in Australia. A student is expected to appear in any English language test like TOEFL or IELTS.   A good score in the entrance tests is of paramount importance for securing a seat in these leading abroad destinations. Now that you know the examinations required for the destinations you are targeting, you can start focusing on your preparations.   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Latest Articles: How to write the right SOP | Market Research: Number Game | Healthcare Management as a Career | World Class Education in the World City Hong Kong | Germany: Land der Ideen (Land of Ideas) | Canada: The Coolest Study Destination