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Apr 2019

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Best Career Options that are Great for Women

Best Career Options that are Great for Women : Best Career Options that are Great for Women From financial independence to having a family, from a progressive career to a great personal and social life, today’s women want it all and there is nothing that can hold them back. In the 21st century, all women are equal to men and there is absolutely no ground for any discrimination. From becoming leaders of the world to acting as a homemaker, breadwinner, mother, wife, sister, daughter, friend, confidant, cook, and so on, today’s women can do it all.  Women are known to the best multi-taskers who are capable of doing an exemplary job for whatever roles they have been assigned. Women have come a long way in asserting their freedom and establishing their position in society. Nowadays, their career is as important to women as is their other roles in life. It is important for women to choose a career for which they don’t have to compromise on their other roles in life. Today’s women are marking their presence in every field, be it in the public or private sectors. Needless to say, they have been doing an excellent job of proving themselves. Many women are confused as to which career options suit them the best. Although it varies according to each woman’s specific requirements, the best career options for women can be narrowed down to the following options. The career options highlighted below are some of the best career options for women all around the world. Let’s take a look at some good careers for women: Entrepreneurship This is a great career option for women who look forward to starting and managing their own business from the grass-root level. Entrepreneurship gives women the flexibility to divide their time between their job and their other responsibilities as per their own choice. It is a great way of giving back to the society on one’s personal terms. This career option makes women feel independent and self-sufficient as they are able to support their dreams, in the way they want to, without being controlled by anybody else. Career Counselor as a career If you are someone who is always enthusiastic about helping others, you can opt for a career in career counseling. It is a really lucrative field and has a lot of potential since the number of students is ever-increasing and we all know, proper guidance goes a long way. If you possess good communication and problem-solving skills and can understand student’s problems in a jiffy, then this is one of the best fields to venture into. Teaching Teaching is always considered as one of the best career options for women. Teaching is not only an extremely noble and rewarding profession but also an excellent way in which women get to play an important role in shaping people’s lives. With the education sector’s increasing demand for professionals, women are preferred over men for teaching jobs. If the required educational requisites are fulfilled, teaching is an excellent career idea for females. Also read: Career as a teacher Medicine Being natural caregivers, the field of medicine has seen the rapid rise in the demand for female professionals. Ranging from doctors to nurses, there are a plethora of jobs that are suitable for women in the field of medicine. Gynaecology and Obstetrics still demand more women practitioners than men. It is a Given that medicine is a highly noble and respectable profession, well-qualified and hard-working women in the field of medicine even receive more respect and recognition. Therefore, one of the best career options for women. Human Resources This field is designed for those who have a penchant for working in the corporate field and have the capability to resolve organizational problems. Human Resources is one of the rapidly developing career options for women. The main functions of a Human Resources personnel are to shortlist and interview candidates, hire and train them, set their pay, design appraisal systems, benefits and perks, formulate policies and leave structures, look after employee welfare and settle disputes. Every company nowadays needs a team of qualified and experienced Human Resources personnel to address any organizational issues that take place because such issues can jeopardize the company’s standing in the particular industry to which it belongs. What is more, this sector of job pays well too, making it top rankers in the list of good careers for women. Interior Design Women often put in a lot of effort and planning into decorating and setting up their own homes. Needless to say, it requires a lot of keen observation, talent, an excellent sense of design and creativity to beautifully maintain a home. It is but natural that women in the field of interior design are more in demand than their male counterparts. It is one of the best career ideas for females because it allows women to use their creativity in a productive fashion. Digital/I.T. Industry With the rapid expansion of the digital or Information Technology (IT) industry, the demand for professionals who have the required skills is forever on the rise. This is a great opportunity for those women who take an interest in the IT sector and computers in general. Women who have completed a certified course in the field of computer science are eligible for jobs in this sector. Moreover, the pay-scale for jobs in the Information Technology or Digital Sector is quite high. This makes these type of jobs one of the most alluring career ideas for females. Also read: 10 new age careers in technology Media and Journalism For women who are creative and good at communication, the media sector holds a wide range of opportunities. This field of work allows women to exercise their creative freedom to a considerable extent along with the opportunity for mental stimulation. This sector allows women to have a close connection with reality and how the whole world perceives it. Jobs in the media and journalism sector pay well too. This is what makes this field of jobs as one of the best career choices for females. Fashion Designing This field of work requires individuals to have a keen sense of style, fashion, intellect, and creativity, all of which are somewhat inherently present in women. The fashion designing sector is full of enthusiastic, passionate and creative women who are constantly hustling to reach newer heights of success in their lives. The world of fashion design is full of name, fame, and money, making it one of the most lucrative career options for women. For women who have completed a certified course in fashion designing, it is the best career option. Lawyer This is one of the highest paying and respectable career options that are available to women. Women who have completed their legal studies become lawyers and strengthen the judicial system of the country. Moreover, there are certain fields of law in which the females are given more preference as lawyers than their male counterparts. This sector of work also provides a great deal of job-satisfaction and is an extremely noble profession. This makes it one of the best career choices for women. Also read: Awesome tips that may help you to get a better career in life It is well known that the women of today are no less than their male counterparts and can, therefore take up any profession as per their requirements. Women have proven themselves time and again by showing the society that there is no job that a woman is incapable of. With the increase in female literacy rates and the defeat of mindless patriarchy, the day of no discrimination on the basis of gender is not far away. The career options mentioned above are just a few choices that are generally more preferred than the other professions. It must be borne in mind that career options are never limited and that there is a vast ocean of opportunities for today’s women to explore.  Career Option for Women by iDreamCareer You have always guided your children towards shaping a better future. Have you ever thought of doing the same for millions of other children who could actually use your concepts and knowledge for their growth? Become a career counsellor and guide millions of students to choose the right career path. Hop on the journey to become a certified Career Counsellor with our Career Counselling Certification Training Program and earn valuable skills. For detailed information about the course, check out the link mentioned below. For children are the citizens of tomorrow, they need a trustworthy person to show them the lights. Take the child’s hand and point them to the horizon of change! To know more visit - Certification Program for Career Counselors Brochure - Click here to download See this video to know the story of 2 Woman Counselors who restarted their career after going through the iDC Certification Program - Click here to view To apply to our program - Click here to fill the form

CLAT 2017, Admission Process, Forms, Eligibility, Important Dates

CLAT 2017, Admission Process, Forms, Eligibility, Important Dates : CLAT 2017 Admission Process & Notification General Information about CLAT 2017 CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is the most demanding law entrance exams for admission into the 5 year integrated law course (BA-LLB, Bcom-LLB, BSc-LLB, BBM-LLB). CLAT 2017 will be conducted by NLU, Patna. A total of 18 NLU's (including MNLU, Nagpur) take admission for the UG level Law program via CLAT 2017. CLAT 2017 Exam Date - May 14, 2017 Total Seats - 2,522 for UG 5 year Law program Important Dates Notification - 25th Dec, 2016 Form Application to start on - 1st January, 2017 Last Date to Apply - March 31, 2017 Exam Date - May 14, 2017   List of 18 participating Institutes National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU).National Academy of Legal Study & Research University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR).National Law Institute University, Bhopal (NLIU).The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS).National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ).Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU).Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU).Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU).Rajiv Gandhi National Law University, Patiala (RGNUL).Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU).National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS).National Law University Odisha, Cuttack (NLUO).National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL).National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam, Guwahati (NLUJAA).Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam (DSNLU).Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli (TNNLS).Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai (MNLU).Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur (MNLU)   Application Link - www.clat.ac.in Please note that the form application will start from Jan 1, 2017.  --- If you would require any career guidance or have any query, please write to us at support@idreamcareer.com or call us at 9555990000.       

The EPIC-urean Journey in the Foods and Beverages services

The EPIC-urean Journey in the Foods and Beverages services : FnB department is the heart of the hospitality industry, with one of the largest department as food and beverage quality is the yard-stick which measures success for the establishment.  Though all FnB services primarily revolve around gastronomical pleasures, acute knowledge of management, finances, inventory and hospitality are of utmost importance. According to a recent FICCI Grant Thornton report "Unlocking the potential in the food and beverage services sector",  the F&B (food and beverage) market in India is worth Rs 2.04 lakh crore, presently. Further insights from the report state that there is a huge scope for brand and chains of both Indian and MNC brands as there is yet very less penetration in the space. That teamed with the advent of entrepreneurs to create new restaurant concepts built around specific themes as made a career in FnB services, an enticing one. As adventurous as it sounds, FnB services is a fast-paced environment which is full of challenges and is highly competitive. Apart from hotels and restaurants, FnB services are an important facet to all hospitality organizations like, railways, airlines, cruise liners, corporate canteens and other allied industries. Education FnB is a specialization under Hospitality Management. There are courses varying from 6 months certificate course to four-year Bachelors course especially as Cooks, Bakers, FnB Management, Operations Managers, etc. with options to pursue specialized masters too. All courses require candidates to have passed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% result with excellent command on English. The leading colleges also have their own entrance test, group discussions and interviews for admissions. While checking for suitable colleges, it is advisable to check affiliations, course structure, specializations and feedback from previous students.     Career Path   Institutes India Oberoi Centre of Learning and Development - Delhi  www.oberoihotels.com Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) – Mumbai www.ihmctan.edu Welcomgroup Graduate School of Hotel Administration (WGSHA) – Manipal www.manipal.edu Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) -  Delhi  www.ihmpusa.net Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) – Aurangabad www.ihma.ac.in  Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) – Bangalore www.ihmbangalore.com Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) – Chennai www.ihmchennai.org Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) – Kolkata www.ihmkolkata.com Christ College – Bangalore www.christuniversity.in Sophia’s Polytechnic College, Mumbai http://haft.sophiapolytechnic.com/   Hospitality education in India is not very expensive ranging from Rs. 15,000 for short-term courses to Rs 3.5 lakh for an entire three year course, excluding lodging and other necessities. However, hospitality education in India has always been a subject of much debate, mostly the not so positive kind. Developing employable talent with sync to the needs of the industry has always been a challenge, but lately there are slight reforms to put innovative practices in place to ensure the same. Abroad Ecole Hôtelière de Lausanne, Switzerland http://www.ehl.edu/ Glion Institute of Higher Education, Switzerland http://www.glion.edu/ Les Roches, International School of Hotel Management, Switzerland http://www.lesroches.edu/ Cornell University, USA https://www.cornell.edu/ Emirates Academy of Hospitality Management  http://www.emiratesacademy.edu/ Les Roches International School of Hotel Management, Spain http://www.lesroches.es/ Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom https://www.brookes.ac.uk/ Blue Mountain International Hotel Management School, Australia http://www.bluemountains.edu.au/ Hotel School, France http://www.vatel.fr/ César Ritz Colleges, Le Bouveret, Switzerland http://www.cesarritzcolleges.edu/   The courses are carved with the best industry standards and students are placed in the best hotels around the world, although placement isn’t guaranteed and it is an expensive affair. For specific fee structures it is advisable to write to them. Although hospitality education’s most popular schools are in Europe, the United States and the United Kingdom; other countries such as Australia, Canada and South East Asian countries like Malaysia, China, the Philippines and the Middle East are soon gaining popularity. Career The food and beverage service industry is a large one to say the least. From a waiter to a foods and beverages director, FnB has it all.  The profession requires strong managerial standards to overlook hygiene and training, inventory and staff management, culinary inventions and predictability as well as superior marketing skills. The jobs vary according to each individual’s hospitality acumen and strong points. While chefs and Fnb Managers have been a favorite amongst epicurean geniuses, lately careers as Bar Tenders, Dessert Chefs, Chocolatiers, etc are seeing steep rises thanks to the high demand, glamour and high returns associated with them. Salary According to Payscale.com a Food and Beverage Manager on an average earns approximately Rs 7 lakh a year. While there is a steep increase in salary for the first five to ten years, post that there is stagnancy in the pay scale unless you have been appointed at a strategic managerial position. Responsibilities in FnB service Management in diversity - Manage and work with a diverse staff from chefs to waiters to kitchen staff to cleaners An excellent communicator Passion of foods, beverages and customer service with the knowledge of the latest trends food and beverage trends Problem solving attitude Excellent organizational and inventory skills – knowing which area requires more attention and which products are good for your operations A numbers person - without math skills, you can't manage your food, beverage and labour costs. Perks of FnB services Enjoy gourmet food everyday Wine tasting and cocktail drinks High energy role Happy customers Opportunity to connect with people from all walks of life Pains of FnB Services No Such Thing As 9 To 5 Highest work load on holidays Out of the ordinary events most of the days – overcapacity, delay in orders , cold-storage broke down, customer complaints, etc   The key point to remember in an FnB service is that perseverance, positive enthusiasm and quality service pay handsomely. There are many cases where service boys have risen to the post of an FnB director; small-time chefs have become international sensations and FnB managers becoming United Nations officials overseeing FnB in many international head quarters. Meanwhile, it also said that F&B sector is crippled with issues as high real estate costs, licenses and multiples taxes. In addition, lack of quality infrastructure and shortage of adequate skilled manpower are hampering the growth of sector here in India too.  

The Curious Case of a Statistician

The Curious Case of a Statistician : The life of a statistician is an exciting as well as a versatile one, as the analysis of numbers is required in every single field out there. You can research along with psychology surveys or you can even tap into the number of trees in a rainforest. Statistics is a whole different world than its scary parent Math. It may as well be the coolest job you never heard of, or have you? While in olden days statisticians were also known as economists, mathematicians, scientists or a qualitative researcher. The ‘data hungry’ modern world also calls them business analysts, risk analysts, data scientists and quality analysts. While Math deals with data in its purest forms, statistics explores the voluminous data (digital or otherwise) for finding information and knowledge. A statistician, using statistical methods, discovers numbers and percentages and creates valuable information that is adequately supported by a summary of data and findings. Today, with a degree in statistics, your opportunities are boundless. Work with high-tech companies like Google, LinkedIn; banking and financial companies like Axis Bank, ICICI Bank or research firms like Deloitte, McKenzie.  Eligibility To apply to any Bachelors program for statistics, one must have cleared 10+2 with Math and must have attained a minimum of 50%. An affinity towards numbers and a quest for correlation is a must. Math concepts need to be thorough since statistical education heavily revolves around it. Studying Statistics A Bachelor in Statistics is offered by both the education streams - Arts and Science. B.A in Statistics deals with applied statistics and other subjects like sample survey, elementary interference, etc; which are best suited for the fields of Economics, research scholars, data analysts, and academics. B.Sc in Statistics focuses primarily on Mathematical Statistics and Computer oriented statistical methods. It is an extensive program that not only teaches you quantitative analysis, probability and inferences and so on, but also teaches programming languages like C, C++ and financial accounting. A B.Sc graduate can work as a statistician in various sectors like technology, marketing, finance and insurance sector, IT sector, banking sector, and so on. Career Path     To advance your career in statistics though, is of no easy means. Statisticians have to constantly develop more skills and knowledge in order to climb the career hierarchy. Masters in statistics and even a PhD in the subject are preferred for high-placed positions world-wide. Top ten colleges in India Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore www.isibang.ac.in Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi www.isid.ac.in St Xavier's College, Mumbai www.xaviers.edu Loyola College, Chennai www.loyolacollege.edu Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta www.isical.ac.in IIT, Kanpur www.iitk.ac.in CR Rao Institute of Advanced Statistics, Hyderabad www.crraoaimscs.org Indian Agriculture Statistics Research Institute, Delhi www.iasri.res.in National Institute of Medical Statistics, Delhi www.nims-icmr.nic.in International Institute of Population Studies, Mumbai www.iipsindia.org     Fee structure The Indian Statistical Institute doesn’t have tuition fees for its students, except the sponsored ones. Students also earn stipends, fellowships and grants if their performance is exceptional. In other colleges, the entire course fees can go up to Rs. 2 lakh. Indian education in statistics is developing at a fast rate to match up with the world standard but its lack of infrastructure and the lack of a multi-disciplinary approach hinder the process. It has great value within country but employment scopes outside of India with an Indian degree can prove to be tough. Study Abroad Studying statistics abroad can offer opportunities to obtain different perspectives, vast knowledge, and skills. As compared to the Indian scenario, the courses abroad are more research oriented, in sync with the current industry needs and advanced to the needs of the rapidly increasing data world. The opportunities to interact with multi-disciplinary faculties create a different outlook of the data. A degree from a prestigious college abroad, enhances a career in the international market place. Stanford University, USA www.stanford.edu Harvard University, USA www.harvard.edu University of California, USA www.berkeley.edu Georgia Institute of Technology, USA www.gatech.edu Imperial College London, UK www.imperial.ac University of Cambridge, UK www.cam.ac.uk National University of Singapore (NUS) www.nus.edu.sg The University of Tokyo, Japan www.u-tokyo.ac.jp The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, China www.ust.hk The University of Melbourne, Australia  www.unimelb.edu.au   Studying abroad not only opens you to various cultures and knowledge, it also opens the right kind of opportunities to exceptional students. However to study outside India, the investment varies from Rs. 30 lakh to Rs. 50 lakh depending on which country and which institute you seek admission in.   Career and Salaries The government sector in India has many employment opportunities, but none that pay more than 10 lakh per annum at the end of the career. Working for a private company however, is a very lucrative career. Working in firms like Google, Mckenzie, Morgan Stanley, etc can easily guarantee between 5 lakh per annum to 10 lakh per annum. The Indian Statistical Institute students have reportedly been placed at 15 to 18 lakh an annum too. Mastery over SAS assures you a higher pay in the industry. Statistics applies to most of the professions because by reading the numbers, statisticians work on solving problems related to environment, agriculture, social, economic, financial, etc. There’s a good possibilities that you can apply statistics in whatever field you’re interested in. Marketing Statistics deciphers and understands consumer tastes and preferences, which can be a huge help in marketing products effectively. They study numbers and analyze data to guide the marketing strategies – marketing forecast, demand and supply, deciding the target audience, and so on. Analyst With the advent of big data and other tools, statistician or political analyst with the government, a sport analyst or a data scientist with leading companies, you can try it all. International Development Development organization studies the data with the help of statisticians and other experts, to decide where and how aid is to be allocated to help fight poverty, illness or conflict. Statisticians contribute in healthcare as they decipher the correlation of various ailments in the population and try to find the reason behind it’s incidence in the population. Perks of a Statistician The profession of a statistician is as diverse as the person chooses to make it. There are many statisticians who do not realize how vast the field is and eventually end up limiting themselves; while there are others who think that the sky is the limit and apply their knowledge in the most interesting fields. - It is a higher-than-average job in many countries like US, UK, Singapore and a lucrative career in India too - It is multi-disciplinary – you can work with politicians, psychologists, agriculturists, as well as in the jungles in Africa - Every problem is unique – and there needs to be creative ways to find a solution. Pains of Statistics - In the private sector, deadlines are dear and the job is taxing. - Need to get a PhD for academics and other research positions. - Desk bound job  

Intellectual Property Law: The emerging dimension of law

Intellectual Property Law: The emerging dimension of law : Innovativeness needs protection from being illegitimately used by the third party. Intellectual property law serves as the protector of the originality with immense career opportunities. Intellectual property can be defined as the original property that belonged to the person or the organization where it has been created. The Intellectual Property Law is laws that that protect the intellectual property rights. They are the legislations that grant original rights and ownership to the creator. The area offers great career opportunities for individuals who are inclined towards creativity and aimed to preserve and respect the originality of ideas. Intellectual Property Law is an emerging career in the twenty first century with several job opportunities in public and private sectors.   Eligibility Intellectual property law relates to enforcement of laws to ensure rights related to securing inventions, designs and other creativities of mind. In provides rights and protection over the intangible assets. The field therefore requires in-depth knowledge about the laws related and the manner of their implementation and right interpretation. The sector has several opportunities, but only for well qualified and skilled people. After 12th, five year graduation programme for law is available and it B. Sc. LL.B. Thus student from any filed can pursue their career. After graduation in science and mathematics field, a three year law degree, LL.B. can be done. Students aspiring to study ahead can undertake a two year master’s programme, LL. M, after graduation. Emphasis is also upon diploma courses so as to attain specialization in the field. Postgraduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Practice and Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Management are also present in the field to enhance skills and intellect regarding the subject. Post graduate courses such as Masters in Philosophy and Doctorate can be done in intellectual property law. India has some of the prestigious law universities that offer courses to highly skilled students. There are 16 prominent National Law Universities, where admission is granted only after qualification of Common Law Aptitude Test (CLAT). The test includes basic mathematics, aptitude, English and general knowledge. Other universities also conduct their respective entrance exams for admission. The tuition fee for the NLU’s is higher as compared to other universities. NLUs are highly prestigious with skilled and advanced libraries and academic facilities. There are only 450 seats available in NLU’s for the students from all across the country. The annual fee structure of NLU’s range from 75000INR to 125000INR.For other Universities, the fees are much less and they range from 7000INR to 30000INR. Foreign universities apart from graduation and post graduation degrees, provide doctoral degree in Jurisprudence (J.S.D.), and Doctor of Comparative Law (D.Comp.L.). The annual fee structure in foreign universities range from 700000INR to 120000INR. Scholarships and fee concessions are available for meritorious students in India and abroad. Career Path                                                                             Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website National Law School of India B.A. LL.B, LLM, M. Phil. Bangalore https://www.nls.ac.in/  West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences - WBNUJS  LL.B, LLM, Doctorate Kolkata http://www.nujs.edu/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, P.G. Doctorate Bhopal https://www.nliu.ac.in/ Indian Institute of Technology LL.B Hons in Intellectual Property Kharagpur http://www.iitkgp.ac.in/topfiles/law.php National Law University, LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Practice, Doctorate Delhi http://www.nludelhi.ac.in/   Delhi Faculty of Law LL.B (3 year programme after graduation) Delhi University, Delhi http://law.du.ac.in/   Symbiosis Law School LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma Courses Pune http://www.symlaw.ac.in/ Indian Law Society's Law College,  LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral ·             Pune https://ilslaw.wordpress.com/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral   Jodhpur http://www.nlujodhpur.ac.in/index-main.php National Academy of Legal Studies and Research, LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Hyderabad http://www.nalsar.ac.in/ Faculty of Law, BHU LLB, LLM Banaras http://www.bhu.ac.in/lawfaculty/ Gujarat National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Diploma in Intellectual Property Law and Management, Doctoral   Gandhinagar http://www.gnlu.ac.in/     Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Cambridge University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, U.S. https://www.cam.ac.uk/  Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ New York University  Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral, Doctor of Juridical Science (J.S.D.) New York, US http://www.nyu.edu/   Yale University LLM, J.D. and J.S.D. Yale, US   http://www.yale.edu/   University of California Post-graduation, Doctoral,  J.D. and J.S.D. Berkeley, US http://www.berkeley.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/   University of Michigan Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Ann Arbor, U.S. https://www.umich.edu/      Oxford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral and Diploma in Intellectual Property Law   U.K https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/  University of Chicago Law School Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Chicago, U.S. http://www.law.uchicago.edu/   Opportunities and Salaries Creativity and imagination have gained wings in the twentieth century. Originality of an idea is gaining importance and hence there emerges a need to protect intellectual property rights.  It has have led to intellectual property law and several job opportunities in this field. A qualified individual in the field of intellectual property law can work in cases related to infringement of rights and liberties related to privacy of the product such as slogans, logos, product names, artwork, movies, books, music and other information. A law graduate, after clearance of the bar association’s exam can practice as a lawyer and work on several cases related to intellectual property law. The lawyers are also hired by several government institutes, private law firms and nonprofit organizations. The major work involves protecting the original rights through Licensing, Patent, Trade Secret, Copyright and Trademark of the product. Other job opportunities in intellectual property law include teachers and lecturers in various renowned universities. Law graduates can prepare for higher posts such as the civil services and judicial services. Journalism publishing of law related books and research papers, and social activists are some of the other opportunities that an intellectual property law educated individual can advance in.  Job profiles in this field are filled with immense hard- work, but pays well when a person through his skills, establish as a capable lawyer. Patent lawyers are in demand and hired by large to small scale companies. Intellectual Property law offers job opportunity in not only Copyright and Patent Law, but also in Chemical, Mechanical, IT, Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Patent Practice. Civil services and judiciary posts can be acquired through qualifying the concerned exams. The salaries depend upon the experience and qualifications. The average pay scale for lawyers range from 8000- 25000 INR per month. In civil services job profiles, the salaries range from 35000- 50000 INR. It is a job that offers prestige, recognition and good pay scales. If you are inclined towards providing justice and preserving the value of intellect, then intellectual property law is the perfect career option. The field aims to provide a legal outlook and protection to innovativeness. It is an extremely broad field and has become an integral part for the economic expansion of the country. Protection of the intellectual property right therefore provides great opportunities for law educated aspirants.

Experiment with diverse career options in Physics

Experiment with diverse career options in Physics : Physics has been one of the most ancient branches of science. This very interesting subject offers a wide range of interesting career opportunities filled with discoveries, experimentations and inventions. Ever wondered why things fall downwards or the reason why we have day and night? Yes, indeed it is due to gravitation and rotations of the earth respectively. But, if you are inclined to dig these puzzles more, and aim to learn about the in-depth study of motion, action and reaction of any movement of objects; Physics is definitely the area of your interest you would want to go into. You do not need to limit yourself to Physics just as a subject of your curriculum, you can explore it deep and advance in a career in Physics. It offers a vast range of diverse opportunities that are exciting, but requires a good command and knowledge in the subject. The study of matter and motion involves every tangible creation in the Universe and hence, the scope of the subject is limitless. Gain expertise in Physics to make your career extremely exciting and filled with knowledge. Since it includes more of experiments, observations and calculations, mastery in this field is required that can be achieved through clear understanding of the concepts and through practice. Once command is grasped in the core concepts, several career options in Physics await to lead you to professional success. Eligibility The subject requires deep study and research. Students passionate about the subject and interested in fields such as the principles of energy, matter and motion must only take up the subject. There is a need for precision and concentration in the subject. After 10th standard, physics, chemistry and mathematics as basic subjects are available for students, if they need to pursue a career in physics. Leading government and private universities provide under-graduate and graduate courses. B.Sc. Honors in Physics followed by Masters and specialization in different branches of physics can be done. Students aspiring to become researchers and physics scientists can further do doctorate in physics. The subject requires theoretical as well as practical knowledge and hence, binds the interests of students. Fee Structure The annual tuition fees in colleges in India range from 8,000 INR to 1, 50,000 INR. For students who want to study abroad, the annual tuition fees begin from 8,00,000 INR. Scholarships are also available for deserving candidates.                                                                                       Top Institutes India College Course City Website   Indian Institute of Science, (IISc     Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate   Bangalore   http://www.iisc.ernet.in   St. Stephens, DU     Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc)   Delhi   http://www.ststephens.edu   Tata Institute of Fundamental Research    Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc)   Mumbai   http://www.tifr.res.in   IITM    Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc)   Madras   https://www.iitm.ac.in     BHU      Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate   Varanasi     http://www.bhu.ac.in Indian Institute of Technology     Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate   Roorkee   http://www.iitr.ac.in   Saha Institute of Nuclear Studies     Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate   Kolkata(West Bengal)   http://www.saha.ac.in/web   College of science and technology   Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate   Visakhapatnam http://www.cst.edu.bt/  National Institute of Technology  Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Rourkela http://www.nitrkl.ac.in/   IIT Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc), Doctorate Hyderabad http://www.iith.ac.in/   Leading Universities for Doctorate in Physics   World College Course City Website   Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)   Graduation(B.Sc), Post Graduation(M.Sc) Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.bfit.edu ETH Zurich - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology   Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Switzerland https://www.ethz.ch/en.html Imperial College London    Graduation, Post-graduation   United Kingdom https://www.imperial.ac.uk/physics   University of Cambridge    Graduation, Post-graduation   United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu   California Institute of Technology Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral California, U.S. http://www.caltech.edu/   University of Auckland Graduation, Post-graduation   New Zealand www.auckland.ac.nz   Opportunities and Salaries Boundless opportunities are available in physics. Physics graduates can find great career options in both private sectors as well as in public sectors. The basic requirement is graduation for several jobs for posts of technician, assistant researcher, and lab supervisor. There are several eminent organizations such as ISRO (Bangalore), DRDO (Delhi), and VSSC (Kerala) that hire qualified individuals in this field.  Post graduates and doctorates can pursue their career as researchers and scientists. Other job profiles in Physics include lecturers, teachers and academic writers for books in these subjects. Science magazine journalism has also lately provided great career opportunities. Interdisciplinary jobs are also available in atomic research organization, planetariums and other scientific institutes. The scope of physics is multi dimensional, but career can only boosted if a person is well skilled and passionate in this subject. Salaries of teachers and lecturers range from 15,000 INR to 70000 INR per month. For individuals entering in the field of research the salaries begin from 15000 INR. In case of lab assistants, technicians and supervisors, the pay scale range from 7000 INR to 25000 INR. Handsome salaries are available at international firms and research organizations. Hard- work and detailed study about the subject can lead to great career opportunities.              Physics is the basis of science and has tantalized men and women of every age.  If you have a spirit to understand the manner in which things work and scientific experiments are enjoyed, then advance ahead to make physics as your career option. Let the laws of the universe, motion of objects, thermodynamics and motion science accelerate your professional life and make you reach pinnacle of success.  

Exploring the Noblest Profession of All - Teaching

Exploring the Noblest Profession of All - Teaching :   There is no better investment you can make than one in a career in education, which has been referred to as the noblest profession. The demand for highly qualified educators is on the rise and this trend is not at all likely to change in near future. If you bear the passion for teaching, learning and sharing your knowledge with today's youth, intending to make a difference in a child's life, then this profession is for you. Individuals interested in taking up this profession as a career must possess an outgoing personality, are required to be good listeners, have great problem-solving and organizational skills along with strong communication skills to effectively convey their message to the students they would be addressing. The teaching profession requires people who have the conviction to nurture young minds and mold them into something great. Since time immemorial, the profession of teaching has been considered as one of the noblest professions. Educators have always played the role of catalysts for various social changes in society. Mankind has always considered teachers/educators as a boon to the society for they have been the ones responsible for polishing a learner's intellect and aptitude. This profession has always held a proud position in the Indian ethos and milieu. Right from the most famous gurus and ancient teachers like Vashisth and Dronacharya, to preachers like Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Ramanujacharya down to modern day educationists like Dr.Amartya Sen, Shri J.C.Bose and many others, not forgetting our former president Late Dr.APJ Abdul Kalam, teachers/educators have by and large been looked upon as role models and venerated in high esteem by the learners of all age groups. This profession is divided into numerous areas of specializations, each requiring its own method of training and different skill sets. SKILLS REQUIRED  Education sector is a highly specialized field, and hence, requires a lot of comprehensive training to gain expertise in the field. It is taken for granted that anyone and everyone can teach, provided they have some basic knowledge for the subject. The fundamental qualities needed are excellent communication skills along with the ability to inspire confidence, ability to hold the attention of young and dynamic minds and finally, the ability to set an example through deeds and words.   CAREER PATH   COURSES OFFERED Bachelor's in Education (2 years) Master's in Education (2 years) Post Graduate Diploma in Management of Education (1 year) Doctorate of Philosophy (2 years)   HOW MUCH WILL IT COST ME? The fee structure for a B.Ed course could be anywhere between Rs. 10,000 and Rs. 40,000. Many universities also offer the course at much lower fees. Similarly for M.Ed, It ranges between some 25,000-60,000 rupees depending upon the rank and reputation of the institute. Candidates who are not willing to shell out such hefty amounts can take up diploma/certification course in the same colleges or institutes. JOB PROSPECTS 1) Educational Administrators - Principals, Assistant Principals, Directors 2) Teachers- Professors/Lecturer 3) Teachers- Pre-School, Kindergarten, Elementary, Middle and High School 4) Teachers-Special Education 5) Teachers-Assistants and Aides ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITES Educational Administrators- These includes the roles of principal, assistant principal and directors of any institute. They are largely hired to provide instructional leadership to that institute. They oversee the hiring process, working with the teachers evaluating them and help them improve upon their skills, oversee financial aspects of an institution, prepare budgets and reports for the institutes. Lecturers/Professors -This section of teachers mainly consists of university and college faculties, technical education faculties and graduate teaching associates. Their role mainly is to conduct research in their specialized subjects and to instruct and advise the college and university students. Lecturers in commerce, social sciences, foreign languages, sciences, law and physical education requires a post graduate degree in the respected subject from any recognized Indian University or equivalent degree from any foreign university with at least 55% marks can be considered. Eligibility tests like NET are conducted by CSIR, UGC. Professors are eminent scholars who are actively engaged in research and whose work has been appreciated and published, and who also have at least 10 years of experience in postgraduate are selected for the post of professors/principals. Pre-School, Kindergarten, Elementary teachers- Children’s development is largely affected by the presence of preschool, kindergarten, and elementary school teachers. The early image of these teachers can influence and shape the success that children must attain in the later part of their lives, be it at work, personal lives or in schools. Their world would be shaped by what they experience and learn in their early years of education through these teachers. Children at schools are introduced to various subjects like science, language, social studies and maths by this group of teachers. Middle School and High School Teachers- This group of teachers would be dealing with children in 8th-12th The students who earlier studied the subjects with their elementary, pre-school and primary teachers will learn and study the same subjects much in-depth with middle school and high school teachers. These teachers instruct in a single subject like math, language, chemistry, physics or any other main subject. Teachers Special Education- This group of teachers deals with youth and children having a variety of disabilities. This small percentage of special education teachers instruct disabled children about basic life skills and basic literacy lessons. Disabilities might include combined blindness and deafness, traumatic brain injury, language impairments or even emotional disturbance. Teachers Assistants and Aides- This group deals with the main teacher as their assistants and help them complete the secretarial tasks and instructional tasks so that the main teacher gets to spend more time preparing lessons and teaching. They can be termed as paraprofessionals. PAY PACKAGE Remuneration in this field is best offered in government owned colleges and schools. The elementary, pre-school, kindergarten, middle school or higher secondary teachers tend to receive a healthy start-up salary of some 15000-25000 rupees depending upon the class one teaches for. For teaching in universities and colleges one might earn Rs. 40,000 plus, depending upon the work experience and the quality of education one has acquired.   Top 10 Institutes India Rank College City Website URL 1 K.J. Somaiya Comprehensive College of Education, Training and Research Mumbai www.somaiya.edu/bed 2 Bombay Teacher's Training College, Mumbai www.bttc.edu 3 Lady Irwin College Delhi www.ladyirwin.edu.in 4 Andhra University Visakhapatnam www.andhrauniversity.edu 5 Azim Premji University Bangalore http://www.azimpremjiuniversity.edu.in/ 6 Government College of Education Chandigarh www.gcechd.nic.in 7 St. Xaviers College of Education Patna www.sxcepatna.edu.in 8 D.M.College of Teacher Education Imphal www.dmcte.in 9 Kirorimal College of Education Bhiwani www.kmcollegeofeducation.org 10 University Of Pune Pune www.unipune.ac.in   Overseas   Rank College City Website URL 1 Harvard University Cambridge,USA www.harvard.edu 2 Oxford Univeristy Oxford,UK www.ox.ac.uk 3 California Institute of Technology California, USA www.caltech.edu 4  Cornell University New York, USA www.cornell.edu 5 ETH Zurich Zurich, Switzerland www.ethz.ch/en.html 6 Imperial college of London London, UK www.imperial.ac.uk 7 Princeton University Princeton, USA www.princeton.edu 8 Stanford University Stanford, USA www.stanford.edu 9 University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada www.ubc.ca 10 Yale University New Haven,USA www.yale.edu   TO CONCLUDE The importance of this profession cannot be underestimated due to the fact that it inherently ensures that the minds of the pupils are molded in such a way that their future career prospects are up for grabs. It is inherently not so different from a superpower to have the ability to help build a vision for a student, which he/she can be channelized to achieve. This is what makes the profession a noble and worthy one, as it is one which essentially helps in building up other professions by channelizing young minds into them.  

Enter the world of information, and glamor with a career in media studies

Enter the world of information, and glamor with a career in media studies : A Media study is a broad term which encompasses mass communications, PR, journalism and many more related wings. This field is comparatively new and its now being taken seriously all across the globe. In a country like India, media studies will have a very big role to play since it is directly linked with information handling and framing mindsets along with opinions of the masses. In a country as diverse as ours, there is immense scope of information handling and reporting. The way information is given and dealt with judiciously will make a difference in this industry. So as soon as someone chooses the career path of media studies, he or she should be prepared to take the responsibility of disseminating information and handling it in an unbiased way.   What are the bodies that employ media studies professionals? Creative industries and cultural industries make use of media studies graduates apart from media industry of course. The work areas where such professionals are required are PR and media practice, writing along with publishing, journalism, digital media and computer games, video and filmmaking, television and radio. The main employers of media studies professionals are colleges and universities   Marketing organizations Government bodies Civil services Communication agencies Newspaper industry Media companies publishing houses TV and radio companies PR consultancies     What are the colleges and universities that offer courses on media studies in India? Some of the good colleges in India that offer Bachelors, Masters, MPhil and PhD programs have been enlisted below. Serial No Names of Institutes Courses offered  1 Madras Christian College, Chennai Certificate Course in Online Journalism Diploma in Advertising and Public Relations (DAPR)  2 Kamala Nehru College for Women, Delhi B.A. Journalism  3 K.C. College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Mumbai Masters in Entertainment, media and advertising Bachelor in Mass Media  4 Indraprastha College for Women, New Delhi Bachelors Journalism  5 Tata Institute of Social Sciences MA in Media and Cultural studies PG Diploma in Community Media  6 Amity School Of Communication, Noida B.A. & M,A, (Film & Television Production) B.A.& M.A. (Journalism & Mass Communication) - 3 Continent MBA Media management PhD in Mass communication  7 Symbiosis Institute of Media & Communication, Pune MA Mass Communication  8 Lady Shri Ram College for Women, Delhi B.A. Journalism  9 Christ University, Bangalore B.A., M.A. and MPhil. In Media and communication. The fees of such courses range from  Rs. 200000/-Rs. 600000/- for these courses in private institutions, while it is pretty affordable in normal degree colleges.   So how much can a media studies person make in India? Fortunately in India the career paths opening up after a stint in media studies are not dismal. Though it is a growing field but you can definitely do well by choosing to serve the field of media, here itself in India. The salary figures are interesting depending on what majors have they pursued after graduating in media studies.                     Source:Payscale   What are the institutes abroad to pursue media studies?   Here are some of the institutes to pursue media studies abroad. Serial No Name of Institutes Courses offered 1 University of Akron Bachelor of Arts in Communication - Interpersonal and Public Communication Master of Arts in Communication - Communication Studies Track 2 Johnson & Wales University - Providence Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Degree in Media and Communication Studies 3 Saint Peter's University Bachelor of Arts in Communication 4 Loughborough University London Digital Media Systems post graduation Internet and Media Clouds post graduation Sports Digital and Media Technologies postgraduation 5 University of New England (UNE) Advanced Diploma in Arts majoring in Screen and Media Studies 6 University of the West of Scotland Broadcast Production BA 7 University of Bristol Communications PhD Disability Studies (Inclusive Theory and Research) MSc 8 University of Hartford - Undergraduate Admissions Bachelor of Arts in Communication - Communication Studies Bachelor of Arts in Communication - Media and Journalism The fees amount can be really high for these courses ranging from Rs.800000/-Rs.3000000/- per year.   What are the career prospects of media studies abroad? It is desirable that if one has a degree in media studies from U.K. or U.S.A. it can be easier to land upon a job abroad. The course fees can be really enormous but then a capable person is more than compensated in the industry with a degree in media studies. Preferably you can work for free or do an internship of at least a year, even while pursuing the course to give you some experience. That way you can always do a better job when embarking on full fledged paid career in media studies. Salary figures can be quite enticing for a career in media studies if pursued abroad as shown below in the table.   Pros and Cons of a career in media studies Media studies professionals get to establish many kinds of contacts and hone their skills for effective communication. This renders them extremely malleable to fit into a wide variety of roles. Payment can be really good with many options to pursue career all across the world. But then the lifestyle of such people can be quite unpredictable. The work hours can be light to very hectic. Food preferences may need to be broadened to adjust in any situation. And travel schedules can be erratic however providing ample scope to discover people and places (can be quite perilous too).   Call for action India is in huge requirement of responsible unbiased media studies professionals. If a career in writing, reporting and handling of information seems attractive to you, then this nation is in need of qualified capable population like you.

Drive the Adrenaline with a career in Adventure sports

Drive the Adrenaline with a career in Adventure sports : If you have ever felt that you should keep your passion for rock climbing, bungee jumping, white water rafting or parasailing hushed up in cupboards because they can keep you drifted from pursuing your career goals then you are mistaken. You should definitely consider making your passion and hobby as your full time job. Yes, adventure sports can be your full fledged career option. In a country like India endowed with all the natural wonders, a career in adventure sports can be really promising and exciting. Good news is the adventure sports and travel industry is growing up in a big way in India, and you can make hay while the sun shines.   What are the different kinds of adventure sports? Adventure sports can be broadly categorized under three main headings, land, water and air. Land Sports: These are the most common types and India excels in providing trainings at different levels. Some of the sports are trekking, rock climbing, skiing, adventure racing, snowboarding, biking , land yachting etc. Air sports: Paragliding, sky surfing, Bungee jumping, and sky diving are some of the common air sports Water sports: white water rafting, scuba diving, snorkelling, yacht racing, kayaking, cliff diving, canoeing, boat racing and so on are some of the common water sports.   What is the eligibility required? To become a certified adventure sports performer or trainer with some institute or hotel, travel agencies, or for some travel channels, you do not require any formal qualification degree. What you need is an undaunted spirit and must have qualified the trainings provided by some of the well known training institutes in India or abroad. And you should be within the age range of 16-40 years. You can be hired by reputed adventure training institutes, for the purpose of providing training, corporate houses to train their employees on specially arranged adventure trek expeditions. And finally some travel channel can also take note of you and can hire you for their adventure tour episodes. Or even better is you open your own adventure sports academy to train people.   How much can you make? Unfortunately in India the salary figures for adventure sport professionals are not very high. Starting salaries are from R.6000-Rs.10000/- on a monthly basis at the beginning of the career. After a while it can maximally increase to Rs.20000/- to Rs.25000/- per month.  Some who are ace in this field can manage to earn Rs. 600/-Rs. 1500/- per day.     Where to pursue adventure sports training in India? There are hardly any degrees won for these trainings, but experience earned is unparalleled. The course fees are minimal ranging from Rs. 12000/-Rs.50000/-. The course durations can stretch from few days to few months. Serial No Names of Institutes Trainings offered 1 Himalayan Mountaineering Institute Darjeeling Course covering mountaineering 2 Nehru Institute of Mountaineering, Uttarkashi Course covering mountaineering 3 Jawahar Institute of Mountaineering, Batote Course covering mountaineering 4 Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports, Manali Course covering mountaineering 5 Regional Mountaineering Centre, McLeodganj Course covering mountaineering 6 Winter Sports Skiing Centre, Kulu Course covering skiing 7 High Altitude Trekking & Skiing Centre, Narkanda Course covering skiing & trekking 8 Bilaspur, Regional Water Sports Centre Course covering water sports 9 National Institute of Water Sports, Goa Course covering water sports 10 Balloon Club of India, Bahadurshah Zafar Marg, New Delhi  - 11 Wings and Flights , Pune Course covering paragliding     Should I explore career options abroad? Why not? If you wish that Himalayas, the seas of India and the azure skies are not enough for you, you can definitely pursue training courses abroad. They are better paid, and you can get to travel and explore some of the most exotic locales around the world. You can even get sources to have your personal expeditions sponsored. The salary figures are shown below     What are some of the courses offered in adventure sports? These are some of the institutes offering courses in adventure sports. The fees may vary as per in state and out state trainings.   Serial No. Name of Universities Courses fees  1   Northeast Bay State College Boston, Massachusetts   $19,748  2 Granite State College Concord,    $7,065 (In-state) $7,545 (Out-of-state)  3 University of Southern Maine Portland, Maine   $8,920 (In-state) $21,280 (Out-of-state)  4 Southern Vermont College Bennington, Vermont   $22,000  5 Garrett College McHenry, Maryland   $3,360 (In-district) $6,776 (In-state) $7,868 (Out-of-state)  6 Salem State University Salem, Massachusetts    $8,130 (In-state) $14,270 (Out-of-state)  7 University of North Florida Jacksonville, Florida   $6,353 (In-state) $20,756 (Out-of-state)  8 University of South Florida Tampa, Florida   $6,410 (In-state) $17,324 (Out-of-state)  9 Regent University Virginia Beach, Virginia   $15,838  10 Barry University Miami, Florida Georgia State University Atlanta, Georgia   $8,368 (In-state) $22,936 (Out-of-state)    Critical analysis of the career in adventure sports The career may not be a well paid career all over the world, but the amount spent in India to pursue trainings and some selected universities abroad, is not a sky rocket figure. Moreover this can be a dream job for strong hearts who wish to explore the beauty of nature, and a job like this not only gives you satisfaction but transforms you as person, as you get to appreciate the nuances of life and the hidden beauty about everything natural and rugged. Fortunately in India the training courses and exposure provided are really of top notch and can be relied on to start a career in adventure sports.   What do we infer? If you are not a weak heart, and always ready with your backpacks, then venture out to make your mark in the world as an adventure sports person. The field is a bit male dominated, so to girls I would say, do not waste your youthful years and ignore the calls of wild. Even if there are no certified degrees in India, and you do not wish to spend loads for a foreign education, just listen to your heart and move ahead to make your mark irrespective of your gender.  

Civil Law: A right career for the rights

Civil Law: A right career for the rights : Civil law is one of the oldest fields in law and offers a wide range of career opportunities. If you are determined to fight for the rights and liberties of the people, then establish a career in civil law. As society evolved, it led to the formation of laws that provided both rights and duties to the citizens. Civil law is related to the non criminal cases concerning rights and liberties of the people. The field offers exciting and challenging opportunities for aspirants passionate about the subject. It is not limited to learning the constitutional law, but essentially consists of empathizing with the concerns of society and then fighting for justice. Being a highly professionalized and prestigious field, civil law welcomes the aspirers to build a glorified career. Eligibility Civil law involves clear understanding about the society, customs that prevail in society and the laws related to it. An individual needs to be well qualified and must have ample knowledge about the Constitution and the legislations. After 12th, five year graduation programs for law are available, including B.A. LL.B or B. Sc. LL.B. Thus, students from any filed can pursue their career in law. After graduation, a three year degree course, LL.B. can be done. Students aspiring to study ahead can undertake a two year master’s program, LL. M, after graduation. Diploma courses are also present specific to civil law related to human rights, women, family laws, juvenile justice and others. Post graduations courses such as Masters in Philosophy and Doctorate can be done in civil law. India has some of the prestigious law universities that offer courses to highly skilled students. There are 16 prominent National Law Universities, where admission is granted only after qualification of Common Law Aptitude Test (CLAT). The test includes basic mathematics, aptitude, English and general knowledge. Other universities also conduct their respective entrance exams for admission. Fee structure The tuition fee for the NLU’s is higher as compared to other universities. NLUs are highly prestigious with skilled and advanced libraries and academic facilities. There are only 450 seats available in NLU’s for students from all across the country. The annual fee structure in NLU’s ranges from 75000 INR to 125000 INR. For other Universities, the fees are much less and they range from 7000 INR to 30000 INR. Foreign universities, apart from graduation and post graduation degrees, provide doctoral degrees in Jurisprudence (J.S.D.), and Doctor of Comparative Law (D.Comp.L.). The annual fee structure in foreign universities ranges from 700000 INR to 120000 INR. Scholarships and fee concessions are available for meritorious students in India and abroad.                                Career Path (10th to Doctorate)                      Institutes India Institutes Courses City Website National Law School of India B.A. LL.B, LLM, M. Phil. Bangalore https://www.nls.ac.in/ West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences - WBNUJS  LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma in Human Rights, Doctorate Kolkata http://www.nujs.edu/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma in Human Rights, Doctorate Bhopal https://www.nliu.ac.in/ National Law University, LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma in Human Rights, Doctorate Delhi http://www.nludelhi.ac.in/ Delhi Faculty of Law LL.B (3 year programme after graduation) Delhi University, Delhi http://law.du.ac.in/ Symbiosis Law School LL.B, LLM, P.G. Diploma Courses Pune http://www.symlaw.ac.in/ Indian Law Society's Law College,  LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Pune https://ilslaw.wordpress.com/ National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral   Jodhpur http://www.nlujodhpur.ac.in/index-main.php National Academy of Legal Studies and Research, LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Hyderabad http://www.nalsar.ac.in/ Faculty of Law, BHU LLB, LLM Banaras http://www.bhu.ac.in/lawfaculty/ Gujarat National Law University LL.B, LLM, M. Phil., Doctoral Gandhinagar http://www.gnlu.ac.in/     Worldwide Institute Courses City, Country Website Cambridge University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, U.S. https://www.cam.ac.uk/  Harvard University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Cambridge, Massachusetts, US http://www.harvard.edu/ New York University  Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral, Doctor of Juridical Science (J.S.D.) New York, US http://www.nyu.edu/  Yale University LLM, J.D. and J.S.D. Yale, US   http://www.yale.edu/   University of California Post-graduation, Doctoral,  J.D. and J.S.D. Berkeley, US http://www.berkeley.edu/ Stanford University Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Stanford, US https://www.stanford.edu/ University of Michigan Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Ann Arbor, U.S. https://www.umich.edu/  University of Chicago Law School Graduation, Post-graduation, Doctoral Chicago, U.S. http://www.law.uchicago.edu/   Opportunities and Salaries The increase in the societal awareness amongst individuals as well as about their rights has increased career opportunities in the field of civil law. Civil law is related to maintain a balance between the different institutions of the government and individuals or groups of individuals. A qualified individual in the field of civil law can work in cases related to infringement of rights and liberties related to issues such as education, housing, employment, expression and others. There are several job opportunities with diverse subjects, depending upon the specialization and interest of the individual. A law graduate, after clearance of the bar association’s exam can practice as a lawyer and work on several cases related to civil law. Civil rights attorneys are also hired by several government institutes, private law firms and nonprofit organizations. National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Women, and other national and state organizations also hire civil law graduates and post graduates. Other job opportunities in civil law include teachers and lecturers in various renowned universities. Law graduates can prepare for higher posts such as the civil services and judicial services. Journalism, Policy analysis, politics, publishing of law related books and research papers, and social work are some of the other opportunities that a civil law educated individual can advance in.  At international level, organizations such as United Nations Human Rights Commission and non-governmental organizations such as Amnesty International offer job opportunities. Job profiles in civil law is filled with immense hard- work, but pays well when a person through his skills establishes themselves as a capable lawyer. Civil services and judiciary posts can be acquired by qualifying in the exams. The salaries depend upon the experience and qualifications of the individual. The average pay scale for a lawyer ranges from 8000- 25000 INR per month. In civil services job profiles, the salaries range from 35000- 50000 INR. It is a job that offers prestige, recognition and good pay scales. If you are inclined towards providing justice and serving for the rights of the people, civil law is the perfect career opportunity. The subject is extremely vast and specialization can be done in the desired area of interest. Civil law and rights awareness are increasing rapidly in the society and it can yield a shinning career for people passionate about the subject.